How Big Is A Bed Bug Bite

How Big Are Bed Bugs?

Are Bed Bugs Big Enough to See?

Since the size of an adult bed bug is similar to an apple seed, most people can see the pests without magnification. However, because these insects are nocturnal and cryptic, they are experts at avoiding detection. Bed bugs feed while humans are asleep, so residents typically have to rely on other signs to notice an infestation.

How Big are Bed Bug Nymphs?

Juvenile, first stage nymph bed bugs are about the size of a pinhead and have translucent bodies. These nymphs gain color after feeding, but they are hard to see before a blood meal. It takes around six weeks of molting until the pests reach their adult bed bug size, so populations often grow unchecked.

Can a Bed Bug’s Actual Size Change?

The average adult bed bug size ranges from 1/4 to 3/16 of an inch in length. Their flat, wide bodies look significantly bigger after they’ve taken a blood meal, so a bed bug’s actual size varies depending on whether the pests have fed. Once engorged, the pest’s body expands into a longer, more cylindrical shape.

Controlling Infestations

In addition to a bed bug’s small size and feeding schedule, the insects breed quickly. As a result, infestations easily get out of hand. Homeowners with concerns about bed bugs can call Orkin for professional removal.

Signs Your Room Has Bed Bugs

If there arebed bugsin your room, you might be wondering how to treat bed bug bites and eliminate the pest. And if you’re nervous about the possibility of bed bugs in your room, checking for bed bugs is easy, if you know how. Learn how to perform a DIY check today.

Can You See Bed Bugs?

Unfortunately, bed bugs can be hard to find. And despite the ongoing bed bug epidemic, many people still don’t know what a bed bug even looks like. ThisUniversity of Minnesota extension pagedoes a good job explaining the complexities of finding live bed bugs considering their changing stages of life, saying:

". eggs hatch in about six to 10 days and the newly emerged bed bug nymphs seek a blood meal. Immature nymphs molt five times (i.e., they shed their outer exoskeletons in order to grow) before reaching adulthood. They need to feed at least once before each molt, although they could feed as often as once a day. There may be three or more generations per year."

You can see pictures of bed bugs in their various stages over at theEnvironmental Protection Agency (EPA)website, but keep in mind that bed bugs are nocturnal. Identifying bed bugs during the day requires a bit of good or bad luck (depending on your view) and some persistence.

Bed bug bites are often mistaken for mosquito bites or bites from other insects, and some people show no reaction at all to bed bug bites. So it’s no wonder they go undetected for long periods.

However, if you know the right place to look, you may be able to spot bed bugs. Adult bed bugs can be seen with the naked eye—no equipment is required. Check:

  1. Headboards
  2. Bedside tables
  3. Ciling/wall junctions
  4. Loose wallpaper or paneling
  5. Wherever you find a crease or crevice near where a person sleeps. This includes baseboards, mattress seams and personal belongings

Mature bed bugs are about the size of an apple seed (approximately five millimeters). They are reddish-brown, wingless and flat, although they swell up like a torpedo after a blood feeding. When that happens, they change to bright red in color, taking days to return to reddish-brown.

Immature bed bugs are categorized by one of the five immature stages as they approach adulthood. They can also be seen by the naked eye, though the bed bugs in the youngest stage are very difficult to spot. Eggs are even smaller and much harder to see but can provide another sign of bed bug presence. Eggs are pearly white, found in clusters and are about one millimeter long.

Bed bugs congregate near where their host (human) sleeps, creating aggregations. Bed bugs from all five stages of development group together, which means they may vary in shapes and sizes. Among these groups, remains of exoskeletons (bed bug shells), feces and egg castings accumulate. A variety of conditions may cause aggregation, including specific smells, chemical stimuli, stimulation of antennae and microclimate factors such as temperature, humidity and light. Aggregations can be found around wood framing like that around a closet door, inside chipped paint indentions, around baseboards, curtain rods, air conditioners and personal belongings.

Physical Evidence in the Room

Bed bugs are smart enough to hide but not smart enough to clean up the evidence of their bloodthirsty crimes. These careless clues are the best indicator your room is overrun with bed bugs since secondary signs of bed bug infestation are visible both night and day:

  1. Cast/shed bed bug skins, exoskeletons or bed bug shells
  2. Fecal spots on your mattress and bedding
  3. Blood stains on your sheets and pajamas

Do you suspect bed bugs in your room? Take the sheets off your bed and look at the edges, crevices and piping of your mattress. Bed bugs are flat, almond-shaped, reddish-brown and very tiny. Look in the box spring and check for various sizes and stages, from bed bug eggs to adults. Varying size also applies to secondary signs of infestation (i.e., cast/shed skins).

