How Bed Bug Eggs

How to Get Rid of Bed Bug Eggs

Bed bug infestations were common in the U.S before World War II. With the improvement in hygiene and extensive use of DDT in the 1940s and 1950s, bed bugs almost vanished. The people living in the U.S and even the pest control professionals had never seen a bed bug until recently. Bed bugs persisted in some parts of the world including Asia, Africa, and Eastern Europe. It is due to international travel and immigration that has caused bed bugs to reemerge in the U.S.

Bed bugs have started appearing in homes, hotels, schools, dormitories, shelters, public transport, and laundries and in rental furniture. Bed bug infestation is a growing concern in the U.S and people are desperately looking for ways to get rid of them.

Eradicating bed bugs is not as easy as getting rid of any other pests. Bed bugs are resistant pests that demand a more powerful and more extensive extermination method.

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What are Bed Bugs?

Bed bugs are fairly small insects with an oval-shaped, flat body. An adult bed bug is usually 5 mm in length. They might be mistaken for cockroaches, carpet beetles, ticks or other small insects. They have a characteristic reddish-brown color. They have hairy bodies. Bed bugs do not jump or fly. They rather crawl fast over the walls, floors, ceilings, and other surfaces.

Bed bugs feed on the blood of warm-blooded creatures. Their favorite host is human. They are light brown in color before they have fed, but after feeding, they appear rust colored or dark reddish brown. In short, bed bugs are blood-sucking insects that are not just scary but a nuisance that does not go away easily.

How Do Bed Bugs Reproduce?

Male and female bed bugs mate through a process called “traumatic insemination”. Mating occurs with the male bed bug stabbing the female bed bug in the abdomen by the male reproductive organ, which is specialized and hardened. The male bed bug ejaculates anywhere in the abdomen of the female bed bug. The male gametes travel to female gametes or ovaries where fertilization takes place. After fertilization has taken place, a female bed bug can carry fertilized eggs for 5 to 7 weeks.

Bed Bug Eggs

A female bed bug starts laying eggs 3 or more days after she has had a meal of blood. A female bed bug lays an average of 3 to 8 eggs a week. Female bed bugs have the capability of laying as many as 12 eggs per day.

Eggs are laid in places where there is a minimal disturbance. Most commonly, the female bed bug lays eggs in cracks or crevices near bed frames, carpet linings or baseboards. The eggs are coated with an adhesive naturally to ensure that they stay in place.

Hatching of Eggs

Bed bug eggs hatch in about 6 to 16 days. After the eggs hatch, the young bed bugs or the nymphs start feeding immediately. Bed bugs can go long periods without having fed. The life span of a bed bug is about a year to year and a half. Bed bugs can produce 3 generations in one year.

Frequency of Mating

Female bed bugs that have mated several times usually lay lesser eggs as compared to a bed bug that has had time for recuperation. According to studies, the healing process is necessary for a female bed bug to be able to produce more eggs. A female who has mated once will produce 25% more eggs than the one that has mated many times.

Due to this reason, many female bed bugs move to other places with a guaranteed food source before laying eggs. They look for places where there is a lack of mates. Also, the capability of a female bed bug to keep her eggs for 5 to 7 weeks provides her enough time to travel and find a suitable place to lay eggs .

Bed Bug Egg Pictures

How Many Eggs Do Bed Bugs Lay?

As mentioned earlier, female bed bugs are capable of laying 12 eggs per day. On average, they lay 1 to 7 eggs each day. They end up laying 200 to 250 eggs during their entire life which is about one year. The eggs hatch in 6 to 16 days.


When nymphs emerge from eggs, they are translucent. They immediately start their search for a meal. Once they feed, they undergo molting 5 times after which they become reddish brown in color. Molting is shedding of skin. Nymphs cannot reproduce as long as they have fully matured. A female bed bug may mate with its offspring after the nymph has matured.

Conditions for Egg Production

The primary condition for egg production is the availability of food source. The reason bed bugs reside near the host is to have easy access to a blood source they can feed on repeatedly. The more the quantity of meal a female bed bug takes the more eggs it will produce. If she has access to a reliable food source, she can produce more batches of eggs. A female bed bug is capable of producing 5 to 20 eggs from a single meal.

Where Do Bed Bugs Lay Eggs?

Bed bug infestation is most commonly found in beds. They prefer residing and laying eggs in a place which is close to the host so that feeding is easier. The places closest to the host are the bed frames, bed sheets, and the mattresses. Bed bugs lay eggs in the bed or any furniture that is close to the bed.

Bed bug eggs are sticky so they can easily adhere to the mattress, bed sheet or the curtains. Bed bugs prefer laying eggs in places where there will be the least disturbance. For example, if you usually sleep on the right side of the bed, the bed bug is likely to lay eggs under the pillow on the left side which has been left undisturbed. Bed bugs are found in clusters. Bed bug eggs are found in places with bed bugs, their droppings and bed bug shells.

Primary Harborage

The primary harborage for bed bugs is near the host. Their preference to live near the host is conditional; that is, only if they know they will be undisturbed. Bed bugs are attracted to the scent of carbon dioxide that the humans exhale. They can only detect the signs of the presence of a warm-blood creature from a very close distance, hence their preference to stay close to the host. Also, blood feedings become easier for bed bugs when they stay close to a meal source.

