How Do Bed Bugs Keep Coming Back
The Return of Bed Bugs: Why Did The Bedbugs Come Back?
It might be hard to imagine; but the bed bugs were completely eradicated once. However; today, they are back with a vengeance and more American cities are dealing with a bed bug crisis than we care to admit. Many theaters and hotels in New York have had to be temporarily closed down due to the bed bug menace. Thus, bed bugs are causing not just psychological problems to sufferers; they are even harming the economy of great nations. Each year, millions of dollars are estimated to be spent on pest control companies for dealing with bed bug issues. Today, we will try and figure out why the bedbugs have returned.
Bed bugs have been around since centuries
Bed bugs have been around since centuries and the common adage:” don’t let the bed bugs bite” was used to wish a good night’s rest to people who invariably dealt with these pests. During the Second World War, the bed bug nuisance increased several times over thanks to cluttered and unhygienic conditions.After the War was over, pesticides like DDT were used on a large scale thanks to which the bugs disappeared temporarily. However, in the 1970s the FDA and the EPA banned these pesticides since they were considered detrimental to people’s health. Chemicals like chlordane which were also used for keeping bugs at bay were attributed to the extinction of the Bald Eagle. As a result, greener pesticides came to be used. Over time, the bed bugs developed great resistance to these. Today, more homeowners use floggers, bed bug traps and sprays and powders to control bed bugs. However; the bugs are getting smarter and, as their primary requirement is getting a blood meal, they are often not attracted to these substances. Moreover, for them to be effective, the bed bugs have to actually come in contact with these products. Since they tend to hide during the day and only feed at night, this is a difficult ask for most homeowners. Also, failure to follow other precautions invariably causes the bed bugs to come back.
Bed bugs thriving
Entomologist Coby Schal from the North Carolina University has studied female bed bugs extensively and is worried that we are only seeing the tip of the iceberg. A single female bed bug can lay around 500 eggs to create entire population in a single infestation.
Also, bedbugs do not necessarily hitchhike on humans- they generally only take blood meals for up to 10 minutes and leave. However, they can still get inside our luggage which means that our clothing is certainly not safe. Also, people fail to follow the right precautions when they discarding infested furniture. Many are known to leave bed bug infested mattresses, cabinets, books on the roadside or even sell them at yard sales where unsuspecting bargain hunters pick them up. This spreads the bedbugs from one place to another/
So how can we ensure that bed bugs do not come back?
If you have taken care of a bed bug infestation recently, that is naturally the first step in the right direction. However, you must not breathe easy but must continue to maintain vigilance in order to ensure that the bedbugs have truly left. You must continue to vacuum and de-clutter on a regular basis to remove hiding places for the bugs. Inspect your sleeping areas including the bed’s box springs to keep your bedrooms devoid of bed bugs.
In dark movie theaters, it is often difficult to sight bed bugs. So, if possible, carry a small flashlight to check the place you are sitting. The same is true when you travel or spend a night or two at a hotel. Keep your luggage in the bathroom as that is one area usually free of bed bugs.Next, inspect the room thoroughly. Do not forget to check behind frames, bed-headboard, pillows, corners of mattresses etc. If you spot rust colored stains, call the management and ask for another room. If needed, leave the hotel and move to another one nearby.
House guests could also bring bed bugs into your home unknowingly. Moreover, students returning home for the holidays bring bugs back from their dormitories. To avoid this, get them to leave their luggage outdoors or in the garage where you could heat treat and vacuum them. Next, wash all their clothing in hot water and seal and store them in plastic bags.
People often go into denial that they have bed bugs. So-if you are waking up with bumps and blisters on your arms, legs or back each morning, make sure you have them checked out by a doctor. Bed bug bites are often mistaken for hives, scabies, and mosquito bites etc. Naturally, there are differences and if there are other tell-tale signs of bed bug activity, you know have to start thinking of bedbug diagnosis.
