How Do Bed Bugs Look When They Hatch

What Do Bed Bug Eggs Look Like?

Knowing what bed bug eggs look like could help you defeat an infestation faster—and help prevent the bugs from coming back.

Courtesy Dini M. Miller, Ph.D

A bed bug’s life starts as a tiny egg, barely noticeable to the human eye. But in just days, this tiny, blood-sucking insect will hatch and be searching for its next blood meal in you.

Don’t believe this myth about bed bug eggs

You may have already read on some websites that bed bugs can lay up to 500 eggs in a lifetime. That’s something to freak out about—if it were true. Thankfully, it’s not. Virginia Tech entomologist Dini M. Miller, PhD, says that number is from dated research but still circulates today. The reported 500 eggs were based on one bed bug in a lab that was very fertile. Here’s something you can believe—the real causes of bed bugs.

How many eggs do bed bugs lay?

Dr. Dini Millers’ research lab at Virginia Tech says the more meals the female gets, the greater the number of eggs she will produce. So, if she is able to feed every week, she could produce five to 20 eggs. But she might not get to feed every week, in which case she would produce fewer eggs. According to Dr. Miller’s research, bed bugs can lay up to 113 eggs in a lifetime, which can be around a year.

Male bed bugs get frisky after a blood meal

After female and male bed bugs get their fill of blood from you, they head back to the harborage (their home) to digest their blood feast and mate. Dr. Miller’s research tells us male bed bugs are particularly interested in mating after a blood meal. Afterward and for the next several hours, their sperm will migrate to the female’s ovaries and fertilize her eggs. Check out what bed bugs look like after they eat and when they mate.

Bed bug eggs are dropped

Courtesy Dini M. Miller, Ph.D

Bed bug eggs are cream-colored and have an elongated shape that measures a tiny one millimeter in length. The female can lay her eggs singly or in groups. “Bed bugs can ‘glue’ their egg to a surface and it can remain there until it hatches if in an undisturbed location such as a crack or crevice. They can be dislodged though, so they can be found on the floor if scraped off,” says urban entomologist Jody Green, PhD, at the University of Nebraska-Lincoln. The eggs are usually pretty safe unless a human comes along with a scraper or strong vacuum to suck them up. Vacuuming is one way to stay on top of bed bugs. Here are some other things you should be doing to keep bed bugs out.

Bed bug eggs are tough

You would think something as small and seemingly frail like a bed bug egg wouldn’t have much of a chance, yet Dr. Miller’s research says that under optimal conditions, just about 97 percent of the bed bug eggs hatch. Insecticides sold at the local hardware store can’t penetrate the protective eggshell, says Green. Even diatomaceous earth, one of the home remedies for bed bugs, only kills nymphs and adult bed bugs—not the eggs. Here’s what’s lethal to the eggs: Temperatures above 120 degrees, or below 0. Green says some professional products may be successful at wiping out the eggs but only with precise and proper application techniques.

Hatching time

A new generation of bed bugs will hatch between nine and 12 days of optimal room temperatures—around 72 degrees—Green says. Hatching takes longer under cooler conditions. Once the nymphs emerge, they immediately start searching for a blood meal. “Literature has suggested that nymphs require a blood meal soon because they may desiccate. A blood meal will help them with moisture, but they can also survive by hiding out in crevices in optimal temperatures of 70 to 90 degrees,” says Green. Even without a blood snack, nymphs may live for two to four months. Check out some more secrets bed bugs don’t want you to know.

PestPolicy

Baby bed bugs (simply nymphs) are the bed bugs going through the initial 5 stages of their life-cycle.

They’ll be straw or light brown (before taking a blood meal) and the size of a pin head.

Bed bug (Cimex lectularius) infest over 20% of Americans homes.

Its important to control the bed bugs nymphs in your house, bed frames, or mattress encasements. Check what bed bug look like?

What Do Baby Bed Bugs Look Like? 99+Images

First, check out the below video. Its a quick preview of how bed bugs look like – luckily this video shows the bed bugs in all their life-stages – including the baby bed bugs-nymphs.

What Do Baby Bed Bugs Look Like?

The bed bug species that mainly attack human beings are theCimex hemipterus or the Cimex lectularius. Adult bed bugs (females) lay about 250 viable eggs.

