How Do Bed Bug Covers Work

What Good Is a Bed Bug Mattress Cover?

Eve Mattress/Wikimedia Commons/CC BY 4.0

  • B.A., Political Science, Rutgers University

Bed bugs are a pervasive pest that can find their way into any home by unwitting hosts. They can do this simply by hitching a ride in suitcases if you visit a hotel with an infestation, transferring onto your clothes from a movie theater seat, or traveling on visitors who come into your home. These bugs are erroneously associated with pests that only live in filthy living conditions. In fact, they can live and breed anywhere, including inside clean, uncluttered homes.

To protect your mattress from an infestation or to curb a mattress infestation that may have occurred, you can purchase a bed bug mattress encasement to trap the bugs inside the encasement or discourage bugs from making a permanent home in your bed. While mattress covers can provide some protection, however, you need to do much more to guarantee a bed-bug-free environment.

What Is a Bed Bug?

The common parasitic bed bug, from the cimicid family, feeds on human blood usually during the nighttime hours when humans are sleeping. Bed bugs can be seen with the naked eye and are roughly the size of a lentil. They have round brown or red bodies and are easy to spot on white surfaces. They prefer to live close to their human food source and make their homes in beds. Between 85 and 90 percent of the bed bugs in an infested home are typically found on or within 15 feet of the bed.

Bed bugs do bite; they actually saw into their host’s body and feed off their blood. While bed bugs don’t carry disease, their bites can cause blisters and itching, particularly for people with allergies. Bed bugs are very hard to control. Once they’ve infested a home, getting rid of them can be a challenge.

The Benefits of Mattress Covers

Most people are familiar with mattress covers. They are usually designed like a bottom sheet and provide protection for the top of a mattress. Ordinary mattress covers do little or nothing to stop bed bugs. Mattress encasements, however, can help minimize an infestation.

A mattress encasement is a tightly-woven fabric case that surrounds your mattress and box spring. Once it is installed, bed bugs already in the mattress cannot escape or breed, and will eventually die inside the encasement. Any bed bugs left outside the encasement will be easy to spot and remove. They will find no creases or hiding places where they can breed.

Mattress encasements not only repel and stifle bed bugs, but they can also provide a variety of other benefits. For example:

  • A good mattress encasement can protect against dust mites and other pests as well as bed bugs.
  • Most mattress encasements are waterproof, meaning that they will protect your mattress and box spring from spills and leaks.
  • Mattress encasements can eliminate the risk of infestation if used with a new mattress and box spring.

Buying Mattress Encasements

Bed bug mattress encasements can be purchased for as little as $20, though you may wish to explore the more expensive options, as they are more likely to be reliable, sturdy, and bug-proof. It’s possible to purchase a pesticide-treated encasement, but the potential health hazards outweigh the slight increase in protection from insects.

Many pest control supply companies sell mattress encasements online. If you plan to purchase a bed bug mattress protector, make sure you choose one that is specifically designed for bed bugs. There are special features, such as bugproof zippers, different materials, and chemically-treated covers, that you can consider at the time of purchase. Do check the reviews to be sure you’re purchasing a product that is reliable and well-made. Another consideration is noise, as some encasements are made of fabric that crinkles as you move in bed. This could interfere with your sleep.

Even after you install your encasement, remember that adult bed bugs can live for well over a year without a blood meal. Leave the encasement on for at least that long or for the life of your mattress to be sure all resident bed bugs are dead and there are no new infestations of your mattress occur. Meanwhile, if your home is infested, you need to hire a pest management company to completely eradicate the bed bugs.

Bed Bug Couch Covers

Finding the right bed bug couch cover – or bed bug sofa encasement if you want to get technical – is crucial. Buy it too big and your couch won’t be comfortable to sit on. If it’s too small, the cover could rip and bed bugs will escape. If the quality isn’t there, then the bed bugs certainly will be. Here’s what to do and look for with bed bug couch covers:

Is the couch treated?

While couch covers are designed to trap bed bugs inside for 12 to 18 months, it’s still a good idea to thoroughly inspect your couch and have it treated for bed bugs beforehand. Couch covers are durable, but they are not foolproof.

Are you getting the best quality bed bug sofa encasement?