Secondary Harborage

If the bed bug infestation is severe, overcrowding of bed bugs near the host may occur. In such a situation, bed bugs move to places where there is a lesser crowd. These places are usually about 5 feet from the bed. These places include the carpet, the neighboring walls, and drawer joints.

If the infestation is extremely severe with the 5 feet radius from the bed being overcrowded as well, bed bugs may move further ahead to seek refuge. These places include electrical sockets, appliances, sofas, and other such furniture. Bed bugs are so tiny that they can accommodate in any place that is as thick as a credit card.

If we talk about conditions in which bed bugs can live, they can live in any condition in which their host can live. It is as simple as that!

Appearance of Bed Bug Eggs

If you are wondering how do bed bug eggs look like, you have your answer right here. Bed bug eggs are transparent in color but their shades may range from transparent to white. Bed bug eggs are about 1 millimeter long. Eggs are most commonly found sticking to wooden or fabric surfaces and less commonly on plastic or metallic ones.

Fresh bed bug eggs appear shiny due to a sticky substance that is secreted with the eggs. This sticky substance ensures that the eggs remain in place, stuck to the surface. Empty egg shells look like eggs but the difference is that they are not shiny and they appear more flattened. You might be wondering how you can see bed bug eggs. Empty eggs can be seen by the naked eye. If you see empty egg shells, you should realize that the bed bug infestation in your home is growing.

Bed Bugs in Hair

When we say bed bugs can reside anywhere, we literally mean anywhere. As gross as it sounds, we hate telling you that you can get bed bugs in your hair. However, you may feel better when we tell you that bed bugs are not capable of navigating through hair like lice. They may enter your hair, but they won’t stay there for long. Because of the way the bodies of bed bugs are built, they fail to navigate through human hair.

Bed Bug Eggs in Hair

As previously mentioned, bed bugs can hide in your hair. When they can hide, they can also lay eggs in your hair. But they most probably won’t do that. If the bed bug infestation in your hair is large, you may observe a bad odor coming from your hair. You may also notice blood stains on your pillow.

Bed bug bites on your scalp may feel bumpy and itchy. Bed bug bites are often observed to be in a straight row. You may feel a burning sensation in your hair when you apply shampoo while you bath. If you are certain that you have bed bugs in your hair, you should apply shampoo and comb through your hair regularly to make sure the bed bugs and bed bug eggs are removed.

If you feel that shampoo isn’t doing any good, you can try other remedies like rubbing alcohol or a combination of rubbing alcohol and almond. Washing your hair with water as hot as you can bear can drive the bed bugs away and even destroy the bed bug eggs.

Signs and Symptoms of Bed Bug Infestation

If you have a bed bug infestation, there are some obvious signs. Below is a list of signs that are characteristic of bed bug infestation.

  • Waking up with itchy red spots:
    bed bugs bite on any part of the skin that is exposed. Bed bug bites are small, red and itchy. The site of the bite may also be inflamed. Not all people get red, itchy bumps on their skin. It is important that you inspect your home regularly because if you are not getting any visible bites, it does not mean you might not have a bed bug infestation.
  • Bed bug bites are in a line:
    a bed bug usually bites in such a way that you get red, itchy bumps in a row. Bed bugs bite with a distinctive pattern. This helps you differentiate between bites from bed bugs and bites of fleas or mites.
  • Unexplained musty odor:
    bed bugs release pheromones. When the infestation is large, the amount of pheromones being released is fairly large too which causes a musty odor in your house. If you feel your house smells different, it may indicate a bed bug infestation.
  • Blood stains on bed sheets:
    bed bugs feed on human blood. They might leave behind the drippings from a bite on your bed sheets. You may roll over a bed bug in your sleep which leaves behind a prominent blood stain on the bed.
  • Rust colored spots on the mattress:
    bed bugs leave behind their fecal exudates on beddings. If you observe rust colored stains on your mattress or your bed sheets, you are most likely to have a bed bug infestation.
  • Dark spots on your walls:
    bed bugs can leave fecal stains beneath your wallpaper or on the walls. If you find dark, rusty stains on your walls, brace yourself for a bed bug infestation.
  • Finding a collection of bed bug shells:
    if you have a bed bug infestation, you may find bed bug egg shells or mottled skin shreds near your headboard, along with the sides of tour mattress, below the cushions on your sofas or near other wooden furniture. Bed bugs favor fabric and wood more than plastic or metal.
  • White spots on furniture joints:
    if you find any white spots, fairly small in size on the joints of your furniture, you should inspect the rest of your furniture and home for bed bug infestation. Tiny, white spots usually indicate small bugs or bed bug eggs.

Getting Rid of Bed Bug Eggs

Most of our focus is on bed bugs. However, if we do not treat bed bug eggs, the infestation will never end. If bed bug eggs are left behind, they will hatch and the nymphs will continue feeding on blood, maturing and reproducing which is something you would not want. You should employ methods that treat both live bed bugs and their eggs.

Many methods of killing bed bugs are available but you might be thinking how to kill bed bug eggs? Bed bug eggs can be killed by various methods, which are listed below.

Heat Treatments

Heavy Duty Dry Steamers:
Heat is most likely to kill bed bugs and their eggs. A heavy duty dry steamer can be used to reach all cracks, holes, and crevices where bed bugs may have laid eggs. With the help of a hose and other attachments of a dry steamer, you can reach all curves and depressions on furniture.

