How Bed Bugs Find You
How To Find Bed Bugs
Need to know how to find bed bugs in your home or hotel room?Let’s walk through the inspection process step-by-step right now. It’s time to find out if you have bedbugs.
Before you can check for bed bugs in your home or hotel, you need to know what bed bugs look like, other signs you have bed bugs and where they hide so you know where to look.
How to Look For Bed Bugs Step-by-Step
If you follow these instructions, step-by-step, you will be just as likely as to find bed bugs (if they are present) as a professional.
Start with the bed.
This is the most likely place you’ll find bed bugs because they like to hide close to where they feed.Here’s how to find bed bugs there:
- Carefully pull back the bedding and look for signs that bedbugs have been around like blood spots and fecal stains.
- Thoroughly check the mattress, paying particular attention to edges, seams and air-holes. If possible, turn the mattress on its side to inspect the under-side too. Bed bugs are more likely to be closest to the head of the bed, but make sure you take a look at the foot end of the mattress too.
- Do the same with the box spring. You may have to cut or remove the gauze вЂњprotectorвЂќ on the underside of the box spring to take a good look inside вЂ“ but you need to do this (unless it’s not your bed, of course). Box springs are the #1 bed bug hiding place, so spend extra time doing a really thorough inspection here. This is where a flash light and magnifying glass become your greatest allies. Pay special attention to wooden joints, corners, screw holes and staples. The wooden slats make a very attractive place for bedbugs to lay their eggs and the area where the cover is attached to the frame is a favorite hiding spot too.
- turn your attention to the head board and bed frame. Remember to really look closely at any grooves in wooden headboards and pay attention to corners and joints. Don’t forget to pull the bed away from the wall and inspect the backside completely too.
Next, try to find bed bugs in any upholstered furniture.
This includes sofas, love seats, recliners, easy chairs, chaise lounges, and ottomans.Here’s how to find bed bugs in these items:
- Carefully remove all cushions and pillows and inspect them one by one. Paying attention to seams, tufts and piping. Also examine the zippers closely (this is another common place for bed bugs to hide and lay their eggs).
- Look in and around all the seams of the couch or chair itself. Don’t forget to lift up any skirting and check the underside – focus especially on pleats in the fabric and the seam that attaches it to the piece of furniture.
- Pull it away from the wall to inspect the back side as well.
- If at all possible (with the help of a friend or partner), lay it on its back side to inspect underneath/inside just like you did with the box spring.
Now, turn your attention to the night stands and dresser to see if you find any bed bugs there.
(You can also use the directions below for coffee tables, end tables and desks in other rooms of the house.)
- Take everything out and put it in a large garbage bag or plastic tub with a cover to reduce the possibility that they spread if there are bed bugs in those items.
- Pull the drawers completely out, one вЂ“ by one, and thoroughly inspect each one inside and out. Remember to check underneath as well. Like the headboard and frame, pay close attention to the corners, joints, screw heads and any grooves where bedbugs might like to hide or lay their eggs.
- Next, check inside, behind and underneath the piece of furniture itself. I think you know what I’m would say here about, corners, joints and crevices. (c’mon, I’m sure you need a chuckle by this point)
If you’ve gotten this far and found nothing.
You’ve checked thetop 92.6% of places where bed bugs are foundin residences with infestations according to a study conducted by the Entomology Department at the University of Kentucky.
You also have all the skills you need to inspect the other places you might find bed bugs. You will find a list of more places to look for bed bugs here.
IMPORTANT NOTE:If at any point you find a live bed bug,STOP.Your inspection is done for now and you need to start working on your bed bug pest control plan.
Don’t jump the gun and grab for a bed bug spray can or fogger!That’ll just make things worse. much worse. Head over to the bed bug pest control section to learn what to do next.
How to Find Bed Bugs When You Travel
Obviously when you’re inspecting for bed bugs in a hotel or friend/relative’s guest room, you have to make some modifications. You really can’t tear the bed apart in a hotel room. And youcertainlydon’t want the folks you’re visiting to come-a-knockin’ askingвЂњeverything okay in there?вЂќ
Hotel rooms can present some special challengesbecause the bed frame and head board are usually affixed to the floor and wall.