There are many options to choose from when it comes to quality. Some of the most helpful features of bed bug couch covers are: waterproofing, breathability, fire retardation and non-allergenic qualities. These features can help prevent dust mites, mold, staining, dander and pollen buildup as well.

Did you get the right size and shape?

Measure your furniture using a tape measure. You will need the full dimensions of your couch (i.e., width, length and height). Match these dimensions as closely as possible to the size range and description given on the outer packaging of the bed bug sofa cover (e.g., small, medium, large, extra-large; sectional, curved, love seat, etc.).

Are you installing like a professional?

There are some simple tricks that will make any bed bug couch covering more effective. These include placing cardboard or padding under the sofa feet to prevent them from ripping through the cover and putting heavy-duty tape over the end of the zipper to create a more complete seal. It’s also advisable to keep sharp objects off of the couch covering, including any clawed, furry family members. If the cover rips, replace it immediately.

Remember, bed bug couch covers and sofa encasements are only one aspect of bed bug control. A complete treatment is needed to effectively tackle your bed bug problem. This all starts with a thorough inspection. To get your free bed bug inspection, call Terminix® today and don’t just cover your bed bugs, kill them.

Finding the Best Bed Bug Mattress Cover for Your Home

When it comes to defending your home, nothing but the best will do. Take a look at the best mattress covers for bed bugs and keep those pesky pests at bay.

Bed Bug Mattress Covers

Sleeping without a bed bug mattress cover is like leaving your front door wide open. You wouldn’t allow intruders to enter your home at night and harm your family, so why let pests do the same? A bed bug mattress protector prevents bed bugs from using the mattress — one of their favorite places — as a harborage area and locks existing pests inside, causing them to starve and die.

Up to 90 percent of bed bugs in an infested home occur on or near mattresses and box springs. Bed bug covers can prevent the infestation of your mattress and destroy existing bed bugs that may be hiding deep within it. Here’s everything you should know about how to find the best bed bug mattress protectors for your home.

What is a Bed Bug Mattress Protector?

A bed bug mattress protector is a large, removable sheet of fabric that fits tightly around your mattress, fully encasing the mattress. Each protector includes a zipper that locks particles — and pests — inside. Once locked inside, bed bugs have no way of escaping from the encasement to reach their blood supply host. As so, mattress protectors can cause bed bugs to starve and die. According to the University of Minnesota, bed bugs can die within just two weeks when trapped inside. Likewise, bed bug encasements are key in keeping additional bed bugs from infesting the mattress, as new bed bugs have no way of penetrating the mattress protector.

How to Pick Mattress Covers for Bed Bugs

So, what should you look for in a bed bug mattress cover? Consider the questions below:

Is it a Full Encasement?

An effective mattress cover should cover the entire mattress. Some covers market themselves as “bed bug proof” but only target certain areas of a mattress. Look for covers that each fully encase the mattress or box spring.

Is it Properly Sealed?

A mattress cover can kill existing bed bugs by sealing them within and keeping them from feeding on you at night. Bed bugs are very small, though. Their flat shape allows them to sneak through crevices. Be sure to purchase a mattress cover with a zipper and reinforced seams. Many higher-quality covers also contain strip seals that protect the zipper and ensure a tight seal. Be aware of any tears or holes that may appear on bed bug mattress covers over time.

Has it Been Tested?

Bed bug covers sold by trusted pest control experts often undergo additional testing to ensure a quality product. Be sure to check if the mattress cover you are considering has been lab certified or tested by qualified entomologists.

Is it Toxin-Free?

Some covers for bed bugs contain chemical treatments that assist in killing existing bed bugs. Harsh chemicals can be dangerous and unnecessary, though. Therefore, you should take caution when considering these options.

Do Bed Bug Mattress Encasements Work?

While bed bug mattress encasements can be helpful, they can be faulty if improperly placed on the bed. Not to mention, any holes or tears can give trapped bed bugs an easy escape. It’s important to remember that there may be other bed bugs lurking nearby, too. Only trapping those on your mattress may not help to eliminate the entire infestation. With the help of a pest management professional, multiple solutions can be applied to help increase the likelihood of treatment success.

