Bed Bugs How To Get Rid Of Naturally
How To Get Rid Of Bugs In Your House Naturally
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Get Rid Of Bugs In Your House Naturally
Ants, cockroaches, spiders, mosquitoes, and bedbugs are just some of the many nuisances that can infest our living spaces. But before you reach for a chemical bug spray, try a natural way to get rid of these pests. You can use food traps for cockroaches, nets to protect against mosquitoes, neem derivative sprays for bedbugs, and essential oils against ants – all without any adverse side effects.
When it comes to dealing with any bug infestation at home, most of us immediately reach for a handy can of bug spray. But just one whiff of a squirt of spray may clue you in to what scientists have been saying for a long time now – the pesticides in these sprays can harm more than just pests. For example, when used frequently, DEET, the most common of these insect repellents, can cause side effects ranging from blisters on the skin to nerve damage. 1
It’s even worse if you have kids around. Case studies suggest that children should not be exposed to DEET and must keep as far a distance as possible. Repellents containing DEET have been known to cause respiratory distress, encephalopathy, and seizures in children. 2
It’s important to switch to natural ways to get rid of bugs precisely for these reasons. Natural products have far fewer side effects than their chemical counterparts. Whether it’s pesky mosquitoes you want to get rid of or stubborn bedbugs, here are a few ways to deal with such household pests naturally.
Getting Rid Of Mosquitoes
Mosquitoes are not just an irritation, they can cause wide-spread disease, including vector-borne illnesses, and even epidemics, such as malaria, dengue, and the recent Zika virus.
1. Mosquito Nets
Of course, the best prevention against malaria is to prevent mosquitoes from biting you in the first place! The most effective way of keeping mosquitoes out is with a simple mosquito net. 3 Mosquito nets have holes large enough to let air in but small enough to keep mosquitoes out.
Using long-lasting insecticide-treated bed nets: In line with the World Health Organization (WHO) recommendations, the use of long-lasting insecticide-treated bed nets (LLIN) has become an important prevention strategy in countries prone to malaria outbreaks. 4 The mosquito repellent properties of several plant products have been extensively studied over the years but there are certain limitations with their use in LLIN. Most of them wash away in water and cannot be easily fixed on the textiles. Trials are still being performed to find the best ways to infuse nets with plant products.
2. Essential Oils
The oils of several plants can be used as mosquito repellents, including citronella grass, lemon grass, eucalyptus, lavender, neem, thyme, holy basil, geranium, peppermint, kakronda, and toothache tree. 5
A field trial in Canada tested the efficiency of 3% citronella candles and 5% citronella incense in protecting individuals from mosquito bites. The use of citronella oil significantly reduced the number of mosquito bites in people. However, it was observed that plain candles were also quite effective in reducing mosquito bites. Researchers assume that it was the heat, light, moisture, and carbon dioxide produced by the plain candles that drew mosquitoes away from the test individuals. 6 But what works in citronella’s favor are compounds such as citronellol and geraniol in the essential oil. Both of these have a pungent odor and can keep mosquitoes away.
Three DIY Mosquito Repellent Sprays You Can Make At Home
- In a 2 oz amber spray bottle, mix 8 drops each of rosemary and lemongrass essential oils, 4 drops of geranium essential oil, 1 tsp of castor oil, and 1–1.5 tsp of water. Shake well and spray all around the house to repel mosquitoes. The amber color of the bottle protects the light sensitive essential oils from oxidation and possible deterioration in quality. 7
- In a 16 oz spray bottle, mix 20 drops each of citronella oil, lavender oil, tea tree oil, and eucalyptus oil, 1/2 tsp of vegetable glycerin, and 14 oz of witch hazel or vodka (yes, vodka). Shake well and spray around the house to drive mosquitoes away. 8
- Make a mix with 4 ml of neem oil and 10 drops each of spike lavender oil and lemon eucalyptus oil. Moisten your palms and take a few drops of this mix. Rub your palms vigorously and apply all over your exposed skin. In addition to repelling mosquitoes, the essential oils also mask the strong smell of neem oil. 9
Saying Sayonara To Bedbugs
Anyone who has ever had a bedbug infestation knows how stubborn they can be. What’s more, there is reason to believe that they can spread over 41 diseases to humans! 10
1. Heat Treatment
Although bedbugs are resistant to most pesticides, they are extremely sensitive to a rise in temperature. One study found that by increasing the temperature to 48 degrees Celsius around the infested furniture, nearly all bedbugs could be eliminated. Circulation and containment of the heat are crucial to the success of this kind of treatment. Polystyrene boards have been found to be quite effective in creating a treatment space and containing the heat. 11 Such treatments are, however, best carried out by a professional exterminator. The exterminator will have the necessary equipment to create a heat treatment space. Depending on the size of the room and the degree of infestation, heat treatment can take 6–8 hours. 12
Most successful integrated pest management (IPM) programs for bedbugs include vacuuming, encasing infected items in zippered compartments, heating, steaming, and freezing – all are not always necessary in every case.
Oils And Other Low-Risk Products
Eucalyptus oil, used as a spray on infested areas, is typically effective against bedbugs. Commercial products containing essential oils such as citronella, clove oil, cedar oil, eucalyptus oil, geranium, lavender, lemongrass, and peppermint oil work well too. Some studies also recommend dusting the infested area with low-risk pesticides such as silica gel and diatomaceous earth (DE). Dusts such as these spread easily too from bug to bug. 13
Make Your Own Bedbug Repellant
- In a spray bottle, take 10–20 drops of eucalyptus essential oil and add a little warm water. You can also add a few drops of lemon essential oil if you like. Spray on mattresses and bedding to eliminate bedbugs.
- Add eucalyptus oil to your laundry detergent and wash your sheets with it to get rid of dust mites and bedbugs. Avoid this if you have small children, though. Eucalyptus essential oil is very strong and should not be used, even in diluted form, on children under two years of age. It can cause respiratory distress in children. 14
- Add 1 tsp each of rosemary and peppermint oils to 2 cups of water and spray the mix on cushions and the floor around the bed. 15
- While traveling, it is a good idea to add lavender oil to a tissue and wiping the hotel room mattress with it to repel bedbugs. 16
Getting Rid Of Ants Naturally
It often seems that ants are the least bothersome of all household pests. They don’t bite unless disturbed, and they certainly don’t spread any infections. However, they can bore into absolutely anything in the house, eating their way through groceries and any food left outside. So here’s how you can fight them!
1. Essential Oils
Oil extracts of cinnamon leaf are extremely effective against red fire ants, even in low concentrations. The major component of cinnamon, trans-cinnamaldehyde, has a very strong inhibitory effect on red fire ants. 17
Natural Techniques To Get Rid Of Ants
- If you have ants marching into your house, you can put 1–2 drops of peppermint, spearmint, clove, catnip, orange, or eucalyptus orange oil on your threshold or wherever their entry point is. Pure essential oil on carpeted, laminate or wooden floors can, however, cause damage so do take care.
- You can also create a mobile barrier by placing a potted peppermint plant near the ants’ entry points and move it around as ants find new ways in. You could also scatter a few peppermint leaves and add a few drops of peppermint oil to them for more potency. 18
2. Clove Powder
Clove powder is an efficient ant repellent too. In a test carried out to check the efficacy of clove powder in inhibiting red fire ants, scientists found the powder worked well. Using clove powder around ant colonies was found to repel nearly 99% of them in a span of three hours. 19
Some Clove Power Against Ants
You can make a powder of fresh cloves and sprinkle it around ant colonies and their suspected points of entry. Be sure to use cloves that still smell fresh, as old cloves may have lost their essential oils to evaporation.
