Bed Bug How To Get Rid Of Them
How to Get Rid of Bed Bug Scars and Bites
Dealing with nasty bed bug bites is a serious nuisance.While some people hardly notice bed bug bites, others end up with irritable stingy rashes and scars which leave them wondering how to get rid of bed bug scars and bites.
Bed Bug Bites Allergies
Unlike the majority of biting bugs, bed bugs don’t transmit any diseases when they bite.However, because of excessive scratching and itching, bed bug bites can lead to a skin infection around the area of the bite.
In some cases bed bug bites can flare-up allergies such as eczema.Other symptoms include a burning sensation at the site of the bite, painful swelling, and engorged bite marks.
Bed bug marks can also have psychological effects. Apart from experiencing phantom bites, some may experience insomnia and anxiety.
How do you know it is a bed bug mark?
Bed bug bites are quite similar to other insects such as chigger bites, this makes it can be quite difficult to identify the bites. However, there are a few signs that can help identify if the bite is a bed bug or not.
The first sign you must look for is the pattern of the bites. Most commonly, bed bugs bite in clusters or rows. So, if you have a single bite then the chances of it being a bed bug are quite low – most likely a spider bite. In most instances, bites occur in a zigzag or a straight line pattern. Bed bugs are most likely to bite your exposed body parts such as the arms, legs, shoulders, face, neck, and hands.
Usually, bites look like raised or flat areas that can become blistered, red, itchy, or inflamed. Registering when the bite occurs can also help identify a bed bug mark. Of course, this is hard to figure out because the reaction time of people to the bite is different. Some people tend to react much faster than others do. Bed bug bites can show up on your body just after a few hours; however, even a week can pass before you see it. A few people don’t react to a bed bug bite at all, but the mark can be seen.
To be completely sure that the bites are from bed bugs, you must look for signs of bed bugs in your bed:
- If there are tiny, red blood spots on the sheet, then they might be from squashed bugs or spots of your own blood from the bed bug bites.
- Search the mattress for feces, skin, and sleeping or dead bed bugs.
They will be roaming all around the mattress and will be residing at the seams as well.
How does a bed bug bite cause a scar?
Bed bug bites themselves do not leave any scars. The scratching action performed with dirty and sharp fingernails is responsible for the scarring. Since bed bugs tend to bite at night when one is sleep, it’s impossible to have control over the urge to scratch.
Scratching the bite can cause rashes as well as form pus and secondary skin infections. Even if a few days have passed after the initial bite, your skin can still experience an itch. While scratching the site where a bed bug bit, a person might remove the scab forming while the skin heals. As a result, a scar is formed.
How To Get Rid Of Bed Bug Scars And Bites
Similar to tick bites, to treat a bed bug bite you must first wash the affected area using water and a mild antiseptic soap. This reduces the itching and prevents the bite from leading to a skin infection. Then, you can try out one of the following home remedies to reduce the bite marks:
To use the baking soda remedy, you must make a mixture with 3 teaspoons of water and one teaspoon of soda. Then, apply it generously to the area where you have been bitten. Let the mixture stay on for at least 10 minutes before washing it off. If the bite still causes any discomfort, you can repeat the process after an hour.
To apply lemon juice, take a cotton ball and dip it in the juice. Then, gently dab it on the bite. After the juice air dries, rinse the bite site. The process should be repeated several times a day. It is important to know that lemon juice might make the skin more susceptible to sunburn. So, make sure that after using this remedy, you don’t go under the sun for a couple of hours.
For this remedy, you must take an Aloe Vera leaf, rinse it, and then slit it open. Then, scoop out all the gel and apply part of it to the bite. Store the leftover gel in the fridge and apply it a few times a day for at least two to three days.
On the affected area, you must apply raw, unfiltered vinegar. Let it dry out and then wash your skin. If the symptoms remain, you can apply apple cider vinegar once more after some hours.
