How Do Bed Bug Form

What Attracts Bedbugs to Human Environments?

  • B.A., Political Science, Rutgers University

Once considered a pest of the past, bedbugs now make regular headlines as they infest homes, hotels, and dormitories worldwide. As bedbugs spread, more people worry about them and want to know what causes a bedbug infestation.

Though it might seem as if bedbug infestations are on the rise, historical context indicates that bedbugs and other bloodsucking parasites have been associated with humans for thousands of years. Throughout that history, people have endured them feeding on their blood. Bedbugs all but disappeared when people started using DDT and other pesticides to keep insects out of their homes. Although news headlines suggest bedbugs are conquering the world, the reality is that bedbug infestations are still at historically low numbers.

Why are they called bedbugs? Once they settle into your home, they congregate where you spend a lot of sedentary time: chairs, couches, and especially beds. They are attracted to you by the carbon dioxide in the air you breathe out, and you do a lot of breathing over the hours you’re in bed. Then they feed on your blood.

Bedbugs Don’t Care If You’re Clean or Dirty

Contrary to popular belief, there is no association between bedbugs and filth. They feed on human and animal blood, and as long as a source of blood is available to them, they will happily take up residence in even the most pristine home.

Being poor doesn’t put you at greater risk for bedbugs, and having wealth doesn’t immunize you from a bedbug infestation. Although poverty doesn’t cause bedbugs, impoverished communities may lack the resources needed to control infestations, making them more persistent and pervasive in such areas.

Bedbugs Are Excellent Hitchhikers

For bedbugs to infest your home, they have to hitch a ride on someone or something. They don’t usually stay on their human hosts after feeding, but they might hide in clothing and inadvertently go along for the ride to a new location. Most often, bedbugs travel in luggage after someone has stayed in an infested hotel room. Bedbugs may even infest theaters and other public spaces and spread to new locations via purses, backpacks, coats, or hats.

Bedbugs Go Where the Action Is

Since bedbugs travel by hitchhiking, infestations are more common in places with high rates of turnover in the human population: apartment buildings, dormitories, homeless shelters, hotels and motels, and military barracks. Any time you have a lot of people coming and going, there’s an increased risk that someone will carry a few bedbugs into the building. In general, owners of single-family homes have a lower risk of getting bedbugs.

Bedbugs Hide in Clutter

Once in your home, bedbugs scurry quickly to select a new hiding place; in beds and other furniture, behind baseboards, under wallpaper, or inside switch plates. Then it’s just a matter of time before they begin multiplying. A single female may arrive at your doorstep already carrying enough eggs to produce hundreds of offspring. While filth does not benefit bedbugs, clutter does. The more cluttered your home is, the more hiding places there are for bedbugs and the harder it will be to get rid of them.

Where Do Bed Bugs Really Come From and How to Get Rid of Them?

‘Where do bed bugs come from’ is one question many harassed people often wonder. The following article will cover everything you need to know about bed bugs and their journey into your house.

‘Where do bed bugs come from’ is one question many harassed people often wonder. The following article will cover everything you need to know about bed bugs and their journey into your house.

Bed bugs are tiny, wingless creatures that infest our homes, offices and take away our peace of mind. These blood sucking creatures are embarrassing pests that invade our homes and minds. They feast on our blood, when we are sleeping in our own beds. They tend to leave behind a trail of poop along our walls and furniture, that makes it look very embarrassing when you receive guests. Children tend to scratch and itch on the red, bumpy bed bug bites that may in some cases become infected. But where do they actually come from? They seem to be present everywhere, but how do they originate. Before we go onto the details of the journey of a bed bug into your house, let us start with their life cycle, that is, how do they come into being.

How do Bed Bugs Originate?

Bed bugs are members of the Cimicidae family and theCimex lectulariusis the common bug that gives us sleepless nights. These bugs have been a troublesome parasite to humans since a thousand years. It is said around 1940 they were almost eradicated from most of the developed countries. However, since the year 1995, they have again started to make a presence in the developed countries.

