How Baby Bed Bugs Look


Baby bed bugs (simply nymphs) are the bed bugs going through the initial 5 stages of their life-cycle.

They’ll be straw or light brown (before taking a blood meal) and the size of a pin head.

Bed bug (Cimex lectularius) infest over 20% of Americans homes.

Its important to control the bed bugs nymphs in your house, bed frames, or mattress encasements. Check what bed bug look like?

What Do Baby Bed Bugs Look Like? 99+Images

First, check out the below video. Its a quick preview of how bed bugs look like – luckily this video shows the bed bugs in all their life-stages – including the baby bed bugs-nymphs.

What Do Baby Bed Bugs Look Like?

The bed bug species that mainly attack human beings are theCimex hemipterus or the Cimex lectularius. Adult bed bugs (females) lay about 250 viable eggs.

The baby bed bugs-nymphs pass through 5 juvenile “nymph” stages as they molt towards attaining the adult stage – the wingless, reddish-brown, blood-sucking insects.

Sidenote: Always spray against bedbugs, fleas or roaches on used clothes and furniture before you get them into your house. But also, check this guide on how to use steam heat treatment, rubbing alcohol, Ammonia, bleach, or Lysol to kill bed bugs

1. Appearance and Size

In exact size, Nymphs are in between the bed bug eggs (1 mm / 0.09 inches) to the size of an adult bed bug (4.5 mm / 0.18 inches).

However, immature bed bugs are tiny in size (definitely) but will grow bigger as they suck more blood and molt.

It’s important to note that it’s possible to see nymphs with the naked eye. An adult bed bug will be something like an apple seed in size (about 4.5mm), and its red or brown in color.

Bed Bugs Life cycle. Credit:

The baby bed bugs-nymphs add about 0.5 mm of its size at each molting stage (of the 5 juvenile “nymph” stages). However, do not confuse a cluster of bed bug eggs (with each measuring about 1 mm) with the nymphs.

At the 5th nymph stages, the baby bed bug has a size almost equal to their adult counterparts. But for more clarity, check out the video (Courtesy of Sandy Honess) and see how you can differentiate the nymphs from the adult bed bugs.

2. Shape andColor

Nymphs have an oval just like their counterparts. So, the main difference between the nymphs and the adult bed bugs is just the color. Immediately after hatching, nymphs will be yellow-white (almost colorless) but will turn reddish or brown as they feed on blood.

Before they suck blood, bed bugs are relatively thin and hence will easily slip through cracks and crevices into mattress covers, and furniture spaces where they hid waiting to lay eggs or attack their next host.

Do baby bed bugs Jump or Crawl?

First things first, baby bed bug, just like the adult bed bugs, can fly or jump. However, these bugs have a very fast speed when running on a flat surface, ceilings, walls, and floors.

To be specific, bed bugs will clock about 4 feet every second. Wondering if even adult bed bugs can fly? Do Check this Guide for more details.

Nevertheless, compared to insects like fleas that can hop and jump around, bed bugs can only crawl or run very fast on floors and other surfaces. Actually, nothing would qualify as an adventure in the movement of bed bugs.

Further, because of the bugs wide body and short legs, they’ll only crawl low in the ground. However, despite moving very fast, they would not easily significantly exceed their regular crawling speed.

Will bed bugs climb up rough surfaces?Bed bugs, including the baby bed bugs-nymphs, have small hooks on their legs. Therefore, these structures the bugs hold onto pores, cracks or crevices of different rough surfaces and thus quickly climb up metals, plastics, walls, cloths, or timber. On the flip side, bed bugs cannot climb up on smoother covers such as glass and porcelain.

Can bed bugs push off heavy obstacles?Equally, because of their wide body and short legs, the bed bugs won’t do great in moving in thick carpets, hair, or some busy terrain.

Further, the short legs are also too frail to push heavy objects aside particularly when moving in thick hair, carpets or grass. Therefore, in such cases, they would opt to climb up the objects and drop on the other side or simply circumnavigate them.

Do Baby Bed Bugs Bite?

Immediately after hatching, the nymphs from the eggs ( nymphs ) need to suck a pint of human (of your pets’) to allow it to grow, live and molt into other lifecycle stages.

Check the nymphs (Nymphs) – Color, Pictures, Movement. Side note: Bed bug eggs take 2 weeks to hatch after which the nymph move through the 5 molt stages during which they must feed on blood.

Therefore, the short answer isthat just like the adult bed bugs, the baby bed bugs-nymphs do bite human beings for blood. Interestingly, due to their growth requirements, the nymphs will bite humans (and such blood) more often. However, the bed bugs bites will disappear with 1-2 weeks.

But how do the bites from nymphs look like?Well, bites from the nymphs will look just like those from the adult bed bugs. As a reminder, such bites leave reddish bumps on your skin and are itchy too. Equally, nymphs will mainly bite your shoulders and arms – this can be compared to fleas that mainly bite the feet and ankles.

Where can baby bed bugs be found?

Despite that bites from bed bugs could be a significant sign of their presence in your premises, you must know how and where the bugs tend to hide so that you can easily control them.

First things first, the signs to look out for include blood spots or fecal matter (colored like rust) on your bedding or mattress.

