How Do Bed Bugs Produce Eggs

Bedbugs

In this Article

In this Article

In this Article

Bedbugs are small, oval, brownish insects that live on the blood of animals or humans. Adult bedbugs have flat bodies about the size of an apple seed. After feeding, however, their bodies swell and are a reddish color.

Bedbugs do not fly, but they can move quickly over floors, walls, and ceilings. Female bedbugs may lay hundreds of eggs, each of which is about the size of a speck of dust, over a lifetime.

Immature bedbugs, called nymphs, shed their skins five times before reaching maturity and require a meal of blood before each shedding. Under favorable conditions the bugs can develop fully in as little as a month and produce three or more generations per year.

Although they are a nuisance, they are not thought to transmit diseases.

Where Bed Bugs Hide

Bedbugs may enter your home undetected through luggage, clothing, used beds and couches, and other items. Their flattened bodies make it possible for them to fit into tiny spaces, about the width of a credit card. Bedbugs do not have nests like ants or bees, but tend to live in groups in hiding places. Their initial hiding places are typically in mattresses, box springs, bed frames, and headboards where they have easy access to people to bite in the night.

Over time, however, they may scatter through the bedroom, moving into any crevice or protected location. They may also spread to nearby rooms or apartments.

Because bedbugs live solely on blood, having them in your home is not a sign of dirtiness. You are as likely to find them in immaculate homes and hotel rooms as in filthy ones.

When Bedbugs Bite

Bedbugs are active mainly at night and usually bite people while they are sleeping. They feed by piercing the skin and withdrawing blood through an elongated beak. The bugs feed from three to 10 minutes to become engorged and then crawl away unnoticed.

Most bedbug bites are painless at first, but later turn into itchy welts. Unlike flea bites that are mainly around the ankles, bedbug bites are on any area of skin exposed while sleeping. Also, the bites do not have a red spot in the center like flea bites do.

People who don’t realize they have a bedbug infestation may attribute the itching and welts to other causes, such as mosquitoes. To confirm bedbug bites, you must find and identify the bugs themselves.

Continued

Signs of Infestation

If you wake up with itchy areas you didn’t have when you went to sleep, you may have bedbugs, particularly if you got a used bed or other used furniture around the time the bites started. Other signs that you have bedbugs include:

  • Blood stains on your sheets or pillowcases
  • Dark or rusty spots of bedbug excrement on sheets and mattresses, bed clothes, and walls
  • Bedbug fecal spots, egg shells, or shed skins in areas where bedbugs hide
  • An offensive, musty odor from the bugs’ scent glands

If you suspect an infestation, remove all bedding and check it carefully for signs of the bugs or their excrement. Remove the dust cover over the bottom of the box springs and examine the seams in the wood framing. Peel back the fabric where it is stapled to the wood frame.

Also, check the area around the bed, including inside books, telephones or radios, the edge of the carpet, and even in electrical outlets. Check your closet, because bedbugs can attach to clothing. If you are uncertain about signs of bedbugs, call an exterminator, who will know what to look for.

If you find signs of infestation, begin steps to get rid of the bugs and prevent their return.

Bedbug Treatments

Getting rid of bedbugs begins with cleaning up the places where bedbugs live. This should include the following:

  • Clean bedding, linens, curtains, and clothing in hot water and dry them on the highest dryer setting. Place stuffed animals, shoes, and other items that can’t be washed in the dryer and run on high for 30 minutes.
  • Use a stiff brush to scrub mattress seams to remove bedbugs and their eggs before vacuuming.
  • Vacuum your bed and surrounding area frequently. After vacuuming, immediately place the vacuum cleaner bag in a plastic bag and place in garbage can outdoors.
  • Encase mattress and box springs with a tightly woven, zippered cover to keep bedbugs from entering or escaping. Bedbugs may live up to a year without feeding, so keep the cover on your mattress for at least a year to make sure all bugs in the mattress are dead.
  • Repair cracks in plaster and glue down peeling wallpaper to get rid of places bedbugs can hide.
  • Get rid of clutter around the bed.

If your mattress is infested, you may want to get rid of it and get a new one, but take care to rid the rest of your home of bedbugs or they will infest your new mattress.