Generally you won’t have access to the the box spring (if there even is one) so your efforts will need to focus on the mattress itself, the head board and anything within about 5 feet of the bed.
Also, don’t forget the luggage rack (never put your stuff there) and make sure to check any upholstered furniture like love seats and chairs.
When you’re staying with folks you know,discretionis the word of the day.You can hit the most common bed bug hiding places without making a ruckus. Focus on the mattress, visible parts of the box spring, and the headboard.
Consider how often/recently the room is likely used.If it’s been closed up since the last time uncle Chuck came through 6 months ago, chances are slim there will be bed bugs present (they would have migrated to where people in the house sleep or lounge). If it’s also used as a reading room, take a look at that big comfy upholstered chair.you get the idea.
Whether you’re on the road or at home, make sure you know how to find bed bugs without helping them spread.
How to Find Bed Bugs without Spreading Them
The last thing you want is for some of these little buggers to hitch a ride on your clothing while you’re looking for them. You’re going to be getting up close and personal with their hideouts, so this is a real possibility. Here are five ways to help you find bed bugs without letting them spread.
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How Do Bed Bugs Find You?
August 23, 2018 by pb
Bed bugs can see you!
Well. No not really. They have eyes. But that’s not necessarily how they see you.
But what bed bugs do have are a very particular set of skills. Skills they have acquired over a very long period of time. Skills that make them a nightmare for people like you and me.
Although bed bugs aren’t quite on Liam Neeson level of finding people, they are excellent at finding humans.
So how do they do it? How do bed bugs find you?
Bed Bugs are attracted to the Co2 we exhale (especially to at night when a large cloud of it hangs over us like a large neon sign), the warmth of our bodies, and even our smell!
But, How Do Bed Bugs Find Us?
Bedbugs are adapted to find food (us) from thermal signature (heat) and then feed by locating and piercing skin. This approach has been used to make artificial feeders for laboratory studies and the work of the Sheffield University Entomology group in creating these feeders confirms that bed bugs cannot lap up blood from a heated pool.
Blood itself is not an attractive for bedbugs. The bugs find us by warmth and CO2.
When you’re going to bed, most likely you’re the warmest thing in a bedroom (especially if you’ve given up incandescent light bulbs and switched to LEDs). All of the furniture in the room is at about room temperature, usually between 68 and 85 degrees as determined by the temperature outside or your home’s ventilation system.
So you’re lying there in bed with a toasty core temperature 98.6 degrees, with a skin temperature of about 91 degrees. Bed bugs are attracted to this warmth and will seek you out.
Your body heat is an attractant but only close up, like 8-10 inches. Other factors may entice the bed bugs from further away (CO2) but once they get in range and can feel the heat that driving element takes over and the bugs come right for you.
Did you know that bed bugs can sense Carbon dioxide? Yeah, weird right?
There have been numerous entomological studies showing not only the bed bugs attraction to C02 but specifically the appeal of the release of CO2 that is consistent with our sleeping patterns.
There was a presentation at the National Pest Management Association’s national conference on bed bugs (PestWorld) where C02 was used as an attractant between two diametric poles with nearly 85% of the bugs moving towards the C02 pole.
The numbers of bedbugs captured were 656 and 5898 in traps without and with CO2 , respectively. The numbers of bedbugs of all development stages captured were significantly greater in traps with CO2.
CO2 is a universal thing around humans. We exhale it with every breath we take. When we sleep, we emitted carbon dioxide, and a cloud of it sits in the room, lingering. That lingering CO2 is a giant flashing neon arrow over your body advertising an “all you can eat buffet” to bed bugs.
You might try sleeping with a ceiling fan on, which can distribute the carbon dioxide evenly throughout the room. That might work well if it were their only way of detecting you, but unfortunately, they can also locate you other numerous ways.
Bed bugs like the smell of us!
An interesting twist to the bed bugs phenomenon is their attraction to dirty laundry.