Sadly, human beings can carry bead bugs and their nymphs in their clothes from one house to another. For example, the bugs may hitchhike your bags, purses, clothes, and luggage. However, they do not love the hairy pets such as cats and dogs.

But of course, you know that the nymphs can also trigger skin irritation and transmit diseases. Therefore, the best solution when you believe you have a bed bug infestation is to hire the services of a bed bug exterminator or spray on the adult or babies of bed bugs directly.

The BedBug Life Cycle

Understanding the bedbug life cycle is vital if you want to get rid of bed bugs! Get quick facts about bed bug eggs, nymphs and adults; watch the video to see what they look like in real life; and learn what you need to know about all life stages to successfully identify and kill them.

Where do you want to start?

These links will take you directly to specific sections of this page:

There’s a link back up to this menu at the end of each section for easy navigation. Of course, you can just read the whole page!

BedBug Life Cycle Quick Facts

While you may not be all that interested in their biology and behavior, here are 8 quick facts about the bedbug life cycle you should know:

  • You can see all stages of bed bugs (even eggs) with the naked eye
  • An adult female can lay 200-500 bed bug eggs in her lifetime
  • Bed bug eggs are harder to kill than nymphs (baby bed bugs) and adults
  • Bedbugs can grow from a hatched egg to a full adult in about a month
  • Baby bed bugs cast their “skins” (exoskeletons, technically) as they grow
  • Bed bugs need a blood meal to live, to grow, and to reproduce
  • Baby bed bugs may feed as much as one time per day
  • Adult bed bugs can live up to 18 months without feeding!

For a look at live bed bugs in all stages of their life cycle, click on the video below. You can jump down to the full discussion of the key things you should know about the bedbug life cycle in order to get rid annoying little buggers successfully by clicking here.

Bed Bug Life Cycle Video

I love this video because it show all stages of bed bugs (including eggs) in real life so you can get a better idea of what they look like. It also shows what cast skins look like which is important because they are one of the 9 symptoms you should look for to figure out if you have a bed bug infestation. One note though, the nymphs (baby bed bugs) in this video still have remnants of a blood meal in them so they look darker that they would if they had not been fed. For more photos of baby bed bugs, check out our bed bug picture gallery.

The video does start out a little goofy and may not seem that serious at first, but entomologist Mark “Shep” Sheperdigian knows his stuff. Its actually jam packed with useful information about what bed bugs look like in all stages of their life cycle. Definitely worth the2 minutesit takes to watch!

This video is shared via the Bed Bug Answers Channel on YouTube. For more helpful videos, visit (and like!) us on YouTube 🙂

Keep reading for a more detailed look at each stage of the bedbug life cycle.

Bed Bug Eggs

What do bed bug eggs look like? Believe it or not, even bed bug eggs are visible to the human eye although they can be hard to see.

Personally, I think bed bug eggs look like little pieces of rice. But they can be compared in size to a large grain of salt as shown in the video above. They are tiny (about 1mm long) and are very light in color – ranging from translucent (almost clear) to a milky sort of white color.

This is why a magnifying glass can be helpful when you are looking for signs of bed bugs. They have a sticky film which gives them a kind of shiny appearance and helps them stick to surfaces until they hatch. More photos of bed bug eggs.

It takes about 6-10 days for a bed bug egg to hatch. The hatched egg looks clearer in color and kind of like tiny deflated balloon. Once an egg has been hatched is not shiny any more and has a dried out appearance.

Its important to note that many of the treatments that will kill bed bugs will not kill their eggs. The only things that are known to effectively kill eggs are heat and gas fumigation. This is something to keep in mind when choosing bed bug pest control options.

Fear not. If you can kill the babies before they reach adulthood and reproduce. you can stop the bedbug life cycle in its tracks!

Baby Bed Bugs (Nymphs)

The first thing a newly hatched baby bed bug does is search for a blood meal. Baby bed bugs (technically called “nymphs”) go through 5 stages of development instars. So a 1st instar nymph is a “newborn” and a 5th instar nymph is a “bedbug teen”, so to speak.

What do baby bed bugs look like?Well, basically they look like mini versions of adult bed bugs, but they are very light in color – almost clear.

Like the eggs, they start out very tiny (approx. 1mm), about the size and color of a sesame seed and grow to about 5mm (Вј inch) as adults.

The blood is clearly visible in a nymph that has just fed.They look like tiny swollen purple balloons!

As baby bed bugs develop toward adulthood, they do get darker in color.

They can feed as often as once every day and they have to have a blood meal to grow from one stage to the next. They can also survive months without feeding, but they basically get stuck at whatever developmental stage of the bedbug life cycle they’re in until they get their next meal.

They develop through a process called molting. Baby bed bugs literally “crawl out of their skins” as they move from one stage to the next. Cast skins (some people call them bed bug shells) are one of the key symptoms of a bed bug infestation. You can also see more pictures of cast skins here in the bed bug picture gallery.

Adult Bed Bugs

Adult bed bugs are about Вј inch long, about the size and shape of an apple seed. They are extremely flat like a business card or a credit card, which allows them to hide in very surprising places.