Nearly 88% bedbug infestations around America come back; which means we are looking at possibleinsecticide resistance. Until we are able to create a better solution that kills bed bug populations without harming humans, we must continue taking the integrated pest control management approach alongside careful monitoring and inspection. That is the only way to ensure that bedbugs do not come back ever.
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Bedbugs: Why They’re Back
Experts Explain Why Bedbugs Are Everywhere Again — and What to Do
Dec. 6, 2011 — For a while, it seemed the bedbug had gone the way of the Edsel automobile and cold water flats. Not anymore — as weвЂ™ve learned. TheyвЂ™re back with a vengeance, and experts now seem to know why.
Bedbugs may not get as much play in the media as they did in the summer of 2010, but they are here to stay, experts warned at the annual meeting of the American Society of Tropical Medicine and Hygiene (ASTMH) in Philadelphia. New research presented here helps explain why they are back and a lot of it has to do with an ability to outsmart existing treatments.
We saw hide nor hair from these vermin in the U.S. for close to 60 years, but now the number of bedbug infestations in homes, hotel rooms, and the like has jumped 10- to 100-fold since 1990.
What Is a Bed Bug?
Bedbugs are wingless, rust-colored insects. They are about the size of an apple seed. They donвЂ™t spread disease, but they do bite and munch on your blood. Their bites can trigger allergic reactions, including welts and itching in some people. Other people may not have any symptoms after a bite.
Part of the reason they are here en masse is their tremendous capacity for inbreeding. Researchers studied bed bugs from buildings in North Carolina and New Jersey and found an uncanny family resemblance among them. This was confirmed in another study of 21 bedbug infestations from Maine to Florida.
Others species donвЂ™t survive after inbreeding, but bed bugs donвЂ™t just survive, they thrive, says Coby Schal, PhD. He is an entomologist at the North Carolina State University in Raleigh, N.C. вЂњA single mated female can create a whole new population or infestation,вЂќ he says.
"We are just seeing the tip of the iceberg," Schal says. "They are here to stay for awhile.вЂќ
But this doesnвЂ™t necessarily mean you should avoid movie theaters, hotel rooms, or other places where bedbugs lurk.
вЂњBedbugs donвЂ™t hitchhike on people,вЂќ he says. вЂњThey are more likely to take a blood meal for five to 10 minutes and leave.вЂќ
This means they piggyback on your stuff instead. вЂњYou can pick up bed bugs on furniture and clothing,вЂќ he says.
Beat BedBugs at Their Own Game
вЂњMovie theaters are dark, so bedbugs are difficult to spot,вЂќ Schal says. DonвЂ™t skip the blockbuster. Instead, strip down when you arrive home and place all of your clothes in the dryer at high heat for 30 minutes.
вЂњWhen kids come back from college for Christmas break, take preventive measures if their dorm has been infested,вЂќ he says. Put all their belongings in the dryer on high heat or leave them outside in the cold air to chill, as the cold will kill them off too,вЂќ he says.
When Schal checks into a hotel room, the first thing he does is take out his flashlight and check the bed, mattress seams, headboard, coffee table, and dresser. вЂњI look in cracks and crevices to see if there is any sign of bedbugs,вЂќ he says.
HereвЂ™s another tip: вЂњRemove the headboard if it is not too heavy and look behind it,вЂќ he says. вЂњBedbugs donвЂ™t like to be disturbed by housekeeping when they make the bed or change the sheets.вЂќ That is why they may congregate behind or under headboards, where they are less likely to be disturbed.
Viviana Temino, MD, says that bedbug bites can look a lot like hives and that she is seeing a lot more of them these days. She is an assistant professor of allergy and immunology at the University of MiamiвЂ™s Miller School of Medicine.
вЂњWe have to start to think of bedbugs as possible diagnosis of hives, especially if hives happen at night and in the day you are OK,вЂќ she says. Temino was not at the meeting, but reviewed the findings for WebMD.
So, what do you do if you find any bedbugs or bedbug bites?
That is the tricky part, as we are running out of solutions, says Ken Haynes, PhD. He is an entomologist at the University of Kentucky in Louisville. Insecticide resistance is present in 88% of bedbug populations in different parts of the country, he says.