The baby bed bugs-nymphs pass through 5 juvenile “nymph” stages as they molt towards attaining the adult stage – the wingless, reddish-brown, blood-sucking insects.

Sidenote: Always spray against bedbugs, fleas or roaches on used clothes and furniture before you get them into your house. But also, check this guide on how to use steam heat treatment, rubbing alcohol, Ammonia, bleach, or Lysol to kill bed bugs

1. Appearance and Size

In exact size, Nymphs are in between the bed bug eggs (1 mm / 0.09 inches) to the size of an adult bed bug (4.5 mm / 0.18 inches).

However, immature bed bugs are tiny in size (definitely) but will grow bigger as they suck more blood and molt.

It’s important to note that it’s possible to see nymphs with the naked eye. An adult bed bug will be something like an apple seed in size (about 4.5mm), and its red or brown in color.

Bed Bugs Life cycle. Credit: phdmc.org

The baby bed bugs-nymphs add about 0.5 mm of its size at each molting stage (of the 5 juvenile “nymph” stages). However, do not confuse a cluster of bed bug eggs (with each measuring about 1 mm) with the nymphs.

At the 5th nymph stages, the baby bed bug has a size almost equal to their adult counterparts. But for more clarity, check out the video (Courtesy of Sandy Honess) and see how you can differentiate the nymphs from the adult bed bugs.

2. Shape andColor

Nymphs have an oval just like their counterparts. So, the main difference between the nymphs and the adult bed bugs is just the color. Immediately after hatching, nymphs will be yellow-white (almost colorless) but will turn reddish or brown as they feed on blood.

Before they suck blood, bed bugs are relatively thin and hence will easily slip through cracks and crevices into mattress covers, and furniture spaces where they hid waiting to lay eggs or attack their next host.

Do baby bed bugs Jump or Crawl?

First things first, baby bed bug, just like the adult bed bugs, can fly or jump. However, these bugs have a very fast speed when running on a flat surface, ceilings, walls, and floors.

To be specific, bed bugs will clock about 4 feet every second. Wondering if even adult bed bugs can fly? Do Check this Guide for more details.

Nevertheless, compared to insects like fleas that can hop and jump around, bed bugs can only crawl or run very fast on floors and other surfaces. Actually, nothing would qualify as an adventure in the movement of bed bugs.

Further, because of the bugs wide body and short legs, they’ll only crawl low in the ground. However, despite moving very fast, they would not easily significantly exceed their regular crawling speed.

Will bed bugs climb up rough surfaces?Bed bugs, including the baby bed bugs-nymphs, have small hooks on their legs. Therefore, these structures the bugs hold onto pores, cracks or crevices of different rough surfaces and thus quickly climb up metals, plastics, walls, cloths, or timber. On the flip side, bed bugs cannot climb up on smoother covers such as glass and porcelain.

Can bed bugs push off heavy obstacles?Equally, because of their wide body and short legs, the bed bugs won’t do great in moving in thick carpets, hair, or some busy terrain.

Further, the short legs are also too frail to push heavy objects aside particularly when moving in thick hair, carpets or grass. Therefore, in such cases, they would opt to climb up the objects and drop on the other side or simply circumnavigate them.

Do Baby Bed Bugs Bite?

Immediately after hatching, the nymphs from the eggs ( nymphs ) need to suck a pint of human (of your pets’) to allow it to grow, live and molt into other lifecycle stages.

Check the nymphs (Nymphs) – Color, Pictures, Movement. Side note: Bed bug eggs take 2 weeks to hatch after which the nymph move through the 5 molt stages during which they must feed on blood.

Therefore, the short answer isthat just like the adult bed bugs, the baby bed bugs-nymphs do bite human beings for blood. Interestingly, due to their growth requirements, the nymphs will bite humans (and such blood) more often. However, the bed bugs bites will disappear with 1-2 weeks.

But how do the bites from nymphs look like?Well, bites from the nymphs will look just like those from the adult bed bugs. As a reminder, such bites leave reddish bumps on your skin and are itchy too. Equally, nymphs will mainly bite your shoulders and arms – this can be compared to fleas that mainly bite the feet and ankles.

Where can baby bed bugs be found?

Despite that bites from bed bugs could be a significant sign of their presence in your premises, you must know how and where the bugs tend to hide so that you can easily control them.

First things first, the signs to look out for include blood spots or fecal matter (colored like rust) on your bedding or mattress.

