How Do Baby Bed Bugs Bite
The BedBug Life Cycle
Understanding the bedbug life cycle is vital if you want to get rid of bed bugs! Get quick facts about bed bug eggs, nymphs and adults; watch the video to see what they look like in real life; and learn what you need to know about all life stages to successfully identify and kill them.
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BedBug Life Cycle Quick Facts
While you may not be all that interested in their biology and behavior, here are 8 quick facts about the bedbug life cycle you should know:
- You can see all stages of bed bugs (even eggs) with the naked eye
- An adult female can lay 200-500 bed bug eggs in her lifetime
- Bed bug eggs are harder to kill than nymphs (baby bed bugs) and adults
- Bedbugs can grow from a hatched egg to a full adult in about a month
- Baby bed bugs cast their вЂњskinsвЂќ (exoskeletons, technically) as they grow
- Bed bugs need a blood meal to live, to grow, and to reproduce
- Baby bed bugs may feed as much as one time per day
- Adult bed bugs can live up to 18 months without feeding!
For a look at live bed bugs in all stages of their life cycle, click on the video below. You can jump down to the full discussion of the key things you should know about the bedbug life cycle in order to get rid annoying little buggers successfully by clicking here.
Bed Bug Life Cycle Video
I love this video because it show all stages of bed bugs (including eggs) in real life so you can get a better idea of what they look like. It also shows what cast skins look like which is important because they are one of the 9 symptoms you should look for to figure out if you have a bed bug infestation. One note though, the nymphs (baby bed bugs) in this video still have remnants of a blood meal in them so they look darker that they would if they had not been fed. For more photos of baby bed bugs, check out our bed bug picture gallery.
The video does start out a little goofy and may not seem that serious at first, but entomologist Mark вЂњShepвЂќ Sheperdigian knows his stuff. Its actually jam packed with useful information about what bed bugs look like in all stages of their life cycle. Definitely worth the2 minutesit takes to watch!
This video is shared via the Bed Bug Answers Channel on YouTube. For more helpful videos, visit (and like!) us on YouTube 🙂
Keep reading for a more detailed look at each stage of the bedbug life cycle.
Bed Bug Eggs
What do bed bug eggs look like? Believe it or not, even bed bug eggs are visible to the human eye although they can be hard to see.
Personally, I think bed bug eggs look like little pieces of rice. But they can be compared in size to a large grain of salt as shown in the video above. They are tiny (about 1mm long) and are very light in color вЂ“ ranging from translucent (almost clear) to a milky sort of white color.
This is why a magnifying glass can be helpful when you are looking for signs of bed bugs. They have a sticky film which gives them a kind of shiny appearance and helps them stick to surfaces until they hatch. More photos of bed bug eggs.
It takes about 6-10 days for a bed bug egg to hatch. The hatched egg looks clearer in color and kind of like tiny deflated balloon. Once an egg has been hatched is not shiny any more and has a dried out appearance.
Its important to note that many of the treatments that will kill bed bugs will not kill their eggs. The only things that are known to effectively kill eggs are heat and gas fumigation. This is something to keep in mind when choosing bed bug pest control options.
Fear not. If you can kill the babies before they reach adulthood and reproduce. you can stop the bedbug life cycle in its tracks!
Baby Bed Bugs (Nymphs)
The first thing a newly hatched baby bed bug does is search for a blood meal. Baby bed bugs (technically called вЂњnymphsвЂќ) go through 5 stages of development instars. So a 1st instar nymph is a вЂњnewbornвЂќ and a 5th instar nymph is a вЂњbedbug teenвЂќ, so to speak.
What do baby bed bugs look like?Well, basically they look like mini versions of adult bed bugs, but they are very light in color вЂ“ almost clear.
Like the eggs, they start out very tiny (approx. 1mm), about the size and color of a sesame seed and grow to about 5mm (Вј inch) as adults.
The blood is clearly visible in a nymph that has just fed.They look like tiny swollen purple balloons!
As baby bed bugs develop toward adulthood, they do get darker in color.
They can feed as often as once every day and they have to have a blood meal to grow from one stage to the next. They can also survive months without feeding, but they basically get stuck at whatever developmental stage of the bedbug life cycle they’re in until they get their next meal.