Want to be proactive against these nocturnal attackers? It may be time to invest in a bed bug mattress protector. Purchasing mattress covers for bed bugs can be a safe and effective way to protect your family. While these covers won’t completely eliminate the risk of a bed bug outbreak, using them can prevent major infestations and make identifying bed bugs far simpler. If you’re looking for a whole-home, effective solution, schedule an appointment with Terminix ® . This means less time sleeping with the enemy and more time sleeping soundly.

Cluster Flies In Your Home

If you’re like many homeowners, you’ve dealt with annoying flies ruining your summer barbecues and outdoor dinner parties. You may have even become accustomed to whipping out the flypaper and heavy-duty bug zappers the minute you hear the familiar buzz of a fly. These annoying pests are likely house flies, which can pose significant health risks to you and your family. But have you ever seen large, sluggish flies loitering inside your home in the autumn and winter? They may be cluster flies.

What are Sand Fleas?

Many people love going to the beach to spend time in the sun, sand, and water. But they might not love some of the nuisances that live at the beach or in the ocean, such as gnats or jellyfish. But, what about the sand flea, a small critter that can be found in moist areas such as under rocks or debris. Keep reading to learn exactly what sand fleas are and if you need to worry about them.

Keeping Control in the Fall: How to Help Get Rid of Boxelder Bugs

Just like many fall pests, the transition between summer and fall can bring a large number of boxelder bugs into homes. During the summer, these pests primarily infest maple trees and boxelder trees, hence their name. But once the weather cools down, heated homes and buildings draw these pests indoors.

Stay-at-home bug activities that parents and kids will love

What is a Mosquito Fogger?

A mosquito fogger is a special machine powered by electricity or propane that produces very tiny droplets that hang in the air — which produces a fog. The fog will remain in the air for a period of time before settling on the ground or anything directly below it. Ideally, the fog’s chemical ingredients will cover mosquito resting sites.

Everything to Know About Bed Bug Rashes

Bed bugs hide during the day and feed at night. Their diet? Your blood. Discover the signs of a bed bug rash and what to do if you’ve been bitten.

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Tips to Get Rid of Stink Bugs in Your House

Now that it’s fall, it’s officially indoor stink bug season. Before it becomes winter, brown marmorated stink bugs are looking for comfortable overwintering sites to spend the cold months—and that can often mean that they may find a way to sneak into your house. While the odor that a stink bug releases is not dangerous, they are definitely a nuisance. Luckily, there are steps you can take to get rid of stink bugs in your house—without having to deal with the unpleasant smell.

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The Lifespans of Insects With Short Lives

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The Return of the Brown Marmorated Stink Bug

The change of seasons from summer to fall means many things: leaves changing colors, dropping temperatures, and—depending on where you live—stink bugs sneaking into your home. Stink bugs were named for their distinct ability to emit an unpleasant odor when they are threatened or disturbed by predators like lizards or birds. This also means that if stink bugs enter your home and feel threatened, you’ll be faced with dealing with their strong smell in your house. As we head into fall, you might find yourself with more active stink bugs than usual, so it’s important to know the basics about these smelly insects.

Do Mattress Encasements for Bed Bugs Really Work?

ByChris Williamson May 9, 2011.

Q. My daughter’s dorm had bed bugs in a couple of the other girls’ rooms and she’s freaked out! I’ve heard about these coverings that you can get for your mattress to keep bed bugs out. Do they really work?

A. They’re called mattress encasements and yes, they do work…IF you get the right kind of encasement and IF it’s properly installed. A properly designed encasement completely envelops and seals the mattress and box spring, trapping bed bugs inside. The bed bugs are then unable to feed and will eventually starve. In addition, once the bed is protected by an encasement, other bed bugs cannot get into the mattress or box spring. They can only get on the surface of the encasement where they are easy to spot and remove.

Mattress encasements offer four advantages for bed bug control:

  1. Encasements provide preventive protection of beds. When newly introduced bed bugs reach the bed, their movement is restricted to the outside of the encasement, preventing them from hiding in the mattress or box spring.
  2. Encasements protect replacement beds. In an infested home or dorm room, encasements can be used to protect new mattresses and box springs that have been brought in to replace infested beds.
  3. Encasements allow people to keep their infested beds. Many people are simply not in a financial position to discard bed bug infested mattresses and box springs. In fact, experts say that getting rid of infested mattresses and box springs is not only unnecessary but can actually spread bed bugs when people scavenge discarded mattresses.
  4. Encasements make bug bug control easier. Encasements eliminate the time-consuming inspection and treatment of mattresses and box springs since bugs will be trapped inside or restricted to the outside of the encasement where they can be more easily dealt with.