Continued

Bedbug Extermination

While cleaning up infested areas will be helpful in controlling bedbugs, getting rid of them usually requires chemical treatments. Because treating your bed and bedroom with insecticides can be harmful, it is important to use products that can be used safely in bedrooms. Do not treat mattresses and bedding unless the label specifically says you can use them on bedding.

Generally it is safest and most effective to hire an experienced pest control professional for bedbug extermination.

Sources

University of Kentucky College of Agriculture: "Bed Bugs."

Ohio State University Extension Fact Sheet: "Bed Bugs."

The New York City Department of Heath and Mental Hygiene: "Stop Bed Bugs Safely."

University of Nebraska–Lincoln Extension Lancaster County: "Managing Bed Bugs."

Bed Bug Reproduction

By DoMyOwn staff

How do bed bugs reproduce?

Male and Female bed bugs mate by what is called traumatic insemination. The traumatic insemination takes place by basically stabbing the female’s abdomen with a specialized hardened reproductive organ. The fertilization can take place at any location on the abdomen and the male’s gametes will travel to her ovaries or reproductive gametes. Once fertilization occurs the female contains viable eggs for 5-7 weeks. After three or so days of feeding, the female begins to lay eggs. As the female lays eggs, she continues to feed. She can produce an average of 3-8 eggs a week. The eggs hatch and immediately feed.

Female bed bugs are capable of laying as many as twelve eggs each day after being fertilized and having a proper blood meal. They are deposited in small cracks and crevices along bed frames, baseboards, and carpet linings. The female lays the eggs with an adhesive layer to assure that the eggs will stay in place. The baby bed bugs will hatch from the eggs in around six to seventeen days. The young emerge and immediately begin to feed or search for food. Nymphs and adults are able to survive long periods of time without food. Bed bugs usually live for a year to a year and a half. Three or more generations can occur each year.

To stop bed bug reproduction, use an IGR (insect growth regulator). For bed bugs, we specifically recommend using Gentrol IGR.

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How do bed bugs multiply?

You should hate bed bugs because of two reasons: They disturb you and reproduce rapidly. So, how bed bugs reproduce and what can stop them multiplying?

What are bed bugs?

Bed bugs are parasites that feed on blood. They feed only on blood and unfortunately, their main food source is human.

A bed bug has 3 life stages and its size varies from 1 to 6 mm depending on its stage. You can find more information about bed bugs stages in this post: bedbugdetected.com/bed-bug-life-stages

Physical features of bed bugs are below:

  • They are flat and oval-shaped
  • Half-winged (so little useless wings so, no wings at all)
  • Reddish brown colored (More reddish after recently fed)

What do bed bugs look like?

They are not microscopic creatures so, you can see them with naked eye. What you have to know about bed bugs firstly is they can’t fly or jump which means that if you see an insect flying or jumping, you can eliminate bed bug option easily.

Bed bug eggs

Here is a video showing bed bug eggs:

Bed bugs aren’t mammalians which means they multiply by laying. Bed bug eggs can be differentiated from other bug eggs with their shapes and appearances on the floor.

Bed bug eggs are yellow white, they stand together and glued to the surface, mostly in cracks. The most distinguishing feature of those eggs from the other bug eggs is “glue”.

Other places where bed bugs lay their eggs are:

  • Behind walls
  • Inside clothes
  • Mattress
  • Behind wall papers
  • Other places near to their food source

Beg bugs male/female ratio

This is important because reproducing activity of beg bugs depend on the number of females. After laying their eggs, the number of female and male eggs hatching is almost the same: 1:1 ratio.

Success hatching ratio of a female is usually more than 95 percent.

How fast bed bugs spread?

Laying ability of a female adult bed bug depends on how much it feeds. So, more blood they can have, more eggs they will produce.

After a female bed bugs feeds enough once, she will produce 1 to 7 eggs per a day for next 10 days.

Eggs will hatch in 7 to 10 days if the air condition is suitable for them, otherwise hatching time can take up to 30 days.

So, a female bed bug can hatch 100 to 500 eggs in her lifetime which means they will reproduce rapidly and if no action is taken, the invasion will be inevitable.

How fast bed bugs grow?

After hatching, new born bed bug will have 2 more life stages. First will be nymph and this stage has 5 instars in it.