*NOTE: Please consult a Doctor*
A wide range of anti-inflammatory pills can also help reduce pain from bites, bite marks, and scars.This topical anesthetic that contains pramoxine can significantly reduce the pain. Meanwhile, antihistamines like Benadryl can reduce the swelling of the bite. Alternatively, you can also use pain relievers that contain naproxen or ibuprofen.
How to get rid of bed bugs?
1. Bed bug sprays
If you have only spotted one or two bedbugs, then you can use any of the numerous bed bug sprays available on the market. However, for an infestation, this is the least effective option.
2. Deep cleaning and encasements
Clean all of the clothing, curtains, linens, and beddings in hot water. Then, dry them all on the highest setting available on your dryer. Other items that can’t be washed such as shoes and stuffed animals must be placed in the dryer on the highest setting for around thirty minutes.
With a stiff brush, scrub the seams of the mattress to get rid of the eggs and the bedbugs before vacuuming.
Encase the box springs and the mattress using a bed bug zippered cover, so that the bed bugs can’t enter or escape. Remember that bed bugs can survive for up to one year without food, so it is better to keep the mattress enclosed for at least a year to ensure that all the bugs die.
Of course, cleaning up all of the infested areas is helpful for having control over the spread of bed bugs, but for getting rid of them completely often requires harsh chemicals. Thus, in the worse case scenarios, the most effective and safest method of getting rid bed bug infestations is to hire a professional bed bug exterminator.
How to get rid of bed bugs scars and bites – Wrapping It Up
As mentioned above, if you have a minor bed bug infestation and have been wondering about how to get rid of bed bug directly, feel free to follow these instructions.
This would also help you get rid of bed bugs and prevent their bites from forming into scars. These remedies can also offer relief if you’re already dealing with bed bug bites.
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Bedbugs are small, oval, brownish insects that live on the blood of animals or humans. Adult bedbugs have flat bodies about the size of an apple seed. After feeding, however, their bodies swell and are a reddish color.
Bedbugs do not fly, but they can move quickly over floors, walls, and ceilings. Female bedbugs may lay hundreds of eggs, each of which is about the size of a speck of dust, over a lifetime.
Immature bedbugs, called nymphs, shed their skins five times before reaching maturity and require a meal of blood before each shedding. Under favorable conditions the bugs can develop fully in as little as a month and produce three or more generations per year.
Although they are a nuisance, they are not thought to transmit diseases.
Where Bed Bugs Hide
Bedbugs may enter your home undetected through luggage, clothing, used beds and couches, and other items. Their flattened bodies make it possible for them to fit into tiny spaces, about the width of a credit card. Bedbugs do not have nests like ants or bees, but tend to live in groups in hiding places. Their initial hiding places are typically in mattresses, box springs, bed frames, and headboards where they have easy access to people to bite in the night.
Over time, however, they may scatter through the bedroom, moving into any crevice or protected location. They may also spread to nearby rooms or apartments.
Because bedbugs live solely on blood, having them in your home is not a sign of dirtiness. You are as likely to find them in immaculate homes and hotel rooms as in filthy ones.
When Bedbugs Bite
Bedbugs are active mainly at night and usually bite people while they are sleeping. They feed by piercing the skin and withdrawing blood through an elongated beak. The bugs feed from three to 10 minutes to become engorged and then crawl away unnoticed.
Most bedbug bites are painless at first, but later turn into itchy welts. Unlike flea bites that are mainly around the ankles, bedbug bites are on any area of skin exposed while sleeping. Also, the bites do not have a red spot in the center like flea bites do.
People who don’t realize they have a bedbug infestation may attribute the itching and welts to other causes, such as mosquitoes. To confirm bedbug bites, you must find and identify the bugs themselves.