Sadly, human beings can carry bead bugs and their nymphs in their clothes from one house to another. For example, the bugs may hitchhike your bags, purses, clothes, and luggage. However, they do not love the hairy pets such as cats and dogs.

But of course, you know that the nymphs can also trigger skin irritation and transmit diseases. Therefore, the best solution when you believe you have a bed bug infestation is to hire the services of a bed bug exterminator or spray on the adult or babies of bed bugs directly.

Bed Bug Life Cycle

Bed bugs are nocturnal, reddish-brown insects that feed on the blood of humans and other warm-blooded animals. These wingless insects have dorsoventrally flattened bodies that allow them to hide in areas such as floor cracks, carpets, beds and upholstered furniture.

A bed bug’s life begins with an egg, grain like and milky white in color. Female bed bugs lay between one and five eggs each day and may lie up to 500 eggs within one lifetime. Eggs are laid singly or in clusters and are placed within tight cracks or crevices. The egg is approximately 1 mm in length and is comparable in size to two grains of salt. Within two weeks, eggs hatch and immature bed bugs begin immediately to feed.

Nymphs

These young bed bugs, or nymphs, pass through five molts before reaching maturity. Although nymphs appear similar to adults, they are smaller in size and are not yet sexually mature. Young nymphs are also yellow-white in color, while older nymphs and adults are reddish-brown. In order to complete a molting stage, each nymph requires a blood meal. At room temperature, nymphs molt and become adults within five weeks.

Adults

Upon reaching maturity, bed bug adults often make weekly feedings.


Adult Bed Bug

How Long Do They Live?
The life span of a bed bug most commonly ranges from four to six months. However, some bed bugs may live up to a year under cool conditions and with no food.

Bed Bug Control

Cimex lectularius L.

Learn what Bed Bugs look like, and how to detect if you have a Bed Bug Infestation.

Find out how Bed Bugs infiltrate your home and where they are attracted to.

Learn about Bed Bug bites. their feces and how they can impact your health.

Learn how Orkin handles Bed Bugs, homeopathic cures and the cost of Bed Bug extermination services.

What Do Bed Bugs Look Like?

Bed bugs aren’t easy to spot because they live a cryptic lifestyle, are tiny, and are rarely seen during our waking hours.

It’s easy to mistake a bed bug for a tick or carpet beetle—it’s not like you want to get that close to a bug you want to squash and kill.

What do bed bugs look like?

Courtesy Jody M Green, Ph.D

Bed bugs—or as entomologists call them,Cimex lectularius—are small, brownish-red, with a flattened oval-shape body and visible body segments. Younger ones appear as a pale yellow. By the way, if you spot what you think is a bed bug, don’t kill it. Capture it and seal it in a container so it can be identified. Here are 16 secrets about bed bugs that help you keep them out of your house.

How big are bed bugs?

Courtesy Jody M Green, Ph.D

The common bed bug (Cimex lectularius) has five developmental life stages. Bed bugs, like other insects, have an exoskeleton, meaning their skeleton is on the outside of the body. In order to progress to the next life stage, bed bugs have to shed their exoskeleton to grow larger. Eggs are about the size of a poppy seed; younger bed bugs are the size of a sesame seed. An adult bed bug that isn’t full from a blood meal is about the size of a flaxseed, while an engorged bed bug expands to the size of an apple seed.

What do bed bugs look like after feeding?

Frantisek Dulik/Shutterstock

Bed bugs sport a flat and oval shape by day, but once they get a blood meal, their body expands and looks like a mini red torpedo. This bed bug is so full, it’s leaking the extra in a trail of blood behind it. But they don’t need to feed every day—usually, it is every three to seven days, says Dini M. Miller, Ph.D., department of entomology, at Virginia Tech. There’s the digestion state too, in which the bed bug returns to the oval shape of the unfed stage but has a black spot on its body, which is the digested blood that it will excrete later.

When are bed bugs active?

Dmitrii Erekhinskii/Shutterstock

Bed bugs are cryptic and pretty much hide out during the day in cracks and crevices with other bed bugs in harborages (bed bug community) hoping to remain undiscovered, explains Dr. Miller. However, once midnight rolls around, the party starts for the hungry bed bugs which remain active until about 5:00 a.m. The timing couldn’t be more perfect for them because those five hours are when most people are in a deep sleep.