Portable Heaters and Fans:
Portable heaters and fans can also be used. With the help of this equipment, the temperature of air in a room is gradually increased to 120 – 130°F. Sensors are placed strategically that monitor the temperature. They can be used to de-infest areas like bedrooms, livings rooms, furnishings, and even the entire dwelling. This method of de-infestation does not damage any household items and kills the bed bugs and their eggs. If the temperature is being maintained at 45°C, the treatment takes up to 15 hours while it takes only 30 minutes if the temperature is 48°C.

Before methods that make use of high temperatures can be implemented, some preparations have to be made. These preparations include removal of aerosol cans, medications, indoor plants, and anything else that is heat sensitive. Heat treatment does not have any residual effect. It is recommended that the residents take with them as few belongings as possible because their belongings may become a source of bed bug re-infestation.

The biggest benefit of heat treatments is that the bed bug treatment occurs in one go, rather than over days or weeks. To make sure that no residual bed bugs remain, it is better to apply some insecticides.

Heat treatments can kill bed bugs and their eggs in just one day. They are more costly than conventional bed bug treatments and require specialized training.

Cold Treatments

Cold Water
Extreme low temperatures can kill bed bugs and their eggs by freezing them. Extremely cold water which is well below the freezing point (-32°F) can be used for washing clothes and bedding. Other items that cannot be washed can be placed in a freezing environment for about 30 days.

Carbon Dioxide Dry Snow
A freezing technique that is less common and more expensive is also available. This technique uses carbon dioxide cylinders. By converting carbon dioxide into dry snow and spraying over the area, the bed bugs and their eggs freeze to death. Ideally, the snow vapor should evaporate within 30 seconds to maximize the rate at which the bed bug body eliminates heat. The extensive heat loss f is what kills the bed bug eggs and the live bed bugs.

It leaves no residue behind. It creates no mess or stains. It is safe to use on most of the surfaces at home. The snow can easily penetrate into cracks and crevices, making sure all bed bugs and eggs are killed and eliminated from every hiding spot. This freezing technique does not damage furniture. Being non-toxic, it’s safe for use in any setting.

To make sure no bed bugs or eggs remain, pairing the technique with insecticides gives sure extermination of bed bugs and their eggs.

Diatomaceous Earth

Diatomaceous earth is not specifically made to kill bed bugs. However, it can kill bed bugs, their eggs, and any bugs that are exposed to it. It kills the bed bugs by drying them. You can sprinkle diatomaceous earth in any corners in the cracks and crevices and any place you suspect bed bugs might be present. Unlike sprays, their effect remains as long as you don’t clean it off. It is inexpensive and effective.

Insecticide Sprays

Numerous sprays are available that claim to kill bed bugs and bed bug eggs. However, insecticides cannot help you get rid of these pests when used alone. As long as you don’t use bed bug killing sprays in conjuncture with any other effective technique, bed bug sprays won’t help you significantly.

Killing Bed Bug Eggs and Larvae Is Just as Important as Killing Adult Bed Bugs

I f you were dealing with just one bed bug, your battle would be easy and short-lived. Unless, of course, that bed bug were the size of your cat, or even of a tarantula.

But the real horror of bed bugs is that an infestation means you are fighting an entire, constantly reproducing, population.

You must learn how to kill bed bug eggs, or else, even when every unhatched bed bug has been eradicated, your efforts will be in vain. And if even a single impregnated female bed bug escapes, the infestation continues.

Read on to learn to identify bed bug eggs, bed bug larvae, and likely bed bug egg “hatch houses.” Find out how to kill the eggs before they hatch and become a mob of bloodthirsty little nymphs crawling atop your mattress at night.

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How to Get Rid of Bed Bug Eggs and Larvae

Bed bug larvae will often be killed by the same insecticides or bed bug home remedies that kill adult bedbugs. However, the eggs will typically survive and will need treatment with a separate chemical or the same chemical, but about two weeks later when you can be sure all the eggs have hatched.

Thus, you really need to read all bug bomb or spray chemical claims very closely. Each chemical or natural insecticide is different, some killing off eggs and some not.

But, in reality, even though there are some anti bed bug treatments that kill some eggs, there really is no sure-fire chemical you can just buy and use to kill 100% of bed bug eggs for sure.

Thus, you have to use heat or apply anti bed bug measures two (or more times) at proper intervals. There really is no other way. That could mean calling in a professional exterminator, but not necessarily.

What Do Eggs Look Like?

Perhaps, you may be thinking, “How can I fight bed bug eggs? I wouldn’t know a bed bug egg from a grain of rice.” Well, in fact, they look very much like rice, only smaller.

Here are some features of bedbug eggs to help you identify them:

  • Grain-like shape.
  • Milky-white coloration.
  • About one millimeter long.
  • You’ll find one or a small cluster at a time.

Bed Bug Eggs and 1st Instar Nymph

But where will you find the eggs? Typically, there are hidden away (smart bugs) in inaccessible cracks and crevices. But, you may find some on your clothes, on pillows, on bed sheets, or on your mattress or box spring. It just varies.

How Long Does It Take for the Eggs to Hatch?