Not just any mattress encasement will work. Make sure you get an encasement that specifically mentions bed bugs. There are several different brands to choose from these days. Some are designed with special seams and zippers specifically to protect against bed bugs. Others were originally designed for allergy protection, but subsequent testing has shown some to be effective against bed bugs as well.

The encasement must be bed bug “bite proof” and “escape proof.” Bed bugs will squeeze their way through zippers and seams whenever possible in order to feed.

The zipper end stop is the number one place for escaping bed bugs. The encasement should enclose the zipper tab to eliminate any gaps. Be sure that any claim for protection against bed bugs is backed by scientific testing. Standard mattress covers designed to simply protect mattresses from dust and bodily fluids will be ineffective against bed bugs.

It’s very important that you get the right size encasement for the bed since encasements are only effective as long as they fit tightly. The encasement should match the size of the mattress or box spring. Be sure to measure the mattress and box spring separately since each will have different dimensions. You should put encasements on both.

Bed Bug Mattress Covers

Most of us sleep on our mattresses without knowing what is lurks within. This topic is rarely discussed because ‘out of sight, out of mind.’ If people knew the kinds of parasites that reside in an unprotected mattress, there is no doubt they would make a beeline to purchase a mattress protector for all the mattresses in their household.

Some people think that because they practice turning their mattress over a couple times a year and put their mattress in the sun that this is sufficient. Others vacuum their mattresses in hopes they will remove dust mites or other bugs if they are present.

When we think about bed bugs, our skin begins to crawl. Just the thought of tiny blood-sucking insects crawling all over our body while we are asleep causes many of us to double check our bed before we get comfortable.

A Fearless Solution to a Pesky Problem

These bugs are definitely pests. They can be very difficult to eliminate once they have made our home, their home. They hide during the daytime in the small, dark cracks in our homes. They are nearly impossible to remove.

There is no need to fear: the solution is to avoid an infestation to begin with. A special mattress cover designed to avoid an infestation of these bloodsucking insects. Even if you are already dealing with an infestation, a cover for your mattress will still help alleviate the problem.

Have Bed Bug Problems?

A protective cover is the initial step in ridding yourself of these tiny blood sucking insects or preventing them altogether. At this point in time, with the increasing rate of serious infestations, literally everyone is at risk.

The best mattress cover is a zippered encasement that is designed specifically to assist with the control of these pests. A zippered encasement will help make the process much easier for the extermination. If you aren’t infested, it can assist you in keeping your home free of them.

Infestations are Continuing to Grow and Everyone is Vulnerable

Predictions are that infestations will continue to increase through the year 2016. It has been said that the yearly infestation peak will be in the month of August.

It has been a common belief that they only reside in unkempt and dirty homes. This is not true. They have the fortitude to survive and flourish anywhere as long as they have a food source. This includes even the tidiest homes.

In the past few years, the infestations have reached levels that are considered to be an epidemic in the United States. The infestation rate is anticipated to double every year!

Why are They on the Rise?

Experts believe that the increased incidences of infestations are due to several things. Some believe that it is due to the ease of foreign travel, decreases in the countermeasures that homeowners are taking to prevent an invasion, and an increase in the use of second-hand furniture and clothing.

These uninvited guests’ find it very easy to enter your home. They will travel by attaching themselves to your clothes and body, in your luggage, or from the apartment next door. If you don’t notice them right away and they are given time to actually infest your home, getting rid of them is not an easy task.

The Longer the Infestation Goes On, the More Difficult it is to Eradicate

The worst part is that the longer your infestation continues the more expensive and difficult the process of extermination becomes. That is why preventing the infestation to begin with is the best answer to this potential problem. The way to assist in doing that is to get a mattress cover for all the beds in your home.

Without a mattress cover, it will usually take 3 to 6 months for homeowners to realize they have a bug problem that needs attention. This will make the extermination process quicker and easier. When the infestation is realized early on, it is much easier to terminate the problem.