In an article on popsci.com, discusses bed bugs attraction to dirty laundry and how researchers tested their hypothesis.
Researchers asked volunteers to wear white cotton t-shirts and socks for three hours in the afternoon, then placed the soiled items into plain cotton tote bags. Then they fed precisely 10 bed bugs a diet of fresh human blood and placed them in a container at the center of a controlled room. Four bags, two
with dirty laundry and two with clean versions of the same clothes, were spaced at even intervals in a cross pattern around the bugs.
Once the bed bugs had acclimated to their new home, the container was lifted; they had four days to explore the room. In some runs, the room also contained a block of dry ice to simulate a sleeping human. When the group repeated this multiple times and gathered all the data, they found that bed bugs were twice as likely to make their home in dirty laundry as they were clean laundry. They didn’t wander aimlessly around the room or hide in a corner—they actively chose to live inside the clothes that smelled of human.
This is an excellent thing to remember when you’re on vacation. Keep your dirty laundry in a sealed bag and throw in the dryer when you get home to be sure to kill off any traveling bed bugs.
How to Find Bed Bugs
If you have a bed bug infestation, it is best to find it early, before the infestation becomes established or spreads. Treating a minor infestation, while an inconvenience, is far less costly and easier than treating the same infestation after it becomes more widespread.
However, low-level infestations are also much more challenging to find and correctly identify. Other insects, such as carpet beetles, can be easily mistaken for bed bugs. If you misidentify a bed bug infestation, it gives the bugs more time to spread to other areas of the house or hitchhike a ride to someone else’s house to start a new infestation. Learn about identifying bed bugs.
Bites on the skin are a poor indicator of a bed bug infestation. Bed bug bites can look like bites from other insects (such as mosquitoes or chiggers), rashes (such as eczema or fungal infections), or even hives. Some people do not react to bed bug bites at all.
Looking for Signs of Bed Bugs
A more accurate way to identify a possible infestation is to look for physical signs of bed bugs. When cleaning, changing bedding, or staying away from home, look for:
- Rusty or reddish stains on bed sheets or mattresses caused by bed bugs being crushed.
- Dark spots (about this size: •), which are bed bug excrement and may bleed on the fabric like a marker would.
- Eggs and eggshells, which are tiny (about 1mm) and pale yellow skins that nymphs shed as they grow larger.
- Live bed bugs.
Where Bed Bugs Hide
When not feeding, bed bugs hide in a variety of places. Around the bed, they can be found near the piping, seams and tags of the mattress and box spring, and in cracks on the bed frame and headboard.
If the room is heavily infested, you may find bed bugs:
- In the seams of chairs and couches, between cushions, in the folds of curtains.
- In drawer joints.
- In electrical receptacles and appliances.
- Under loose wall paper and wall hangings.
- At the junction where the wall and the ceiling meet.
- Even in the head of a screw.
How Do Bed Bugs Find You | Causes |Symptoms | Treatment
Bed bugs have now become a serious as well as quite a common problem. There are a lot of people who are certainly affected by bed bugs and they have been searching the internet “How do Bed Bugs Find You” so that they can find out some remedies that they can eventually eliminate the problem.
People who are sensitive to insects are more priorly affected by the bed bugs. Bed bugs do bite and it is known as abed bug bite. Bed bug bites could be highly uncomfortable depending on the person who is been bitten. Those who are sensitive could see severe symptoms such asitchiness, pain etc.
While there are many who haven’t been affected at all. So basically the symptoms of bed bug bites vary from person to person. In this article, we will be talking about the main reasons due to which beg bugs get attracted to you along with the symptoms, causes and the ways to get rid of bed bugs.
What Attracts Bed Bugs?
Bed bugs are generally found in the tropical and the humid regions and particularly reside in the area where their host lives. Bed bugs are quite hard to eliminate as they are considered as the most difficult pests to work with since they are resilient and capable of reproducing quickly.
Bed bugs are mostly attracted because of the odor that the human skin emits. Another reason according to the scientist is thecarbon dioxideand heat emitted by humans. Bed bugs are also attracted to a more sweaty body or the increased amount of lactic acid due to an intense workout.