It normally takes less than two weeks for newly laid bed bug eggs to hatch. Six to 10 days is a good estimate, but it can vary based on temperature and other conditions in the environment (and “environment” here means “your bedroom!)

Females will lay only between 1 and 5 eggs at a time, but they can lay up to five hundred eggs in a lifetime and lay them nearly every day!

The Lifecycle of the Common Bed Bug

Bed Bug Life Cycle
4 Weeks – 5 Months Depending on Conditions

Upon hatching, bed bug “nymphs, ” as they’re called, immediately head out looking for blood. Nymphs then molt and go through several stages, leaving casing behind on your mattress or in your carpeting (besides fecal stains, which is digested blood poop. Yuck.)

No stage in the bedbug life cycle has wings, and you are always dealing with flat-bodied insects. The young ones are more transparent, except after a blood meal. The older ones actually change body shape, becoming long instead of circular, after the gorge themselves on blood.

Bed bugs start 1.5 mm long but get up to 9 millimeters at full bed bug maturity. But they always remain immature “mentally” and keep on biting you and drinking your blood, from the moment they hatch to the bitter end.

Can I See the Eggs?

Bedbug eggs are hard to find and hard to see, but they are not impossible to see nor even microscopic.

If you look very closely and carefully on your mattress, clothing, pillow, or any infested area, you may well spot some eggs. But you need not see the eggs to know they must be there and to take drastic action to destroy them. After all, wherever there are bed bugs, bed bug eggs are not far off.

Can Bed Bugs Lay Their Eggs in Your Skin?

Bed bugs are nasty parasites, but they do not live inside of people or under their skin, nor is that where they lay their eggs.

You may have spied bed bugs in your hair and found bites on your face and neck. You may have sores on your ankles or legs or arms where they bit you. But you need not worry about bed bugs hatching inside of you. That’s one thing, at least, you can be thankful for.

They can, however, lay eggs on your clothes. Click the link to learn how to get rid of bed bugs in your clothes.

What Kills

Again, there are many things that will kill some bed bug eggs, but nothing known to man will kill all of them. And you couldn’t be sure the treatment would even touch them all (hidden in crevices as they are) even if you could know it would kill every egg it touched.

That said, here are two ways, besides pesticides that list egg-death as one of their virtues, that you can kill a “whole lot of eggs:” diatomaceous earth (DE) and rubbing alcohol. Read more about these remedies just below.

Yes, if you douse bed bug eggs with DE (diatomaceous earth), they will die and not hatch, at least most of the time. And DE will kill off larvae, nymphs, juveniles, and adult bedbugs too, even if not always immediately.

Here are some of the virtues of DE in your fight against bed bugs and their grainy eggs:

  • DE in a line creates a barrier that bed bugs will tend to avoid crossing, keeping them from laying eggs on the other side.
  • DE is non-toxic and all-natural. It is the discarded shells of tiny sea creatures called diatoms (think the white cliffs of Dover here) and is not earth at all.
  • DE will cut into delicate bedbug shells and either kill them right away or gradually dehydrate them over a period of up to one or two weeks at most. It will kill the eggs too.
  • No bed bug or egg can develop a resistance to DE. It always works.

But don’t get pool-grade DE or DE mixed in with pesticides. Read the “ingredients.” It should say you are just buying plain old diatomaceous earth and that it is meant for use on pests. And wear a mask when applying DE to avoid breathing it in.

Rubbing Alcohol

Yes, rubbing alcohol will kill at least most of your bed bug eggs, if it can contact them.

  1. Rub it on your legs and arms and the back of your neck before you sleep to deter bugs.
  2. Spray it on your mattress and box spring.
  3. Spray it under your bed on the carpet and along the baseboard of your bedroom.

This is a cheap, common product, and it can be a key player in your attempt to kill bed bug eggs and eradicate the population. But don’t use it alone. Make it a part of a bigger, broader bed bug action plan.

What Should I Do With Eggs on Clothing?

There may be bedbug eggs on your clothes. It’s possible, especially if you leave them lying on the carpet all day. But even in the laundry bin, they’re not immune.

Bed bug eggs can be killed by washing then drying your clothes. The dryer is what really gets them more than the washer, but who dries clothes without first washing them? You will need medium-high or more as the temperature setting to kill the eggs (at 118ºF), but that depends on your dryer.

What temperature can kill the eggs? Bedbugs die in heat. Eggs, nymphs, adults, all stages die, every last one of them. That’s why professionals with expensive high-powered equipment rely heavily on heat treatment to cure bed bug infestations.

Heat your home’s interior or a particular room to 118ºF for about 70 minutes, and all the bed bugs, both hatched and unhatched, will be destroyed.

That doesn’t mean they can’t come back, though, if your pet is bringing them in. So eliminate the source before doing a heat treatment.

Steam Treatment

Steam, if hot enough, can also kill bedbugs. Steam treatment can be used on mattress seams or anywhere bed bugs may be hiding. It can kill off their eggs as well.

You would need special equipment to kill bed bug eggs by steam-power, however, so this would likely be a job for professionals. But you can find out the best steam cleaner for bed bugs in this article.

In sum, note that what kills bedbugs generally also kills their eggs. DE and rubbing alcohol are two good tools, but insecticides or heat treatment can also be effective.

It’s not absolutely necessary to call in a pro to kill off bed bug eggs, but if you are going to do it by heat or steam treatment, that’s likely where you’re going with it.