They are brown to reddish-brown in color and become more shiny and purple-ish red after they’ve fed. As they feed, they swell up into a capsule like shape – kind of like little blood balloons. (Okay, I know that’s gross – but its an accurate description). See more adult bedbug photos here.

On average, they feed about every 3-10 days. Again the estimates vary, but it most experts agree that it takes anywhere from 5-10 minutes for an adult bed bug to fill up on blood at one feeding. They must have a blood meal to reproduce.

Female bed bugs can lay an average of 3-5 eggs per day. The jury seems to be out on exactly how many bed bug eggs an adult female can lay in her lifetime, but the estimates range from 200 – 500!

Bedbug Life Cycle & Life Span Factors

The full growth cycle from egg to reproducing adult can range from 1 month to 4 months. Two factors that affect the time-table of the bedbug’s life cycle aretemperatureand theavailability of food(blood).

In warmer conditions bed bugs bed bugs mature more rapidly and are likely to feed more frequently if there is a source of blood. In cooler temperatures, bed bugs can go into semi-hibernation allowing them to live much longer – even without feeding.

In the absence of a host on which to feed, bed bug nymphs can still live for a few months. But they can’t develop from one stage to the next. Basically their growth is “stunted” until they can get another meal.

Adult bed bugs can be surprisingly hardy. Under the right conditions, they can survive up to 18 months without feeding. T hat’s right, a year-and-a-half!

This is why sleeping somewhere else, like a friend or relative’s house, will not solve your problem . When you return, they will still be there waiting. and hungry.

Hopefully, this overview has made you better prepared to identify and get rid of bed bugs.

Want to explore the bedbug life cycle further?This fact sheet from the Medical Entomology Department of the Institute of Clinical Pathology and Medical Research has lots of useful info includinga greatphoto infographicof the the bed bug life cycle by Dr. Stephen Doggett.

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How to Identify Bedbugs and Distinguish Them From Other Pests

Melody is a volunteer for the Center for Disease and Control Prevention. She has studied bedbugs and shares what she learned here.

Common bedbugs (Cimex lectularius) are terrible pests. They feed on human blood, mostly at night, leaving itchy, red bites. But before you hit the roof and reach for the bug spray, make sure that it’s really a bedbug you’re looking at.

Unfortunately, my wisdom about these creatures comes from first-hand experience. While performing research in a bedbug-infested area, I learned a lot while we searched for bugs.

There are other bugs that resemble bed bugs. You will find more about bugs that look like bedbugs (but aren’t) further on. The photographs in this article are meant to be a useful learning tool to help you identify your mystery bug.

What Do Bedbugs Look Like?

Bedbugs are strange little creatures. They are hard to see, as they move so quickly, but learning to identify them and how to distinguish between them and other household pests can save you time and money, not to mention prevent worry and stress.

Adult bedbugs are:

  • light brown to reddish-brown (but may appear black, depending on the lighting),
  • tiny, flat, and oval-shaped,
  • about 0.15 inch (4–5 mm) in diameter,
  • six-legged with two antennae,
  • and segmented, with tiny hairs that make them looked striped.

What color are bedbugs?

Baby bedbugs (nymphs) are translucent and look white or very light brown. After they eat they become bright red, fading to brown over time, and finally to opaque black. Adult bedbugs are brown or reddish-brown.

What do bedbugs eat?

Blood. Blood changes the bedbug’s color as the bug digests it. A bedbug’s back looks flat if they haven’t eaten. It looks raised after eating. Bedbugs seem to prefer human blood to animal blood. It’s possible that fur acts as a deterrent.

Do bedbugs have a hard shell?

Like all insects, a bedbug’s skeleton is on the outside of its body (exoskeleton). They molt, or shed their skeletal outsides, as they grow and the shells they leave behind are called casings.

Why are they called bedbugs?

They come out at night and are attracted to the carbon dioxide that people exhale while sleeping. Because they feed on blood, they crawl around the bed until they find the source of the carbon dioxide. Then they bite.

Signs of Bedbugs

  • Casings or shells.Bedbugs shed their exoskeletons as they grow, leaving behind a dry, hollow casing, which looks like the bedbug, but without a body inside. They are small, only about 1/16 inch long. Look around your bed, near the mattress seam, or behind the headboard.
  • Musty smell.Bedbugs smell like wet, moldy clothes or shoes. Some say the smell is like coriander. At higher concentrations, the smell is very unpleasant, like the odor a stink bug emits. The smell is stronger after a bug is killed.
  • Blood stains on your pillowcase or sheets.Bedbugs feed on human blood so if the bug is squished after it has fed, there will be a spot of blood left behind.
  • Dark, rust-colored spots on bedding or nearby walls.These spots could be bedbug excrement.

Look for Them Where They Hide

Bedbugs may hide under a mattress, around the bed frame, under rubber moldings, in shoes, behind clocks, frames, and metal brackets that attach shelves to walls, and on top of box springs.

How to Identify Bedbugs

It’s important to know how a bedbug’s appearance changes over the course of its life, between feedings, and due to genetic variation.