When it comes to irritation level, cockroaches closely rival bedbugs. Give them a few days time and it seems like they’re everywhere! Cockroaches especially love damp, dark spaces – heck, they may even be the only survivors of a nuclear attack!
Getting rid of cockroaches requires a systematic process of deep cleaning accompanied by the use of natural pesticides. Since cockroaches are often attracted to food leftovers and residues, always begin with the kitchen. Wipe everything down after a meal and never leave waste exposed.
1. Dishwashing Liquid
Among easy home treatments, a mix of water and common dishwashing liquid was found to be effective against cockroaches. The soapy liquid blocks their air passages and knocks them down. The cockroaches ultimately die after 18 to 24 hours. 20 So, keep a spray bottle of soap water handy and spray generously if you see a cockroach.
2. Boric Acid Powder
You can also bait cockroaches using a mixture of boric acid and sugar. The sugar attracts the cockroaches to the mixture. When ingested, boric acid is extremely toxic to such insects. 21 Sprinkling this powder in cracks and crevices, especially around the kitchen sink, can help get rid of cockroaches. You need to remember that boric acid can irritate the nose and mouth of humans too, so take care to keep the mixture out of reach of children.
Dealing With Other Bugs
There are several other household pests you may not want to deal with. One is thefruit fly, which seems to hover around just about any damp space in the house. A popular home remedy involves taking about half a glass of vinegar or apple cider vinegar and adding a few drops of dishwashing liquid to it. Swish the glass and add some warm water to help mix the liquids. Place the glass at spots frequented by fruit flies. This is an excellent trap for fruit flies – they come attracted by the vinegar smell and are trapped by the weight of the soap. 22
Another common bug that can become a menace in huge numbers is thespider. Although spiders do keep our houses bug-free, a spider and its webs can make any place look run-down. Clearing away spider webs and egg sacs as soon as they are spotted is the first step in spider management. Areas prone to spider habitats must be kept free of insects to ensure food scarcity.
Spiders have the ability to taste what they touch and they don’t like the taste of many plants.
Spider Repellant Made Right At Home
- An excellent home remedy for spiders involves using essential oils. Take 2 cups of water, and add 10–20 drops of one or more of the following oils – lavender, citronella, cinnamon, catnip, – and/or citrus oils such as grapefruit or lemon. Use the spray around the house to keep spiders at bay.
- Spiders don’t like catnip either. Grind fresh catnip leaves and mix with water. Soak cotton balls in this mix and keep at spider-prone spots around the house. You can soak the cotton balls in catnip oil too. You can also make catnip sachets by packing dried catnip leaves in some thin natural fabric. Place the sachets around the house to drive away spiders. 23
- Spiders also dislike lemons and limes. Mix water and bitter lime or lemon juice and spray wherever required. Placing orange, lime, or lemon peels at strategic spots can keep your garden spider-free too. 24
Use Your DIY Bug Repellants Correctly
Take note that not all of these natural alternatives have been studied for skin allergies and other irritations. It may be wise to use gloves when working with sprays of any kind. Of course, essential oils have been studied extensively and there is sufficient information available about their possible adverse effects. If you have young children at home, ensure that these bug repellents are not lying around the house. Ingestion of some of these substances can be very harmful.
Do you have any other go-to methods for dealing with household pests?
|1.||↑||Robbins, Philip J., and Martin G. Cherniack. “Review of the biodistribution and toxicity of the insect repellent N, N‐diethyl‐m‐toluamide (DEET).” Journal of Toxicology and Environmental Health, Part A Current Issues 18, no. 4 (1986): 503-525.|
|2.||↑||Briassoulis, G., M. Narlioglou, and T. Hatzis. “Toxic encephalopathy associated with use of DEET insect repellents: a case analysis of its toxicity in children.” Human & Experimental Toxicology 20, no. 1 (2001): 8-14.|
|3.||↑||Bradley, A. K., A. M. Greenwood, P. Byass, B. M. Greenwood, K. Marsh, S. Tulloch, and R. Hayes. “Bed-nets (mosquito-nets) and morbidity from malaria.” The Lancet 328, no. 8500 (1986): 204-207.|
|4.||↑||Wanzira, Humphrey, Henry Katamba, and Denis Rubahika. “Use of long-lasting insecticide-treated bed nets in a population with universal coverage following a mass distribution campaign in Uganda.” Malaria Journal 15, no. 1 (2016): 311.|
|5.||↑||Raja, A. S. M., Sujata Kawlekar, Sujata Saxena, A. Arputharaj, and P. G. Patil. “Mosquito protective textiles-A review.” International Journal of Mosquito Research 2, no. 7 (2015): 49-53.|
|6.||↑||LINDSAY, L. ROBBIN, GORDON A. SURGEONER, J. D. Heal, and G. J. Gallivan. “EVALUATION OF THE EFFICACY OF 37O CITRONELLA CANDLES AND 57O CITRONELLA INCENSE FOR PROTECTION AGAINST FIELD POPULATIONS OF AEDES MOSQUITOES.” Journal of the American Mosquito Control Association 12, no. 2 (1996): 293-294.|
|7, 8.||↑||Brown, Kathy. “Homemade Insect Repellents: Organic DIY Repellents to Keep Biting and Creeping Insects Away From You.” PublishDrive, 2016.|
|9.||↑||Berton, Hélène. “The Essential Guide to Natural Skin Care: Choosing Botanicals, Oils & Extracts for Simple & Healthy Beauty.” Llewellyn Worldwide, 2012.|
|10.||↑||Burton, George J. “Bedbugs in relation to transmission of human diseases: Review of the literature.” Public health reports 78, no. 6 (1963): 513.|
|11.||↑||Pereira, Roberto M., Philip G. Koehler, Margie Pfiester, and Wayne Walker. “Lethal effects of heat and use of localized heat treatment for control of bed bug infestations.” Journal of economic entomology 102, no. 3 (2009): 1182-1188.|
|12.||↑||Understanding Bed Bug Treatments. University of Minnesota.|
|13.||↑||Quarles, William. “New IPM methods for bedbugs.” IPM Pract 34 (2015): 1-9.|
|14.||↑||Young, Kac. “The Healing Art of Essential Oils: A Guide to 50 Oils for Remedy, Ritual, and Everyday Use.” Llewellyn Worldwide, 2017.|
|15.||↑||Billings, Samuel. “The Big Book of Home Remedies.” Lulu Press, 2013.|
|16, 18.||↑||Worwood, Valerie Ann. “The Complete Book of Essential Oils and Aromatherapy, Revised and Expanded: Over 800 Natural, Nontoxic, and Fragrant Recipes to Create Health, Beauty, and Safe Home and Work Environments.” New World Library, 2016.|
|17.||↑||Cheng, Sen-Sung, Ju-Yun Liu, Chun-Ya Lin, Yen-Ray Hsui, Mei-Chun Lu, Wen-Jer Wu, and Shang-Tzen Chang. “Terminating red imported fire ants using Cinnamomum osmophloeum leaf essential oil.” Bioresource technology 99, no. 4 (2008): 889-893.|
|19.||↑||Kafle, Lekhnath, and Cheng Jen Shih. “Toxicity and repellency of compounds from clove (Syzygium aromaticum) to red imported fire ants Solenopsis invicta (Hymenoptera: Formicidae).” Journal of Economic Entomology 106, no. 1 (2013): 131-135.|
|20.||↑||Szumlas, Daniel E. “Behavioral responses and mortality in German cockroaches (Blattodea: Blattellidae) after exposure to dishwashing liquid.” Journal of Economic Entomology 95, no. 2 (2002): 390-398.|
|21.||↑||J.L. Capinera, Encyclopedia of Entomology, Springer Science & Business Media, 2008.|
|22, 24.||↑||Billings, Samuel. “The Big Book of Home Remedies.” Lulu.com, 2013.|
|23.||↑||Ford, Dionna; O’Brien, Mandy. “Homemade Cleaners: Quick-and-Easy, Toxin-Free Recipes to Replace Your Kitchen Cleaner, Bathroom Disinfectant, Laundry Detergent, Bleach, Bug Killer, Air Freshener, and more.” Ulysses Press, 2014.|
Disclaimer: The content is purely informative and educational in nature and should not be construed as medical advice. Please use the content only in consultation with an appropriate certified medical or healthcare professional.