Bed bugs reproduce by traumatic insemination. Wondering what is a traumatic insemination? Well, it is mating procedure, where the male bed bug inseminates the female by piercing his hypodermic genitalia into the female beg bugs stomach (abdomen). The sperms are injected into the mesospermalege, that is a secondary genital structure. Injected sperms via haemolymph (blood) travel to the seminal conceptales, that is, sperm storage structure. Fertilization occurs at the ovaries. Eggs are released that then hatch into translucent nymphs. They feed and moult and reach maturity. These bugs communicate with the help of pheromones and kairomones. This helps them keep a track of the nesting location, reproduction as well as feeding.

Bed Bugs – Where do They Come from

The biggest question asked by many annoyed home owners with bed bug infestation is where do bed bugs come from? You tend to maintain the highest standards of hygiene and keep your home spick and span. Yet where do these bugs come from and begin sucking on your blood? Well, let me answer your question by explaining some possible factors related to the origin of bed bugs in your home.

There are many sources that lead to a bed bug infestation. There is not a single country in the world, that has not been traveled to by the bed bugs. The bed bugs are just 1/4″ in size and can easily sneak into baggage, luggage, clothes, trailers, planes, trains, buses, anything and everything without being noticed. These bed bugs hitchhike all over the world and make your home their heavenly abode. Let us see some of the possible sources of where do bed bugs come from.

If you have recently traveled or have received a guest in your home, chances are that the bed bugs had a piggyback ride in the travel luggage and baggage. They tend to hide in the seams of baggage and become the uninvited guests in your home. If you have school going or college going kids at home, chances are they have unwittingly bought home the bed bugs from their schools or college dorms. If you have just moved or received some packages, chances are these pesky creatures moved in with the boxes and packages received.

If you have bought some antique wooden furniture in the garage sale or purchased some furniture off the streets or during garage sale or even from a furniture dealer, it may be possible that the bed bugs came into your home absolutely free. It is possible that bed bugs come in with the furniture, as these bugs can even survive for a year without feeding. Thus, second-hand furniture may come along with a first-class problem, that is, bed bugs!

Your next door neighbor may unknowingly share their problem of bed bugs with you. If you have visiting neighbors, the bed bugs may hitch a ride in their clothes, bags, etc. and start living with you. It may even happen that the creepy crawlies, just stealthily crawl through the common pipes, vents, dead spaces between common walls from the next door apartment into yours. They may move in because they aren’t getting their daily bread and butter as your neighbor is away for a few days or may be they are forced to evacuate as the neighbor has treated his home with bed bug killing spray.

Bed bugs may also find laundry as a way to get inside your home. If you use laundry rooms to clean your dirty linen, it is possible that someone with a bed bug infestation has passed on the problem to you unknowingly. Many people launder their bed lines and clothes in case of an infestation and may unconsciously bring along some bed bugs in their laundry bags. Bed bugs can easily walk into your laundry bag kept nearby and travel along with you and your freshly laundered clothes into your home.

You thought a nice vacation with your partner in a quiet and peaceful locale with help you unwind your nerves. Well, instead you come back home and get entwined into a long and irritating bed bug infestation problem. Bed bugs are very common pest found in hotels. They are found in the pillows, under the mattresses, between the bed joints and the wardrobe. As they can survive a year without feeding, they are waiting patiently in the dark corners for their next victims.

Bed bugs are champion world travelers. They have no problems traveling by plane, train, ship, buses, cars, mopeds, cycles, etc. You never know, they may even hop into a rocket or submarine and make a cozy home there. Who knows, they may even have traveled to the far, far galaxy when E.T. visited earth! (I know, I am going crazy with my imaginary assumptions!). Anyway, these are just a few possible answers to your question where do bed bugs come from. Just to be sure you have encountered a bed bug in your home, let me explain in short what do bed bugs look like.