Remember that killing bedbugs is only a temporary fix. Killing them and their eggs win the war permanently, barring a new “invasion.”

You can find further details of Bed Bugs Control here.

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Bed Bug Life Cycle

Bed bugs are nocturnal, reddish-brown insects that feed on the blood of humans and other warm-blooded animals. These wingless insects have dorsoventrally flattened bodies that allow them to hide in areas such as floor cracks, carpets, beds and upholstered furniture.

A bed bug’s life begins with an egg, grain like and milky white in color. Female bed bugs lay between one and five eggs each day and may lie up to 500 eggs within one lifetime. Eggs are laid singly or in clusters and are placed within tight cracks or crevices. The egg is approximately 1 mm in length and is comparable in size to two grains of salt. Within two weeks, eggs hatch and immature bed bugs begin immediately to feed.


These young bed bugs, or nymphs, pass through five molts before reaching maturity. Although nymphs appear similar to adults, they are smaller in size and are not yet sexually mature. Young nymphs are also yellow-white in color, while older nymphs and adults are reddish-brown. In order to complete a molting stage, each nymph requires a blood meal. At room temperature, nymphs molt and become adults within five weeks.


Upon reaching maturity, bed bug adults often make weekly feedings.

Adult Bed Bug

How Long Do They Live?
The life span of a bed bug most commonly ranges from four to six months. However, some bed bugs may live up to a year under cool conditions and with no food.

Bed Bug Control

Cimex lectularius L.

Learn what Bed Bugs look like, and how to detect if you have a Bed Bug Infestation.

Find out how Bed Bugs infiltrate your home and where they are attracted to.

Learn about Bed Bug bites. their feces and how they can impact your health.

Learn how Orkin handles Bed Bugs, homeopathic cures and the cost of Bed Bug extermination services.

Bed Bug Eggs (Pictures): How to Kill Bed Bug Eggs?

Dealing with a bed bug infestation is not easy and can be a huge pain. They can reproduce discreetly and in great numbers, only to end up increasing exponentially.

Bed bugs descended from cave-dwelling bugs that fed on the blood of bats. However, when humans started living in caves and moved to agricultural civilizations, the parasitic bugs moved with them.

The bed bugs that originally hailed from Europe were almost eradicated by DDT during the 1950s and largely disappeared in the US in recent decades. However, they returned like a storm during the late 1990s, ever since the insecticide was banned in the US in 1972.

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How Bed Bugs Reproduce

Female bed bugs lay eggs after a blood feeding has taken place. Female bed bugs actually take quite a toll during the mating process, due to the unconventional method of reproduction that bed bugs use.

They mate by “traumatic insemination,” where a male bug pierces into the female’s abdomen and ejaculates into it. Hence, scarring can occur as a result of frequent mating.

This is a likely reason why females that have mated several times over a short period of time will end up laying less eggs than a female who has had time to recuperate. Studies have shown that the healing process is important so that the female can successfully produce more eggs.

In fact, females that only mate once will produce 25% more eggs than the ones that have mated repeatedly. That is why the female bed bug often chooses to travel away to a new location with a guaranteed food source and a lack of mates.

This is so that she can focus on laying many eggs without any interruptions. Furthermore, since female bed bugs can keep sperm for up to 6 weeks, this gives her enough time to travel.

However, the females’ travels are problematic for humans, since it allows her to cause infestations of more than 5,000 bed bugs in new locations within a 6-month period.

How Many Eggs Do They Lay?

After female bed bugs mate, they lay about 1 to 7 eggs per day and will end up laying from about 200 to 250 eggs during her lifetime of up to 1 year. These eggs take approximately 6 to 17 days to hatch into nymphs.

These nymphs emerge translucent and are able to feed on blood as soon as they hatch. However, they are unable to reproduce until they fully mature.

As soon as the nymphs hatch, they search for a blood meal before molting 5 times and gradually turning into a reddish-brown color. These blood meals are also equally important later in life, since the adult bed bugs need it to reproduce.

The maturation of a nymph depends on the temperature. The length of time varies from as quickly as 21 days in warmer temperatures, to more than 4 months in cooler temperatures. A female bed bug may mate with her offspring as long as they have fully matured.

Bed Bug Egg Production

If a female has reliable access to a food source, she will be able to produce more egg batches. A female can produce between 5 to 20 eggs from a single blood meal. Hence, she can make more eggs the more meals she can take.

The female may also lay her eggs singly or in groups. As a result, the female may lay an egg anywhere in a room or area.

1. Where Do Bed Bugs Lay Eggs?

Nearly 70% of any bed bug infestation is linked to the bed and any furniture or items that are close to it. Since bed bug eggs are sticky, they can easily cling onto your mattresses, bed sheets and even curtains.

In addition, since they are small, they are well-hidden in hard-to-reach places such as dark corners and crevices. Since bed bugs commonly nest in clusters, the eggs can be found together with the bed bugs, bed bug shells and the droppings as well.

In general, bed bugs choose to lay their eggs in locations where they will be undisturbed. For example, if you were to generally sleep on one side of the bed and not the other, bed bugs would be more likely to lay eggs under the pillow of the other side that has been left untouched.