Resistance means that many of the treatments donвЂ™t work anymore. Haynes and colleagues are now trying to understand what went wrong and seeing if they can fix it.
Unless and until they get some answers, вЂњwe need to have a better scheme for managing insecticide resistance,вЂќ he says. Using heat treatment instead of chemicals may play a role.
Ken Haynes, PhD, entomologist, University of Kentucky, Louisville.
Coby Schal, PhD, entomologist, North Carolina State University, Raleigh.
Peter J. Hotez, MD, dean, national school of tropical medicine, Baylor College of Medicine, Houston.
Viviana Temino, MD, assistant professor of allergy and immunology, University of Miami Miller School of Medicine.
American Society of Tropical Medicine and Hygiene, 60th annual meeting. Philadelphia, Dec. 4-8, 2011.
Bedbugs: how do I make sure they don’t come back?
Once the infestation is under control, the following tips will help prevent their return:
- Avoid moving to another bedroom. While you may feel a strong need to do so, surviving bedbugs could tag along which might lead to another infestation. Instead, continue to use the same bedroom, monitor carefully and often for any surviving bedbugs, and take the steps below to protect yourself from being bitten.
- Completely enclose your mattress and box spring in zippered bed encasements available from allergy or pest control supply companies. Put duct tape over the zipper, because zippers have a space where bedbugs can enter or escape. Mattresses can also be wrapped and sealed in plastic film. As long as the encasement stays intact (no rips or holes), the bedbugs will not be able to get through it to bite you and will eventually die. It is a good practice to keep the mattress enclosed this way for a full year.
- Coat bed legs with double-sided carpet tape or petroleum jelly, or place the legs of the bed in leg protectors or glass jars with a bit of baby powder to trap the bedbugs on their way up or down the bed leg. Commercially available bed leg interceptors are available and are a way to detect bedbugs.
- Use white or light-coloured sheets. This makes it easier to spot them.
- Remove headboards completely.
- Paint existing wood furniture (including baby cribs) white for easier detection. (Use only paint that is safe for use on baby furniture.)
- Replace upholstered furniture with metal or plastic, or material that can easily be cleaned with soap and water.
- Vacuum daily. For the first few weeks, even after you no longer see any bedbugs, throw out the vacuum bag right away, like you did during the treatment phase.
- Look for new infestations on a regular basis.
For more information on pesticide use and regulation, contact Health Canada’s Pest Management Information Service.
Can Bed Bugs Come Back After Treatment?
Home » Can Bed Bugs Come Back After Treatment?
Can bed bugs come back after treatment?
One of the most common questions we get from customers dealing with a bed bug infestation is: Can bed bugs come back after treatment? The answer is a bit complicated, but the short answer is that yes, technically you can have bed bugs in your house again after receiving treatment. However, the bed bug control treatment performed by our Clegg’s Pest Control teamdoeseradicate all of the bed bugs currently in your home. How can they come back then? Let’s explain.
When you receive bed bug treatment from our experienced Clegg’s team of pest pros, we identify and exterminate the entire infestation currently in your home. Our bed bug specialists are experts in bed bug identification, and we have two bed bug detection dogs on our team to ensure that we find and eradicate every trace of the insects in your home. Therefore, to understand how bed bugs can come back after treatment, we first have to ask the following question:
Where do bed bugs come from?
Most bed bug infestations do not originate in your home. Like an infection or illness, bed bug infestations are contagious! If you have bed bugs in your home or business, it is likely that they were brought in by another unsuspecting person or pet. For example, your home could be 100% clean and free of bed bugs, and then you have a friend visit for the weekend. That friend brings with them a suitcase they usually use for business travel.
Your friend doesn’t know it, but their suitcase contains bed bugs that they picked up in one of the hotels they stay in for work. But, now that infested suitcase is in your home! The bed bugs leave the suitcase and find their way intoyourfurniture or bed, and boom. Now your home is infested. Plus, because adult bed bugs can live a year without feeding, it could be months before you recognize that you may have an infestation, and too much time will have passed to identify the cause, the “patient zero” so to speak. This is part of what makes bed bug infestations so common. You can get them from anywhere, and you may not even know you have them!