How do bed bugs find us at night?

Pavel Krasensky/Shutterstock

Bed bugs don’t need a neon vacancy sign flashing from our toes to let them know where we are, but the cues scientists think they use are pretty fascinating. “They can become alerted to the presence of a food source in a room because we emit carbon dioxide, which stimulates them,” says Eric Braun, a board-certified entomologist for Rentokil Steritech, a pest control company. “They also look for the heat signature from our bodies to find us.” Still, bed bugs have to be within close proximity to sense us—usually five to 20 feet from their harborage.

How do bed bugs bite us?

Courtesy Jody M Green, Ph.D

Look closely at this bed bug picture and you’ll see the mouthparts bed bugs use to probe our skin. They’re pretty choosy and may poke our skin several times before they find a capillary space that allows the blood to flow quickly into their bodies. That means we could wake up with several bites from one bug, Dr. Miller says. Once the bed bug settles on a location, it will feed for about five to ten minutes. When its belly is full, it will return to the crack or crevice where other bed bugs are hanging out. Here’s how to treat the most common bug bites, including bed bugs.

Will I see a bunch of bed bugs together?

Akos Nagy/Shutterstock

“Unlike bees or ants, bed bugs don’t exhibit social or task-related behaviors. They will harbor in clusters and groups, finding one another through the use of an aggregate pheromone, but they are not a true colony,” says Braun. Basically, bed bugs go about their day, driven by their own needs and they don’t come out all at once as a group to feed on a host.

Why do some bed bugs have a black spot on them?

Courtesy Dini M. Miller, Ph.D

Dr. Miller says the black part is the digested blood the bed bugs ate a couple of days ago. Given bed bugs don’t feed every day, most of the bed bugs are in the digesting state and not feeding. They’ll excrete the digested blood later which will be evident to us as dark spots (feces) in cracks and crevices or seams of furniture.

How do bed bugs multiply?

Courtesy Dini M. Miller, Ph.D

At first glance, this bed bug picture looks kind of cute—two bed bugs in a warm embrace. But in reality, the male is actually mating with the female by stabbing her in the side rather than mating with her in her genital area. “He pushes his paramere through her body wall. She does kind of have a receptacle for his parameter called the spermalege. But he still wounds her in the process of ‘traumatic insemination,’” says Dr. Miller. The female must heal from the wound but it does leave a scar. And if she’s been mated one too many times, she’ll leave the aggregate to avoid further abuse, Dr. Miller says.

What do bed bug eggs look like?

Courtesy Dini M. Miller, Ph.D

Once a female has sucked down a full blood meal, she’s ready to lay some eggs. In fact, she can lay one to seven eggs per day in a ten day period. But she can’t lay eggs on an empty stomach, which means she’ll need to feed again to produce more eggs. The eggs are clear and tubular, similar to the shape of a jelly bean but in reality the size of a speck of dust. As fragile as they appear, they have a pretty good shot at hatching; Dr. Miller says 97 percent will hatch under optimal conditions.

Where do bed bugs lay eggs?

Courtesy Dini M. Miller, Ph.D

The female bed bug lays her eggs singly or in groups and just about anywhere in a room she wants, but it won’t be on your body. Bed bugs prefer quiet places since they are shy. The eggs are sticky when they pop out and as this bed bug picture shows, one got stuck on the back of bed bug. It’s worth mentioning that a single mated female brought into your home (via a mode of transit like a purse, duffel bag, blanket, etc.) can cause an infestation from the eggs she will lay in your house. Follow these steps to avoid an infestation.

How long does it take for bed bug eggs to hatch?

Courtesy Dini M. Miller, Ph.D

In Dr. Miller’s lab, 60 percent of the eggs hatch at six days old when temperatures were greater than 70° Fahrenheit and 90 percent will have hatched by the eighth or ninth day. Hatching time takes longer when the temperatures drop. When the conditions are ideal, a bed bug population can double every 16 days.

What do bed bugs look like when they are born?

Courtesy Dini M. Miller, Ph.D

You would probably need a magnifying glass to see a newborn bed bug as they are super tiny, about the size of a pinhead. They are translucent with red eyes as seen under the microscope in the bed bug picture. It won’t take too much time for them to go through all five nymphal stages and become a reproductive adult. As long as they get their first blood meal within about 20 days (and don’t get crushed or die from something else), they’ll become a full-fledged adult in about 37 days.