  • Bedbug eggs look like small grains of rice.
  • Adult bedbugs are the shape and size of an apple seed.
  • A bedbug that is flatter is likely to head for a meal soon. If you squish it, there should be dark red, pasty goo. This is the digested blood which is now feces. Bedbug feces and cast skins are features of a bedbug infestation.
  • Bedbugs are creepers that love to hang out together. In heavy infestations, it is not uncommon to find large groups of 10, 20, or more huddled together.
  • A squished bedbug gives off a lingering, musty smell.
  • While bedbugs do have vestigial wings, these wings don’t work so bedbugs cannot fly. They also cannot jump. Bedbugs move by crawling. They move fast, about 3–4 feet per minute, which is fast when you think about how small they are.

How to catch a bedbug so you can identify it.

Try setting a trap. My favorite is Buggy Bed because it uses special ingredients that mimic carbon dioxide. This leads the bedbugs to the trap (and away from you.) The Buggy Bed trap uses an enclosed bait-and-trap system. Put one under your mattress, near where your head would be.

Stages of a Bedbug’s Life

  1. Bedbug eggs hatch about after two weeks. The nymph then begins feeding right away. Bedbugs typically feed every 10 days and then molt, or shed their skin.
  2. Nymphs molt five times before reaching maturity (see nymph stages in chart above).
  3. Adult bedbugs typically live from four to six months. It is possible, however, for them to live longer under the right conditions.

Bedbugs look very different at different ages. For example, in the egg and early nymph phases, they can be difficult to see because they are whitish, unless they have started a meal. Then in their adult phase, they may be larger and a different color.

While young, the brown/red/black color signifies that the bug has had a blood meal. As a bedbug grows, it sheds its skin which is referred to as a cast. The human blood it eats is the energy source it needs to build a new, stronger skin.

As they grow older, their bodies become darker. Some people think that bedbugs are black. Don’t be surprised when people have a difference of opinion on the whole color matter.

Factors that determine the appearance of bedbugs:

  • A meal satisfies an adult and or baby bedbug for around two weeks.
  • Bugs try to eat until their back is fully rounded.
  • Bedbugs are at peak activity between 2 a.m. and dawn.

What Do Bedbug Eggs Look Like?

Bugs That Look Like Bedbugs (But Aren’t)

There are bugs that look a lot like bedbugs, but they aren’t.

  • Spider beetles are oval-shaped and dark brown, but they don’t feed on human blood.
  • Baby cockroaches resemble bedbugs but are more cylindrical. They eat leftover human food, not blood.
  • Booklice look like baby bedbugs. They are white and can be found behind wallpaper. They feed on mold and fungus, not blood.
  • Carpet beetles are small, round, and brown but have distinct wings.

Can Dogs Smell Bedbugs?

Yes, a study in the American Journal of Tropical Medicine and Hygiene found that dogs could be trained to detect live bedbugs and eggs and to distinguish bedbugs from other urban insects. The dogs use their sensitive sense of smell to sniff out the pheromones that bed bugs emit.

This could be helpful information in situations where bedbugs are suspected by cannot be seen.

Professional or DIY Bedbug Removal?

Bedbugs are invasive and can live under the harshest of temperatures. A temperature of 113° F (45° C) will kill a bedbug in 15 minutes and an egg in an hour.

It is essential to spray poison thoroughly. If you do not feel comfortable with spraying, then you should call a professional. If you do it yourself, make sure to read all of the instructions on the pesticide container carefully. Then, read them again, and carefully! Be aware of the pesticide laws in your state and the rules set by the Environmental Protection Agency.

Be extra careful with pesticides!

Misusing pesticides can be dangerous. People have the tendency to use too much concentrate when mixing pesticide. If you choose to use chemicals, it is not a bad idea to print up a list of potential side effects. Also, research the chemicals and whether they are safe to use in your home. If you are a renter, DO NOT try to solve this issue yourself. Call your landlord.

How to Choose a Bedbug Exterminator

If these pictures are familiar I urge you to seek professional help. Specifically, look for a company that understands how feeding changes a bedbug’s appearance. Exterminators should understand how important proper identification impacts successful extermination.

If you are going to invest in a professional, don’t go with a cheap exterminator who does not know what they are doing. The result of using inexperienced exterminators is having to call them out repeatedly. This could cost you thousands of dollars. In the end, cheap exterminators are going to cost you more than the experts.

Look for a conditional warranty. This way the exterminators will come back until your problem is gone if you meet certain requirements, such as placing mattress covers on all mattresses.

Professional Exterminators

  • Orkin, the leading bedbug exterminator, goes so far as to explain that there are many different species of bedbugs.
  • Terminix is another great option. They offer a lot of specials and often will give a free inspection and quote.

Whichever you choose, do your research before making a decision.

Wear Gloves Before Squishing

While bedbugs are not known to spread disease, for sanitary reasons you may want to wear gloves and use paper towels before squishing a bedbug.

Here are Some Squished Bed Bugs

How to Tell Whether Spray Is Killing Bedbugs

The photo above was taken one day after a spray. That is a great sign that the spray is working. There were still some living bedbugs in the area, however. I noticed that the living bedbugs would pick up the dead ones and hide under them, so even if you find a pile that looks like this one you shouldn’t assume that all the bugs are dead.