They will need a month in average to become an adult which has a body size more than 5 mm.

How long bed bugs survive without feeding

The main reason what makes bag bugs invasive is their resistance to hunger. They can survive without feeding at least for months, nevertheless it was observed that they can live without feeding for more than a year in some cases.

Ideal temperature for bed bugs

Ideal environment for bed bugs is where the temperature is between 65° and 85°. So, their activity will reduce below 65° and above 85°.

What prevents bed bugs from reproducing?

Under these conditions, their reproducing speed gets slower or ends:

  • If they can’t feed enough
  • If they are not close to their food sources
  • If the environment temperature is not between 65° and 85°.

Conclusion

What you must know about bed bugs reproduce are:

  • They usually start mating after 1 month they hatched.
  • They multiply by laying.
  • Their eggs are glued and in group.
  • Hatching success for the eggs is more than 95 percent.
  • An adult female can lay 100 to 500 eggs during her lifetime.
  • They are more reproductive during ideal condition: When the feed enough and it’s 65° and 85° around.
  • If no action is taken on time, you must face a bed bug invasion.

For more information about bed bugs, you can check these posts:

What Causes Bed Bugs in Your Home ?

If you wake up in the middle of the nigh scratching itchy arms and legs, you may have a bed bug infestation. These small, reddish-brown bloodsucking pests can cause a number of health issues if they are not eliminated quickly.

A single bug is no larger than an apple seed. This is why you may not be able to detect them till it is too late. They can remain hidden between cracks, crevices, box springs, the headboard, and any furniture that is near your bed.

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How Do Bed Bugs Get In Your Home?

These pests don’t materialize out of thin air and land on your bed. Bed bugs are notorious hitch hikers – they can get on you and you won’t even realize they are there till they multiply on your bed. Here are some common places where these bloodsuckers can come from:

  • Office buildings.
  • Daycare centers
  • Schools
  • Libraries
  • Nursing homes
  • Police station
  • The theatre
  • Bus depots (from seats)

In fact, bed bugs can also transfer from one person to the next so you aren’t safe even if you avoid the aforementioned locations.

1. Doesn’t Matter If You Are Clean

What causes bed bugs to come? Let’s get one thing straight – no matter how clean you are, you are still susceptible to an infestation from these pesky insects. Their main diet is human and animal blood and they can live almost any place that has a ready supply of either of these. So no matter how pristine your home is and even if you don’t have pets, you may have these bugs.

Even though bed bugs prefer to remain hidden, they venture out when they sense a suitable source of food nearby. These are quite caution though which is why they come out in the middle of the night. Plus, there is a reason why you don’t feel them biting you when you are asleep. When they bite, they inject a weak anesthetic into their host so that they can eat their fill without being noticed.

2. They Are Master Hitchhikers

As mentioned before, for bed bugs to get in your home, they have to hitch a ride on you or anything you are carrying. Normally, they don’t remain on a host after they have fed their fill but they may crawl onto them and ride to a new location.

Needless to say travelers are the ones who are the most susceptible to this. If you stay in a hotel that has a bed bug problem, you will probably take some home with you on your luggage, purse, backpack and coat.

3. They Prefer High-Activity Areas

Since bed bugs travel from one feeding ground to the next by hitching a ride on unsuspecting people, they are usually found in populated areas. This includes shelters, dorms, hotels, apartments, etc.

In other words, if you have a lot of guests coming over for dinner or a party, chances are at least one of them are hiding pesky uninvited guests so to speak. People who live in single family residences are at a lower risk.

4. They Love Clutter

Once bed bugs get in your home, they immediately start searching for hiding places. This can be anything from baseboards and wallpaper to your sheets, under switch plates and especially clutter. This spells bad news for hoarders – the more things you have lying around your home, the harder it will be for you to get rid of them.

Once they find a decent hidey hole, they spare no time multiplying and they do this quite fast. In fact, a single female can lay over hundreds of eggs at a time. With a ready food source and isolation, it can produce eggs as many times as it needs.

5. They Can Be Found In Second Hand Furniture

If you prefer to buy furniture second hand, chances are you will get more than you bargained for. If it comes from a home that is infested with bed bugs, it will definitely have a few that can infest your home as well. This also includes rented furniture which is not deep cleaned and inspected for pests after it is returned.

