How Do Bed Bugs Nest

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Bed Bugs

How to Find Bed Bugs

If you have a bed bug infestation, it is best to find it early, before the infestation becomes established or spreads. Treating a minor infestation, while an inconvenience, is far less costly and easier than treating the same infestation after it becomes more widespread.

However, low-level infestations are also much more challenging to find and correctly identify. Other insects, such as carpet beetles, can be easily mistaken for bed bugs. If you misidentify a bed bug infestation, it gives the bugs more time to spread to other areas of the house or hitchhike a ride to someone else’s house to start a new infestation. Learn about identifying bed bugs.

Bites on the skin are a poor indicator of a bed bug infestation. Bed bug bites can look like bites from other insects (such as mosquitoes or chiggers), rashes (such as eczema or fungal infections), or even hives. Some people do not react to bed bug bites at all.

Looking for Signs of Bed Bugs

A more accurate way to identify a possible infestation is to look for physical signs of bed bugs. When cleaning, changing bedding, or staying away from home, look for:

  • Rusty or reddish stains on bed sheets or mattresses caused by bed bugs being crushed.
  • Dark spots (about this size: •), which are bed bug excrement and may bleed on the fabric like a marker would.
  • Eggs and eggshells, which are tiny (about 1mm) and pale yellow skins that nymphs shed as they grow larger.
  • Live bed bugs.

Where Bed Bugs Hide

When not feeding, bed bugs hide in a variety of places. Around the bed, they can be found near the piping, seams and tags of the mattress and box spring, and in cracks on the bed frame and headboard.

If the room is heavily infested, you may find bed bugs:

  • In the seams of chairs and couches, between cushions, in the folds of curtains.
  • In drawer joints.
  • In electrical receptacles and appliances.
  • Under loose wall paper and wall hangings.
  • At the junction where the wall and the ceiling meet.
  • Even in the head of a screw.

Bedbugs

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Bedbugs are small, oval, brownish insects that live on the blood of animals or humans. Adult bedbugs have flat bodies about the size of an apple seed. After feeding, however, their bodies swell and are a reddish color.

Bedbugs do not fly, but they can move quickly over floors, walls, and ceilings. Female bedbugs may lay hundreds of eggs, each of which is about the size of a speck of dust, over a lifetime.

Immature bedbugs, called nymphs, shed their skins five times before reaching maturity and require a meal of blood before each shedding. Under favorable conditions the bugs can develop fully in as little as a month and produce three or more generations per year.

Although they are a nuisance, they are not thought to transmit diseases.

Where Bed Bugs Hide

Bedbugs may enter your home undetected through luggage, clothing, used beds and couches, and other items. Their flattened bodies make it possible for them to fit into tiny spaces, about the width of a credit card. Bedbugs do not have nests like ants or bees, but tend to live in groups in hiding places. Their initial hiding places are typically in mattresses, box springs, bed frames, and headboards where they have easy access to people to bite in the night.

Over time, however, they may scatter through the bedroom, moving into any crevice or protected location. They may also spread to nearby rooms or apartments.

Because bedbugs live solely on blood, having them in your home is not a sign of dirtiness. You are as likely to find them in immaculate homes and hotel rooms as in filthy ones.

When Bedbugs Bite

Bedbugs are active mainly at night and usually bite people while they are sleeping. They feed by piercing the skin and withdrawing blood through an elongated beak. The bugs feed from three to 10 minutes to become engorged and then crawl away unnoticed.

Most bedbug bites are painless at first, but later turn into itchy welts. Unlike flea bites that are mainly around the ankles, bedbug bites are on any area of skin exposed while sleeping. Also, the bites do not have a red spot in the center like flea bites do.

People who don’t realize they have a bedbug infestation may attribute the itching and welts to other causes, such as mosquitoes. To confirm bedbug bites, you must find and identify the bugs themselves.