A second spray may also be necessary, within two weeks or so, to make sure all of the eggs are dead.

How to Prevent Bedbugs

More than one expert I interviewed recommended using a high-quality mattress cover to keep bedbugs from settling on a bed.

Mattress cover recommendation

Several experts recommend Sleep Defense System. They have secure zippers and are machine washable (a must). Many other mattress covers are made of plastic, which means they will melt when you put them in the dryer. Be careful to choose a cover that can be washed.

Sleep Defense covers also use a pocketed zipper system. Once the cover is zipped, the zipper gets tucked under a cloth flap. This secures the zipper and keeps any remaining bugs on the mattress or box spring from escaping.

Works Cited

  1. "Types of Bed Bugs". Orkin. N.p., n.d. Web. 28 May 2012
  2. "Ohio State University Extension fact sheet: Entomology, Bed Bugs". OSU. N.p., n.d. Web. 28 May 2012.

This article is accurate and true to the best of the author’s knowledge. Content is for informational or entertainment purposes only and does not substitute for personal counsel or professional advice in business, financial, legal, or technical matters.

Questions & Answers

Where do bed bugs bite you when you are asleep?

Bed bugs will bite you anyplace on your body while you are asleep. However, the most common place to be bitten by a bedbug is near the head and upper torso. The reason for this is because they can sense the carbon dioxide that you exhale. When you breathe out, about 5% of the gas is carbon dioxide. Even at this small amount, bed bugs can use it as a way to figure out where you are.

That might be the first place you notice bites, but deep bed bug infestations usually result in bites all over the body. In some cases, the bed bug is most likely to bite the closest part of the body to its nest. If bed bugs are nesting near the feet, you might notice the bites on your legs. Just because bed bugs are most likely to bite you closer to your head, don’t discount bites in other places in your body.

Do bed bugs jump?

Bed bugs can not jump. Their bodies and legs make it physically impossible for a bed bug to mechanically propel themselves through the air. They can no hop, nor can they fly. Instead, they use their 6 legs to crawl, and even run. Most people could out run a bed bug though, if they were in a race.

How can I find out what kind of bug I killed?

Engaging in insect classification may help you find out what kind of bug you killed. Spiders and insects are in a group called Arthropoda. Insect taxonomic charts can be used to help narrow down a bugs classification. Following taxonomic guides or charts is how to identify a bug yourself. You can find them online, in bookstores, and often at the library.

Are bed bugs eggs grey once they are dead?

Once bed bug eggs are dead they may dry out and change in color. They are normally, white or near white. A change in egg color may suggest that the bed bug is dead. However, this is not always the case. There are other factors to egg color classification, such as bug genetics.

Can you kill bed bugs with lower heat over a long period of time?

This is a good question. There is a degree of heat over time when it comes to killing bed bugs with heat. Bed bugs have a thermal death point of between 120 and 180 degrees fahrenheit. At that temperature, the higher the heath the quicker bed bugs die. However, temperatures below the thermal death point are not likely to kill bed bugs at any temperature. So yes, you can kill bed bugs with a lower heat over time IF the temperature falls within the thermal death point of bed bugs.

Are bed bugs flat?

Yes. Bed bugs can flatten themselves out. They are naturally rather flat but are able to become very thin. If they have eaten a full blood meal, they won’t be able to become as flat as they can until they digest their meal.

Bed bugs have 6 hinged legs. This helps them be agile and to become more flat.

Can you see bed bug eggs?

It depends on the egg and the person. A person with perfect vision will be able to see bed bug eggs in a well-lit environment. However, those with poorer eyesight may need to use a magnifying glass to see them.


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Is it possible for the infestation to be in the walls and not the bed?


Their distinct smell is that of teak or sandalwood. Very strong and trust me you’ll NEVER ever forget that smell!

[email protected]

Do the bites hurt and do bed bugs always appear on and under beds?

Chris Provost

I have always been paranoid about getting bed bugs! I had a flea infestation years ago and that was bad enough. I live alone and can’t afford exterminators. I was traveling for work and had to take my 2 cats and 2 dogs with me because I didn’t have pet care, so I had to stay at hotels that allowed pets, which weren’t great. I came home after 2 trips and found a dead bed bug on my bathroom floor! I freaked out thinking I was infested and bought Talstar online from a do it yourself pest control website. Best purchase I ever made! I washed everything, bought mattress and pillow covers, gased up the house and left with my fur babies! Came home, cleaned the house, and never saw another bed bug dead or alive! Talstar kills everything- fleas, ticks, bed bugs, termites- EVERYTHING! It is the same stuff that exterminators use. It is a chemical so you need to be smart and safe, and use it exactly like the directions say! The mixing ratio is different for outdoors and indoors, and for the types of bugs you’re treating for.

kiba Nicole

I just found a beetle near my bed and I heard my friend had bedbugs a few days ago and I just about had a heart attack then I’ve read this and got to see what they actually look like but now I’m just paranoid but I feel better


Not every bug in the bedroom is a bedbug. $129 later I found out I had several harmless wood boring bugs on my baseboards that probably came in from outside on my dogs, The tiny black specks I kept finding on my comforter weren’t bugs at all but seeds from the 9 grain seeded bread I have as my midnight snack with tea. Lucky me. The cost wasn’t worth it to ease my mind.