Unfortunately, isolating an infested piece of furniture may not resolve the problem. Bed bugs can survive for months without feeding after all.

Frequently Asked Questions

What causes bed bugs and how to get rid of them?

To summarize, bed bugs are caused by clutter, infested furniture and travel. Here are some ways that you can prevent an infestation and/or get rid of them:

  • Be diligent when you are traveling. When you are staying at a hotel, place your bag on your suitcase, not on the floor or the bed. Plus, keep it away from the furniture and the walls.
  • Before purchasing new or used furniture, examine it for bed bugs by lifting the seams, cushions and tufts.
  • Vacuum your home frequently
  • Cover all power outlets. Bed bugs hide in the holes during extermination and come out when the coast is clear.
  • Store clothing in vacuum sealed bags while traveling. This will prevent these pests from hitching a ride on you all the way back to your home.

How do I know that my home has bed bugs?

  • You see small, red bumps on your skin that itch when you get up in the morning.
  • You see blood stains on the sheets.
  • You see black droppings on furniture, in crevices, in your bed and in cracks.
  • You notice a musty odor in your home
  • You see dark spots on the walls.
  • You see bed bug shells (white, husk-like specks) on your mattress.
  • You see small, white spots in the furniture.

I have a bed bug problem. How do I control it?

  • Get rid of clutter and clean up your home.
  • Move the bed well away from the furniture before treating it.
  • Wash infested sheets, pillows, blankets etc and dry it in a hot dryer for at least half an hour. This should kill the eggs as well. After that, consider using spring and box spring covers to prevent re-infestation.
  • Seal all openings such as cracks and crevices especially where the pipes and wires are located.
  • Remove all the drawers from a dresser to search for the bugs and pull it away from the wall to block escape routes.
  • To dislodge eggs, scrub infested areas with a stiff brush and then vacuum the room extensively. A vacuum hose attachment will be effective especially in cracks and small holes. Since bed bugs latch on tightly, use the nozzle of the vacuum to scrape them lose and then suck them up.

How do I use pesticide to eliminate bed bugs?

Only use pesticides if the infestation is too large to manage. Plus, make sure to use a product that is made specifically for eliminating it such as Temprid FX. Follow the directions that are mentioned on it carefully. Use only the amount that is prescribed and place it in a spray bottle.

Spray the pesticide in areas where bed bugs are usually found such as in corners, around thresholds, and window frames, under the furniture, the bed and furniture legs, the edge of carpets and baseboards, etc. Whatever you do, do not spray an entire carpet or floor and allow it to dry on areas that you do spray before removing dead bugs.

What health risks do bed bugs carry?

Bed bugs affect each person differently. Some people may not even see any red spots or signs of an infestation on their body while others may either get small, red and engorged marks on their body or a full-on allergic reaction which may require medical aid. The worst case scenario may be burning and an anaphylactic reaction. Some people may also suffer from insomnia if they know that their bed has bugs in it for fear of being bitten.

How do I prevent bed bugs from returning after cleaning them out?

Even if you evacuate your home, some bugs may return and feed off other pests such as rats and mice. In other words, make sure that you get rid of them as well as the bugs at the same time.

How do I prevent an infestation after returning home from a vacation?

  • When you get home from a vacation, take your luggage into the garage or any area that is not near your home and shake out everything in it.
  • Place all of the clothes in your luggage in a plastic bag and wash them separately in the washing machine even items that you never wore during your trip. Use hot water for this.
  • Vacuum your empty suitcase from the inside out thoroughly and dump the contents outside. Take extra precautions by rubbing the suitcases with rubbing alcohol. Apply it to a cotton ball and rub it around the crevices and cracks.
  • Items that should not be washed can still be treated. For example, you can leave the shoes you used in your travels out in the sun for a couple of days to drive out any bed bugs in it.

If you see a single bed bug, chances are there are more behind it hiding in your home. Take the threat seriously by taking the mentioned preventative/elimination measures and you will be free of the pesky critters in no time.

How to Get Rid of Bed Bug Eggs

Bed bug infestations were common in the U.S before World War II. With the improvement in hygiene and extensive use of DDT in the 1940s and 1950s, bed bugs almost vanished. The people living in the U.S and even the pest control professionals had never seen a bed bug until recently. Bed bugs persisted in some parts of the world including Asia, Africa, and Eastern Europe. It is due to international travel and immigration that has caused bed bugs to reemerge in the U.S.