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Signs of Infestation

If you wake up with itchy areas you didn’t have when you went to sleep, you may have bedbugs, particularly if you got a used bed or other used furniture around the time the bites started. Other signs that you have bedbugs include:

  • Blood stains on your sheets or pillowcases
  • Dark or rusty spots of bedbug excrement on sheets and mattresses, bed clothes, and walls
  • Bedbug fecal spots, egg shells, or shed skins in areas where bedbugs hide
  • An offensive, musty odor from the bugs’ scent glands

If you suspect an infestation, remove all bedding and check it carefully for signs of the bugs or their excrement. Remove the dust cover over the bottom of the box springs and examine the seams in the wood framing. Peel back the fabric where it is stapled to the wood frame.

Also, check the area around the bed, including inside books, telephones or radios, the edge of the carpet, and even in electrical outlets. Check your closet, because bedbugs can attach to clothing. If you are uncertain about signs of bedbugs, call an exterminator, who will know what to look for.

If you find signs of infestation, begin steps to get rid of the bugs and prevent their return.

Bedbug Treatments

Getting rid of bedbugs begins with cleaning up the places where bedbugs live. This should include the following:

  • Clean bedding, linens, curtains, and clothing in hot water and dry them on the highest dryer setting. Place stuffed animals, shoes, and other items that can’t be washed in the dryer and run on high for 30 minutes.
  • Use a stiff brush to scrub mattress seams to remove bedbugs and their eggs before vacuuming.
  • Vacuum your bed and surrounding area frequently. After vacuuming, immediately place the vacuum cleaner bag in a plastic bag and place in garbage can outdoors.
  • Encase mattress and box springs with a tightly woven, zippered cover to keep bedbugs from entering or escaping. Bedbugs may live up to a year without feeding, so keep the cover on your mattress for at least a year to make sure all bugs in the mattress are dead.
  • Repair cracks in plaster and glue down peeling wallpaper to get rid of places bedbugs can hide.
  • Get rid of clutter around the bed.

If your mattress is infested, you may want to get rid of it and get a new one, but take care to rid the rest of your home of bedbugs or they will infest your new mattress.

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Bedbug Extermination

While cleaning up infested areas will be helpful in controlling bedbugs, getting rid of them usually requires chemical treatments. Because treating your bed and bedroom with insecticides can be harmful, it is important to use products that can be used safely in bedrooms. Do not treat mattresses and bedding unless the label specifically says you can use them on bedding.

Generally it is safest and most effective to hire an experienced pest control professional for bedbug extermination.

Sources

University of Kentucky College of Agriculture: "Bed Bugs."

Ohio State University Extension Fact Sheet: "Bed Bugs."

The New York City Department of Heath and Mental Hygiene: "Stop Bed Bugs Safely."

University of Nebraska–Lincoln Extension Lancaster County: "Managing Bed Bugs."

Bed Bugs Infestations 1

Real Life Pictures

BEHIND THE HEADBOARD A BED BUG

This bed had many Bed Bugs nesting spots. This is a scene of the rear of a head board of a wooden bed frame. This is near the upper end of the head board.
As this is the side that is almost attached to the wall, light never reaches it. No body would glances at it. It is no surprise that this scene, normally, would be out of the casual sight and detection.

This situation depicted in this image is not a typical one. The infestation has developed to very high levels for various reasons.

CLICK IMAGE FOR FULL RESOLUTION.

Another Shelter!

This is the scene of the ledge on which the box spring rests. This wooden ledge is factory covered with a fabric like material which is pitch black.

Without decent light and more than a glance look this would remain hidden.

The white eggs look almost like glowing in the light. You can see the light reflected in the black extruded feces as well.

Point is even though this picture has great clarity, in normal circumstances, this is very easy to be misses by a casual observer.

This situation depicted in this image is that of a well established infestation but not to the level where it would be in your face. If the residents were not experiencing bites or skin irritation, they may not become aware of bed bug presence. In typical light the significance of this situation can be overlooked.

Do Bed Bugs Live and Make a Nest in The Wood?

Do bed bugs live in wood? Do they make nest? We are always wondering why these small creatures disturb us by living in our bed or sofa. They’re also found in the dresser. Actually, are they able to live everywhere? Or do they have specific place to a habitat? Let’s find out!