Here’s a little more detail about some common signs of bed bugs:

Bed Bug Shells or Molted Skins

Look out for empty shells that may exist where bed bugs aggregate and feed. Bed bugs grow with each blood meal on the way to maturity. In doing so, they shed their exoskeletons or shells in order to grow larger. This process is called molting. Each bed bug will molt five times as they progress through each of the five immature stages. Where infestations grow large, there will be hundreds if not thousands of molted skins left behind, regardless of the duration of the infestation. The shells look like the bed bug itself but are translucent. They are different sizes due to the different life stages.

Fecal Spots

Signs of bed bugs include liquid waste, which is found wherever they go. Bed bug fecal spots differ from blood stains. Asbedbugs.netpoints out:

"Because bed bugs generally feast on the blood of their hosts, creeping out of hiding places at night to latch on, some people think that fecal stains from the insects should at least be tinged with the color of blood. This is not, in fact, the case. Fecal spotting tends to resemble smears or stains, which are dark brown or even black. This is because the blood has been digested and excreted."

Bed bugs are ectoparasites, meaning they live on the outside of their host and feed on its blood. They feed between five to seven days whenever a host is present.

Here’s how to perform a DIY bed bug check. You will quickly learn how to tell if your home has been invaded and how to treat bed bug bites if you have them. Once you confirm the infestation has begun, remember that the main goal is to end it even quicker.

Signs of Symptoms of a Bed Bug Bite

The most telltale sign of a bed bug problem isn’t the bed bug’s bite. As theUnited States Environmental Protection Agencypoints out:

"Bites on the skin are a poor indicator of a bed bug infestation. Bed bug bites can look like bites from other insects (such as mosquitoes or chiggers), rashes (such as eczema or fungal infections) or even hives. Some people do not react to bed bug bites at all."

The percentage of people who do not react to bed bug bites is commonly stated as70%, but a lengthy discussion as to why this is wrong rages on. The new evidence implies that "repeated exposure" to bed bug bites is the key to whether or not you react to the anesthetic in the bed bug’s saliva. In other words, if you have bed bug bites, treatment requires more than just stopping the itching. You have to get rid of the infestation as well.

Look for these signs of symptoms of a bed bug bite:

  1. Raised, red welts
  2. Burning and itching
  3. Bed bug bite rash across localized area
  4. Straight lines of multiple bites

Check out thesepicturesof bed bug bites from American Family Physician, showing the characteristic wheals (temporary raised, red, itchy welts) and clusters associated with the aftermath of a feeding.

How to Treat Bed Bug Bites

Now that you know the signs of a bed bug infestation, here’s how to get rid of bed bug bites. TheAmerican Academy of Dermatologyrecommends you see a dermatologist if you have multiple bites, blisters, oozing, pus or any other signs of a severe allergic reaction or infection. Otherwise, their recommended bed bug bite treatment is:

"Wash the bites with soap and water. This will help prevent a skin infection and help reduce itchiness. If the bites itch, apply a corticosteroid cream to the bites. You can get a weak form of this medicine without a prescription at your local drugstore. Stronger corticosteroids require a prescription."

How to Get Rid of Bed Bugs

Bed bugs are very difficult to get rid of. They typically require a strategic approach to using multiple methods to fully remove them from your home once they have established an infestation. That’s why it’s important to contact a professional who’s knowledgeable and trained in bed bug control to inspect your home and determine the best treatment methods.

How big are bed bugs? – see pictures to compare their size

Bed bugs are a real nuisance if you have them in your home, but one of the things many people are unsure of is what these insects look like, their shape, their appearance and to know what size they grow to. Before calling a pest control expert, how do you knowbedbugshave invaded you home or room and not something else, such as other types of beetle? And of course if you have never seen one before you may wonder how to identify them. Read here to find out how to get rid of them for good. –>

What do bed bugs look like to the human eye?