Signs of Infestation
If you wake up with itchy areas you didn’t have when you went to sleep, you may have bedbugs, particularly if you got a used bed or other used furniture around the time the bites started. Other signs that you have bedbugs include:
- Blood stains on your sheets or pillowcases
- Dark or rusty spots of bedbug excrement on sheets and mattresses, bed clothes, and walls
- Bedbug fecal spots, egg shells, or shed skins in areas where bedbugs hide
- An offensive, musty odor from the bugs’ scent glands
If you suspect an infestation, remove all bedding and check it carefully for signs of the bugs or their excrement. Remove the dust cover over the bottom of the box springs and examine the seams in the wood framing. Peel back the fabric where it is stapled to the wood frame.
Also, check the area around the bed, including inside books, telephones or radios, the edge of the carpet, and even in electrical outlets. Check your closet, because bedbugs can attach to clothing. If you are uncertain about signs of bedbugs, call an exterminator, who will know what to look for.
If you find signs of infestation, begin steps to get rid of the bugs and prevent their return.
Getting rid of bedbugs begins with cleaning up the places where bedbugs live. This should include the following:
- Clean bedding, linens, curtains, and clothing in hot water and dry them on the highest dryer setting. Place stuffed animals, shoes, and other items that can’t be washed in the dryer and run on high for 30 minutes.
- Use a stiff brush to scrub mattress seams to remove bedbugs and their eggs before vacuuming.
- Vacuum your bed and surrounding area frequently. After vacuuming, immediately place the vacuum cleaner bag in a plastic bag and place in garbage can outdoors.
- Encase mattress and box springs with a tightly woven, zippered cover to keep bedbugs from entering or escaping. Bedbugs may live up to a year without feeding, so keep the cover on your mattress for at least a year to make sure all bugs in the mattress are dead.
- Repair cracks in plaster and glue down peeling wallpaper to get rid of places bedbugs can hide.
- Get rid of clutter around the bed.
If your mattress is infested, you may want to get rid of it and get a new one, but take care to rid the rest of your home of bedbugs or they will infest your new mattress.
While cleaning up infested areas will be helpful in controlling bedbugs, getting rid of them usually requires chemical treatments. Because treating your bed and bedroom with insecticides can be harmful, it is important to use products that can be used safely in bedrooms. Do not treat mattresses and bedding unless the label specifically says you can use them on bedding.
Generally it is safest and most effective to hire an experienced pest control professional for bedbug extermination.
University of Kentucky College of Agriculture: "Bed Bugs."
Ohio State University Extension Fact Sheet: "Bed Bugs."
The New York City Department of Heath and Mental Hygiene: "Stop Bed Bugs Safely."
University of Nebraska–Lincoln Extension Lancaster County: "Managing Bed Bugs."
Bed Bug Eggs – How to Get Rid of Them
Bed bugs have been around for years, infesting many areas all over the world. Infestations have decreased after the emergence of the pesticide DDT. However, infestation has increased in numbers since over a decade ago due to the bed bugs’ easily transported or easily nature. Bed bugs can easily spread and cause infestations when transported via clothing, furniture, luggage, beddings and others. There are a lot of possibilities where one can pick up bed bugs and cleanliness is not hindrance to these pests. Bed bug infestation has nothing to do with the cleanliness of the area for they are also found in the cleanest of homes and hotels, aside from public places like offices, stores, the gym and many other places. These little pests are small, oval and brownish flightless insects about the size of an apple seed, which survive on human and animal blood. Bed bugs can live more than 300 days under the normal temperatures they live in and with adequate food supply. Female bed bugs can actually lay one to five bed bug eggs each day, amounting to a total of about 200 to 500 eggs in their lifetime. In order to stop the infestation, not only the bed bugs have to be eliminated but also the bed bug eggs. A few steps must be done in order to stop the infestation.
Controlling Bed bugs and Bed Bug eggs
The initial step in controlling and treating bed bug infestation is to clean up all the areas where bed bugs are live and where bed bug eggs are laid. As soon as you see a bed bug or bed bug eggs, rubbing alcohol may be sprayed on it to instantly kill these pests. Call the pest control as this may already be a sign of infestation. You can start with controlling the infestation by cleaning all beddings, clothing, linens and rugs. These items must be washed with soap and hot water then dried in the hottest drier setting allowed for the fabric, for about 30 minutes. For items that can not be laundered, killing bed bugs and bed bug eggs is possible by placing those items in a plastic bag and heating under the sun.