How do I Identify Bed Bugs

Most of you by now may have few questions popped into your heads, like how do I identify bed bugs? If you can’t differentiate between a mosquito bite and bed bug bites then you might find your answer in the article what do bed bugs bites look like.

Bed bugs are small wingless insects that feed on the blood of warm-blooded animals. The hatchlings are just about the size of a poppy-seed. The adults can measure about 1/4th of an inch. They are oval in shape and flat from top to bottom. Bed bugs are white after molting. They may even have a tan brown or orange color. After feeding you may see your blood in their body as a dark red mass. You may even come across empty shell-like skin of bed bugs. It’s just their cast skin. They generally feed in the night, when their prey is sleeping, when it will not disturb their banquet. While feeding the bed bugs inject a tiny amount of saliva into the skin and repeated bites make many people sensitized to the saliva, or it may result in a full-fledged allergic reaction in some. The bites are scratchy but resist the urge to scratch, as it will just intensify the irritation and pain. But, you can breathe out just a single sigh of relief, bed bugs are not known to be carriers of any infectious disease agents.

Apart from the bug itself, you can identify its presence in your surroundings by black marks on your walls and furniture. These black marks are the bed bug droppings of dried blood. You may even smell over-ripe raspberries in the room infested with bed bugs. One may even find blood stains on bed sheets in the morning or molts.

Getting Rid of Bed Bugs

So, now you know where do bed bugs come from, what do they look like and how to identify them. The next logical thought is getting rid of bed bugs. You need to look for these creatures under the tufts, seams and folds of mattresses. You may even observe small black spots of dried excrement in the corners of your walls, furniture, etc. It may also happen that you will find them hiding under the carpets, loosened wallpaper, cracks and crevices of the walls, etc. In fact, you should not be surprised, when you find them hiding in your television, computer, etc.

Now that you found the hiding places of these creepy crawlies, you need to follow some steps for getting rid of bed bugs. You should reduce clutter around the house and clean your carpets, blankets, stuffed toys with a vacuum cleaner. You can bag these household items in plastic bags with Nuvan Strips in case of a heavy infestation. You should remove drawers from desks and check properly for possible hidden bed bugs. Caulk and seal all holes and crevices in the pipes and wires in the walls and floors. Launder garments and bed linen in hot water, that is about 120° F. Vacuum the bed seams, foot boards, bed stands, head boards, carpets, etc. and then discard the vacuum bag once done. Spray insecticides that can kill bed bugs in every nook and corner of your house. You may even call in professional pest control services, if the infestation is out of control.

This was a little about bed bugs. These are real annoying bugs that suck your blood just like a vampire. It is very important to act fast and control the spread of bed bugs on the first sign of a bed bug in your house. I hope this article on where do bed bugs come from, proves to be of some help to you.

How do bedbugs form ?

Wiki User
July 12, 2009 7:48PM

Bedbug form after bedbug nymphs hatch out of eggs laid by female

bedbugs. Bedbug eggs which look like a grain of salt ;aid on hard

surfaces stick to the surface and so may be unwittingly brought

into a home in second hand beds or furniture bought or in clothing.

When the eggs hatch the nymph is able to detect the breath of any

person sleeping. It will be attracted to the sauce of that breath,

that is to the bed in which somebody is asleep. It will climb up to

that bed and find the sleeping person and have its first meal by

sipping the blood of the person asleep in that bed After its meal

it will find a hiding place close to the sleeper, which may be in

the bed such as in a fold or crevice in the mattress or somewhere

nearby such as in furniture near the bed. It will then come out

again for more meals over next few weeks and after each meal it

sheds its skin and grows om size. After five skin shedding after

meals it will have become an adult bedbug and ot can then breed to

create more bedbug so in time females lay more eggs in or near that

bed so when they hatch causing a bedbug infestation of that

person’s bed. That is how they form in beds.