Melody Collins

2 years ago from United States

Ted: Great advice! You really do need to inspect closely. Baby bed bugs are white, and often can not be seen by those of us who have less than perfect eyesight.

You’re also correct about the dedication it takes. Some people believe that you only need to do it once. And don’t know that you have to keep going until you are SURE that the bed bugs are gone!

Do you have a particular brand of car vac you would recommend to others? Many regular vacuum cleaners do not have enough suction to truly do the job.


U have to inspect whole mattress flashlight magnify glass check seams etc. Spraying all along flooring and moulding around bedroom with hotshot and laying down glue traps .do this for 4 weeks once a week. To remove bugs from mattress use car vac then empty in boiling hot water.

Jameel Qureshi, Canada.

My bed bugs are a dying trend. I found soapy water in an empty yogurt cup to be very helpful. Just throw in bug & he will die to never bite you again. Use a few drops of dish washing soap. It works very well. And its not very harmful to people.


Instead of using paper towels to squish them, use clear packaging tape. It easily picks them up, sticks them to the tape where you can fold them inside sandwiching them in between the tape . then squish them if needed.

We caught 99 out of 100 that way which has to be better results than paper towels.


I know the smell and could never forget it. I have a thong where i can tast what I smell for some things and I was eating chicken and that smell(flavor) made me throw that peice away. I have had bed bugs forprobly almost 5 years and I am still not used to havong them in my home. I have tried everything to get rid of them bit they are still here


I have a bed bug problem. The only places we’ve had problems is in the master bed, and my sons car seat. It appears that I’ve eradicated the car seat colony( which is the only place I’ve actually found bugs). I thought I got the master bedroom under control, but my wife is still getting bit. I’ve put the mattress and pillows in an encasement, washed and dried all the sheets on hot, and placed the bedframe in the cup traps that are supposed to stop bed bugs from getting from getting from the floor to the bed. I’ve moved the bed to the middle of the floor, and don’t let any thing thought the wall of floor. As far as I can tell the bed should be an island that no bedbugs can get on or off of. The bedframe is wood and I’ve sprayed it, but they must still be in the frame since we’re still getting bit. Is there something I’m missing, like another way bugs are getting too the bed? Or is it note likely that the bugs are deep in the cracks of the frame and are still able to come out and get us?


ok so I think Ive discovered signs of bedbugs, I vacuumed the bed like a mofo and Im going to get a bed cover/zipper thing. My question is this: will I be sleeping on a layer of decomposed bedbugs ? Do they live inside the mattress? thanks for your article, well done.

Ive been a nervous wreck all day, Im starting to calm down a bit.


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6 years ago from Home Sweet Home

i see you have lots of bugs at home. Is that an old house with old beddings? I have lots of bites on my legs but not sure whether they are bugbites. Will hunt for the bugs before setting my conclusions. Thanks for sharing the photos.

Melody Collins

6 years ago from United States

Thanks for stopping by. Prevention is ALWAYS the best way to deal with bed bugs. When you travel try to do an inspection of your hotel room before you settle in. Look for the feces, eggs (look like rice, and feces. Another tip is to request a fresh top blanket.

I worked in a hotel for years and the top blanket was only washed once a month, even though sheets were done daily. I think it is good to ask for a clean one, even if you don’t find a sign of bed bug.

There are also some great organic travel sprays you can spray on your luggage and the bed, just in case! Happy traveling!

Janice S

My husband and I travel A LOT so I’m always worried about bringing home critters with us. These things are a nightmare once they invade. Your pictures are quite helpful since you put in the hand for scale. They are actually a bit bigger than I thought they were. Thanks for such an informative hub!


6 years ago from Albany

I actually had a friend who was bitten by bed bug, it left her body all red. This is a very informative hub.. Thank You


This one has left me itching! Lots of great information and well presented. Voted up and useful.


I’ve heard that the smell is like that of spoiled or rotten raspberries

Melody Collins

7 years ago from United States

No, I don’t think it smells like blood. Some people say it smells like nightshade, but I don’t know what that smells like. I know the bed bug smell though. It is VERY distinctive. The smell bed bugs make cuts the air, it sticks out (not if you are used to it of course). It is a sort of tangy smell kind of bitter and a little sweet. It isn’t gross smelling, but it is defiantly something "odd". I keep trying to figure out how to describe it, and that is still the best I can do since the smell is so unique. Thanks for reading! Sorry about the chills!


7 years ago from Sky Is The Limit Adventure

I have goose bumps all over me while reading this and looking at those photos but I have to continue, so I’m aware. Very informative. I just hate bugs-all kinds. You mentioned to smell it when you squish it. How does it smell? Is it as distinct as the smell of blood? Curious.

Melody Collins

7 years ago from United States

It isn’t a terrible idea to replace your mattress frequently. Bed bugs plus dust mites equals yuck. A cheaper alternative would be to purchase a zippered mattress cover and to replace as needed.


7 years ago from London, UK

Oh my. those photo’s. but it’s important to learn about these things. It makes me wonder, maybe people should bin their matrasses every 5 years?