They develop through a process called molting. Baby bed bugs literally вЂњcrawl out of their skinsвЂќ as they move from one stage to the next. Cast skins (some people call them bed bug shells) are one of the key symptoms of a bed bug infestation. You can also see more pictures of cast skins here in the bed bug picture gallery.
Adult Bed Bugs
Adult bed bugs are about Вј inch long, about the size and shape of an apple seed. They are extremely flat like a business card or a credit card, which allows them to hide in very surprising places.
They are brown to reddish-brown in color and become more shiny and purple-ish red after they’ve fed. As they feed, they swell up into a capsule like shape вЂ“ kind of like little blood balloons. (Okay, I know that’s gross вЂ“ but its an accurate description). See more adult bedbug photos here.
On average, they feed about every 3-10 days. Again the estimates vary, but it most experts agree that it takes anywhere from 5-10 minutes for an adult bed bug to fill up on blood at one feeding. They must have a blood meal to reproduce.
Female bed bugs can lay an average of 3-5 eggs per day. The jury seems to be out on exactly how many bed bug eggs an adult female can lay in her lifetime, but the estimates range from 200 вЂ“ 500!
Bedbug Life Cycle & Life Span Factors
The full growth cycle from egg to reproducing adult can range from 1 month to 4 months. Two factors that affect the time-table of the bedbug’s life cycle aretemperatureand theavailability of food(blood).
In warmer conditions bed bugs bed bugs mature more rapidly and are likely to feed more frequently if there is a source of blood. In cooler temperatures, bed bugs can go into semi-hibernation allowing them to live much longer – even without feeding.
In the absence of a host on which to feed, bed bug nymphs can still live for a few months. But they can’t develop from one stage to the next. Basically their growth is вЂњstuntedвЂќ until they can get another meal.
Adult bed bugs can be surprisingly hardy. Under the right conditions, they can survive up to 18 months without feeding. T hat’s right, a year-and-a-half!
This is why sleeping somewhere else, like a friend or relative’s house, will not solve your problem . When you return, they will still be there waiting. and hungry.
Hopefully, this overview has made you better prepared to identify and get rid of bed bugs.
Want to explore the bedbug life cycle further?This fact sheet from the Medical Entomology Department of the Institute of Clinical Pathology and Medical Research has lots of useful info includinga greatphoto infographicof the the bed bug life cycle by Dr. Stephen Doggett.
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Baby Bed Bugs – Everything You Need to Know
Bed bug infestations are as unsettling as they are troublesome. They can leave you retracing your steps, wondering where you could have contracted the pest. Finding baby bed bugs can be even more worrying because you know the mums and dads must be reproducing nearby. This is when you really need to know what you’re doing.
In the United States, the problem of bed bugs is growing. One out of five Americans have either had a bed bug infestation or know someone else who has. Some cities are more affected than others, but bed bugs are growing in prevalence across the country.
Female bed bugs lay between one to five eggs every day and can lay up to 250 eggs in her lifetime. These baby bed bugs turn into adult bed bugs and start regularly feeding while their host peacefully sleeps.
This article will explain everything you need to know about bed bug nymphs, including where to find them and how to effectively destroy them.
CC Image courtesy of British Pest Control Association
What Do Baby Bed Bugs Look Like?
Baby bed bugs are tiny but grow into more visible adult bed bugs. An adult bed bug has a brownish color but turns a bit redder after it feeds. These adults are around 4.5 mm and are relatively easy to spot, when compared to baby versions. Adults also emit an unpleasant smell; people often describe as “musty.”
If you see a noticeable bed bug, it’s likely an adult. Baby bed bugs are far smaller, and their color makes them difficult to see. If anything, you’ll probably only see traces of the bed bugs instead of the bug itself. These marks can be fecal matter, shed skin, or even their tiny eggs.
Size and Appearance
Baby bed bugs, or nymphs, are only about 1.5 mm at their first stage. They grow in stages, with each stage marking .5 mm in growth. By the fifth stage, just before adulthood, they’ll grow to about the same size as an adult bed bug.