The first things to look out for is bug bite marks on the skin and other possible symptoms before assuming a bug invasion. A correct identification is necessary for the proper treatment needed, if any. The picture below shows what bed bug bites look like. If you or one of your children have bites likes this and they are sore and itchy, it could well be the result of bedbugs. It’s always best to check with a doctor just to make sure it isn’t some other condition. See thebed bug picturesand photos below to get an idea of what to look out for. For pictures of baby bed bugs click here –> –>

Picture of bed bug bites

They tend to show up as dark brown colour so are quite easy to spot against a whole bed sheet or duvet.
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If you do suspect an infestation, you will need to turn over all your bedding, duvet covers, pillow cases and all around the mattress. This photo shows what they look like on bed covers.

Pictures of bed bugs on mattress

What size are Bed Bugs?

What is theactual size of bed bugs? Well it depends. Bed bugs grow significantly though their life cycle and can start of quite small from the nymph stage before becomingadult bedbugs. After feeding on human blood, they can also swell to about twice normalbed bug size. Also they lay eggs which are a bit harder to see and much smaller, sometimes found on the skin.

The images below will give you a sense of scale andbeg bug sizesnext to a person’s fingernail.

Below is a picture of a bed bug nymph

Bed bug nymph -commons.wikimeida.org

So how do I know if I have bed bugs?

If you look carefully, you will be able to find signs of bed bugs around your house. The adult bed bugs, if they have fed recently, will appear as a brown or reddish color, as they feed on human blood. The adult bed bugs are about the size of an apple seed. You may also find bed bug eggs, which are a white color and are a smaller size than a grain of rice.

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Treatment options

If you do find any, you will need to treat the infestation thoroughly to get rid of all thebedbug eggsas well, to prevent them returning. For a light infestation, you may get away with just washing all the bed coverings.However, for a bad infestation, you may need to throw all your bedding in the bin and replace your mattress too. If it is a devan bed, these insects can also live inside the bed, so best to replace everything if necessary. It is also well worth checking all your clothing as they can transport themselves on clothes too. Also, it may be worth while calling in aprofessional pest controlcompany who have experience in this area. Click here to discover effective bed bug treatments.

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Chigger bites vs bed bug bites: Identify bug bite differences

How can you identify Chigger bites vs Bed bug bites?

Chiggers, (also called berry bugs) aren’t actually insects. Instead, they belong to the mite family, and they are closely related to spiders and ticks. However, their bites look similar to bed bugs.

How can you identify chiggers?

Although they aren’t ticks, these larval mites are quite small and measure around 0.15mm to 0.25mm in length. They are reddish-orange to red in color and have six legs. The preferred habitat for chiggers is grassy areas and thick, scrub-type vegetation where there is undisturbed soil so that chiggers can easily latch onto the hosts that pass by.
However,generally, chiggers are found in rural areas that are less disturbed, and they can persist for many years.

What do chiggers feed on?
Similar to dust mites, chiggers feed on animals’ skin cells. The parasitic larva feeds on various creatures which also includes quail, box turtles, toads, rabbits, humans, along with a few insects too.
Once they crawl on the hosts, they release digestive enzymes into the host’s skin which breaks down the skin cells. Instead of a bite, chiggers make a hole in the skin which is called a stylostome. Then, they chew small parts of the inner skin which leads to swelling and irritation.

How do chiggers reproduce?
Adult male chiggers move around their habitat and leave behind tiny capsules of sperm which are called spermatophores. The adult female chiggers find the capsules and insert them into the genital pore.
After around fourteen days of the egg fertilizing, the female then leaves the fertilized egg on the surface of the soil.

Identifying bed bugs

On the other hand, bed bugs are reddish brown in color, and they have a flat, oval shape. They measure around 4mm to 5mm in length and are around the size of an apple seed. Once they have a blood meal, bed bugs become reddish and swollen.

How does infestation take place?
They are generally found in small crevices and cracks. They can also be found in furniture, sheets, and mattress seams. Other common hiding places also include behind picture frames, electrical outlet plates, and baseboards.
The most common place that bed bugs can be found in is hotels as they can travel from one room to the other in the visitors’ luggage or personal belongings like briefcases and purses.

Where do bed bugs hide?
As mentioned earlier, bed bugs can enter your house without being detected via used couches and beds, clothing, and luggage, among other items. Since they have a flat body, fitting into small places is possible for them.Bed bugs can even hide in places as thin as the width of a regular credit card.
While bed bugs don’t have nests like bees and ants do, they still tend to live in groups.