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Baby bed bugs

Bed bugs are small bugs and it’s not very easy to see them around. When it’s about baby bed bugs, it’s going to be a little bit harder to see them. So,what do baby bed bugs look likeanddo baby bed bugs bite you?

Bed bugs features

You can easily differentiate bed bugs from other bugs at home by identifying following psychical features:

  • Bed bugs are 1 to 5 mm sized
  • They are oval shaped
  • They do not have wings
  • They have 6 legs and 2 antennas

For more information about what they look like, you can check these posts:

What are baby bed bugs?

However you call thembaby bed bugs, those little bed bugs are literally called nymph. Before explaining a baby bed bug or nymph, you must learn about the life stages of bed bugs.

Bed bugs have 3 life stages: Egg, nymph and adult. As you can see easily, they are eggs first. After hatching the eggs, baby bed bugs which hatched are called as nymph and when they grow big enough, they’re called as adults.

Pictures of baby bed bugs

Instead of trying to tell them, let me show you pictures of baby bed bugs:

Baby bed bugs size

There is no certain size for baby bed bugs. Because they’re called nymph until they become an adult, their size will change from 1 mm up to 3 or 4 mm.

The size difference between a baby bed bug and an adult one can be signified only in millimeter and this won’t mean a lot for any human.

Baby bed bugs at the first stage of their lives are thinner and much lighter shade (unfed) almost translucent due to adults.

A first instar nymph that hatches from an egg is 1 to 1.5mm. Unfed, a first instar is pale to white. The older instars (stages 2-5) are more straw colored to tan. Darkness inside them (as in the one in the picture) is blood that is being digested; the more red coloration inside them is more fresh blood. A plump bug that is red is one that has recently fed.

Baby bed bug bites

Baby bedbugs leave the same kind of bites as the adult ones. You should expect to react the same to each bedbug bites.

So here are some bed bug bites that you can compare with yours:


Baby bed bugsare almost the same as adult bed bugs. They are a few mm smaller and a little bit thinner than big ones.

Bite of baby bed bug isn’t different from an adult bed bug’s bite. The main difference between baby bed bugs and adult bed bugs is their size.

What you must care about is to have some bed bugs at home, not to have baby or adult ones. Those posts below may help you on fighting with bed bugs:

What Do Baby Bed Bugs Look Like?

The emotional toll of a bed bug infestation can be significant, in part because these tiny pests are so difficult to eradicate. For one thing, they hide in discreet locations, making them almost impossible to find. If you are currently dealing with bed bugs in your home, you’re probably wondering, what do baby bed bugs look like? Do they bite? And, perhaps most importantly, how can I get rid of these pests?

Baby bed bugs, which are also called nymphs, are actually similar in appearance to their adult counterparts, except for some key differences—mainly their size and their color. After hatching from tiny white eggs that are so small that they are difficult to see with the naked eye, bed bugs go through five stages before reaching adulthood.

First-stage nymphs are tiny (less than 1/16″) and a pale, yellowish-white color. After feeding, baby bed bugs’ abdomens turn red due to the blood they consumed that you can see through their translucent bodies. Bed bug nymphs in the second through fifth stages grow progressively larger and darker in color and develop a darker-brown spot in the middle of their abdomens. Adulthood is the final stage of the bed bug life cycle, at which point the bug is full-sized (about a quarter-inch long, or about the size of an apple seed) and an even, medium-brown color all over.

Of course, if you find yourself in the midst of a bed bug infestation, there’s a lot more you need to know about these pests. Read on to learn all about bed bugs before they are mature, including whether they bite, where they like to hide and what to do if you suspect you have bed bugs living in your home.

Do Baby Bed Bugs Bite?

This is an excellent question, especially considering the intense itchiness and discomfort most people experience after being bitten by bed bugs. Yes, baby bed bugs do bite, although technically, bed bugs don’t bite—they suck. Just like an adult bed bug, a bed bug nymph has a tiny proboscis that it uses to feed on human blood. Baby bed bugs begin feeding on humans as soon as they hatch, and their bites are typically no different from adult bed bug bites in terms of appearance or itchiness. In fact, if you have bed bug bites, it’s even more likely that you were bitten by a baby than an adult bed bug since bed bug nymphs must feed more often than their adult counterparts.

Many people will see tiny bugs in or around their bed and confuse bed bugs with bugs that look like bed bugs. One way to determine what pest has bitten you is by examining the appearance of the bite. Bed bug bites are distinct from mosquito and other insect bites in that they often appear in rows, since bed bugs tend to feed in multiple spots that are closely grouped together. For this reason, bed bug bites are often distinguished by the “breakfast, lunch and dinner” pattern on their victims. Many people also find that bed bug bites are intensely itchy, and that the itchiness can last longer than other bites. Bed bug bites may also develop into tiny blisters, which may not happen with other types of insect bites.

If you find evidence of bed bugs anywhere in your home, you can try to troubleshoot the problem on your own by using a flashlight to inspect the places where bed bugs normally hide. Take a close look at the seams of your mattress, as well as in the creases of upholstered couches and chairs, or even on wallpaper in the bedroom or living areas. If you see tiny blood stains on your mattress or sheets, dark, rust-colored spots on the bed or the walls nearby, bed bugs themselves or shed bed bug skins, you may have a bed bug infestation.