Bed Bugs

Identification, images, and how to prevent infestation

Identification

  • Colour Reddish brown, with abdomen darker as blood is digested
  • Size Adults are approximately 4 to 5 mm long, size of an apple seed
  • Description Bed bugs are an oval shape, they have a flattened body, two antennae and six legs

Quick Links

  • How to identify bed bugs?
  • What are some key signs of bed bugs?
  • What to do if traces of bed bugs are found?
  • How can I prevent bed bug infestation?
  • Habitat, Diet, and Behaviour
  • Commonly Asked Questions

How to identify bed bugs?

Bed bugs are an oval shape and are up to 4-5 mm long when fully grown. Adult bed bugs have a flattened body and their skin colour is either rust brown or a deeper red brown.

Due to the flattened body of a bed bug they can easily hide in small places such as baseboards, cracks in floors, under carpets, behind loose wallpaper, bed frames, sofas, behind picture frames and many other places which makes them very difficult to detect. They tend to stay together and large infestations will give off a sweet but unpleasant smell.

What are some key signs of bed bugs?

If you suspect bed bugs, or want to be proactive, look for live or dead bugs or the skins they can leave behind when they are molting. After feeding, bed bugs will regularly leave behind small spots of reddish-black fecal matter on your bedding, mattress or box springs. They will lay their eggs (1/32″ to 1/8″ in size) in dark crevices near feeding areas.

Bed bug bites can also go unnoticed, and are even often misdiagnosed, making detection that much more difficult. Discover more answers to bed bug questions here.

Bed bugs spread

Once established, bed bugs tend to stay put but can spread due to any of the following;

  • Being disturbed (i.e. disassembling furniture or incorrect pesticide application)
  • A food shortage (i.e. no host) may cause them to migrate to neighbouring rooms
  • A shortage of harbourage spaces may cause them to migrate to neighbouring rooms
  • Infested furniture moved down a hall, or passed on to others
  • Vacuum cleaners used for multiple rooms
  • Commercial laundry machines

What to do if traces of bed bugs are found?

Do not

  • Disturb the room further. Leaving the “scene” untouched will help Orkin Canada diagnose the problem.
  • Take any items out of the room. Doing so will only help the bed bugs spread.

Do

  • Stop using the room and “quarantine” it
  • If the room is occupied, work with management to move guests to a new room
  • Contact a professional pest control company immediately in order to inspect the infested room and/or pre-treat rooms to which any guests might be moved. In British Columbia you can only pre-treat when evidence of an infestation is found.

How can I prevent bed bug infestation?

Look for live or dead bugs or their skins, Check beds for red spots of fecal matter, Clean and vacuum bedrooms regularly, Protect mattresses and boxsprings with certified bed bug encasements, Use light coloured sheets to spot stains, Check all furniture near sleeping areas, Look around seams, crevices, and folds, Seal cracks in walls, trim, and bed frames.

Since bed bugs are such good hitchhikers and often hide in hard to reach areas the best way to truly rid yourself of bed bugs is often professional pest control. Orkin Canada uses specially trained bed bug dogs, to detect anywhere live bed bugs and their eggs are hiding – and uses customized control strategies to make sure they’re gone for good.

Habitat, Diet, and Behaviour

What is the lifecycle of a bed bug?

Bed bugs undergo gradual metamorphosis (egg, nymph, adult). Nymphs are smaller versions of the adults and will go through several molts until fully grown.

Females lay 200 to 500 eggs in her lifetime, 10 to 50 at a time, on rough surfaces. Eggs then hatch within 6 to 17 days, with adult bedbugs having the ability to survive over 1 year without feeding.

Commonly Asked Questions

Why do I have bed bugs?

Bed bugs are seeing a resurgence in Canada and even the cleanest of homes can fall victim to these painful pests. At night, bed bugs feed on sleeping humans, but by day, they hide in dark undisturbed areas like inside furniture, baseboards, floorboards, carpets, and even wallpaper.