Baby bed bugs are also a different color than adult bed bugs. Babies are white or yellow, and sometimes so translucent they’re almost invisible. Finding a bed bug that’s only 2 mm is difficult to the naked eye.
Bed bug eggs are even smaller at 1 mm, but you may spot them in clusters. Bed bugs traditionally lay their eggs in a safe corner of the room, which can be a problem when it comes time to eradicate them.
Like adult bed bugs, baby bed bugs are oval-shaped. In many ways, they look like a miniature version of adults apart from the color difference. If you see a baby bed bug crawling on your mattress, there’s likely a host of adult bed bugs hiding as well.
Bed bugs are very slim, which allows them to fit into tight cracks. The infestation is probably primarily on your mattress, but that doesn’t mean it’s isolated. Bed bugs hide in bed frames, headboards, and even small cracks in walls. Their ability to hide makes it more difficult to get rid of them through home remedies. You may eradicate most of them, but the infestation will come back if you don’t get the ones hiding in other places.
Although bed bugs can’t jump or fly, they’re quite fast on the ground. They can scurry at around four feet per second. They’re about as quick as an ant, which means catching a single bed bug can be difficult. They can sneak back to their hiding spot before you’re able to stop them. Still, seeing one bed bug means there’s likely many more.
Common Mistakes When Identifying Bed Bugs
If you see a brownish-colored, oval-shaped bug, don’t panic just yet. There are several other types of bugs that look very similar to bed bugs. If you have one of these, you don’t need to worry as much.
Bed bugs traditionally feed on human hosts, which separate them from poultry bugs, bat bugs, booklice, and carpet beetles. These bugs don’t usually make their home close to humans, though, so finding them on your bed will be unusual.
Bat bugs look strikingly similar to bed bugs, and people often make this mistake. They won’t harm you, but try to set up bed bug traps, just in case you missed something.
It’s more common to find booklice in homes than the other commonly mistaken pests. Booklice aren’t harmful to humans, but people often make the mistake of naming booklice as baby bed bugs. Their size and color are similar to that of bed bug nymphs, so it’s an easy mistake to make.
Even if you see one of these pests, it’s better to be safe than sorry. If you assume the worst, it’s never a bad idea to protect yourself against a possible infestation.
Do Baby Bed Bugs Bite?
In short:Yes. Baby bed bugs bite.
Baby bed bugs need to feed just like adult bed bugs do. In fact, it’s more crucial for baby bed bugs to feed so they can develop properly. As soon as a bed bug hatches, it seeks a human or animal from which to feed. Baby bed bug bites will also usually last just as long as adult bed bug bites.
When most people envision a bed bug, they think of the adult sucking their blood as they sleep. In reality, though, it’s just as likely, (if not more likely,) you were bitten by a baby bed bug as it was developing. Nymphs feed far more often than adults, so it’s probably this stage where most bites occur.
As a baby grows, it feeds on blood to reach the next stage of development. The baby will feed one or more times until it reaches the next stage and sheds its skin. The skin of a bed bug is one of the tell-tale signs that you have a bed bug infestation. Since the babies are small, they’re easy to miss. The skin they leave behind, though, is easier to spot.
This is an early indicator of bed bugs and something that requires immediate action. Catching a bed bug infestation early is the best way to reverse the damage. If you ignore it for too long, they may take over a room or even a whole home.
Bed Bug Bites
People who are in denial about their bed bug problem often hold mosquitoes responsible for their small, itchy welts. These bites are similar in many ways, but the characteristics of a mosquito bite can be a bit different than that of a bed bug bite. For instance, mosquitos normally only bite once, unlike bed bugs.
Mosquito bites, bed bug bites and other insect bites can usually be found to be roughly the same size, though, which can make it hard for some people to distinguish. This, however, can depend on the person, and their intolerances to various chemicals within the insect saliva.
A good rule-of-thumb for bed bug bites is to ask yourself: was this an area that was exposed during the day or only at night? If you spent the previous summer’s night around a fire-pit and wake to find bug bites on your ankles, there’s no reason to worry. If, though, you find a bite on your thigh during the winter months, you should start preparing yourself to deal with a bed bug infestation.