How to Get Rid of Bed Bugs Fast, Naturally and Permanently?
After writing, how to get rid of cockroaches?, how to get rid of fruit flies?, how to get rid of ants?, and how to get rid of mosquitoes?, we are now writing the best ways to get rid of bed bugs fast, naturally and permanently. Bug, insects or tiny demons no matter, what you call them. These creepy little beings cause nuisance, nothing in comparison to their size. They reside and annoy us in all possible ways and many at-times act as if at war with us. So, it’s time we teach them a lesson and that too quickly and efficiently.
Bed bugs reside in the deepest corners of your bed and hidden places, waiting to make their move. They will come at you like some silent assassin, biting on your skin and feasting on your blood. We understand that you want to get rid of bed bugs fast and naturally. In this article, we will talk about ways to get rid of bed bugs quickly and easily. Before, we begin lets study our enemy in a better way.
What Are Bed Bugs And When Bed Bug Bites?
These disgusting bugs can fill every corner of your house. They belong to Cimicidae family, which feast on blood and are commonly found in warm temperature. Bed bugs are active only during the night hours. To hide in the day time, they use desks, nightstands, headboards, mattresses, photo frames and clothing. A bed bug feeds on the body of a host for five minutes. A victim may be unaware when s/he is being bitten, but will soon come to know through skin infection, red and itchy bump, allergic reaction, etc.
Their bites cause small red spots on your body, which create itching sensation in your body. Sometimes the condition is really tough, when these itching turns severe. There are several lotions and creams are available in the market, which can cure your bed bug bites. Bed bugs are becoming a very frustrating and stressful problem. If you suffer from such bites, then it is very important to clean the bites immediately. You can also use some natural remedies to get rid of bed bugs and so many other things easily available stuff in your kitchen and home.
Types of Bed Bugs:
- Domestic Bed Bugs:If you are suffering from constant minute bites, then there is a great chance that it has to be this one. These are the most extensively available. They hide in your bed, furniture, mattress, and every possible nook and corner of your house. The tiny little creatures reside in the darkness and appear mostly when it’s time for dinner. They are flat and red in color.
- Barn and Chicken Bed Bugs:While the Mexican barn swallow bug infects birds, residing in their nests. The second one dwells on your favorite Sunday night dinner. It feeds on domestic fowls and your everyday poultry items. Both of them can feed on humans, in case their host is not available.
- Bat Bugs:Residing in the dark caves, they feast on another fearsome creature called bats. These one rarely infest human habitat and love their staple diet.
- Tropical Bed Bugs:These one prefer a warmer temperature. They are the subsequent, most frequently existing bed bugs after the domestic ones. They come equipped with a piercing mouth and share features similar to their household counterparts.
Best Ways to Get Rid of Bed Bugs Fast and Naturally:
1.) Use Sunlight as Weapon
Bed bugs like moist and dark places and thus hide inside the cracks of the wall. Thus, it makes sunlight one of the best ways to get rid of bed bugs. Open all the doors and windows of the room and make way for sunlight. Also, these bugs live in your matrices. It’s time to show them some sunlight. Take your matrices in the garden area and allow it to soak sunlight. Leave the matrices in the sunlight for a complete day. In the evening, arrange it on its original place. You will notice the difference in the morning.
2.) Seal and Caulk Cracks
They bite and many times make it impossible for you to stay on your bed. You do everything with your matrices to make them go away. You treat your matrices in day and they come back at night. The reason behind their comeback is that they had never left. Some of the bed bugs may live in your matrices, but it is the cracks of the walls that they start dwelling in. So, it is important to block their way towards your matrices. Caulk crack in the walls. Inspect your house and caulk each and every crack in the wall. This will also helps you get rid of other insects like ants and stink bugs.
3.) Use The Vacuum Cleaner
When it comes at getting rid of bed bugs, vacuum cleaner is one of the most fantastic ways for the purpose. It is easy to use. What you have to do is vacuum every corner of the house. This will help your get rid of fleas as well. Pay special attention to the places, where your find them more often. These bugs are light in weight and thus can be easily removed by the vacuum cleaner. Vacuum your house and dedicate a little more time on the cracks of the walls. When you are done vacuuming, it’s time to look after your cleaner. Always throw the bag of the vacuum cleaner outside the house. Else, they can come back.
4.) Tea Tree Oil Will Help
Tea tree oil can be describes as one of the best remedies used to get rid of bed bugs. It has a number of uses and advantages. One of them is its use to kill bed bugs. The most important and beneficial part of using tea tree oil is that it is natural and thus will not affect your health as well. It can be used as a natural insecticide. Using it is also simple. What you have to do is mix a part of tea tree oil with and pour in a spray bottle. Now, use that bottle to spray the solution everywhere in the house. Repeat the method twice a day and you will see the difference.
5.) Baking Soda to Kill Bed Bugs
The desiccation (drying out) property inside baking soda helps to get rid of bed bugs. You may use a paint brush in the bowl of baking soda. Now, use this brush to coat the light layer of baking soda on the cracks and crevices, which is expected to be bed bugs hiding area. You may coat this baking soda at various places where you feel bed bugs usually occurs. It is a great way to kill bed bugs.
6.) Use The Rubbing Alcohol
Rubbing alcohol is also known as “Isopropyl Alcohol”. You can easily get it from the stores. Bed bugs can be killed by using this rubbing alcohol. All you need to do is a spraying bottle and pour some amount of alcohol into it. After this spray alcohol at different places of your home. You may also rub alcohol in the crevices and cracks. It is a great way to get rid of bed bugs at home. Alcohol is also one of the best ingredients used as a cleansing agent.
7.) Use Lavender Essential Oil
The scent of lavender essential oil can repel bed bugs. It is a great home remedy to get rid of bed bugs at home. Just rub this oil on different parts of your home like crevices, cracks, and bed to eliminate bed bugs from your home. In addition, to lavender oil you may also use various other oils like rosemary and eucalyptus. You can simply add these oils in water and spray it on the different parts of your home. It is one of the best ways to get rid of bed bugs at home.
8.) Extreme Temperature
Bugs are known to be vulnerable to extreme heat or cold. Both of the cold or heat treatment can be used successfully to kill them. One can use anything like a hair dryer or heater to heat up the affected area or could use a fan or an air conditioner to provide an arctic environment to these bugs. Ultimately, it’s you who will relish at the delight of a bug free home.
9.) Give Your Bed Sheets in Laundry
It is really important to keep a hygienic environment if you want to get rid of bed bugs at home. One should always keep it’s bed sheets clean. You should give the bed sheets for laundry on regular basis. This will kill the eggs that are laid on your bed sheets. It is the best way to prevent bed bugs. Also, considered as one of the most effective methods to get rid of bed bugs at home.
10.) Use The Mint Leaves
Use mint leaves as it is considered to be a great herbal treatment that can prevent bed bugs infestation in your home. To use this herbal treatment just put the mint leaves in different parts of your home. You can also pour the dry mint leaves on your bed to prevent bed bugs. It is a great remedy that will not only prevent bed bugs. But it will also help in keeping various other insects away from your home.