Next step is to scrub the mattress and carpets to remove bed bugs and bed bug eggs prior to vacuuming. After scrubbing, vacuuming all these frequently including other areas where they live will help remove these pests. After vacuuming, the vacuum bags must be disposed of by placing it in a plastic bag then throwing it on the garbage outside the home. If the mattress is infested, it is probably best to get a new one. However there’s an option to save the mattress by enclosing it and boxy springs with a tightly woven cover to prevent bed bugs from entering or for missed bed bugs from escaping. This cover must be kept on for at least a year to ensure that all remaining bed bugs and bed bug eggs are dead.
Next step is to repair cracks in the house with plaster and to glue down loose or peeling wallpapers to prevent bed bugs from harboring in those areas.
While cleaning the infested areas, using pesticides are usually required in eliminating bed bugs and bed bug eggs. However, care should be taken in using pesticides due to the harmful and toxic chemicals. It is best to use pesticides which are safe for use on bedroom and other areas. Pesticides should indicate whether it is safe in treating mattresses and beddings from bed bug infestations.
Generally, the best option is to seek a professional pest control help. They are experienced in finding where bed bugs are hiding and where bed bug eggs are laid; they also have pest management tools at their disposal. Assisting the pest control professional is essential by allowing access to all areas of the home for inspection and treatment. Clutter may need to be discarded during pest extermination.
Preventing Bed Bug Infestation
Cleaning and inspecting the home regularly will help prevent the infestation from coming back. When travelling, it is best to examine the places you go to for signs of bed bugs or bed bug eggs and avoid those places and keep the luggage of the floor. Prior to coming back home, inspecting the own body and the luggage is essential and upon returning home, all clothes worn and clothes inside the luggage must be washed in hot water and dried under the hottest cycle allowed for the fabric.
- What Chemicals Kill Bed Bugs and Their Eggs? If you have found a bed bug in your home…
Got bed bugs?Here are 10 products that can help you get rid of and prevent them.
How to Get Rid of Bed Bugs
A 4-Step DIY Bed Bug Treatment Guide
What Does a Bed Bug Treatment Program Include?
Learn the Best Way to Kill Bed Bugs on Your Own
Have you discovered bed bugs in your home or have bites from bed bugs? A treatment by a professional pest control company or exterminator may not be in your budget or work with your schedule.
Luckily, it is possible to treat a bed bug infestation yourself without spending a fortune. You must be diligent and committed to the treatment process, but you can eliminate bed bugs yourself! Read our guide below for the 4-step DIY bed bug treatment process.
Not sure if you have bed bugs or where to find them? Read our guide on what bed bugs look like and our guide to finding where bed bugs hide in the home before you begin to treat.
Preparing a Room for Bed Bug Treatment
Before you begin your own bed bug treatment, you will need to prepare the room or rooms where bed bugs have been found, in addition to rooms that share walls with the infested rooms. Remove any items in the room that you absolutely cannot treat or that have already been treated. Cover items that will be removed from the room in plastic bags before moving to the next room to prevent any unseen bed bug from infesting another room.
Remove any paintings or art from the walls. Be sure to thoroughly check any item that is removed from the room to prevent bed bugs from being transferred from room to room.
If you have a mattress that is heavily infested, we recommend covering it with a bed bug proof mattress cover or bed bug mattress encasement before moving. You will also need to cover your box spring with a box spring encasement.
If your mattress needs to be disposed of and replaced, be sure to cover the mattress with plastic before disposing to protect sanitation workers. Labeling a mattress or covering with "Bed Bugs" is also helpful.
Infested sheets, linens, and garments should be washed and then dried in a household dryer on high heat (over 120 degrees F), as the heat will kill bed bugs. Any garments that cannot be washed may need to be dry-cleaned or discarded as insecticides cannot be used on these materials.