Invest in a Mattress Cover

If you were to ask an exterminator what is recommended as a preventative measure to ensure you are not faced with an infestation, a mattress cover would be his suggestion. Covering your bed with linens that are bug proof is the #1 way to prevent an infestation.

The mattress’ complex interiors and the box springs provide the ideal hiding place. They reside in the coils, wood framing, fabric, springs and foam. For the bugs, these places are like a five-star resort.

Not All Mattress & Box Spring Covers are the Same

With the multitude of mattress covers on the market it is sometimes difficult to know the difference between them. It is important to find out which covers will keep your home bug free and which ones will not be effective.

If you are looking to find the best prices on mattress covers, research is the key. Mattress covers are available at a variety of stores.

It is important to remember to only consider the box spring and mattress covers that are “scientifically proven” to be effective against these insects. This ensures that tests have been done to prove the cover is bug and bite proof.

If you know what you need to look for in protector for your mattress and box spring you can ensure you select the one that is best for you and your family.

Four Things to Consider When Looking for Your Mattress & Box Spring Protective Cover

1. Be Sure That the Protective Cover is Bite-proof Fabric

The majority of inexpensive protective covers will not be bite proof. This means that if there are any bugs residing inside the mattress they will still have the ability to feed off the host through the fabric.

2. Look For Fabric That is Waterproof

Polyurethane-lined and vinyl are the fabric choices available on the protective mattress and box spring covers.

Vinyl Protective Covers

The vinyl covers will eliminate the bugs from entering or exiting your mattress or box spring. Unfortunately, the vinyl protective covers are generally noisy when the sleeping individual moves around. They are also hot for the individual sleeping on it.

Many times the individual will sweat while sleeping on a vinyl protective mattress cover. The sweat could be a breeding ground for mold or other bacteria to grow on your mattress. Discoloration of your mattress could also occur. The vinyl cover is easy to clean with a dampened cloth but they also tend to rip quite easy.

However, there are a variety of vinyl thickness levels to choose from. The 3-gauge vinyl covers are a good value and great for everyday needs. The 6-gauge vinyl covers are a lot thicker and can even withstand heavy-duty institutional wear.

Due to the fact that vinyl bug mattress covers are not breathable, it is necessary to have a mattress pad on top of it that is comfortable.

Polyurethane-Lined Protective Covers

The protective covers that are polyurethane-lined still allow the skin to breathe, which means no sweating. Soft fabric also covers the mattress. This makes them a quiet protective option.

The polyurethane mattress and box spring protective cover is thought of as a premium protective cover. The material is breathable and because of this the body heat is lessened.

The fabrics used for the protector are very soft as well. There are several brands that make premium bug resistant box spring and mattress protective covers affording you a wider range of choices.

Needless to say, the vinyl bug box spring and mattress covers are less expensive than the polyurethane covers. The polyurethane designs are covered with the terrycloth; the majority of homeowners think the extra cost is well worth the comfort that is added.

3. Check to See Where the Zipper Stop is Located

Where the zipper ends on the mattress cover is extremely important. If the zipper stops short of the seam even as little as 1/32 of an inch, bugs will have the ability to escape or enter the interior with ease.

4. Consider the Zipper Teeth

Make sure that the protective box spring and mattress cover you choose has small teeth on the zipper. If the zipper teeth are too large the bugs will have the ability to enter and exit the mattress and box springs very easily.

Purchasing a zippered encasement for the pillows as well as a cover for the box springs may also assist in the battle.

Prevent the Invasion or Start the Extermination

When purchasing the items necessary to prevent or assist in their elimination, consider it a small investment to prevent an invasion. Otherwise, without investing in the proper equipment, it could take months and sometimes thousands of dollars to exterminate these intruders.

It is also an ideal way to start conquering a current infestation. If the infestation is severe, consider the use of mattress protective covers in combination with sprays, traps and powders.

Prices for Protective Mattress Covers

The price for a protective mattress cover generally depends on the quality as well as the size of the bed the cover is being purchased for.