11.) Use The Clove Oil
The sharp smell and acidic pH of the clove disturb the durability of bed bugs, as they cannot stand this acidic condition. You can destroy the bugs easily by exposing your pillows, mattress and other infested area to clove oil. Make a solution consisting of lukewarm water and clove oil. Place this diluted solution in a spray bottle and sprinkle it to infected area to get rid of bed bugs organically.
12.) Do The Steam Treatment
There are a variety of steamers available in the market to get rid of bed bugs faster. Choose a reputed brand and get started with the steam treatment. Just steam up the corners and cracks of the bed, where the bed bugs normally reside. The steam will exterminate the bugs and will eradicate their eggs. This could be a good solution, especially if you are in a dire need to clear them up.
13.) Cayenne Pepper Will Help
Take 1 tsp each of cayenne powder and grated ginger. Boil them in water for 5 to 10 minutes. Strain and spray the solution around the entering spaces of your room and areas where bed bugs may be hiding. The smell of this solution drives the bugs away and block them from spreading.
14.) Make Use of Thyme
Thyme is one of the best ways to avoid bed bugs. This does not kill bed bugs but make them leave your house. What you have to do is place some bundles of every where in your house. Pay special attention to the area where they are seen the most. Replace the bundle with the fresh ones after three days.
15.) Maintain Cleanliness
Maintaining cleanliness is one of the best ways to get rid bed bugs. It is as simple as it sounds. Just maintain the hygiene of your house and you will be able to keep them at bay. Clean the house properly. Make sure there is no place where there is litter and dust. Bed bugs like filthy and moist places. So, use vacuum cleaning to clean and do not allow any of the area to be moist. Repair all the leakages and breakage in the pipes and taps. No other way can be as beneficial as this one. Also look after your personal hygiene.
16.) Double Sided Tape
You can make a simple trap at home. You just need to use a double sided tape and it can be used to get rid of bed bugs in a very simple way. What you have to do is take a double sided tape and stick it at several places around your house. Again, pay special attention on the area where you find their presence the most. These tiny creatures will get stick to the tape and will be trapped. Now you can use any of the above mention way to kill them. If you do not want kill them and take the tapes in the bag and throw it.
17.) Use The Hot Water
Use hot water to kill bed bugs. This can be used as one of the most successful remedies to get rid of bed bugs from the house. This is one of the best home remedies for bed bugs. What you have to do is boil enough water to use on all the places where you suspect the presence of these bed bugs. Pour the water on the cracks of the walls and leakages in the pipes. Also, pay special attention to the areas near your bed. Look after door mats as well. Using this method even once will give you the positive results.
18.) Use The Diatomaceous Earth
This organic item is one of the most popular ways to get rid of bed bugs naturally. The fossilized powder of the marine plants is a bug killer. Is literally is an assassin. The powder can be mixed with water or can be used as a paste to fill up all the cracks. The mixture will scratch the exoskeletons of the bugs and will inflict injury after injury, leading to their ultimate death.
19.) Do The Cold Treatment
Not only heat but cold can also check their growth. Arrange a cooling source and get all the infected area to freeze in a way that it becomes unbearable for the bed bugs to resist. Try out a cooling fan or maintain high temperatures or by using an air-conditioner. Both should come in handy and in no time you will see them vanish.
20.) Use The Natural Pesticides
Even though, we don’t recommend them normally, but what harm lies in trying out something natural. Pyrethrum is a natural form of pesticide, extracted from the pyrethrum plant; it has long been known to cure the bed bug nuisance. It directly assaults the nervous systems of bed bugs and kills them for good.
21.) Getting Rid of the Infested Furniture
Though, not one of the best suggestions, this comes as the last resort to your bed bug problem. If your furniture is lying as a waste and serves no purpose at all, it’s good to get away of it. It would be a good idea to either dispose or sell of the furniture. Make sure you don’t lie to your buyer about the motive for selling it in the first place.
22.) Use The Bleach
You should necessarily not follow this if you have kids or suffer from any kind of breathing problems. If all this suits you, then this one is a sure shot solution. Spraying bleach all over your mattress and other affected area can kill them right away.
23.) Awareness is Important
Make sure to check your bed and mattress for bed bugs before checking into a hotel room. Look out for pests on your pets or birds and domestic fowls. Make sure to fill up any cracks on your bed, furniture or pipes. Study about the breed of bed bugs infecting you. Focusing on the right species can save you a-lot of time and energy.
24.) Liquid Insecticides
Though not one of the popular ways to get rid of bed bugs but as you are on a short notice, this can help. Chemical insecticides are easily available in the market. If you detest chemicals then a more natural approach would be to use crystalline silica. The product is known to dehydrate not only the bugs but also their future offspring.
25.) Call The Pest Control
Nothing can be handier in a critical situation like a professional. They know their job and come equipped with all the necessary tools. If quick and effective is what you are looking for and price is not an issue then nothing can beat this. Look out for options in your local area or consult people experienced in this. Choose the right firm and let them get rid of bed bugs once and for all.
11 Home Remedies To Get Rid Of Bed Bugs Naturally
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Remedies To Get Rid Of Bed Bugs
Bed bugs are a nightmare. While commercially available repellents can take care of them, they will cause some serious damage to our health, too. It is best to try some natural bed bug repellents like essential oils like tea tree oil, lavender oil or citronella. Other bed bug eliminators include kidney bean leaves, thyme, clove and diatomaceous earth.
Bed bugs are parasites that belong to the cimicid family. They are small, oval, brownish insects that feed exclusively on blood. While there are quite a few parasites of the cimicid family that feeds on animal blood, thecimex lectularius, the common bedbug, is the famous one as it prefers feeding on human blood. While an adult bed bug has a flat body, and looks pretty much like an apple seed, after feeding, its body swells and also turns a reddish color. Bed bugs usually feed on their hosts quite unnoticed.
Though bed bugs are believed to be more active during the night, they are not nocturnal creatures. A female bedbug can lay hundreds of eggs in its lifetime. These eggs are usually the size of a speck of dust and can be brought into your house along with adults, via luggage, used furniture, used beds, clothing, etc. Bed bugs cannot fly. However, they can move quite quickly over floors, walls, and ceilings.
While some adverse health conditions may be caused as a result of bed bug bites, like skin rashes, allergic symptoms, and even psychological problems, bed bugs are unknown to transmit any disease pathogens. 1
Is Your House Infested?
One of the most evident signs of bed bug infestation is finding itchy areas on your body when you wake up after a sleep. These itchy areas may also present as small red bumps. Small blood stains on your sheets or pillow cases, bed bug excrement on the bed and bed linen or walls, egg shells or shed skins in areas where bed bugs usually hide, and sometimes even a musty odor from the bugs’ scent glands are some other giveaways to a bed bug infestation.
Since bed bugs have flattened bodies, it makes it easy for them to hide in the tiniest of spaces, like mattresses, box springs, bed frames, and headboards. Though bed bugs do not have nests, they tend to live in groups. Over time, they tend to scatter through the bedroom, moving into any crevice or protected location, and even to adjoining rooms.
If you suspect that you may have a bed bug infestation, remove all bedding and dust covers and blankets, box springs etc. and check it carefully for signs of the bugs or their excrement. You must also check the area around the bed, including inside books, telephones, radios, carpet edges, and even electrical outlets.
Ways To Exterminate Bed Bugs
Once you have identified a bed bug infestation in your house, it is understandable that you want to jump right in and eliminate them. But this will be a long, drawn-out battle, and there is nothing like patience and preparation to win it.
Getting rid of bedbugs begins with cleaning up the places where bedbugs live. Now, this is not an easy task as it includes washing and drying bedding, linens, curtains, clothing, etc. in hot water and then meticulously checking that it is indeed bed-bug free. The cleaning up process also calls for some heavy-duty vacuuming. The entire house, furniture, linens, furnishings etc. need to be regularly vacuumed. After each vacuuming session, ensure you remove the vacuum cleaner bag into another plastic bag and place it in the garbage bin outside the house.