Bed Bugs Habitat

We know that bed bugs are very small and even smaller than fleas. They also have dark or even transparent look which make them hard to catch. People who find out that they have been bitten by these bed bugs will recognize it quickly as it’s so itchy and reddish. Usually, if the bedbugs haven’t moved too far from the place where they feed, we’re still able to find them. They will get darker and bigger after the fed. At this moment, we will find them easier, even though they may hide somewhere under the mattress or in the dark area. Besides the reddish and itchy bumps, to know the existence of these bed bugs, we can find them using flashlight at night. They look shiny when they get caught by the flashlight in the dark. From this, you can start clearing the area that may be infected.

The habitat of bed bugs can be everywhere in your room. They may live on your bed, in your mattress, on your bed sheet, in the dresser, on the couch, and so on. It’s good to know that the spreading of bed bugs is very fast and wide. Remember that they can’ fly, but they jump. Yes, they jump from one spot to another inside your room, or whole house. They may come from outside and jumped onto your clothes or bag, and they easily got into your house. Mostly, they will find the place where the people often use to sleep, or stay for long time.

Actually, it doesn’t matter what kind of material where the bed bugs live. They live in the narrow space where it’s close to the host sleeps. So, maybe for those who have an idea to change the wooden bed into the metal one, it will not solve the problem.

How to Solve This Bed Bugs Problem?

Controlling bed bugs isn’t an instant process. It’s complicated and needs to be checked regularly. Kill them immediately using the bed bugs spray or other pesticide may never help to solve this problem. It probably makes the bed bugs hard to kill. The idea of changing the stuffs or move them, is not an effective idea. Once the bed bugs infected your bed area, they may live there forever. Remember that they jump onto every spot they can reach.

Try to clean the stuffs that have been infected by the bed bugs. But, it’s possible for the small items. Wash the stuffs like mattress, bed sheet, clothes, and carpet in high temperature about 110 Fahrenheit or more.

The answer of do the bed bugs live in wood is yes, they’re possible to live there.

How to Find Bed Bug Nests In Your Home

Bed bug problem can be really serious, if you keep it without taking any action. Fortunately, there are many products that you can use to kill these bugs. You can even make your own bed bug spray to do this. However, the most important thing that you need to do is find where these bugs reside. Or, in simplest way, you need to find their nest. Using bed bug product on the place where there is no nest or only few bugs stay at there will be useless. You won’t be able to solve the problem. So, find the bed bug nest and use it there. Now, how can we find the nest?

Preparation

The only way to find the nest is search manually. Actually, there is product that you can use to attract bed bugs. However, if you can’t locate the nest, that would be useless. You only kill the bugs that gathering around the product that attract them. So, to search manually, you need several tools, like magnifying glass, flashlight and gloves.

Searching the Bed

The main important thing that you need to understand about bed bugs is they always stay close to their source of food. And, if we talk about food for bed bugs, it would be blood, your blood. Therefore, the best place to look for their nest is your bed, because you always use it for sleeping. Meanwhile, bed bugs are very active at night, which make your bed perfect place for them to make nest. To find where their nest on your bed, here are few steps that you need to do:

Search for the sign of bed bugs on your bed sheet. Usually, it can be a stain of blood, which usually caused by bed bugs that was killed by you accidentally, after they suck your blood. If you find it, that will be good sign that you are close to their nest.

Check the mattress, especially the edges and seam. Bed bugs love to make nest in the hidden places like that. Flip the mattress to find the other side of it, which usually is also best place for nest.

Box spring is the next target. Search every corner and crook of this place. Box spring is actually most common place where you can find bed bugs nest. We can say this is these bugs’ favorite place to stay. If necessary, you can remove the bed spring protector. Use magnifying glass and flashlight to find it.

Head board and bed frame is also another place you need search for. The joints and corner of bed frame and head board usually become the great place for bed bugs to stay.

After you located the nest, which is usually there are lot of bed bugs at there, you can use the bed bugs exterminator products or such on that place. That will help you to deal with the bed bugs problem. However, you also need to remember, bed bugs usually made several nest. So, you need to inspect other place, like furniture and your closet.

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