What happens after bed bugs drink blood?

Courtesy Dini M. Miller, Ph.D

These two nymphs just finished feeding and have a full blood meal in their body. Seems like they’re comparing notes on their dinner but once they’ve gone through all five growth stages and become adults, they’ll trade blood meal reviews for mating time. It’s not uncommon for bed bugs to get frisky after a full blood meal, especially the males.

How many baby bed bugs survive after hatching?

Courtesy Jody M Green, Ph.D

Fresh out of the egg, bed bugs are pretty fragile but they do come from a hardy species so they have genetics going for them. But still, Dr. Miller says newly hatched nymphs are exceptionally tiny and can’t travel great distances to find a host for a blood meal. And if the momma laid her egg too far from the host, the nymph could die of dehydration before sucking down its first blood meal.

Do bed bugs eat other things besides blood?

Courtesy Dini M. Miller, Ph.D

Blood is the only food source bed bugs need to survive. And a human host is their first choice. We’re just easier for bed bugs to crawl on than an animal or bird. Getting enough blood is essential for a bed bug to survive though. This nymph is so young it still has some of its egg cap on and didn’t get a full blood meal yet. You can tell because she has more storage available. If a bed bug doesn’t get enough, it will likely die of dehydration Dr. Miller says.

Where do bed bugs live?

Courtesy Dini M. Miller, Ph.D

They gravitate toward places humans don’t notice on a daily basis—the edge of wall-to-wall carpeting, in seams of furniture, behind wall-mounted fixtures, in piles of clutter and clothing in closets and light switch plates. Staying out of sight isn’t the only reason though. “Bed bugs pack themselves so tightly into small cracks and crevices so they can maintain a microhabitat of favorable temperature and humidity, thus increasing their ability to survive periods of starvation,” says Dr. Miller.

Why do some bed bugs have different shapes?

Courtesy Dini M. Miller, Ph.D

Depending on the growth stage, one bed bug may be bigger than another and what a bed bug look likes after a blood meal coincides with that stage. This bed bug picture shows bed bugs at different growth stages. Regardless of age, their shape transforms by becoming more narrow and longer than their usual flat, oval-shaped body. Then, in a couple of days, when the digestion process is complete, the pre-fed dark and flat body return.

Can bed bugs get inside a mattress cover?

Courtesy Dini M. Miller, Ph.D

Unfortunately, if the mattress cover has even a tiny opening, the answer is yes. “This zipper photo shows that not all mattress encasements can keep bed bugs contained. You notice the zipper does not reach the very top of the enclosure. So bed bugs were able to come out and feed when we laid my technician’s arm across it,” says Dr. Miller. Bed bugs are all about being subtle. If you notice one of these warning signs you could have a bed bug problem.

Can I see a bed bug on my purse or backpack?

Courtesy Jody M Green, Ph.D

It’s difficult but not impossible to see a bed bug on a personal belonging. Adult bed bugs are easier to spot because they are larger at about three to five milliliters and reddish brown. Younger stage bed bugs are pale yellow and smaller. If you’ve been traveling, visiting several homes or buildings where people come and go, inspect your purse, backpack, or laptop bag before you bring it in the house. And whatever you do, don’t place these items near your bed without a thorough inspection.

Do bed bugs hide in our hair at night?

Dmitrii Erekhinskii/Shutterstock

Some insects like lice have grasping legs that make it easier to navigate human hair and animal fur but bed bugs don’t have the same legs. “They prefer to feed on exposed areas of skin and don’t live on the body, so haven’t adapted any spines or specialized legs,” says Jody Green, PhD, an urban entomologist at the University of Nebraska-Lincoln. “I believe this is the reason they would prefer to feed on humans than other animals, but of course, in the absence of a host, they will feed on a different host.”

Do bed bugs fly?

Akos Nagy/Shutterstock

Bed bugs can’t fly or jump like fleas nor can they sprint as fast as cockroaches but they’re not slowpokes either. They can travel across sofas or down a hall in no time. And even if it doesn’t find a human host right away, it can survive months without a blood meal before it dies of starvation—which by the way, Dr. Miller says is largely due to dehydration because bed bugs are mainly hydrated through blood when they live in an indoor environment. Now, find out the bed bug “facts” that should be exterminated for good.