Another way to get rid of these bugs is to freeze them. Although bed bugs can live for up to a year in a cool room, they cannot withstand freezing temperatures. Freezing infested items for at least two hours at -17°C should kill them off.
Like cold, steam too can help get rid of bed bugs. Steam can penetrate mattress linings, crevices and cracks effectively and efficiently. Steam cleaning infested items and rooms at about 140°F (60°C) can destroy bugs as well as their eggs without damaging the surroundings. 2
Home Remedies To Get Rid Of Bed Bugs
You can also try out some natural insecticides to get rid of the bed bugs and their eggs. In this regard, plant essential oils have gained importance as a significant natural source of pesticides. They represent a market estimated at $700 million. The total production of essential oils in the world is estimated to be around 45000 tons. 3 Most essential oils affect the inner cell membranes of insects, causing cytotoxic effects. It is this property that proves beneficial when tackling any kind of bug or insect infestation. 4 And while the essential oils are toxic to the bugs, they are safe for humans. Here we look at some essential oil based natural insecticides as well as some other less harmful repellents to help get rid of bed bugs.
1. Tea Tree Oil Spray
Studies show that tea tree oil is an effective insecticidal. The essential oil of tea tree effectively disrupts the permeability barrier of cell membrane structures, thus resulting in the loss of chemiosmotic control and fatality. It is this membrane-damaging property of tea tree oil that makes it an effective natural insecticide in fighting bed bugs. You can use the homemade spray in hard-to-reach places, like cracks, crevices, and furniture joints. 5
To Use:To make a natural insecticide with tea tree oil, mix two teaspoons of tea tree oil with 50 ml of water. Pour it into a spray bottle and shake well. Spray liberal amounts of the natural insecticide in all areas where you think bed bugs are living. Use this application daily until all the signs of bed bugs have disappeared. Remember to shake well before each application.
2. Lavender Oil
Like tea tree oil, lavender essential oil can also be used as an effective natural insecticide to kill bed bugs. Lavender oil is also believed to destroy bed bug eggs as well. It is also said that it is the smell of lavender that kills the bugs. \However, the oil probably acts as a cytotoxin and thus kills the bed bugs. 6
To Use:To make a spray, mix 10–15 drops of lavender oil with 50 ml water. Shake well, pour into a spray bottle and use in areas where the infestation is seen. You can also use lavender soap or powder as a spray. Another method is to place fresh lavender leaves or flowers in and around the infested areas to get rid of the bed bugs.
A combination of lavender oil and peppermint oil was also found to be highly beneficial in exterminating bed bugs. 7
To Use:Add 10–15 drops of lavender essential oil and 10–15 drops of peppermint oil into a spray bottle. Fill it with water. Then shake well and spray in affected areas.
3. Citronella Spray
Citronella, or lemongrass as it is more commonly known, is another essential oil that can repel and kill bed bugs as well as its eggs. Citronella oil is believed to increase the acidic condition within the bugs, thus effectively eliminating it. Like lavender, the smell of citronella is also believed to help get rid of bed bugs. 8
To Use:Add 10 drops of citronella oil to a small bowl of water. Pour it into a spray bottle, shake thoroughly, and spray in affected areas to get best results.
4. Eucalyptus Oil Spray
The evergreen, mighty trees of the eucalyptus can be seen in most places across the world. The essential oil found in its foliage is widely used in food, pharmaceuticals, perfumes, etc. It is also used extensively as an insect repellent. Eucalyptus is believed to exhibit ovicidal activity, as well as insect repellency against bacteria, fungi, insects, weeds, nematodes, and mites. 9
To Use:To make the spray, take two ounces of water, 1.5 ounces of witch hazel or vodka and 30 drops of eucalyptus essential oil. Pour all this into a spray bottle and shake well to mix it. Then spray the solution on the affected areas. Repeat the spraying every two hours of so.
5. Essential Oils Of Orange
Orange oil contains d-limonene which is classified as an insecticide. This is a nerve toxin which kills the bugs and insects within minutes of contact. 10
To Use:Make a spray solution by mixing 1 cup of compost tea, 1 ounce of blackstrap molasses and 2 ounces of orange essential oil in 4 liters of water. Mix all this together well and spray in the affected areas.
6. Neem Oil
For generations, neem oil has been used for various medicinal and insecticidal properties. The tree, the leaf, the seeds are all used for medicinal purposes with beneficial results. Studies show that neem oil, especially cold pressed neem oil, has high toxicity, and antifeedancy and can repel a number of pests. 11 It was also shown to have high larval growth inhibition properties. 12
To Use:To make a spray solution, add 1 ounce of concentrated neem essential oil to 4 ounces of water. Add ½ teaspoon of soap in order to emulsify the solution. Mix it well. Then spray and wipe down beds, sheets, walls, crevices and all other potential bed bug hiding places. Do this three times a day for the first three days. Then shift to treating your home every alternate day for a total of 18 days.
7. Sweet Flag
Sweet flag oracorus calamus, is an uncommon, semi-aquatic, perennial plant found in Eurasia and the Americas. Valued for its rhizome and fragrant oils, this plant has been used medicinally as well as for its insecticidal properties, since time immemorial. Recent studies have also revealed that the sweet plant possesses antifungal and antibacterial properties. 13 The antimicrobial property makes the sweet flag effective against bed bugs.
To Use:To make a spray, boil 100 grams of sweet flag and 50 grams of turmeric powder in one liter of water. Boil this for an hour. Then keep the solution in a closed container for 24 hours. The next day, filter and dilute the solution in 10 times the water. Transfer to a spray bottle and spray lavishly in affected areas and its surroundings.
8. Bean Leaves
Did you just think “folk lore” when you read the word kidney beans? Well, push that thought aside. Studies have shown that the leaves have microscopic hairs called trichomes on its surface that entangle the bugs onto it, literally stopping them in their tracks. Unlike a Velcro effect, the trichomes actually get hooked onto bugs’ legs, trapping them. 14
To Use:Scatter kidney bean leaves all over the house, especially in infested areas. You can also place the leaves under mattresses. You can either wait for a couple of days before getting rid of these leaves or opt to use fresh leaves every day for a few days. Since the bugs are stuck on the leaves, getting rid of the leaves will ensure the bugs never return.
Thyme oil or thymol concentrate are effective bed bug repellents. They are also shown to be effective deterrents for egg laying by mites. 15
To Use:You can tie a thyme stick with a cotton cloth and burn it near the infested area, or in the infested room. Alternatively, place thyme leaves in net bags and place them in and around the infested areas. Remember to replace these bags with fresh leaves every third day. Continue the process for up to a month to ensure all bed bugs have been killed.
Like most other essential oils, clove oil too possesses insecticidal and insect repellent properties. It is believed that the acidic pH of cloves, as well as its pungent smell, disturbs the survival of the bugs, thus destroying them. 16
To Use:Mix 1 teaspoon clove essential oil with 1 cup water. Pour into a spray bottle, shake well, and spray in affected areas.
11. Diatomaceous Earth
Diatomaceous earth (DE) is a non-toxic insecticide that is used for the protection of stored products and to control pests in the home and garden. It is a natural product that harms neither the earth nor people. It can be conveniently used in any space, even crevices on walls and other inaccessible regions. DE comes as a fine crystalline powder. Fine for the human eye, but the crystals trap and tear up the bed bugs. 17
To Use:Spray or sprinkle food grade DE on the bed, the floor, the crevices, and other areas where bugs are likely to hide. Let it stay for up to three days. After three days, vacuum or broom up the entire house.
Some other products that work effectively against bed bugs are baking powder and boric powder. While boric powder is toxic, baking powder is harmless for humans.