If stuffed animals, books, or soft toys are infested, place those items in an air-tight bin along with vapor strips to kill the bed bugs.
Products needed for Step 1
Treat the Cracks, Crevices, Tufts, and Folds of Your Home for Bed Bugs
Products needed for Step 2
Treat Your Mattress for Bed Bugs
To get rid of bed bugs in a mattress, use an aerosol spray labeled for bed bug treatment, such as Bedlam Aerosol Spray, and spray or mist the insecticide onto the mattress. Focus on the seams, tufts, and folds of the mattress and spray until the mattress is damp. Allow mattress to dry before remaking the bed with freshly laundered sheets that have been run through a dryer on high heat.
After treating a mattress or box spring for bed bugs, we recommend encasing each in a bed bug proof cover. This will prevent re-infestation and will make future inspections and treatments easier. Be sure any product that has been sprayed or applied to your mattress is dry before you cover the mattress with a bed bug proof cover. You can make the bed with your freshly laundered linens over a bed bug proof mattress cover.
After encasing, you will not need to re-treat your mattress or box spring further. If you are not encasing your mattress or box spring, you will need to reapply the aerosol spray every 7-10 days until you do not see any further bed bug activity.
You can follow the initial aerosol spray treatment with an insecticide dust. Dusts are great for hard to reach areas like the corners of mattresses and where mattresses and box springs meet. Dusts also last for several months.
Don’t forget to dust your box spring as well. Remove the dust cover from the bottom of the box spring and dust in corners and crevices.
Again, we highly recommend encasing your mattress and box spring to avoid having to re-treat.
As mentioned above, high heat kills bed bugs. A bed bug or bed bug egg must have direct contact with hot steam to be killed. We recommend using a bed bug steamer to steam your mattress, box spring, and other furniture.
Steaming is a great option in rooms and areas where the use of pesticides must be limited due to health or other concerns. When using the steamer, take your time and slowly move the steamer across the item you are treating for the best possible treatment. We still strongly recommend you follow-up with an insecticide labeled for bed bugs in areas where it is permissible to do so. All steaming should be done prior to covering a mattress or box spring with a protective cover and applying insecticides.
Bedbugs: how do I get rid of them?
Bedbugs are very hard to get rid of. If you do have bedbugs, it is strongly recommended that you hire a licensed professional pest control operator.
If you are a tenant and have bedbugs, you should tell your landlord right away. Tenants who have bedbug-related issues should speak with a public health officer for help in dealing with the infestation.
If you live in a multiple-unit dwelling and building management has asked you to prepare your unit for bedbug treatment, this usually includes emptying storage furniture to make it easier to inspect, organizing your belongings and placing them in bags, washing all your clothes and bedding, and moving furniture away from the walls. The pest control operator will usually give you specific instructions to prepare for an inspection or treatment.
Professional pest control operators can use a variety of tools to control bedbugs. These include liquid insecticide sprays, aerosol insecticide sprays, insecticidal dusts, diatomaceous earth, pressurized carbon dioxide snow, and steam and heat treatments.
Whichever treatment is used,it will only be effective if physical control methods and preventative measures are used together.
How to find a professional pest control operator
Contact information for exterminators or pest control operators can be found by contacting the Canadian Pest Management Association or your provincial pest management association.
Physical control methods
Learn more about bedbugs
Physical methods of controlling bedbugs include steam cleaning, vacuuming, heating, freezing, washing, and throwing out items. Steam cleaning should be done before vacuuming, as the steam will flush any bedbugs not killed out of hiding. Heat treatments should be left to the professionals.
Steaming, washing and throwing out items
- Infested (but intact) mattresses, upholstery and plush items that cannot be washed with hot water and detergent should be steam cleaned. Bedbugs die at 50°C and steam cleaners generally emit steam at a temperature of at least 100°C. Dry steam or low vapour steamers are better because they leave behind less moisture. Steam will only kill the bedbugs that it reaches, so move the steam cleaner slowly to maximize depth. Avoid excess moisture, which could lead to mould.