Knowing that bed bugs can be brought into your house by other people, we now have the answer to the question…
How can bed bugs come back after treatment?
A properly performed bed bug treatment by a member of our Clegg’s team will ensure that your home or business is free of the insects. However, it is possible thatafterwe rid the property of bed bugs, they can be brought into the property from another place, or by another person. We have had cases before where the owner thought the treatment had been performed incorrectly, but in reality the bed bugs were being repeatedly brought into their home *after* treatment by their own neighbor, or a friend!
It can be easy to think then, that it is impossible to completely free your home from bed bugs. That is not true! If you have bed bugs, or suspect that you have them in your home, call our Clegg’s team at (888) MRCLEGG. Our bed bug treatment plans are highly customizable for your specific situation, and we will quickly and effectively exterminate the bed bugs in your property. After treatment, as a home or business owner, there are some steps you can take to prevent bed bugs, and they don’t include forbidding anyone from entering your house!
How to prevent bed bugs
For a complete bed bug prevention plan, check out our free bed bug guide for your home ! In the meantime, here are some helpful tips for bed bug prevention:
- Vacuum your suitcases when returning from travel, especially if you stayed in a hotel or inn. Consider asking guests to check their suitcases before staying for a visit
- Think about keeping your suitcase in a large plastic bag during hotel stays
- Regularly inspect areas where pets sleep to check for signs of bed bugs, as animals can bring the insects into your home
- NEVER bring second hand furniture like beds or sofas into your home, especially mattresses, without having them inspected for bed bugs. As bed bugs can be very difficult to detect without training, consider having one of our bed bug specialists inspect furniture in question before putting it in your home.
Have any more questions, or need to schedule your FREE Bed Bug Inspection? Or, curious about how termites come back after treatment or other pests return? Call or text our team today at (888) MRCLEGG, or fill out an inspection request form online !
Bed Bugs: Tips and Advice
I thought bedbugs were a problem of the past.
You may have heard recent stories about bedbugs coming back in epidemic levels. Through increased travel and the decreased use of pesticides, bedbugs are on the rise again. Today, as many as 90% of pest controllers report receiving calls about bedbugs. Unfortunately, many hotels are becoming infested, putting customers at risk of being bitten or worse, bringing bedbugs home. Fear not, however, as there are ways to protect yourself and your bedding.
What can I do to keep from getting bedbugs?
- Cover all mattresses, box springs, and pillows before an infestation occurs. This prevents the bedbugs from hiding out in your bed.
- Keep in mind that bedbugs can spread through common air ducts or spaces, so apartments, condos, and townhomes are more susceptible to infestations.
- NEVER place luggage on the carpet or bed. ALWAYS use the luggage rack – it is there for a reason!
- Be sure to check for signs of bugs – lift up the corner of the sheet and look on the edge of the bed near the seam for any dropping or exoskeletons (they shed!)
- Wash all items in hot water when you return to kill any bedbugs that may have come home with you.
- If it is winter and below freezing, consider leaving your bag outside to freeze any remaining bugs.
- If you do get bedbugs, don’t think that tossing the old mattress will get rid of all bugs. An female adult bedbug can lay up to 200 eggs in her lifetime.
- Vacuum thoroughly and promptly dispose of the vacuum bag in a sealed bag outdoors.
- Cover your new mattress because often, bedbugs come back.
- Make sure your exterminator uses an old-fashioned bug spray, not bait, as bedbugs are blood feeders and do not take bait.
The best treatment is prevention, so it is best to cover your bedding and take precautions when traveling.
I had the exterminator come but bedbugs keep coming back…what else can I do?
If you have already had an exterminator come, but the bugs are not gone, it is probably because you have eggs remaining in your home. Sprays kill living bugs, but bedbugs lay hundreds of eggs, making them particularly difficult to get rid of.