Bed bug bites can also appear as 3-4 (or more) separate bites closely clumped together on a small area of skin- a trait that few other insect bites have.
Bed bug bites also frequently itch, and can develop into large rashes if your skin is particularly sensitive to the numbing agent and saliva injected by the bugs while they feed.
Finally, it normally takes a couple of weeks to get rid of baby bed bug bites – similar in timescale to adults. However, you can get rid of bed bug bites faster by using various home remedies, or over-the-counter medications (usually the same ones used for other insect bites).
How Long Until Baby Bed Bugs Turn Into Adults?
As baby bed bugs feed, they grow and shed their skin. In total, there are five stages of bed bug development. Until the bug is fully matured, they are considered a nymph. Once they’ve reached adulthood, they’ll take on all of the characteristics of adults and start reproducing, adding to your infestation problems.
Bed Bug Development
At the early stages, bed bugs are far smaller and harder to spot than when they are adults. As soon as they hatch, they go in search of a meal. Although nymphs can survive for months without any food, it’s common for these nymphs to feed around one time per day. Once they’ve reached maturity, they only need to feed once or twice a week.
This may sound better, but it takes an adult bed bug 5-10 minutes to complete a feeding. The thought of having a bed bug sucking your blood for that length of time is a bit unsettling.
As a nymph feeds and grows, it sheds its skin and leaves it behind. As we’ve stated, finding skin is one of the easiest ways to spot the early signs of an infestation. Due to their clear complexion, a baby bed bug looks red once it’s filled up with blood.
The time it takes for a bed bug to reach full maturity varies. It depends on a variety of factors, including climate and the availability of food. In the perfect conditions, it takes a nymph one week to shed its skin and transfer to the next stage. Considering this fact, it will take just over a month for a baby bed bug to fully mature.
After around 5-7 weeks, the nymph will be an adult bed bug. Finding a large number of adult bed bugs can mean that the infestation has been there for a while. It takes about ten days for an egg to hatch, so fully developed bed bugs mean you’ve likely had an infestation for at least a few months.
How to Kill Baby Bed Bugs
Killing baby bed bugs is the same as killing adult bed bugs. First of all, if you rent an apartment, you should alert your landlord of the problem. You could have gotten the infestation from another person in the building, and the bed bugs could be spreading. They may even need to treat the whole complex.
How To Get Rid Of Bed Bugs With DIY Treatment Methods
Hiring pest control professionals can be costly, and while it’s usually the best option, there are some preliminary steps you can take to get rid of bed bugs yourself.
1. Carefully bag and wash all of your bedding and clear any clutter around the room. Bed bugs love to hide in piles of clothes, so remove these and wash them before you start cleaning.
3. Use a high-powered vacuum to clean around the bed to take care of stray bugs and eggs. Using a vacuum with a HEPA filter is vital to ensure bed bugs cannot escape once captured. The Shark Navigator Upright Vacuum easily ticks all of the boxes while remaining lightweight and easily maneuverable.
4. Use a specialist, non-toxic bed bug spray to clean your bed-frame, headboard, and surrounding furniture. Bed Bug Patrol Bed Bug Killer is a completely natural spray that has a reported 100% kill rate against live bed bugs in controlled tests, and most importantly, it’s child and pet-friendly.
5. Pull your bed away from the walls and place bed bug interceptor cups under each leg. These will isolate your bed and help to prevent the spread of bed bugs. Additionally, interceptors can serve as tools to help you track progress. Ideally, the interceptors should contain fewer bed bugs every time you empty them. My favorites are these Bed Bug Blocker Interceptor Traps.
6. Using a bed bug mattress protector to encase your mattress will either help to save it if it’s yet to be infested, or otherwise keep bed bugs trapped in and around it until they eventually die of starvation. My favorite is the SureGuard Mattress Encasement which is thick, strong, and will help to stop bed bugs of all sizes from getting to, or from, your mattress. A SureGuard Box Spring Encasement is also available.
7. If you wish to be extremely thorough, specialist bed bug heaters can be purchased to raise household items to a temperature that is sure to kill all bed bugs and eggs. ZappBug is the most popular option, and is designed to automatically reach the all-important killing temperature to eradicate all stages of the bed bugs life cycle. Large and small versions are also available.