2. Primary Bed Bug Harborage

Bed bugs have no inhibitions about laying their eggs close to the host, as long as they know that they would be undisturbed. In fact, these bugs often choose to be closer to the host so that blood feeding is more accessible.

Bed bugs are attracted to carbon dioxide and body heat but can only detect these signs over short distances. In other words, it would be advantageous for the bugs to stay relatively close to the host.

Hence, the primary bed bug harborage cover the main area that bed bugs reside in. It includes the mattress, bed sheets and bed frames.

3. Secondary and “Other” Bed Bug Harborage

When an infestation gets more severe and there are more bugs, overcrowding occurs and some bed bugs choose to seek refuge further away from the host. The secondary bed bug harborage include more areas within 5 feet of the bed.

These could include the neighboring walls, carpet and even drawer joints. In even more severe overcrowding situations, bed bugs may reside outside the 5-feet zone and can be found in drawer joints, electrical receptacles, appliances and many others.

Since bed bugs are only the width of a credit card, they can squeeze into various narrow hiding spots with ease. Conditions-wise, bed bugs can live almost anywhere their host can live in.

A Note About Traveling

It is also important to note that if you have travelled and been to an infested area, such as a hotel room, you could end up bringing home clothes, bedding, luggage, or other personal items that may have come into contact with bed bug eggs.

As a result, you could end up bringing them back home with you.

What Do Bed Bug Eggs Look Like?

Bed bug eggs are approximately 1-millimeter long. They are shiny and can range in shade from transparent to white. Bed bug eggs can be found more often on wood or fabric surfaces than on plastic or metallic ones.

Fresh bed bug eggs are sticky on the outside. This stickiness gives them their shiny appearance and acts similar to glue to adhere them to surfaces. Empty egg shells look like live eggs, but they appear dried out, more flattened and not as shiny.

Though empty eggs can be most easily seen with a magnifying glass, they can also be seen by the naked eye. If you notice empty egg shells in your home, that indicates that the infestation is growing.

Bed Bugs In Hair

Bed bugs can make their homes pretty much anywhere, which means that they can get in your hair as well. However, they are not built to navigate human hair and would rather live in cooler areas around you.

Often, they will live in the cooler cracks and crevices of your bed, couch, or other furniture and will only come out to eat. After that, they go back into hiding when they are full. Because of the way bed bugs’ bodies are built, they cannot maneuver human hair very well.

They are not like lice, whose claw-like limbs help them cling to and navigate hairy situations. For these reasons, they may hide in your hair, but they will most likely not stay there. However, this does not mean that it cannot happen.

Can They Lay Eggs in Your Hair?

These tiny pests are capable of laying eggs in your hair. However, they will most likely not do this because their bodies are not built for living in hair, as previously mentioned.

If you suspect that bed bugs are living in your hair, you may notice a bad odor coming from your hair (if the infestation is large), or blood stains on your pillows and other beddings.

Bites on your scalp may be identified as a small bump or itchy welt and will most likely be in a straight row. On top of that, you might feel some burning when you shampoo in the shower due to the open and healing wounds on your scalp.

Sometimes, you may get the feeling that something is crawling on your scalp. If you think you may have bed bugs living in your hair, begin treating them right away. Check your scalp regularly and comb through your hair and shampoo thoroughly many times over.

It is important to repeat this process multiple times, because as small as bed bug eggs are, there is a high possibility that some may be left behind.

If you feel like the shampoo isn’t doing the job, try some home remedies in conjunction with the shampoo, such as using rubbing alcohol or almond oil with it.

If you are bearded, you should either shave or trim it, or comb through it thoroughly, following the same steps as you would with your hair. Soaking your hair in water as hot as you can handle will help drive the bed bugs away.

Not only that, the heat will likely destroy them as well as their eggs. Without a doubt, removing bed bugs from your hair may be easier because they cannot attach themselves to your hair follicles.

However, if you treat your hair but leave the rest of the infestation untreated, or do not completely wipe out the rest of the infestation, they will keep returning. That is why it is important to take care of the entire bed bug infestation immediately.

How to Kill Bed Bug Eggs Instantly?

Many products on the market aid you in ridding your home of a bed bug infestation. While you can purchase any pest-killer that claims to be effective against bed bugs, you can try some other options as well.

1. Extreme Temperatures

As you may have deduced, heat will kill bed bugs and their eggs. While you are most likely focusing on the live bed bugs, you need to be diligent and thorough about destroying the eggs as well.

One way to get to all the cracks and crevices in your furniture and in your home is to get a dry steamer – a heavy-duty one that can heat up high enough to kill the eggs.

With the hose and attachments of the dry steamer, you will be able to reach into crevices in your furniture, into light fixtures and along walls – areas you can’t simply toss into the washing machine.

Another method of using high temperatures is to wash and dry your clothes and beddings in hot water or on the highest setting.

However, since you won’t be able to wash things like your couch, carpet, or bed in a washing machine, finding a transportable method of heat such as a steamer is an important part of the extermination process.

Using extremely cold water – which means at least below freezing (-32 O F) – can also be effective in destroying bed bugs and their eggs. Clothing, beddings and other removable items can be kept in a freezing environment for 30 days.

2. Products Aimed at Killing Bed Bugs

While not manufactured specifically for eradicating a bed bug infestation, diatomaceous earth is an option for after you have handled the biggest part of the problem.