  • Twin Mattress Protective Cover prices range from $10.99 to $549.00
  • Full Mattress Protective Cover prices range from $11.99 to $500.00
  • Queen Mattress Protective Cover prices Range from $15.99 to $420.00
  • King Mattress Protective Cover prices Range from $17.99 to $495.00

The Less Expensive Protective Mattress & Box Spring Cover Prices Range from $10.99 to $17.99

Some of the less expensive vinyl covers will also protect against dust mites, allergens and bugs. Many have zipper enclosures to protect your mattress and your health. Chemical free designs are available. Some of these are machine washable and can be tumble dried on medium heat or hung out to dry.

The More Expensive Protective Mattress & Box Spring Cover Prices Range from $537.00 to $549.00

Some protective mattress and box spring covers also provide protection from other nuisances as well. There are premium protective mattress covers that protect against dust mites and allergens as well as these pesky insects. This provides the sleeping individual a healthy and allergy free place to sleep. Some of the allergens include pollen, mold and pet dander.

Besides being breathable, these covers are also waterproof and absorbent protecting against bed wetting or spills. There are covers that have zippers on three sides and that are sealed from the inside providing even better protection. Most covers are machine washable.

Is it Necessary to Cover the Mattress and the Box Spring?

Covering only the mattress will give the sleeper superior sanitation protection. However, this will not assist with the possibility of an infestation. The majority of infestations occur in the mattress and the box spring. Because of this it is necessary to cover them both to ensure protection.

Can You Wash the Protective Mattress and Box Spring Covers?

The majority of covers are machine washable and can go into a dryer. However, it is very important to know that when you wash a cover to never use bleach or any kind of bleach alternative. When you dry your cover, the zipper needs to remain fully closed. The cover can be dried with other linens and towels on a medium heat setting.

Never remove any covers during an infestation!

Can Chemicals be used on the Mattress Before Covering Them?

Any of the chemicals that are commercially available can be used before covering the mattress. Make sure the chemical that was applied is fully dry prior to putting the cover on the mattress.

These horrid insects are becoming an epidemic in the U.S. and worldwide. It is estimated that one out of twenty homes has an infestation problem right now. Once they gain entrance to your mattress they are much harder to eliminate.

If your home is already infested, the first place that needs to be addressed is the mattresses in your home. If you have a relatively new mattress that has no tears in it, you could possibly just purchase a specialty mattress cover.

However, if the mattresses are older and you have the ability, it may be better to just purchase new mattresses and box springs and then put the protective covers on them.

Important Considerations to Ensure You Purchase the Correct Cover

You need to make sure you measure the mattresses area (including the box spring). The mattress and box spring can be covered separately or together.

Be sure that the pad you purchase is deep enough, no less than 11 inches deep.

Don’t forget about your pillows. It is necessary to cover the pillows to ensure that the bugs as well as other allergens are unable to affect your sleeping area.

The most comfortable pillowcases that protect against insects are made from breathable fabric with a polyurethane lining. This kind of pillowcase will not get as hot as one that is made from vinyl.

Pads and covers are available at the majority of brick and mortar stores and even online. Some of these covers even have guarantees for a specific amount of time.

A Protective Cover is a Must

The majority of the public does not consider a mattress and box spring protective cover a must when purchasing these items new. However, a protective cover should be because of the increase in the infestations in the past few years.

Not everyone in your family will necessarily need the same type of protector for their mattress. It will depend on the individual’s age and any health issues.

These bugs are much easier to see with the use of a mattress and box spring protector. This makes it easier to remove them, helping to prevent infestations. Some protectors can be washed while others should never be removed. For the washable protectors, it is advised that they be washed every week in hot water.

Never try to move a bed that is already encased as this can result in a tear. Some tears can be fixed with the use of duct tape. Be sure to inspect your cover frequently to ensure that the tape is still in place, and there are no new tears.

How Protective Covers Aid the Sleeper

Some believe that with the box spring and mattress protector, the bugs will no longer be attracted to their bed. However, the attraction will remain; the protector will just assist in your ability to see them.

These bugs require a warm and moist environment to survive and multiply. Most of these areas are unseen because they usually scatter when disturbed.

If you have an infestation and you put a mattress protector on it you will be able trap the bugs already living in your mattress and stop others from an invasion.

Prevent Tearing in the Protector

Their typical life span is approximately 18 months when they do not have a host to feed from. This is a rather long time, so removing any sharp objects near the bed would be recommended to ensure you don’t rip the mattress protector.