However, this is quite a debatable topic since there has been conflict among the scientists about the reasons that attract bed bugs. But everyone does admit that the most deciding reason whether a bed bug would bite you or not is how warm are you.
Where to find Bed Bugs
Bed bugs are most commonly found in quarters where their host resides. Bed bugs hide in mattresses, bedding, andpadding of the furniture. Spaces between bed frames and gaps in cupboards or the furniture serves as the most lovable places for the bed bugs to hide. Bed bugs may get transported from one place to other on their own or with the movement of furniture or luggage from one place to another. In order to find out if your place is affected by bed bugs or not, you would need to remove mattress and carpets and carefully look underneath.
What are the Symptoms of Bed Bugs Bites?
Symptoms can be defined as a physical or mental feature which indicating a condition of disease, particularly such a feature that is apparent to the patient.
Some of the most common symptoms that a person can get affected by bed bugs bites are:-
1) Bed bugs bites can cause itchiness and red welts at the affected area.
2) Rashes can be seen in the form of clusters.
3) Pain on the affected areas
4) Bite marks that are straight or assembled together ordinarily under the edge of a tight fitting dress on arms and legs or additionally on the neck, back or other uncovered parts of the body.
5) Sometimes smell of the affected areas is like that if of almond
6) Dryness and pigment changes in the skin when the bites heal
7) Sometimes the marks indulge burning sensation on the skin.
8) Scratching the bite marks may lead to bleeding or itching on the affected area.
Side Effects of Bed Bugs Bites
Bed bugs bites are not just limited to some physical symptoms but they could certainly lead to a no. of devastating mental side effects that can make you very uncomfortable. Some mental side effects that a person could get affected by includes:-
1.) Hallucinations at night
5.) Avoidance behaviors
6.) Personal dysfunction
7.) Hypervigilance to keep bugs away
How to Get Rid of Bed Bugs Bites
Increasing bed bugs infestations has become a major concern among the people because it has a no. of side effects which could be both physical as well as mental. So a no. of remedies has been developed in order to get rid of bed bugs and the bed bugs bites. Some of them have been listed down:-
1) To get rid of pain and itchiness at the areas bitten, you can use creams that contain Aloe Vera. It would certainly effect.
2) Just take some water and baking soda in a bowl, mix it and apply on the affected areas. It will result in the reduction of pain.
3) You can certainly wait for the rashes to go away on themselves if you have that patience.
4) Some drugs can be used in cases where there are high inflammation and itchiness on the areas bitten by bed bugs.
5.) Take some Antihistamines in order to lower allergic reactions caused due to bed bugs.
6) Pests controls at the affected flats, apartments, or quarters can help you reduce bed bugs infestations to a great extent.
7) Rinse bed bugs bite with cool water to reduce itchiness and the swelling of the affected area.
8) It is advised to not to rub or scratch the area with nails, this could make the condition even worse. It could result in bleeding or swelling or even infect the area. Lemon juice, witch hazel, and St. John wort are the perfect solutions to this problem.
Final Verdict of How do Bed Bugs Find You
Bed bugs could certainly be a serious issue as it can result in sleepless nights and restless days. But it is a matter of fact that how sensitive a person is to the allergic reactions due to insects and bugs. However, there are a lot of remedies that can counter the side effects of bed bug bites, but as I said it mostly depends on the person who has been affected.
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Bedbugs are small, oval, brownish insects that live on the blood of animals or humans. Adult bedbugs have flat bodies about the size of an apple seed. After feeding, however, their bodies swell and are a reddish color.
Bedbugs do not fly, but they can move quickly over floors, walls, and ceilings. Female bedbugs may lay hundreds of eggs, each of which is about the size of a speck of dust, over a lifetime.
Immature bedbugs, called nymphs, shed their skins five times before reaching maturity and require a meal of blood before each shedding. Under favorable conditions the bugs can develop fully in as little as a month and produce three or more generations per year.
Although they are a nuisance, they are not thought to transmit diseases.