If you have bedbugs, be sure to cover all mattresses, box springs, pillows, and non-washable comforters to encase the bugs. This will prevent new bugs from getting in and old bugs from getting out. Covers should be used for at least 1 year after getting bed bugs.
Any bedding you do not encase (sheets, mattress pads, blankets, washable comforters) should be washed in HOT water to kill any bugs and destroy the eggs. This should continue to be done every 2 weeks until you no longer see bugs and then periodically.
Finally, vacuum your entire house thoroughly, including carpets, draperies, wall hangings, couches, and any other fabric items to sweep up any bugs or eggs. Then, promptly remove the bag and place it in a sealable bag, dispose of it in an outdoor trashcan.
If you follow these few easy steps in conjunction with an exterminator’s treatment, you should be able to get rid of bedbugs.
Is the only solution to bedbugs to get rid of the mattress?
In short, no. In fact, just tossing the mattress may not rid you of the bedbug problem. Instead of getting rid of the mattress, you can encase it in a bedbug proof cover to trap bugs already there and keep new ones from settling in.
Be sure to cover all mattresses in the entire residence as well as box springs, pillows, and comforters to be sure you have removed any habitats. If you do choose to throw away your old mattress, you should cover your new mattress to ensure any residual bugs don’t get in and wreck your new investment.
How do you get bedbugs?
You can pick up bedbugs from just about anywhere. There are reports of infestations in malls, schools, subways, and hotels. By bringing home a single female bedbug, you can get as many as 200 new bedbugs in one generation. Bedbugs are also know for traveling through central air systems so multi-family residences like apartments are especially susceptible. Typically, if one room in a hotel or apartment gets bedbugs, the entire building will eventually acquire the bugs. The best way to protect yourself is to encase all bedding that cannot be washed and vacuum and wash the other items frequently.
What do bedbugs look like?
Bedbugs are about 1/5 of an inch long and oval shaped. They are brown unless they have recently fed, in which case they may appear dark red. They resemble an apple seed. Bedbugs molt about 5 times in their life, so you are more likely to see their leftover shell than the actual bug. Their eggs are almost impossible to see with the naked eye and appear like a speck of dust on a dark surface. Bed bug bites often appear as other bug bites. The best ways to differentiate between a bedbug bite and a mosquito bite are:
- Are the bites in a line?
- Are the bites on your torso?
- Are your bites in the winter?
- Do they appear in the morning?
If you have answered “yes” to any of those questions, your bites may be from bed bugs. Check your sheets for reddish brown marks which are tell-tale signs of squished bedbugs. Also, check the seam of your bed for any molted shells or dark droppings. You could have bed bugs.
How do bedbug covers work?
Bedbug covers work by trapping bedbugs you already have and preventing new ones from getting in. This keeps the bugs from nesting in your bed and keeps you bite free. Bedbug covers MUST have a zipper to be effective.
What kind of bed bug cover should I get?
We offer two kinds of bedbug covers. The least expensive bedbug covers are plain vinyl encasements. We recommend heavy duty vinyl for bedbugs as you must have your mattress encased for at least 1 year to prevent a relapse. The 6 gauge covers are more durable than the thinner 3 gauge covers and hold up better. While vinyl is economical, it is not as comfortable to sleep on because it does not breathe and can be loud. Vinyl is best for the box springs which are not slept directly on, although many people use vinyl covers for their top mattress as well. If you choose a vinyl encasement, you may want to get a plush mattress pad to provide some ventilation between you and the vinyl.
A more preferred option for mattresses is to use a premium encasement. Premium encasements are a urethane cover with a terry-loop top which provide breathable and comfortable mattress protection. These are the best bedbug covers because they provide reliable coverage, comfortable breathability, and last a very long time. Our premium covers carry a 10 year warranty. We also carry premium pillow and duvet covers to protect your entire bed.
How long do I have to leave a cover on?
You must leave your bed bug encasement on for at least 1 year to ensure all bugs AND EGGS have died before removing your encasement. This is another reason you may want to invest a little more in a premium cover. You will be sleeping on it for a long time.