If your bed frame has any sharp edges, duct tape or felt could be placed around them to ensure they don’t rub against or poke the fabric. Adding extra padding would also help to protect your mattress. By keeping your protector intact, the bugs will eventually die of starvation.

Because all the protective mattress and box spring covers are not identical, it is important to do some investigating prior to purchase. The last thing you want to do is make a hasty and ill-informed purchase.

Other Tools

Another tool to consider is Climb Ups. These are placed under the legs of the bed to catch samples. The drawback to this tool is that the Climb Ups only catch the bugs when they decide to climb on or off the bed. It may take some time before it is necessary for them to do this.

Each bug will only feed once weekly and if you are being bitten in the sofa or bed, they may not find it necessary to climb up or down. This process could take some time.

Preparing for Treatment

If you are renting an apartment or home and you have an infestation, the landlord (depending on your local laws) may be responsible to treat your home. You need to find someone that has knowledge and experience to have your home and the homes around you inspected. All the homes that have these insectsmust be treated.

If you are about to have your home treated bugs, it is a good idea to purchase your covers and have them ready prior to the pest control operator (PCO) treating your home. Be sure not to put them on until the treatment is complete. A good idea would be to ask the PCO when you can put your covers on.

Questions to Ask When Searching for a Protective Cover


  • Does the label explain whether it was tested in the lab or have certifications to prove its claims?
  • Will the cover kill the bugs and prevent them from entering or exiting your mattress?


  • Does the cover have a barrier fabric?
  • Is the cover odorless and breathable?
  • Is the cover waterproof?
  • Is the cover thin enough to ensure your comfort?


  • Look at the zippers quality to ensure it is made well and won’t fall apart after washing.
  • Is it made of polyester or plastic?


  • Make sure that you know what material the cover is made of, polyester or plastic. Certain materials could make you hot or make the bed noisy.


  • Be sure not to assume an expensive price means it is going to work the best.
  • Like the majority of products it is best to find a cover that is in the middle of the price range. Don’t go cheap or expensive.


  • Always make sure that the cover is easy to install.
  • Be sure to install the cover correctly.
  • Inspect the cover for tears following installation and then periodically.

There is some debate concerning mattress and box spring covers; the arguments concerning this debate are below.

Argument for Mattress & Box Spring Covers

A secure cover helps to protect the mattress and box spring’s value. A protective cover will not keep the bugs from making the top of an encased box spring or mattress their habitat. However, it can make inspection of the box spring and mattress easier, allowing for a greater chance of eradication.

The box spring and a torn mattress are very vulnerable to infestation.

If your box spring or torn mattress is already infested, an encasement that is secure should prevent them from exiting and also from biting you. If there are not any bugs inside your torn mattress or box spring, an encasement that is secure will prevent them from making it their new habitat.

Argument Against Mattress & Box Spring Covers

A cover will not prevent the bugs from biting you. They still have the ability to reside on the cover, or somewhere else in the room and then climb onto the cover. They are not able to reside inside mattresses unless they are damaged in some way or torn. However, they can reside in a box spring that is even in excellent condition.

If a cover is poorly designed or torn, a false sense of security could allow the insects to continue feeding despite the cover.

If there are cats that have not been de-clawed in the home, they could easily tear the cover.

Some feel that North American-style box springs are vulnerable. This means they need to be covered very securely. Some feel that a mattress cover should also be used for the box springs because these seem to be better designed than the box spring covers.

The Dos & Don’ts

Be sure to examine any bugs you have found in your home, bites received by you or your family, and any possible evidence. Compare these to confirmed photos of bugs, their bites and other evidence. This will help in the determination as to whether the problem is actually what you believe, or possibly something else.

If you are suspicious or concerned you might have an infestation where you sleep it is very important to continue sleeping at that location. If you leave your typical sleeping area, they will follow you to other parts of your house in order to feed, spreading the infestation and making it more difficult to eradicate the problem.

Do Not Leave Your Home to Stay Elsewhere

The bugs may come with you and infest the other home as well. The bugs can live without feeding for approximately eighteen months. When you return, they will begin biting you once again. Because of this, staying in your home while it is being treated and remaining in your usual sleeping place is the way to ensure elimination.