Where Bed Bugs Hide
Bedbugs may enter your home undetected through luggage, clothing, used beds and couches, and other items. Their flattened bodies make it possible for them to fit into tiny spaces, about the width of a credit card. Bedbugs do not have nests like ants or bees, but tend to live in groups in hiding places. Their initial hiding places are typically in mattresses, box springs, bed frames, and headboards where they have easy access to people to bite in the night.
Over time, however, they may scatter through the bedroom, moving into any crevice or protected location. They may also spread to nearby rooms or apartments.
Because bedbugs live solely on blood, having them in your home is not a sign of dirtiness. You are as likely to find them in immaculate homes and hotel rooms as in filthy ones.
When Bedbugs Bite
Bedbugs are active mainly at night and usually bite people while they are sleeping. They feed by piercing the skin and withdrawing blood through an elongated beak. The bugs feed from three to 10 minutes to become engorged and then crawl away unnoticed.
Most bedbug bites are painless at first, but later turn into itchy welts. Unlike flea bites that are mainly around the ankles, bedbug bites are on any area of skin exposed while sleeping. Also, the bites do not have a red spot in the center like flea bites do.
People who don’t realize they have a bedbug infestation may attribute the itching and welts to other causes, such as mosquitoes. To confirm bedbug bites, you must find and identify the bugs themselves.
Signs of Infestation
If you wake up with itchy areas you didn’t have when you went to sleep, you may have bedbugs, particularly if you got a used bed or other used furniture around the time the bites started. Other signs that you have bedbugs include:
- Blood stains on your sheets or pillowcases
- Dark or rusty spots of bedbug excrement on sheets and mattresses, bed clothes, and walls
- Bedbug fecal spots, egg shells, or shed skins in areas where bedbugs hide
- An offensive, musty odor from the bugs’ scent glands
If you suspect an infestation, remove all bedding and check it carefully for signs of the bugs or their excrement. Remove the dust cover over the bottom of the box springs and examine the seams in the wood framing. Peel back the fabric where it is stapled to the wood frame.
Also, check the area around the bed, including inside books, telephones or radios, the edge of the carpet, and even in electrical outlets. Check your closet, because bedbugs can attach to clothing. If you are uncertain about signs of bedbugs, call an exterminator, who will know what to look for.
If you find signs of infestation, begin steps to get rid of the bugs and prevent their return.
Getting rid of bedbugs begins with cleaning up the places where bedbugs live. This should include the following:
- Clean bedding, linens, curtains, and clothing in hot water and dry them on the highest dryer setting. Place stuffed animals, shoes, and other items that can’t be washed in the dryer and run on high for 30 minutes.
- Use a stiff brush to scrub mattress seams to remove bedbugs and their eggs before vacuuming.
- Vacuum your bed and surrounding area frequently. After vacuuming, immediately place the vacuum cleaner bag in a plastic bag and place in garbage can outdoors.
- Encase mattress and box springs with a tightly woven, zippered cover to keep bedbugs from entering or escaping. Bedbugs may live up to a year without feeding, so keep the cover on your mattress for at least a year to make sure all bugs in the mattress are dead.
- Repair cracks in plaster and glue down peeling wallpaper to get rid of places bedbugs can hide.
- Get rid of clutter around the bed.
If your mattress is infested, you may want to get rid of it and get a new one, but take care to rid the rest of your home of bedbugs or they will infest your new mattress.
While cleaning up infested areas will be helpful in controlling bedbugs, getting rid of them usually requires chemical treatments. Because treating your bed and bedroom with insecticides can be harmful, it is important to use products that can be used safely in bedrooms. Do not treat mattresses and bedding unless the label specifically says you can use them on bedding.
Generally it is safest and most effective to hire an experienced pest control professional for bedbug extermination.
University of Kentucky College of Agriculture: "Bed Bugs."
Ohio State University Extension Fact Sheet: "Bed Bugs."
The New York City Department of Heath and Mental Hygiene: "Stop Bed Bugs Safely."
University of Nebraska–Lincoln Extension Lancaster County: "Managing Bed Bugs."