Identifying Bed Bug Eggs- How they look like, Images & destruction

Identifying bed bugs and their eggs comes in handy in not only differentiating between it and other household insects but also ensuring that you mount an appropriate response to them.

This might seem like a simple task but there has been a campaign that has debunked this.

In one campaign by the University of Minnesota, it was found out that many people couldn’t identify with a bed bug.

In its findings, it was shown that 76% of all the samples that had been submitted for identification were indeed not bed bugs. Now, if this was hard enough, then how about identifying bed bug eggs themselves? Read on to find out.

What do bed bug eggs look like- Color & Shells

After bed bugs have mated, the female is expected to lay eggs. The eggs are oval in shape and normally white in color. The size of the egg is approximately 1/32″ or 1/16″ long.

This size is typically smaller than a grain of rice but a rice grain is almost 50 times smaller. There have been propositions mentioning the efficacy of using a light-emitting diode (LED) to be able to shine on the eggs and make it easier for identification and observation.

One thing that you should know is that the eggs are so tiny that you wouldn’t necessarily see them with your naked eye. You will need to magnify their sizes with the use of a magnifying glass. This might still take you some time if you are looking for the eggs in a light-colored wall.

White wall are known as the biggest culprits and hide the eggs even from a magnifying glass. This is where your vision acuity comes in. Further magnification of the egg reveals that it is not all white but rather a conformity of a silvery and cream-colored appearance.

An unhatched egg has the cream-colored appearance while a hatched egg is silvery. The latter is basically a remnant of the shell of the egg.

In a dark colored setting, the eggs can be very visible to the naked eye and this might mean that the blocks are basically clusters of many eggs clutched together to form one big rice-grain-sized egg. In real sense, it is not however.

In regards to the shape, the egg is more ovoid or at times oblong. One end is marked by an eye spot that can be seen as a slightly dark mark.

It is important to be able to differentiate the fecal matter, eggs and egg shells of bed bugs. Well, as you might expect, the fecal matter is quite the opposite color of the eggs. They are dark in colour and can also be seen on the sidelines of mattresses or along the corners of your wall.

Are Bed Bug Eggs Hard-how do the feel like?

You might wonder why this question is of essence in discussions but they may as well point out to perhaps someone wanting to crush them, ease of removal from household items without squashing onto them or mere curiosity.

If you have bed bugs, you can feel them and determine their fragility. At first instance, you need to ensure that the eggs you are touching are indeed a bed-bug’s. You wouldn’t of course feel these very tiny eggs even when your mattress is heavily laden by them.

While there is not any defined texture that is associated with bed bug eggs, at least information from hear-say has established that bed bug eggs are soft and since they are too small, the feeling is like rubbing some dust through your fingers.

However, you can actually feel some bit of grittiness depicting some rounded content suggestive of eggs. Perhaps the reason as to why some people say the eggs are hard is due to the fact that the eggs are strongly adherent to the item they have been laid on.

Bed Bug Eggs, Shells Pictures & images

Egg shells

How many eggs do bed bugs lay-Where & How Often

Bed bugs are like egg-laying machines. An adult female bed bug lays about 2-3 eggs or at times even more in a day. This means that the bed bug may lay hundreds of eggs in its lifetime.

This has been stipulated to be between 200 and 250 eggs. The number of eggs laid per day will be dependent on the presence of optimal conditions that are required to lay eggs.

These eggs can be laid either in clusters or singly and therefore may be associated with a small time difference between subsequent laying.

This includes warm temperatures and enough blood-meal in a day. It is also known that a single female can be responsible for more than 4000 bed bugs within a span of f6 months.

When and where do bed bugs lay eggs

Bed bugs have a pre-determined specification of the place it can lay its eggs. They are bright and since danger poses when the eggs are visible, wit is often required.

Fortunately, many people already know about this. Owing to the color of the eggs, they are mostly deposited on the wall especially the white or cream-colored ones. They may be engraved in the crevices or cracks on wall and the corners of the walls.

They are commonly seen as a line of white tiny balls along the corner from the top to bottom. So long as an area is well protected, it serves as a potential hiding spot for the eggs. These are areas rarely accessed by anyone and therefore good for the wellbeing of the unhatched eggs.

In addition, the places need not obey the law of gravity as these eggs are highly adherent to the places they have been laid on.