Also, remember that most essential oils should be effective in getting rid of bed bugs. This is because, as mentioned, the oils function as cytotoxins, destroying the membranes of the bugs. So, go ahead, get started on ridding your home and hearth of those pesky blood suckers.
|1.||↑||Bai, Xiaodong, Praveen Mamidala, Swapna P. Rajarapu, Susan C. Jones, and Omprakash Mittapalli. “Transcriptomics of the bed bug (Cimex lectularius).” PloS one 6, no. 1 (2011): e16336.|
|2.||↑||Benoit, J. B., G. Lopez‐Martinez, N. M. Teets, S. A. Phillips, and D. L. Denlinger. “Responses of the bed bug, Cimex lectularius, to temperature extremes and dehydration: levels of tolerance, rapid cold hardening and expression of heat shock proteins.” Medical and veterinary entomology 23, no. 4 (2009): 418-425.|
|3.||↑||Tripathi, Arun K., Shikha Upadhyay, Mantu Bhuiyan, and P. R. Bhattacharya. “A review on prospects of essential oils as biopesticide in insect-pest management.” Journal of Pharmacognosy and Phytotherapy 1, no. 5 (2009): 052-063.|
|4.||↑||Bakkali, Fadil, Simone Averbeck, Dietrich Averbeck, and Mouhamed Idaomar. “Biological effects of essential oils–a review.” Food and chemical toxicology 46, no. 2 (2008): 446-475.|
|5.||↑||Cox, S. D., C. M. Mann, J. L. Markham, H. C. Bell, J. E. Gustafson, J. R. Warmington, and S. G. Wyllie. “The mode of antimicrobial action of the essential oil of Melaleuca alternifolia (tea tree oil).” Journal of applied microbiology 88, no. 1 (2000): 170-175.|
|6, 8.||↑||Watson, Anthony C. “Method of treating bed bug infestation and preventing transmission thereof.” U.S. Patent Application 14/753,825, filed June 29, 2015.|
|7.||↑||Singh, Narinderpal, Changlu Wang, and Richard Cooper. “Potential of essential oil-based pesticides and detergents for bed bug control.” Journal of economic entomology 107, no. 6 (2014): 2163-2170.|
|9.||↑||Batish, Daizy R., Harminder Pal Singh, Ravinder Kumar Kohli, and Shalinder Kaur. “Eucalyptus essential oil as a natural pesticide.” Forest Ecology and Management 256, no. 12 (2008): 2166-2174.|
|10.||↑||Hink, W. F., and B. J. Feel. “Toxicity of D-limonene, the major component of citrus peel oil, to all life stages of the cat flea, Ctenocephalides felis (Siphonaptera: Pulicidae).” Journal of medical entomology 23, no. 4 (1986): 400-404.|
|11.||↑||Benelli, Giovanni, Stefano Bedini, Francesca Cosci, Chiara Toniolo, Barbara Conti, and Marcello Nicoletti. “Larvicidal and ovideterrent properties of neem oil and fractions against the filariasis vector Aedes albopictus (Diptera: Culicidae): a bioactivity survey across production sites.” Parasitology research 114, no. 1 (2015): 227-236.|
|12.||↑||Isman, Murray B., Opender Koul, Anna Luczynski, and Jerzy Kaminski. “Insecticidal and antifeedant bioactivities of neem oils and their relationship to azadirachtin content.” Journal of Agricultural and Food Chemistry 38, no. 6 (1990): 1406-1411.|
|13.||↑||Motley, Timothy J. “The ethnobotany of sweet flag, Acorus calamus (Araceae).” Economic Botany 48, no. 4 (1994): 397-412.|
|14.||↑||Szyndler, Megan W., Kenneth F. Haynes, Michael F. Potter, Robert M. Corn, and Catherine Loudon. “Entrapment of bed bugs by leaf trichomes inspires microfabrication of biomimetic surfaces.” Journal of The Royal Society Interface 10, no. 83 (2013): 20130174.|
|15.||↑||El-Gengaihi, S. E., S. AA Amer, and S. M. Mohamed. “Biological activity of Thyme oil and Thymol againstTetranychus urticae Koch.” Anzeiger für Schädlingskunde 69, no. 7 (1996): 157-159.|
|16.||↑||Chaieb, Kamel, Hafedh Hajlaoui, Tarek Zmantar, Amel Ben Kahla‐Nakbi, Mahmoud Rouabhia, Kacem Mahdouani, and Amina Bakhrouf. “The chemical composition and biological activity of clove essential oil, Eugenia caryophyllata (Syzigium aromaticum L. Myrtaceae): a short review.” Phytotherapy research 21, no. 6 (2007): 501-506.|
|17.||↑||Quarles, William. “Diatomaceous earth for pest control.” IPM practitioner 14, no. 5/6 (1992): 1-11.|
Disclaimer: The content is purely informative and educational in nature and should not be construed as medical advice. Please use the content only in consultation with an appropriate certified medical or healthcare professional.
How To Get Rid Of Bed Bugs Naturally
Do you want to learn the best methods and solutions on how to get rid of bed bugs naturally? If so, stay tuned and read on this article from the start to the finish. You don’t have to spend a fortune in getting rid of these pests in your property. They are common pests worldwide, and sometimes, they are hard to get rid of. Bed bugs are considered easily transportable because they can be present in furniture, clothing, bedding and luggage.
Use Natural Pesticide
Another solution on how to get rid of bed bugs naturally is to make use of natural pesticides to buy from the store. They work efficiently like the commercial grade ones, only that they are not toxic. They are cost-effective and safe solution on how to get rid of bed bugs naturally. One of the options you have is DE, a 100 percent organic powder readily available in many garden stores. They can kill bed bugs along with all the eggs fast! All that you really have to do is to sprinkle the powder in all the components of your bed, especially in sections where the bed bugs live.
Try Lavender Oil
Just like other essential oils including peppermint and eucalyptus, lavender oil can get rid of common house pests, including bed bugs and mites due to its strong scent that deter bed bugs. You can keep these pests out if you would put lavender oil in many of the components of your bed. To do it, get concentrated lavender oil and then put it across all the corners of your bed frame. The strong scent coming from it stays and destroys bed bugs along with the eggs. While its scent is annoying bed bugs, it will help you get a sound sleep. This is one of the methods on how to get rid of bed bugs naturally and fast without harming your family’s health.
Vacuum Furniture, Beddings And Everything
One of the top solutions on how to get rid of bed bugs naturally is to vacuum everything in your home, but it may be time-consuming to do on a weekday. Alternatively, you can get rid of bed bugs using his method to get rid of bed bugs from chairs, soft furnishing and carpets on the weekend. You should know that these pests can hide anywhere, but you can eliminate them through vacuuming your entire home or room once per week.
Use Tea Tree Oil
Coming with essential oil, tea tree oil can get rid of bed bugs and other insects because it possesses natural antibacterial properties to exterminate these pests in your home. Use it in cleaning your home by adding a few drops of it in clothing and bedding when washing them. Alternatively, you can make use of a solution with two percent of tea tree oil and warm water. Put it in a spray bottle and start spritzing furniture, carpet and bedding, among other household items. You can repeat the same process every week or twice a month, depending on how large the bed bug infestation in your home is.
Wash The Beddings
For another solution on how to get rid of bed bugs naturally, you can clean and wash the beddings at very high temperature so that you can also get rid of other home pests, including microbes and bacteria. Washing at high temperatures is one of the best ways not only to get rid of common house pests but also to keep your beddings sanitize and free from disease-causing pathogens. When done, you can dry them up thoroughly in your dryer and put them in a clean plastic bag to prevent bed bugs from infestation again.