Bed bugs are attracted to the carbon dioxide and warmth that humans emit, which makes them particularly drawn to multi-unit buildings with lots of turnover like hotels or rental apartments, where they are often brought in on luggage or used furniture.

Bed bugs do not cling to people but they are notorious hitch hikers and can hide in our belongings (i.e. suitcase, purse, laptop bags). From there they can be introduced into a home, hotel, office, hospital, or any other building as well as modes of transportation. Sanitation is not a factor in whether or not you get bed bugs.

They are known to travel more than six metres from hiding in order to feed, but generally hide within two metres of their host, in large infestations that give off a sweet but unpleasant smell.

Why are bed bugs back?

Bed bugs never really left. They are common in many nations around the world. We are seeing a resurgence in North America for several reasons including a reduced use of pesticides, the use of second hand furniture and increased international travel as bed bugs are notorious hitch hikers.

The combination of re-introduction, increased international travel and the fact that pest control professionals no longer use older pesticides (such as DDT, Chlordane and Lindane) means that bed bugs have been able to stage a resurgence and become a very serious pest in the 21st century. They have a unique ability to hide and due to their ability to spread, new inspection and control methods must be far more thorough and extensive than with many other pests.

Bed bugs are parasitic insects that live near their hosts. Since they feed on humans (their hosts) their habitats include houses, hotels, or any property that we frequent. All they require is a protected area in close proximity to a feeding source. Bed bugs bite people when they are sleeping usually on exposed skin.

When looking for a meal bed bugs can move very quickly to feed and then back into hiding after their meal. Bed bugs have been known to travel over 20 feet from hiding in order to feed but will generally hide within 3-6 feet of their host. Unless you know specifically how to look for bed bugs these pests can be easily overlooked.

How worried should I be about bed bugs?

You may find red spots of fecal matter on your bed after being bitten by bed bugs, but it can be maddeningly difficult to detect where the bugs are actually hiding.

Bed bugs multiply quickly, with females laying up to 500 eggs in her lifetime. In just six months, a few of these pests can turn into a full-on infestation of more than 13,000 bed bugs. Adults can also survive for a year without feeding, so even if you leave, they might not.

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Bed Bugs: Where Do Hide & Come From?

The bed bug is a well known domestic insect lives in human…

  • Residences
  • Hospitals
  • Hotels and
  • Other places

This tiny insect has the power to affect our regular lives by biting our skin. We can’t even sleep properly for its bites.

This biting causes different skin problems. We can hardly identify the sources of bed bugs where the can hide. Here in this article, I am going to describe the topic…

Before starting the discussion…

I would like to tell you some basic information about bed bugs.

This will encourage you to know the places where we can find the bed bugs.

What Is A Bed Bug?

7 Things You Should Know About Bed Bugs

The bed bug is scientifically known as Cimex lectularius and comes from cimicid family.

This insect has different stages of life.

The bed bug of the primary stage is called the nymph. Bed bug requires human blood to feed and to grow from nymph to adult size.

It bites on our skin with its beak and inserts saliva and sucks blood.

They appear in our house due to our body heat and the carbon dioxide we release, room temperature etc.

Usually,

This insect bites us when there is low light in our room.

Bed Bugs Hide

Where Do Bed Bugs Hide?

If you are about to trace the hideouts of bed bugs, you should be aware of their behavior first.

Bed bugs have the pattern of“hit and run”feeding.

They come outside only to get the element (blood) to live and reproduce.

You will get them only they run out of foods. Then…

Where do bed bugs come from?

You will find bed bugs hiding at a distance of5 feetaround as they require to stay close to the food source. As they are small, they can easily hide their body within the small cracks, under the beddings, behind furniture etc. Bed bugs can’t fly or jump.

So,

There’s rare chance to stay far or hide. They can crawl to their destined places and come out when they feel to have food. Dark, robust places are more favorable to them.

You may enjoy to read:

Where Do Bed Bugs Hide During The Day?