Folds and seams of mattresses, box springs, frames of beds and plywood are potential places.

If you can take a look at your bed at its joints and even dismantle the bed itself, you will meet hundreds of eggs lodged.

You will find that there has been a history of hatching and laying cycles with shells visible and skins of a couple of nymphs already molted.

Bed bugs can also lay their eggs on you whether on your clothes or on parts that resemble a crevice or a hiding spot such as the folds of your abdomen or under-arm.

Whether they hatch on you is dependent on your level of hygiene. If your hygiene is poor, then you will definitely be one of the best nesting spots of bed bugs.

The time they lay

Bed bugs lay eggs at any time of the day. This depends on the responsible mating time.

However, some other factors may have an impact on the time the female chooses to lay. This school of thought is sparked by the fact that the eggs are normally found in designated places. This means that the location is an important determiner.

Life cycle-how long does it take bed bug eggs to hatch

After laying the eggs, it will take approximately 6 to 17 days for the eggs to get hatched. It is during this time that the new bed bug, nymph, seeks its first meal.

The range of time it takes for the eggs to hatch is influenced by the presence of optimal temperature and blood-meal and will therefore hatch faster if all these are present in good quantity.

The nymph then matures with its length of time dependent on temperature. The nymph highly demands frequent blood meals so as to nourish itself in between molts.

It will require 5 molts for complete maturity and this may take a month or even 21 days in temperatures that are warmer. Molting involves shedding of the outer exoskeleton so as to increase in size.

If the season is cold, then it might take as long as 2 or 4 months to mature. It is interesting to note that any adult male and female can mate regardless of maternal relations.

Adult bed bugs live for an average of about 2 or 4 months again depending on the prevailing temperatures and adequacy of a blood meal. The following is the change in size as the bed bug grows:

  1. Eggs (1mm).
  2. 1 st – 5 th stage nymph (1.5 – 4.5 mm).

How to kill/Get rid of bed bug eggs

Killing

Diatomaceous earth (DE):the use of DE is a natural method that kills bed bugs efficiently. It does so by absorbing the protective exoskeleton making it dehydrated and eventually dead within hours.

Heat Treatment:there are special heating equipment that are used to de-infest homes. The machines are portable and have fans that heat the adjacent air to as high as 120 – 130°F.

This is closely monitored with temperature sensors. This method is quite effective and has been shown to be able to eliminate bed bugs in a single day rather than a couple of days.

It is however an expensive method and at times may require that insecticides be used for bed bugs re-entering your dwelling.

Cold treatment:if bed bugs are exposed to freeze- cold temperatures for a long time, then you can kill them. Temperatures as low as -16°C for about 3 days are enough to put the infestations to a stop.

You can also choose to use this method to immobilize the bed bugs and stop them from spreading and growing while you dispose of the item.

Using encasements:this involves the use of a covering made of fabric and zipping a mattress in it. This majorly creates a barrier between the bed bugs and the surrounding preventing escape and spread.

This is a good way to contain infestations. This method may be used as an accompaniment after you have killed the bed bugs and have bought a new mattress too.

Use of interceptors:they are a good method since they prevent the bed bugs from climbing the bed. When the bed bugs try to climb the leg of the bed, they are trapped within the interceptor. They can also be a useful monitoring and evaluation tool.

Insecticides:call a professional to do this for you. It is not advisable for you to do it by yourself as the chemicals used require the use of protective attire.

There are a variety of chemicals that have been approved for use as an insecticide such asTransport®, Temprid®andPhantom®.

Use of insecticide does not entirely depend on the chemical used but also the ability to decipher places that are hot spots. Spray areas where the bed bugs hide such as crevices, cracks and inside joints of beds and other furniture.

After spraying the whole room take out the sheets and clothing then wash them in hot water to remove the chemicals. Fumigation is quite similar that is used to kill bed bugs with a lethal gas such as sulfuryl fluoride. This requires that you vacate the building for a couple of days(College of Agriculture, Food and Environment).

Other ways to get rid and prevent

Other ways that you can use to get rid and prevent bed bug infestations include:

  1. Examine your bedding and clothing frequently before your sleep and before travelling.
  2. Store your luggage on raised stands rather than placing them on the floor
  3. When you are from a visitation and bed bugs were evident, leave your bag outside and call bed bug professionals.

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