In addition to washing at high temperatures, you may consider steam cleaning for soft furniture and fabrics to ensure complete extermination of bed bugs. Steaming is a good way in cleaning and sanitizing these things as well as in killing the bed bugs. Steam is a great way on how to get rid of bed bugs naturally because the bugs cannot stand the stem, so they will eventually die in the process. The steam will be able to penetrate the fabric and reach the inaccessible areas, like corners and cracks. This way, you can get rid of these pests, including their eggs.
Speaking of steam cleaning fabric and soft furnishing yourself, you can also use the services of a professional steam cleaning company to help you because they have portable cleaning equipment to produce fog-like steam to exterminate the little critters you don’t see.
Whatever steam cleaning solution on how to get rid of bed bugs naturally, you should ensure the steam used is dry because wet steam can destroy the soft furniture and fabric. Steam clean the flooring, cabinets, fixtures, wall cracks and other objects and items where you think these critters are hiding.
Dismantle the Bed
Common bed bugs reside in the bedding and in the mattress seams. Check out the components of the bed and look for bed bugs as well as for the nymphs that are residing in the bed. You can also look for them along gauze fabric located just underlying the box spring. In addition, check for any cracks and crevices in your bed frames, which can also become possible hiding places for these bed bugs, especially if the bed frames are wood. However, this method on how to get rid of bed bugs naturally may not kill get rid of all the pests and that some of the components of your bed may have to be discarded. On one hand, you can also put a bed bug proof mattress covering that will be able to trap the bed bugs, and eventually kill them with starvation.
There you have some proven ways to get rid of bed bugs. Definitely, you can exterminate this infestation at home and achieve bug-free surroundings, clothing, bedding and furniture. Finally, read and learn more solutions on how to get rid of bed bugs naturally today!
The Top 10 Home Remedies to Get Rid of Bed Bugs Naturally
If you notice that you have small itchy spots, red rashes or blisters when you wake up, it could be a sign that you have bed bugs. These tiny little pests can infest the seams of your mattress, bed frames, box springs, and headboards. It can be a challenge to get rid of bed bugs because they are hard to detect and they multiply rapidly. Bed bugs should be destroyed as quickly as possible because they can infest other areas of your home and cause a major problem.
Actually, bed bugs are not a sign that you have a dirty home, but they can be brought into your house through luggage, used furniture and beds, clothing and other household items.
Fortunately, there are many ways to naturally get rid of bed bugs. Bed bugs can’t survive extreme hot or cold temperatures, so, methods like steam cleaning, hot washes, and drying on a high heat are natural home remedies to eliminate bed bugs from clothing and bedding. Placing small items in the freezer is another way to kill bed bugs.
For larger areas, you can make your own natural bed bug sprays from tea tree oil, lavender oil, or eradicate bed bugs by sprinkling diatomaceous earth powder in crevices that bed bugs like to inhabit.
Before we look at the best home remedies to eliminate bed bugs naturally, let’s look at the symptoms of bed bugs and the problems these tiny insects can cause.
The Problems Bed Bugs Cause
Adult bed bugs are about the size of an apple seed and gorge on the blood of humans and animals. Although bed bugs don’t spread disease or cause infections, they cause a lot of personal discomfort.
Bedbugs can also quickly infest beds, couches, furniture and are difficult to find and kill because they like to hide in dark cracks, crevices, and gaps.
Dr. Carol DerSarkissian onWebMDsays that bed bugs reach adult maturity within a month and can produce 3 or 4 generations a year. 1
According to theNational Pest Management Association(NPMA), the problem of getting rid of bed bugs and bed bug control is growing every year. A survey carried by the NPMA found there is a resurgence of bed bug infestations in hotels, movie theaters, public transportation, and even medical facilities. 2
Signs and Symptoms of Bed Bugs
There is no doubt about it – bed bugs are a nuisance and exterminating these tiny pests should be a top priority. One of the first symptoms that you may have a bed bug infestation is bites on your skin. These bites can appear anywhere on your body that the bed bug can crawl to. According to theNational Health Servicein the United Kingdom, some of the other symptoms of bed bug bites are: 3
- itchy red bumps on the skin
- a red itchy bed bug rash
- fluid-filled blisters or welts
- a skin infection caused by scratching the itchy skin and allowing bacteria to enter the wound
There will also be some signs around your bed that indicate you need to think about some effective methods of bed bug control. For example, with a flashlight, you may discover the tiny bugs in seams around the edge of the mattress or in the bed joints or spring box. You may also notice dark or red spots on your bedding or mattress. This is their dried feces or blood from a killed bed bug.
What are the best ways of getting rid of bed bugs from your bed, mattress, headboard, couches, or anywhere else that they might be living? Here are some of the best tried and tested bed bug natural remedies.
If you have bed bug bites, make sure to read my article about the best natural ways to get rid of bed bug bites.
Here are some of the best home remedies to get rid of bed bugs:
10 Best Natural Home Remedies to Get Rid of Bed Bugs
Find the bed bug Infestation
One of the first steps to completely eliminate all traces of bed bugs from your home is to find all the infested areas. Bed bugs are usually found in bedrooms but they can inhabit any room in the home where people and pets sleep.
TheUS Environmental Protection Agencyrecommends carefully checking the seams of mattresses and other soft furnishings in your home. Examine the spaces between cushions, your mattress and bed frame and any other possible hiding place in your bedroom. Don’t forget to check drawer joints, behind loose wallpaper, and even in electrical appliances. 4
Any space the thickness of a credit card is a potential home for bed bugs.
Use a vacuum cleaner to get rid of bed bug naturally
Using a vacuum cleaner to suck up the bed bugs is a very effective and simple method to eradicate bed bugs from your bedroom.
A vacuum cleaner is a common household item so you can use it right now to kill bed bugs. To make sure and get rid of any eggs around the seams of your mattress, use a stiff brush to loosen any bed bug eggs from the material.
Bed bugs can be hiding everywhere, so you’ll need to vacuum all chairs and other soft furnishings, carpets, box springs, and mattresses and even curtains.
Regarding bed bug control, the journalClinical Microbiology Reviewssays that vacuuming can quickly get rid of a large number of bed bugs and their eggs. When using a vacuum cleaner to control bed bug infestations, it’s essential to use a disposable bag. As soon as you have vacuumed the infested area, remove and seal the bag before disposing of it. 5
Freeze items to kill bed bugs
Kill bed bugs in smaller items by placing them in a freezer. Although bed bugs can’t withstand freezing temperatures, they can live for up to a year in a cool room without any food sources.
To naturally kill the bedbugs you need to place infested items in a freezer that has a temperature below 1°F (-17°C) for at least 2 hours. 5
Hot steam kills bed bug
Hot steam is a great home remedy to destroy bed bugs and their eggs without damaging the environment.
The hot steam method for bed bug eradication can get rid of bed bugs from small crevices and cracks. The steam can also penetrate through the mattress lining and eradicate bug infestations inside the mattress.
Scientists have found that bed bugs are quickly killed when exposed to temperatures above 140°F (60°C). 5
So, if you have a steam cleaner, you can use it to exterminate bed bugs quickly without using harmful chemicals.
To kill bed bugs fast on your own using steam do the following:
- Thoroughly vacuum all the areas you plan to steam.
- Use the steamer on all surfaces where you see bed bugs and areas where you think bed bugs may be hiding to completely get rid of them.
- After using the steamer, the fabric may be damp, but it should not be wet. If the fabric is too wet decrease the amount of steam produced by the steamer.
- After you are finished, use a fan in the area to circulate air to help dry the items you have steamed.
- Repeat the steaming procedure a couple of times until all the bed bugs are completely gone.
You need to be aware that steaming will only kill bed bugs that are exposed to the heat, so any bed bugs that do not come into contact with the steam will survive.
What is the best type of steamer for bed bug eradication?