Initially,bed bugs hide in places like headboards, bed frames, box springs, mattresses, and other similar places from where they can have easy access for biting people in the night.However, with time, the bed bugs can scatter throughout the room and can move into other locations.
They can also spread to nearby rooms and apartments. Since bed bugs survive only on blood, having bed bugs in your house doesn’t mean say anything about your hygiene. The possibility of having bed bugs in clean, immaculate homes is the same as in dirty ones.

Bed bug’s reproduction cycle

Female bed bugs can deposit one to five eggs in a single day. In their lifetime, females might lay, on average, around 200 to 500 eggs. With sufficient food supply and a regular room temperature, then they can survive for more than 300 days.

Preferred habitat for bed bugs
As apparent by the name, bed bugs prefer to live in warm beds. However, their habitats can also include car and bus seats, backpacks, couches, and clothes.

Chigger Bugs

Bed Bugs

Bite DurationA week (severe bits can last up to 15 days)A week (up to three weeks in overly sensitive skin)RemedyAnti-itch cream, cold compress, antihistamineAnti-itch cream, cold compress, antihistamineSymptomsItchinessItchinessBitesRed welts (typically over legs). Can also resemble a pimple or blister.Small raised bumps, in a zigzag pattern, surrounded by hives or blisters (typically over all extremities)

Chigger bites vs bed bug bites – The Difference

Distinguishing between bed bug bites and chigger bites can be a little tricky; however, there are some clues you can look for to figure out which of the two bit you.
Often, bed bug bites and chigger bites look almost the same. Both of them produce small, reddened areas that are usually swollen. The area might also be raised slightly because of inflammation.

Both bites are also quite itchy which means that you can’t judge the bite based on the itchiness level.You must make sure, however, that you don’t pick at the bite; otherwise, it will get much worse.

One way you can identify the bite is to look for the bug. You will be able to see the bed bugs under the mattress and on your body. Chiggers are extremely small and you might not even be able to see them.

Since, more often than not, chiggers are brought in from the outside via legs there is a high chance that the bites on your legs are chigger bites. Chigger bites can also be on the groin, ankles, and feet.

On the other hand, bed bugs bite all of the extremities. Thus, it is better to note when the bites appeared first and where so that you have a better idea of the bug you are dealing with.
The best way of identifying the bug is to look at the biting pattern. While bed bugs tend to bite in a straight line, chiggers bite randomly.

Symptoms: chigger bites vs bed bug bites
Both chigger and bed bug bites bring along different symptoms and side effects.

Symptoms of chigger bites

The symptoms of chigger bites appear right after the enzyme is injected into the skin. Remember that a chigger bite itself is hardly noticeable. The most common symptoms include a flat or raised red colored bump on the skin or a skin bump that resembles a pimple or blister accompanied with itching that can be quite intense.

The primary symptom is itching, this is most intense after two days of being bitten. The itchiness can last for a number of days and the bitten area can take up to even 15 days to return to its normal appearance.

In the majority of the cases, the symptoms occur almost immediately after the chigger bites; however, they can start to progress or develop in the days following the bite. If there is no further irritation, then the symptoms usually go away after just a week.

There are also many cases where people don’t feel the bite, or they don’t experience any symptoms apart from the minuscule dots where the bug bit along with some minor irritation and inflammation.
Meanwhile, a few people are hypersensitive to bites and can develop severe symptoms as well.
Since a condition which is characterized by itching can cause extreme scratching, the person can experience disruption of the skin. As a result, there is a possibility of a secondary bacterial skin infection.

Symptoms of a bed bug bite

Almost all bed bug bites cause a degree of discomfort along with inflammation and itchiness. Other symptoms that bed bug bites lead to include a painful, burning sensation, an itchy, raised bump that has a clear center, or an itchy bump with a dark center but light surrounding areas that are often swollen.

Symptoms can also be small red welts or bumps in a line or a zigzag pattern, and small bumps surrounded by hives or blisters.

In some rare cases, some people experience severe symptoms or reactions after being bitten by a bed bug. These symptoms can include difficulty in breathing, an irregular heartbeat, swollen tongue, blisters, and nausea. Such individuals require immediate medical attention.

Remedies

Both of the bites being discussed are to be treated differently and here is what you can do to reduce the swelling.