Bed bugs hide in the places nearby us.

Their most common day hideouts are…

…the beds, beddings, mattresses etc.

But

These are also the things where bed bugs hide during the day behind or beside them.

Sometimes

They are found hiding behind your favorite painting frames, electrical outlet covers, bookshelf etc. They keep themselves out of reach during daylight and come to feed at night.

Bed bugs hide in some less common areas like the clothing, bags, luggage, purses etc.

Where Do Bed Bugs Hide During The Night?

Well, the night is preferable to bed bugs than day time. They choose this time to come out mostly rather hiding in their spots.

Bed bugs love to come from the night hideouts and fulfill their needs.

These hideouts can be your bed, nooks, and crannies of baseboards, couches, chairs, clothing and some other furniture.

Somehow,

They stay out of the light behind or beneath these things.

You may find them in the cracks of walls or ceilings, the corners of rooms where light hardly reaches.

Sometimes

These bed bugs hide under the rugs, carpets, dog beds, in the laundry room.

There are more places where these little insects stay at night those will surprise you.

Where Do Bed Bugs Come From?

Perhaps this is the most common question about bed bugs. We almost look for the source of bed bugs rapidly when we have an infestation in our house.

Let’s take a look at the name of this insect, bed bug.

This means they are named after the bed from where they come most of the time.

Bed bugs also come from the…

  • Mattresses
  • Cushions
  • Behind or under the furniture
  • Luggage
  • Wardrobe etc. places.

How Do Bed Bugs Form?

The appearance of bed bugs in our homes can start from just a presence of afertile femalebed bug.

A female bed bug canlay 200-500 healthy eggsthroughout its lifetime.

The daily rate oflaying eggs is about 2-5 a day.

(It’s not the accurate amount, I can say it approximately.)

That’s how the beginning of infestation occurs. Here is a misconception we have about bed bugs. We think that bed bugs won’t come in a neat and clean place.

But it’s totally wrong.

Bed bugs don’t care whether your room has dirt or not.

…bed bugs are extreme hitchhikers.

They form in the places where human population density is large. Adding to these, bed bugs may form if you are a frequent traveler.

Bed bugs travel inside the luggage and clothes those you carry with you when you move to different areas.

Especiallywhen you are staying in a hotel having an infestation, bed bugs may come with you.

Are Bed Bugs Active During The Day?

There goes another myth…

…bed bugs don’t bite during the day. Ha ha…

It’s obvious that bed bugs do bite at night in general.

But

As I have mentioned that bed bugs come to human due to their body warmth and chemical, bed bugs maybite them during the day.

When the duration of a bed bug’s feeding is longer and if it needs to feed again, then there’s a possibility to appear in the day.

How To Find Bed Bugs During The Day?

You may get bites of bed bugs at night.

It is possible to find them during the day. You need to open up all the shades for letting the sunlight in.

Then,

Turn on all the lights inside your house where you can have an infestation.

Inspect all the corners of the room with a flashlight for clear views.

Look for the signs of bed bugs.

Look at the furniture and under the beddings.

Thus,

You can get confirmation of bed bugs in your residence.

Can Bed Bugs Stay In Your Clothes All Day?

Yes.

Bed bugs can stay on the clothes the whole day.

It is said that;

Bed bugs canlive up to 12 months on your clothes.

They come to bite to feed when they require the clothes.

If these clothes are occasional or rarely used, then surely,

Bedbugs cansurvive without bloodmeal for more than a year.

A bed bug requires feeding in every5-7 days.

The bed bug is a very small creature.

Difficult to find?

Yes.

It’s hard to findthem during the night due to lack of light.

But

You can identify them when you see any sign of bed bugs.

Human blood is the only food they need to regenerate and survive days after days.

Infestation of bed bugs may imbalance our daily lifestyle.

So,

It’s a must thing to know where do bed bugs come from and treat them taking necessary steps.

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