The general recommendation is to use a powerful and heavy duty steamer with a large water tank, preferably with a steam volume control. Small steamers may not be effective in eliminating bedbugs. Small steamers require constant refilling and may cover less surface area so they can be less effective in eliminating bed bugs. They may also not get hot enough to eliminate bedbugs on and around the mattress.
Hot wash bedding and clothing
You can also get rid of bed bugs from infected clothing and other fabric items by placing them in the washing machine and wash them at a temperature of over 60°C.
Hot washing is probably one of the easiest and fastest natural ways to kill off bed bugs from clothing and other items using a common household item.
Use a hot dryer
After putting infested items of clothing or bed linen through a hot wash, you should dry the items in a dryer set to a hot setting. This will make doubly sure that the bed linen is sterilized from bed bugs.
Dr. Carol DerSarkissian onWebMDrecommends the hot wash and hot dryer method to de-infest fabric items like curtains, bedding, shoes, and stuffed toy animals from bed bugs. 1
You could also use a hair dryer together with your vacuum cleaner to drive bed bugs out of crevices. Set the hair dryer to the hottest setting and direct into the crack. The hot air will kill the bed bugs and also force them out. Any bug not killed by the hair dryer can be sucked up with the vacuum cleaner.
Encase mattresses and pillows
Another natural way to prevent bed bugs from biting you during the night and stop them infesting other parts of your home is to encase mattresses and pillows.
Encasements for mattresses, spring boxes, and pillows are tightly woven covers that prevent bed bugs from entering or escaping. The encasements should be kept on for at least a year to ensure that all the bed bugs die naturally.
TheNational Pesticide Information Centerrecommends using encasements to protect your bed from bed bug infestations. In addition to encasing your bed items, they also recommend placing bed bug traps (such as this one) under your bed legs to stop bed bugs crawling up. 6
Other Natural Home Remedies to Eradicate Bed Bugs
While the above home remedies are excellent ways to eliminate bed bugs from your home, it is also necessary to treat areas with natural insecticides to kill bed bugs and eggs in hard to reach places. Here are some natural insecticides that you can make yourself to get rid of bed bugs.
Tea tree oil bed bug spray
The insecticidal properties of tea tree oil make it a great natural treatment to get rid of bed bug infestation. You can use the homemade tea tree spray to kill off bed bugs in hard to reach places, like cracks, crevices, and furniture joints.
A study from 2014 found that a tea tree oil solution is an effective and natural insect repellent and also acts as an insecticide. 7
To make a natural insecticide with tea tree oil, put 20 drops of tea tree oil in a spray bottle filled with water and shake well. Spray liberal amounts of the natural insecticide in all areas where you think bed bugs are living. Use the tea tree oil bed bug spray daily until all the signs of bed bugs have disappeared completely. Remember to shake the natural spray well before each application.
Tea tree oil is also a great natural remedy to cure any skin itching caused by bed bugs.
Lavender oil pesticide spray
Similar to tea tree oil, lavender essential oil can be used to make an effective natural DIY pesticide spray to kill bed bugs.
The insect-repellent properties of lavender oil are toxic for bed bugs but completely safe to use around the home.
One study into the effect of essential oils and their use for insect and bug control found that a combination of lavender oil and peppermint oil effectively kills off insects. 8 Lavender oil also helps to destroy insect eggs and larvae as well as repelling bed bugs. Peppermint oil also has a strong repellent action. 8
To make a natural bed bug spray, add 10-15 drops lavender essential oil and 10-15 drops peppermint oil to a spray bottle filled with water. Use the natural spray to treat areas infested with bed bugs. Use the natural pesticide spray daily until you no longer have any signs of bed bug infestation. Shake well before each application.
There are many other effective sprays to eliminate these nasty critters – read about them in my article about the best bed bug sprays to kill bed bugs fast.
Diatomaceous earth (DE) for bed bug control
Diatomaceous earth powder helps to kill off bed bugs by causing them to dehydrate because it destroys their outer protective membrane. Some people also call it bed bug powder. Because vacuum cleaners may not remove all bed bugs in deep crevices, diatomaceous earth powder is an excellent way to control bed bugs and prevent further infestation.
A study into the use of diatomaceous earth in bed bug eradication found that it is a safe, non-toxic way to rid your home of bed bugs. Even though diatomaceous earth (DE) is slow acting, the study found that this was an advantage. This is because the bed bugs transfer the powder to other bugs and help to distribute the natural insecticide to their habitats. The study found that within 4 days, 80% of all the bed bugs had been killed. Complete eradication was achieved in 12 days. 5
To naturally eliminate a bed bug infestation with diatomaceous earth, dust the bed bug powder around all areas where bed bugs may be hiding. Repeat the process every 3 days for 2 weeks to ensure complete removal of all the bed bugs.
Make sure to usefood gradediatomaceous earth (here is one example), as it is safe to use around the home and it’s an effective home treatment for killing bed bugs and fleas.
Home Remedies for Killing Bed Bugs – Commonly Asked Questions
Can baking soda (sodium bicarbonate) kill bed bugs?
Some people suggest that baking soda is an effective natural bed bug killer as it can dehydrate them or possibly even poison these tiny little pests.
However there is no indication showing that baking soda can eliminate bed bugs. In fact, baking soda doesn’t absorb much fluids so it will not dehydrate the bed bugs.
Baking soda actually breaks down in water quite easily, so its ability to absorb thick, viscous fluids like the wax on a bed bug’s shell is questionable. In addition, bed bugs don’t eat dry items in their environment such as sodium bicarbonate so it cannot poison them.
Can salt eliminate a bed bug infestation?
Salt has been used for decades to kill pests, such as slugs and snails by absorbing fluids from their body and causing them to dehydrate.
Some people believe that salt can eliminate bed bugs in the same way it kills slugs and snails. However there is a very strong anecdotal reference that this doesn’t work.
Does boric acid kill bed bugs?
Boric acid, can be used as a natural pesticide to kill roaches, eliminate ants, and eradicate termites but it needs to be ingested by the pest. Bed bugs have piercing and sucking mouth parts, and they do not ingest material other than blood from living hosts. Hence, there’s no way to get boric acid into the bed bugs’ stomach to kill them.
Does vitamin B1 (Thiamine) repel bed bugs?
Thiamin has been reported to be a mosquito repellent but there is no strong scientific evidence to support the fact that vitamin B1 helps in repelling bed bugs.
What is the best way to kill bed bugs naturally?
The best way to completely eliminate bed bugs for good is to use the following methods together:
- Vacuum all areas where bed bugs can be found.
- After vacuuming, use hot steam to naturally kill the remaining bed bugs instantly.
- Hot wash infected clothing and all fabric items.
- Use hot dryer for items that cannot be washed.
- Encase mattresses and pillows to prevent bed bugs from biting you.
- Use natural remedies such as diatomaceous earth and tea tree oil to exterminate bed bugs in hard to reach places.
How to Prevent Bed Bug Infestations
The best way to make sure that you never have any bed bug bites is to prevent bed bugs from infesting your home in the first place. Here are some top bed bug prevention tips:
- If you notice blood spots or dark marks on your bedding, immediately check all areas of your bed, mattress, and bedding for bed bugs.
- After returning from vacation, thoroughly vacuum your luggage.
- When staying in hotel rooms, take a flashlight with you to inspect the bed frame and mattress for tell-tale signs of bed bugs.
- Before bringing in second-hand furniture, beds, or mattresses to your home, thoroughly examine the items to make sure there are no bugs hiding in corners, joints, and seams.
- If you notice any bed bugs, eliminate them using theseeffective bed bug spraysto get rid of them for good.
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13 Responses toThe Top 10 Home Remedies to Get Rid of Bed Bugs Naturally
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