Should you be worried about bed bug shells?

What AreBed Bug Shells And What Do They Look Like?

Earlier in this post, we had explained that bed bugs pass through five life stages before they become an adult. As they progress from one stage to the next, these creatures molt, leaving behind shells, which are also known as casings or exoskeletons. Like some other types of insects, the bed bug’s exoskeleton doesn’t grow as they grow, so they must shed this outer skin as they get bigger and bigger. Bed bug shells look just like the bugs themselves. However, because there is no actual body, this skin may look more translucent than a normal bed bug. Also, the age of the bed bug when it sheds will affect the color of the shell, so a shell’s color can range from a gold-yellow color to a light brown color.

Unfortunately, if you are finding bed bug shells, this probably means that you have an infestation. Any bed bugs you bring home with you will be adults, so when you start finding an increasing amount of shells around your home, this is a sure sign these bothersome pests are multiplying.

If you haven’t already, contact a pest control specialist to conduct a thorough inspection, confirm that you do, in fact, have bed bugs living and breeding in your home and develop a plan for eradicating them for good. An experienced pest control professional will approach a bed bug infestation in a comprehensive way that will kill off not just adult bed bugs, but nymphs and eggs as well, to protect you from a recurrence.

If you suspect you have bed bugs one of your bedrooms, how long do you have before you are dealing with a full-home infestation?

How Fast Do Bed Bugs Spread From Room To Room?

Unfortunately, experts can’t always predict how quickly an infestation can develop. Bed bugs usually won’t move if they find a good food source nearby. That said, if one is hiding out in a chair in your dining room and you move it to the living room, the bed bug will then occupy that space. As a matter of fact, bed bugs are usually introduced into a new home or area when they accidentally get brought in on suitcases and luggage. Another common way for bed bugs to invade homes is through second-hand furniture.

When bed bugs do decide to move on their own, it is usually because the area they were living in has become crowded and they’re looking for a new food source. In these situations, these creatures can travel up to four feet per minute. While this may seem slow to us, due to their tiny size, this is actually the equivalent of a human sprinting.

While bed bug infestations are often associated with hotels and motels, and more generally with travel, even homebodies can have unfortunate encounters with these wily little creatures. Furthermore, even the cleanest of homes can fall victim to a bed bug infestation, although it is true that having more clutter makes it even harder to spot bed bugs if you do have an infestation.

Whether you’re waiting for a specialist to come to your home or you want to see if you can deal with the problem yourself, there are some DIY methods that are rumored to kill bed bugs. Are they effective?

Does Using Vinegar For Bed Bugs Work?

Many homeowners are on the lookout for low-impact pest control solutions. When evaluating different home remedies, you may wonder if using vinegar to control a bed bug infestation really works. Or, does lavender really repel bed bugs? Unfortunately, there is very little scientific evidence to support the claims that you can manage a bed bug infestation using these common household items. In addition, successfully battling a bed bug infestation can often take weeks—and even months. Given how emotionally draining these infestations can be, choosing the right course of treatment from the outset can minimize the inconvenience and psychological toll of having to deal with this type of pest probem.

The Environmental Protection Agency suggests three non-chemical treatment methods to eradicate bed bugs: heat treatment, cold treatment and steam cleaners. Heat treatments are best administered by professionals using a whole-house approach that kills bed bugs in all life stages hiding in all the cracks and crevices in your home. In some cases, you can put clothing, bedding or wall hangings into your dryer on high heat to treat these items. Items can also be placed in a sealed bag in a freezer that is kept at zero degrees for four days. Steam cleaners can be used on bed frames, carpets, furniture and baseboards at 130 degrees, although experts recommend using a diffuser because bugs can scatter with more forceful air pressure.

If you do want to try using vinegar for a bed bug infestation, there are some things you should know. Directly spraying vinegar on bed bugs might kill these creatures, as vinegar is strongly acidic and capable of harming many insects’ nervous systems. Vinegar is not an effective way to treat a bed bug infestation, because the substance must make direct contact with the bed bugs in order to kill them. This means any bugs, nymphs and eggs that are missed in the vinegar’s spray will not be effective. Also, the bugs which manage to avoid the spray will often go deeper into the seams of whatever they’re hiding in and may stay hidden away until they come back out to feed when they feel it is safe again. Lastly, many people prefer not to use vinegar for bed bugs since the smell is so strong, especially if you have a full-on bed bug infestation and must spray a lot of vinegar in multiple areas of your home.

When dealing with a pest as prolific and relentless as bed bugs, your best option is to bring in a professional who can assess your situation and implement a comprehensive bed bug management plan.

ABC Can Handle Your Bed Bug Problem

Bed bugs reproduce quickly, and eggs can survive many types of pest control techniques. If you have a bed bug infestation, or you’ve found bites or other possible signs of bed bugs, call in the professionals from ABC Home & Commercial Services. Our pest control specialists have extensive experience eradicating bed bug infestations. We will conduct a thorough inspection of your home to confirm bed bugs are present, and we will work with you to determine the best methods for getting rid of these so you can rest easy again.

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