This white powder is more effective than sprays because you can lay it down around and in your home and it will stay there, killing any bed bugs that may walk across it by drying them out.

You can sprinkle the powder in corners, cracks and crevices around your home and the powder will remain there until you clean it up. Sprays might kill on contact and linger in the air or on the surface for a short time.

However, once the spray dissipates in the air, the effects will disappear as well. Diatomaceous earth, on the other hand, lasts much longer and is typically a more inexpensive option.

An added bonus of using diatomaceous earth is that it is not harmful to humans or pets but is harmful to any bugs that come across its path. Undoubtedly, many products are available to destroy bed bugs and their eggs, so you won’t have a hard time looking.

Be sure to check ratings and reviews to find the most effective products. However, also take into consideration whether the product you have chosen is safe to use around pets and/or children.

One chemical you can try that you probably already have on your shelf at home is rubbing alcohol. Keeping a spray bottle of rubbing alcohol around the house can be a simple, effective and safe way to kill bed bugs and make sure an area is clear of eggs and infestation.

3. Egg Removal

Removing bed bug eggs can sometimes be a greater challenge than destroying the live bed bugs. However, killing the eggs is more important because you want to make sure you stop the spread.

Killing the eggs can be trickier because the egg acts as a protective layer. That is why if you are killing the bed bugs with a chemical spray, be sure to find one that specifically states that it is effective against bed bug eggs.

Fortunately, the removal of bed bug eggs can be done similarly to that of the removal of live bed bugs, such as the use of a steamer to apply extreme heat, or the use of freezing temperatures.

You really should consider using a steamer to apply extreme heat, since this device will give you the capability to use attachments to reach all the cracks and crevices in your furniture and around your home.

Freezing temperatures are effective in destroying bed bug eggs. However, you can only freeze objects that can be gathered up and stored in a freezer, so this option is a little less practical.

If you are at your wit’s end and you have the financial ability to do so, calling an exterminator is another option. An exterminator will be able to tackle live bed bugs as well as their eggs, but the cost is typically very high.

Another negative aspect of using an exterminator is that more than one attempt at extermination may be necessary, which equates to paying an exterminator more than once.

If you still choose to hire an exterminator, make sure to read reviews and find the best one you can find in your area. That is because for a job like this, you’re going to want to make sure it’s done right.


If you are currently facing a bed bug infestation, you need to act as quickly as possible. You have to get thoroughly clean out your bed and furniture, or other possible areas. On top of that, you must also remember to exterminate the eggs as well.

As mentioned, bed bugs won’t be able to live comfortably in your hair, so you don’t have to worry about that. However, it is still possible for them to somehow end up there. If you do find that you have bed bugs on your hair, be sure to thoroughly wash and clean your scalp.


Upon mating with a male bed bug, the female bed bug lays oval, white eggs that are about 1/16-inch long. You’ll find the eggs hidden in crevices & cracks.

In its lifetime, an adult bed bug lay roughly 200-250 eggs.

Also, the eggs will hatch in 6-10 days and baby bed bug immediately start hunting for a blood meal. Notably, the egg is the hardest stage in the life-cycle of bed bugs to control.

So, in this guide, we delve into the details of what they eggs look and how to treatment these bed bugs on your clothing, yard, and house. Also, here’s a guide on how to kill those bed bug eggs .

What does bed bug eggs look like? (Images)

What do bed bug eggs look like? They are off-white or semi-transparent in color and measure about 2.5 mm or 0.1 inches in length (quite tiny!). In fact, you might confuse them for a pinhead, un-cooked white rice (grain) or a grain of salt.

The eggs have a sticky surface that makes them to stick together in a cluster. Further, the oval-shaped eggs have have round ends that are elongated. When they’re over 5 days old, they’ll have an evident dark mark that makes them look like an eye.

The rice-like eggs have a “wet spot” on its surface – the sticky/ glue-like (but relatively invisible) substance allowing the eggs to stick together. You can find them using a flashlight or magnifying glass.

Adult bed bugs will lay about 200-250 eggs and, when exposed to the right conditions, they’ll lay in 6-10 days. Further, the bed bug nymphs will go hunting for a blood meal.

Can you see bed bug eggs?

Despite that bed bug being 2.5 mm in size, you can see them with your naked human eyes. You’ll notice that the adults anywhere near red, brown, or tan in color. Check here for what bed bugs look like.

However, the eggs and nymphs are tiny and they’ll definitely be more challenging to see with your naked eyes – not unless they appear in clusters – one of them is anywhere like a pinhead-sized.

Eggs are generally off-white of pearly white and they mainly exist in clusters of many eggs that’ll ultimately measure about 1 millimeter in length.

Common Areas Where Bed Bug Eggs Are Found?

So, where do bed bugs lay eggs? Well, adult bed bugs won’t move far from their hiding place to feed and lay eggs. Therefore, you’ll mainly find bed bug eggs in protected places – near the food source.

For example, the bugs will sneak into cracks and crevices – even as thin as your business card – to lay their eggs. Check mattress joints and seams for the eggs. Don’t forget the behind headboards or in the box spring when is touching or fixed to the wall.

Further search for the eggs near or around your bed because these bugs mainly suck blood while their host is sleeping. Thus, here’s where you’ll mainly find the eggs – as the bugs mainly feed at night.