There are only a handful of options when it comes to treating bed bug bites. However, the first step is to clean the bite, preferably using water and soap. If the bite is too itchy, then you must refer to antihistamines, anti-itch creams, and over-the-counter hydrocortisone.
The affected area tends to heal on their own in just a week. However, if severe itchiness, inflammation, or swelling continues, then medical attention is definitely needed.

The main way of preventing a bed bug bite is to stop the insect from entering, breeding, and feeding in the human environment. During the day, the bugs stay in the cracks in the mattresses, walls, flooring, and furniture. They can also be in vacuum canisters.
Areas where infestations most commonly occur include condominium buildings, hotels, large offices, daycares, cruise ships, hospitals, vacation rentals, public transportation, shopping malls, second-hand stores, and college dorms.

Items that bring bed bugs into your house include used furniture, luggage, bedding, storage boxes, loungers placed in common areas, and shipped items.
To prevent bed bug bites, you must reduce the number of hiding places and try out integrated pest management techniques. Wash and heat-dry the bedspreads, bed sheets, blankets, as well as other clothes that come in contact with the floor. Using a mattress encasement cover isolates bed bugs from you.
Another great idea is to hire professional services and get an efficient pesticide sprayed in your house once a year. If this sound like an expensive option, this can be done by yourself using a bed bug spray.

Preventions

Similar to spider bites, first, take a shower and thoroughly scrub the skin with water and soap. This way, any chiggers that are still stuck to your body will be washed off. Then, with hot water, wash your clothes along with any towel or blankets that were in contact with the ground so that all the bugs hanging on are killed.

Next, treat the bites using an over-the-counter anti-itch ointment or cream such as hydrocortisone, calamine lotion, and menthol. For quick relief, you can also use a cold compress or antihistamine pills.
Chigger bites can get better with time; however, if the bite still bothers you after some days, then you must see the doctor.

In some cases, you might need steroid shots to calm the swelling and itching. In case the bites become infected, then you might have to take antibiotics as well.

While spending time in grassy areas, you must either use an insect repellent with DEET or wear such clothing that has been treated with insecticides like permethrin. While spraying the insecticide, focus more on those areas where the chiggers may travel from the clothing to the skin such as necklines and cuffs.
Natural sprays can also help to keep chiggers away. Try out those that include oils made from lemongrass, geranium, jojoba, tea tree, and citronella. Wear long pants and long sleeves with the pant legs safely tucked in the long socks so that you are not an easy target.

Chigger bites vs bed bug bites – Conclusion

While it’s difficult to distinguish a chigger bite from a bed bug bite, there are some signs (mentioned above) that can help you figure it out, if inspected closely.

While both bites appear the same, the differences lie in the biting pattern and the symptoms one experiences after the bite.
Make sure you take all the necessary measures to stay protected from both Bed bugs and Chiggers!

Is This a Bed Bug Bite?

Question:Is This a Bed Bug Bite?

Is that a bed bug bite? If a bump suddenly appears on your skin, you may worry that it’s a bed bug bite. If you’re staying in a hotel when you notice the bite, it’s important to identify it as coming from a bed bug right away, so you can protect yourself and your belongings by moving to another room immediately. You’ll also want to be sure what caused the bite before you report it to the hotel to make sure your complaint is taken seriously. (It’s best if you can locate one of the little pests in your room; take a cell phone pictures or capture it in a plastic bag.)

Answer:

A bed bug bite generally appears not alone, but in groups of three, since one bed bug can bite you multiple times over the course of one night. This pattern of three is commonly called "breakfast, lunch and dinner" bites. Appetizing, right? (See pictures to help you identify abed bug bite.)

A bed bug can bite you on any part of your body, but will generally go for exposed skin. Wearing extra clothes to bed can help protect you from a bed bug’s bite.

A bite from a bed bug will look different on everyone, making them difficult to identify. Even doctors often diagnose them as a rash, since many people have an allergic reaction to the bite of a bed bug and break out in red, inflamed, itchy skin. Some people will have raised bumps wherever they were bitten; others will just have a generalized red area. In most cases, the bed bug bite will itch like crazy.

How long the bed bug bite will stay on your skin is also highly variable depending on the person. Those who are most allergic will take the longest to clear up, up to a few weeks. For others, the bed bug bite will clear up in a matter of days. It’s important not to scratch the bite, as it could become infected and leave a scar. SeeTreatments for Bed Bug Bites

Get answers to more of your questions about bed bug bites:

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