Bed bugs have started appearing in homes, hotels, schools, dormitories, shelters, public transport, and laundries and in rental furniture. Bed bug infestation is a growing concern in the U.S and people are desperately looking for ways to get rid of them.

Eradicating bed bugs is not as easy as getting rid of any other pests. Bed bugs are resistant pests that demand a more powerful and more extensive extermination method.

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What are Bed Bugs?

Bed bugs are fairly small insects with an oval-shaped, flat body. An adult bed bug is usually 5 mm in length. They might be mistaken for cockroaches, carpet beetles, ticks or other small insects. They have a characteristic reddish-brown color. They have hairy bodies. Bed bugs do not jump or fly. They rather crawl fast over the walls, floors, ceilings, and other surfaces.

Bed bugs feed on the blood of warm-blooded creatures. Their favorite host is human. They are light brown in color before they have fed, but after feeding, they appear rust colored or dark reddish brown. In short, bed bugs are blood-sucking insects that are not just scary but a nuisance that does not go away easily.

How Do Bed Bugs Reproduce?

Male and female bed bugs mate through a process called “traumatic insemination”. Mating occurs with the male bed bug stabbing the female bed bug in the abdomen by the male reproductive organ, which is specialized and hardened. The male bed bug ejaculates anywhere in the abdomen of the female bed bug. The male gametes travel to female gametes or ovaries where fertilization takes place. After fertilization has taken place, a female bed bug can carry fertilized eggs for 5 to 7 weeks.

Bed Bug Eggs

A female bed bug starts laying eggs 3 or more days after she has had a meal of blood. A female bed bug lays an average of 3 to 8 eggs a week. Female bed bugs have the capability of laying as many as 12 eggs per day.

Eggs are laid in places where there is a minimal disturbance. Most commonly, the female bed bug lays eggs in cracks or crevices near bed frames, carpet linings or baseboards. The eggs are coated with an adhesive naturally to ensure that they stay in place.

Hatching of Eggs

Bed bug eggs hatch in about 6 to 16 days. After the eggs hatch, the young bed bugs or the nymphs start feeding immediately. Bed bugs can go long periods without having fed. The life span of a bed bug is about a year to year and a half. Bed bugs can produce 3 generations in one year.

Frequency of Mating

Female bed bugs that have mated several times usually lay lesser eggs as compared to a bed bug that has had time for recuperation. According to studies, the healing process is necessary for a female bed bug to be able to produce more eggs. A female who has mated once will produce 25% more eggs than the one that has mated many times.

Due to this reason, many female bed bugs move to other places with a guaranteed food source before laying eggs. They look for places where there is a lack of mates. Also, the capability of a female bed bug to keep her eggs for 5 to 7 weeks provides her enough time to travel and find a suitable place to lay eggs .

Bed Bug Egg Pictures

How Many Eggs Do Bed Bugs Lay?

As mentioned earlier, female bed bugs are capable of laying 12 eggs per day. On average, they lay 1 to 7 eggs each day. They end up laying 200 to 250 eggs during their entire life which is about one year. The eggs hatch in 6 to 16 days.

Nymphs

When nymphs emerge from eggs, they are translucent. They immediately start their search for a meal. Once they feed, they undergo molting 5 times after which they become reddish brown in color. Molting is shedding of skin. Nymphs cannot reproduce as long as they have fully matured. A female bed bug may mate with its offspring after the nymph has matured.

Conditions for Egg Production

The primary condition for egg production is the availability of food source. The reason bed bugs reside near the host is to have easy access to a blood source they can feed on repeatedly. The more the quantity of meal a female bed bug takes the more eggs it will produce. If she has access to a reliable food source, she can produce more batches of eggs. A female bed bug is capable of producing 5 to 20 eggs from a single meal.

Where Do Bed Bugs Lay Eggs?

Bed bug infestation is most commonly found in beds. They prefer residing and laying eggs in a place which is close to the host so that feeding is easier. The places closest to the host are the bed frames, bed sheets, and the mattresses. Bed bugs lay eggs in the bed or any furniture that is close to the bed.