Check for black “specks” or red marking – which are bed bug feces since they have semi-digested blood. In addition, these could also have a sweetish or pungent odor that comes from the bed bug’s scent glands.

Where Can You Pick Up Bed Bugs Eggs?

These bugs will live in clusters – that’s the only way you can see them since they’re too tiny for the naked eye when separate. So, here’re the signs of bed bug eggs – particularly in the areas you rest or sleep.

Bedroom:In the bedroom, check especially around or on –

  • Mattresses buttons and folds, tufts, bed frames, mattresses, and box-springs.
  • Examine furniture include chairs and desks – avoid second hand furniture like a plague.
  • Check behind pictures, clocks, and wallpapers for bed bug eggs.
  • Examine under your carpet and wooden floors – especially in any cracks that you may find.

While travelling: You can carry of pick up bed bug eggs while you’re travelling from one town or country to the other. Therefore,

  • Keenly inspect your new room when you’re allocated as you start your vacation or even short stay.
  • Check that you don’t set your luggage on the hotel room floor and don’t carry it into the house directly when you come from your travel.
  • Further, don’t forget that bed bugs can also hide in other rooms such as laundry rooms, living rooms, and bathrooms.

Check smears and spots: Check for brownish or dark reddish smears or spots that are fecal deposits of the bed bug’s digested blood.

You may find these smears and spots around the bed, on mattresses, pillowcases, and bed sheets.

This shows that the beds were feeding around the bedding and sheets. In addition to fecal spots, also check for cast skins.

Are bed bug eggs hard?

So, are bed bug eggs hard?These nymph are simple to squash because they’re soft – they’re sticky and smooth.

These eggs are hard to pick up because they’ll easily squash or smear on your hands – despite having an outer shell. In the eggs, you’ll find a fluid that eventfully develops into your bed bugs.

Its possible to squash the bed bug egg clusters using the nails or between the fingers. However, don’t squash the bed bugs so simply just hire an exterminator.

Where Do Bed Bugs Lay their Eggs?

You’ll mainly find bed bug eggs in protected sites including beds, different furniture, and mattresses. Most of these places will be near their host, and one with darkness, and given safety.

Also, bed bugs will lay their eggs in floorboards, baseboard, and wall cracks. Check how to check bed bugs on wood and fabrics, metal, bed-frames, or plastic. I’ve analyzed probable areas you’ll find bed bug eggs.

1. Bed Bug eggs in Beds

Bed Bug eggs will mainly be laid around mattresses and buttons – you’ll find them on rough surfaces. The bed is an excellent location because it’ll be near the bug’s host – i.e. humans beings.

Because bed bugs won’t get very far from your house, its possible to gt the eggs in the bed – this is where you’ll see the bed bug nymphs and adults. So, inspect the open spaces and the non-flat spaces on the bed. Check the bed bug in the mattress.

Inspect the box springs, mattress edges or folds, and seams for bed bug eggs. In addition, check under the mattress and box springs, walls, floor, mattress encasements and bed frame since they may contact the infested beds.

2. Flooring and Carpet

Sadly, you might not easily see the bed bug eggs when they’re hiding in the flooring or carpet. These tiny eggs are translucent measuring about a sesame seed in size.

If you examine your carpet, ensure you check under the chairs and dressers, legs of your bed frame and the flooring. Don’t just mop or sweep your carpet or floor as this won’t kill bed bug eggs.

On the contrary, using an excellent-suction vacuum that’ll remove the bed bugs from your carpets, walls, and floors. In addition, dry/ heat treat the rugs or vacuum the bed bugs plus include a carpet shampoo.

The steam will instantly kill the bed bug eggs that’re sitting deep into the flooring cracks and carpet fibers. Further, this will easily kill the bugs in the mattress seams and furniture fabrics.

Further, examine around the baseboards and walls, in addition to joints and cracks in the hardwood floors. Remember to examine the wall-to-wall carpet – particularly along tack strips and edges.

3. Window Curtains and Windows

Do Bed Bug Eggs Survive after Spraying

A study by K. R. Hinson et al shows that survival of bed bug eggs (Cimex lectulariusL) or first-instar nymphs sprayed directly highly depends on bed bug spray used, life stage, and strain.

Notably, the study examined the insecticides’ efficacy against first-instar nymphs and bed bug eggs. The motivation for the research was because bed bug eggs trend to be highly resistant.

The outcomes was that Temprid SC (imidacloprid, beta-cyfluthrin) produced the best results as first-instar nymphs and bed bug eggs n- it prevented the hatching of the eggs – giving only a 13% hatch rate.

Metabolic Activity and Water Loss in Bed Bug Eggs

Water loss among different strains of bed bug eggs was not significant. But chorion water loss was very different between the field collected bed bug eggs to your Harlan laboratory strain.

However, the metabolic rate of the bed bug eggs among Harlan strain was noted to rise with temperatures ranging from 15 – 35 °C. But this would decrease when the temperature hits 39 °C – as seen in this study.

Therefore, compared to Epic Center, the Harlan strain of bed bug eggs showed a slightly metabolic rates 0.17 plus or minus 0.06 mL g −1 h −1. However, the Epic Center has a metabolic rates 0.13 plus or minus 0.02 mL g −1 h −1.

How to Kill Bed Bug Eggs?

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