If you follow the steps listed above, you should be able to take care of your bed bug problem. If the infestation moves to multiple rooms, the situation gets a bit more difficult. You’ll have to use more insecticide to kill the bed bugs, which can be dangerous if you’re untrained.
For multiple rooms, your best option is a pest control professional. They will most likely use many different methods to eradicate any bed bugs within your home. Look for a reputable, well-reviewed pest control professional, though, because they can be a bit expensive.
Bed bugs are among the most troublesome pests in American homes (and further-afield) . It’s hard to get rid of them, and even when you think they’re gone, they could be hiding and waiting to hatch.
If you only see baby bed bugs around the home, your infestation likely isn’t too old, which means you’ve caught it early. Follow the above advice to make sure you get rid of all of the pests and contact a professional if the infestation gets out of hand.
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Baby and Bed Bug Bites
Bed bugs live in warm and dry places, like mattresses, and feed on blood. A person of any age is at risk for getting bed bug bites and the treatment is the same for every age. If your baby gets bitten by bed bugs, you can handle it by controlling the itching and discomfort and eliminating the bed bugs.
According to Skin Sight, bed bug bites appear as red or pink bumps in lines or clusters on your baby’s skin 1. If your baby has sensitive skin, the bites can be large welts. Bed bug bites are typically painless, but they can itch and cause your baby to try and scratch them.
There is no evidence that bed bugs can transmit blood-borne diseases, according to MayoClinic.com 2. However, the itching may be uncomfortable for your baby. Talk to his doctor if you are concerned. He may recommend or prescribe a topical corticosteroid to help with the itching. An oatmeal bath may help with the itching as well. You can buy an oatmeal bath preparation at the drugstore or just add powdered oatmeal to lukewarm water. Be sure to supervise your baby carefully while he is in the bath, and only use a small amount of water to prevent drowning.
Keep your baby’s nails trimmed short while her bites are healing. Scratching her bites can cause them to bleed, which can lead to a bacterial infection in her skin. If she develops a bacterial infection from scratching her bed bug bites, she may need antibiotics.
Eliminating Bed Bugs
To get rid of bed bugs, wash linens, bedding and curtains in hot water and dry them in the dryer on a high-heat setting. Fix any furniture cracks and vacuum the room and mattress. The New Hampshire Department of Health and Human Services recommends covering the mattress with a plastic cover. In extreme infestation cases, bed bugs can live under the carpet or under wallpaper and peeling paint. You may need to call a professional exterminator if you cannot get rid of the bed bugs yourself.
Bed bugs are common in places with high turnover, such as apartment complexes and hotels. If your baby spends time in these places, be sure to wash his bedding frequently and to check his body for bites. Do not use any chemicals to get rid of bed bugs before checking to make sure they are safe for use around children.
Bed bugs live in warm and dry places, like mattresses, and feed on blood. Bed bug bites are typically painless, but they can itch and cause your baby to try and scratch them. He may recommend or prescribe a topical corticosteroid to help with the itching. If your baby spends time in these places, be sure to wash his bedding frequently and to check his body for bites. Do not use any chemicals to get rid of bed bugs before checking to make sure they are safe for use around children.
Baby bed bugs
Bed bugs are small bugs and it’s not very easy to see them around. When it’s about baby bed bugs, it’s going to be a little bit harder to see them. So,what do baby bed bugs look likeanddo baby bed bugs bite you?
Bed bugs features
You can easily differentiate bed bugs from other bugs at home by identifying following psychical features:
- Bed bugs are 1 to 5 mm sized
- They are oval shaped
- They do not have wings
- They have 6 legs and 2 antennas
For more information about what they look like, you can check these posts:
What are baby bed bugs?
However you call thembaby bed bugs, those little bed bugs are literally called nymph. Before explaining a baby bed bug or nymph, you must learn about the life stages of bed bugs.
Bed bugs have 3 life stages: Egg, nymph and adult. As you can see easily, they are eggs first. After hatching the eggs, baby bed bugs which hatched are called as nymph and when they grow big enough, they’re called as adults.