Bed bug eggs are sticky so they can easily adhere to the mattress, bed sheet or the curtains. Bed bugs prefer laying eggs in places where there will be the least disturbance. For example, if you usually sleep on the right side of the bed, the bed bug is likely to lay eggs under the pillow on the left side which has been left undisturbed. Bed bugs are found in clusters. Bed bug eggs are found in places with bed bugs, their droppings and bed bug shells.

Primary Harborage

The primary harborage for bed bugs is near the host. Their preference to live near the host is conditional; that is, only if they know they will be undisturbed. Bed bugs are attracted to the scent of carbon dioxide that the humans exhale. They can only detect the signs of the presence of a warm-blood creature from a very close distance, hence their preference to stay close to the host. Also, blood feedings become easier for bed bugs when they stay close to a meal source.

Secondary Harborage

If the bed bug infestation is severe, overcrowding of bed bugs near the host may occur. In such a situation, bed bugs move to places where there is a lesser crowd. These places are usually about 5 feet from the bed. These places include the carpet, the neighboring walls, and drawer joints.

If the infestation is extremely severe with the 5 feet radius from the bed being overcrowded as well, bed bugs may move further ahead to seek refuge. These places include electrical sockets, appliances, sofas, and other such furniture. Bed bugs are so tiny that they can accommodate in any place that is as thick as a credit card.

If we talk about conditions in which bed bugs can live, they can live in any condition in which their host can live. It is as simple as that!

Appearance of Bed Bug Eggs

If you are wondering how do bed bug eggs look like, you have your answer right here. Bed bug eggs are transparent in color but their shades may range from transparent to white. Bed bug eggs are about 1 millimeter long. Eggs are most commonly found sticking to wooden or fabric surfaces and less commonly on plastic or metallic ones.

Fresh bed bug eggs appear shiny due to a sticky substance that is secreted with the eggs. This sticky substance ensures that the eggs remain in place, stuck to the surface. Empty egg shells look like eggs but the difference is that they are not shiny and they appear more flattened. You might be wondering how you can see bed bug eggs. Empty eggs can be seen by the naked eye. If you see empty egg shells, you should realize that the bed bug infestation in your home is growing.

Bed Bugs in Hair

When we say bed bugs can reside anywhere, we literally mean anywhere. As gross as it sounds, we hate telling you that you can get bed bugs in your hair. However, you may feel better when we tell you that bed bugs are not capable of navigating through hair like lice. They may enter your hair, but they won’t stay there for long. Because of the way the bodies of bed bugs are built, they fail to navigate through human hair.

Bed Bug Eggs in Hair

As previously mentioned, bed bugs can hide in your hair. When they can hide, they can also lay eggs in your hair. But they most probably won’t do that. If the bed bug infestation in your hair is large, you may observe a bad odor coming from your hair. You may also notice blood stains on your pillow.

Bed bug bites on your scalp may feel bumpy and itchy. Bed bug bites are often observed to be in a straight row. You may feel a burning sensation in your hair when you apply shampoo while you bath. If you are certain that you have bed bugs in your hair, you should apply shampoo and comb through your hair regularly to make sure the bed bugs and bed bug eggs are removed.

If you feel that shampoo isn’t doing any good, you can try other remedies like rubbing alcohol or a combination of rubbing alcohol and almond. Washing your hair with water as hot as you can bear can drive the bed bugs away and even destroy the bed bug eggs.

Signs and Symptoms of Bed Bug Infestation

If you have a bed bug infestation, there are some obvious signs. Below is a list of signs that are characteristic of bed bug infestation.