The best thing to do is to isolate your bed by moving it into the middle of the floor and ensuring that your beddingdoes nottouch the floor. You can then continue to sleep there while the PCO treats your home.

Once you have begun being treated you need to remain in your bed because you are the bait that attracts the bugs to the poison and then they die. If you have isolated the bed as suggested, they will not be able to bite you.

Never Use a Bug Bomb or a Fogger

Foggersdo notget rid of them; they cause them tospread even deeperinto your home. Always tell the PCO the different things you have tried to eradicate the bugs. They may have to treat the infested area differently because of the various chemicals you used.

Save All the Ones You Find

Pick the bug up with a piece of clear packing tape and then take an index card and tape the bug to it. It may be necessary for you to show the bugs to pest control professionals, landlords or anyone else relevant to the removal of the pests.

You may be able to take the bug to local colleges and have an Entomologist identify the bug. Usually a science museum or pest control company can also assist in identification of the bug. Don’t just assume you will see a lot of the bugs; some people see very few.

Be Careful With the Diagnosis

Do make sure to rule out other conditions such as scabies, folliculitis or other insect bites. Sometimes the bites or rashes are not from these, but are from one of the aforementioned conditions.

Doctors are not able to diagnose these specific bug bites with certainty. It is important to know that many times a doctor will incorrectly diagnose bug bites, stating that we do not have them when we do.

Many doctors have never even seen bite, or have seen very few. This is because there is a wide range of variances. The bites can range from tiny red bumps, to scabby pimple like bumps or even large welts.

Don’t Assume That You Are the Only Person Being Bitten

Some people have no reaction whatsoever. A bite is actually an allergic reaction. Research that was released in 2010 suggests that 70% of people have an allergic reaction to these bloodsuckers bites and 30% of people do not.

Don’t Throw Your Furniture and Beds Out Just Yet

It is best to speak with a PCO about the possibility of treating your furniture as opposed to throwing it away. Should the PCO recommend that the furniture is discarded, he or she generally has the ability to assist you in safely discarding these items to limit the spread.

Professional assistance ensures that you are less likely to become re-infested and it also eliminates the possibility of someone picking it up off the side of the road for themselves, continuing the infestation cycle.

Don’t Start to Buy Chemicals to Treat the Infestation Yourself

If you start to spray pesticides, the bugs may run rampant throughout your home and this will make eliminating them that much more difficult for the PCO. Just get professional help and be sure to follow all the PCO’s instructions.

Don’t Start to Bag Everything You Own

The PCO may ask you to inspect, then vacuum and seal all your things in bags. The majority do not request this though. It is crucial to follow the PCO’s advice. They know what to do. If you decide to just go ahead and bag your things, you could be sealing the bugs in these bags as well.

The only way to eliminate the bugs at this point is to place these unopened bagged items away in storage for a period of at least 18 months. Instead of doing this, the majority of PCOs will fight your problem by attracting the bugs towards the poisons that will kill them and away from your possessions.

Do Begin to Deal With Your Linens and Clothing

You should never just seal your possessions away in bags. It is usually a good idea to begin the process of eliminating the bugs from your linen and clothing because the PCO is going to instruct you to do so. This process will also take some time.

Take the clothing and linens, put them into the washing machine and wash them in hot water. Move them to the dryer and dry them on high heat for one to two hours. It is okay to dry clean items; remember that comforters, pillows, down coats and any other items that are thick may take longer than others to dry.

Here is the key: once the clothes and linens are washed and dried, place them in brand new, just opened airtight bag and seal them immediately. Do not remove the items in the bags until you are ready to use them.

Don’t Assume That They are Only Residing in Your Bed

While these bugs do like to harbor in bed frames, headboards, mattresses and box springs, they can also be found at other locations throughout the home. Many times they are found hiding in soft furniture like sofas, light fixtures, electrical sockets behind the plate, crevices in the floor, baseboards, etc.

They have even been found residing in bathrooms and kitchens. However, in most cases the infestation is concentrated within 10 to 20 feet from where individuals sleep or sit for an extended period of time.

With the increasing numbers of infestations, protecting you and your family needs to be top priority. Otherwise, you may fall victim to their bite. Try to prevent an infestation so you won’t have to worry about the tiny pests interrupting your sleep or your life.

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