Pictures of baby bed bugs
Instead of trying to tell them, let me show you pictures of baby bed bugs:
Baby bed bugs size
There is no certain size for baby bed bugs. Because they’re called nymph until they become an adult, their size will change from 1 mm up to 3 or 4 mm.
The size difference between a baby bed bug and an adult one can be signified only in millimeter and this won’t mean a lot for any human.
Baby bed bugs at the first stage of their lives are thinner and much lighter shade (unfed) almost translucent due to adults.
A first instar nymph that hatches from an egg is 1 to 1.5mm. Unfed, a first instar is pale to white. The older instars (stages 2-5) are more straw colored to tan. Darkness inside them (as in the one in the picture) is blood that is being digested; the more red coloration inside them is more fresh blood. A plump bug that is red is one that has recently fed.
Baby bed bug bites
Baby bedbugs leave the same kind of bites as the adult ones. You should expect to react the same to each bedbug bites.
So here are some bed bug bites that you can compare with yours:
Baby bed bugsare almost the same as adult bed bugs. They are a few mm smaller and a little bit thinner than big ones.
Bite of baby bed bug isn’t different from an adult bed bug’s bite. The main difference between baby bed bugs and adult bed bugs is their size.
What you must care about is to have some bed bugs at home, not to have baby or adult ones. Those posts below may help you on fighting with bed bugs:
Bed bugs: How to identify if your bites are from bed bugs
BED BUGS feed off human blood by biting the skin of their victims while they’re sleeping. But how do you know if your bites are from bed bugs or from other insects? Here’s how to tell.
Bed bugs are small insects that live in and around beds and furniture. They crawl out at night and bite exposed skin to feed of blood. Bed bugs are not dangerous and don’t carry diseases, but their bites can be itchy and irritating to live with. If you are getting bitten at night and don’t know why, how can you tell if your bites are from bed bugs or from other insects? Bed bug bites look similar to bites from other insects, in that they appear as itchy, red bumps on the skin.
Some people have a reaction to the bites. They can be very itchy and there may be painful swelling
While this may make it seem difficult to distinguish between the potential culprits, there are a number of ways to detect where your bites are coming from.
Firstly, you may be able to tell if your bites are from bed bugs by looking at the pattern in which the bites appear on your skin.
Bites usually occur on exposed areas like the face, neck, hands or arms, and are less likely to occur under clothing.
As bed bugs are crawling insects, they typically bite in lines or clusters along the skin while they are crawling.
Flying insects like mosquitoes are more likely to bite in random places on the body while they are flying.
Bed bugs are crawling insects that bite exposed skin during the night (Image: Getty Images)
Secondly, you may be able to detect the source of the bites by checking for evidence of bed bugs in your bedroom.
Bed bugs are small, but are still visible to the human eye. Adults can grow up to 5mm long.
They usually hide away in cracks in the bed and surrounding furniture so you could try to find them by searching the mattress and bed frame, and shining a torch into the crevices of the furniture.
You may also be able to spot evidence of bed bugs by checking for markings on the bed sheets and mattress.
In homes with bed bugs infestations, the bed sheets and mattresses will often be covered in brown or black or red spots.
Bed bugs live in beds and surrounding furniture (Image: Getty Images)
Bed bugs bite in clusters or lines along the skin (Image: Getty Images)
Bed bugs: How to spot them and how to get rid of them
Bed bugs: What are bed bugs? How to spot an infestation and how to get rid of them.
Bed bugs: How to spot them and how to get rid of them
The brown or black spots are dried poo from the bed bugs, while the red spots are blood stains which occur if you squash a bug while sleeping after it has fed.
Bed bugs shed their skin as they grow, so you might also notice mottled bed bug shells on and around the bed.
In addition, you may be able to detect the presence of bed bugs by the tiny white eggs they lay.
“Bedbugs can hide in many places, including on bed frames, mattresses, clothing, furniture, behind pictures and under loose wallpaper,” said the NHS.
“Some people have a reaction to the bites. They can be very itchy and there may be painful swelling.”
If you think you have a bed bug infestation in your home, you may need to call in pest control to get rid of them.