- Putting small items in the freezer or outside is sometimes effective. However, freezing temperatures must be kept for a prolonged period (4 days of consistent cold at -19°C), and may not kill all of the bedbugs.
- Place small non-washable items and dry-clean-only items in a hot dryer for 30 minutes or more.
- Wash mattress pads, bedding, bed skirts, infested clothes, curtains, and so on in hot water and dry them on the hottest dryer setting. Store clean, dry items in light-coloured sealed heavy duty plastic bags or plastic storage bins with secure lids to avoid infesting other areas.
- Throw out any items that can’t be washed, heated, or steam cleaned.
- Vacuum daily following the directions below.
Handheld vacuums, vacuums with a cloth bag, and vacuums with hoses that are made of fabric are not a good idea for bedbug clean-up because these vacuums can become infested. For households with family members who have allergies or asthma, it’s best to use a vacuum with a HEPA filter to avoid putting insect and dust allergens back into the air.
- Bedbugs cling to wood and fabric, and their eggs are cemented to the surface where they were laid. Using a stiff brush attachment and a back-and-forth scraping motion on the surface of the mattress, and a nozzle for the seams and crevices, carefully vacuum all sides to remove bedbugs and eggs. This includes the mattress, box spring, bed frame, baseboards, non-washable furniture cushions, any rugs and carpeting, around heating units and baseboards, and the inside and underneath all drawers and furniture.
- Let the vacuum run for a bit to make sure all bedbugs have been sucked into the bag, then dispose of the vacuum bag in a sealed white plastic bag (white plastic makes it easier to spot a bedbug), in a garbage bin with a lid.
- Stuff paper towel in the end of the vacuum hose and seal it with tape to prevent any bedbugs from escaping.
- Wash all vacuum attachments in hot water and detergent.
- Store the vacuum in a large plastic bag and seal it.
- For a bagless vacuum cleaner, follow the instructions above, but also empty the canister contents into a plastic garbage bag, seal and dispose of the bag right away, and wash the dust container in hot water with detergent.
Using pesticides and pest control products
Health Canada regulates pesticides in Canada. We make sure that each pesticide registered for use meets Canada’s high standards for health and environmental safety, and that the product works as claimed on the label.
Each registered pesticide comes with a detailed label that provides directions on how to use the product safely, which pests it controls, where and on what it can be used, and how to apply it properly. To see if a pesticide has been registered for use in Canada, check the label for a Pest Control Products (PCP) registration number. If the product label does not have a PCP registration number, do not buy or use it. Unregistered pesticides are illegal in Canada and their safety and effectiveness have not been reviewed by Health Canada.
Follow these precautions when using pesticides:
- Carefully read the label before buying or using pesticides, to figure out which products are best for your situation and to use the product safely.
- Use only pesticides registered by Health Canada and only as directed on the label.
- Never use any treatment on people, pets or bedding unless the pesticide label specifically says to do so. For example, pesticides registered for use on bed frames are not meant to be used on mattresses or box springs.
- Do not use pesticides on baby cribs, playpens, or toys.
- Do not use homemade pesticides. While they may seem simple and harmless, many homemade pesticide recipes can be dangerous both to make and to use. They could harm you and your family.
For more information on pesticide use and regulation, contact Health Canada’s Pest Management Information Service.
Ozone generators are machines that produce ozone gas. Manufacturers and vendors may claim that they can kill bedbugs and get rid of mould and indoor air pollution.
However, Health Canada is warning Canadians:do not use ozone generators. These devices are not safe. They can cause respiratory problems that include:
- chest pain
- shortness of breath
- irritation of eyes, nose and throat
No ozone-generating devices have been approved for use on bedbugs in Canada. Home-owners and pest control operators should not use ozone generators to control bedbugs, mould or other pests.