  • Waking up with itchy red spots:
    bed bugs bite on any part of the skin that is exposed. Bed bug bites are small, red and itchy. The site of the bite may also be inflamed. Not all people get red, itchy bumps on their skin. It is important that you inspect your home regularly because if you are not getting any visible bites, it does not mean you might not have a bed bug infestation.
  • Bed bug bites are in a line:
    a bed bug usually bites in such a way that you get red, itchy bumps in a row. Bed bugs bite with a distinctive pattern. This helps you differentiate between bites from bed bugs and bites of fleas or mites.
  • Unexplained musty odor:
    bed bugs release pheromones. When the infestation is large, the amount of pheromones being released is fairly large too which causes a musty odor in your house. If you feel your house smells different, it may indicate a bed bug infestation.
  • Blood stains on bed sheets:
    bed bugs feed on human blood. They might leave behind the drippings from a bite on your bed sheets. You may roll over a bed bug in your sleep which leaves behind a prominent blood stain on the bed.
  • Rust colored spots on the mattress:
    bed bugs leave behind their fecal exudates on beddings. If you observe rust colored stains on your mattress or your bed sheets, you are most likely to have a bed bug infestation.
  • Dark spots on your walls:
    bed bugs can leave fecal stains beneath your wallpaper or on the walls. If you find dark, rusty stains on your walls, brace yourself for a bed bug infestation.
  • Finding a collection of bed bug shells:
    if you have a bed bug infestation, you may find bed bug egg shells or mottled skin shreds near your headboard, along with the sides of tour mattress, below the cushions on your sofas or near other wooden furniture. Bed bugs favor fabric and wood more than plastic or metal.
  • White spots on furniture joints:
    if you find any white spots, fairly small in size on the joints of your furniture, you should inspect the rest of your furniture and home for bed bug infestation. Tiny, white spots usually indicate small bugs or bed bug eggs.

Getting Rid of Bed Bug Eggs

Most of our focus is on bed bugs. However, if we do not treat bed bug eggs, the infestation will never end. If bed bug eggs are left behind, they will hatch and the nymphs will continue feeding on blood, maturing and reproducing which is something you would not want. You should employ methods that treat both live bed bugs and their eggs.

Many methods of killing bed bugs are available but you might be thinking how to kill bed bug eggs? Bed bug eggs can be killed by various methods, which are listed below.

Heat Treatments

Heavy Duty Dry Steamers:
Heat is most likely to kill bed bugs and their eggs. A heavy duty dry steamer can be used to reach all cracks, holes, and crevices where bed bugs may have laid eggs. With the help of a hose and other attachments of a dry steamer, you can reach all curves and depressions on furniture.

Portable Heaters and Fans:
Portable heaters and fans can also be used. With the help of this equipment, the temperature of air in a room is gradually increased to 120 – 130°F. Sensors are placed strategically that monitor the temperature. They can be used to de-infest areas like bedrooms, livings rooms, furnishings, and even the entire dwelling. This method of de-infestation does not damage any household items and kills the bed bugs and their eggs. If the temperature is being maintained at 45°C, the treatment takes up to 15 hours while it takes only 30 minutes if the temperature is 48°C.

Before methods that make use of high temperatures can be implemented, some preparations have to be made. These preparations include removal of aerosol cans, medications, indoor plants, and anything else that is heat sensitive. Heat treatment does not have any residual effect. It is recommended that the residents take with them as few belongings as possible because their belongings may become a source of bed bug re-infestation.

The biggest benefit of heat treatments is that the bed bug treatment occurs in one go, rather than over days or weeks. To make sure that no residual bed bugs remain, it is better to apply some insecticides.

Heat treatments can kill bed bugs and their eggs in just one day. They are more costly than conventional bed bug treatments and require specialized training.

Cold Treatments

Cold Water
Extreme low temperatures can kill bed bugs and their eggs by freezing them. Extremely cold water which is well below the freezing point (-32°F) can be used for washing clothes and bedding. Other items that cannot be washed can be placed in a freezing environment for about 30 days.

Carbon Dioxide Dry Snow
A freezing technique that is less common and more expensive is also available. This technique uses carbon dioxide cylinders. By converting carbon dioxide into dry snow and spraying over the area, the bed bugs and their eggs freeze to death. Ideally, the snow vapor should evaporate within 30 seconds to maximize the rate at which the bed bug body eliminates heat. The extensive heat loss f is what kills the bed bug eggs and the live bed bugs.

It leaves no residue behind. It creates no mess or stains. It is safe to use on most of the surfaces at home. The snow can easily penetrate into cracks and crevices, making sure all bed bugs and eggs are killed and eliminated from every hiding spot. This freezing technique does not damage furniture. Being non-toxic, it’s safe for use in any setting.

To make sure no bed bugs or eggs remain, pairing the technique with insecticides gives sure extermination of bed bugs and their eggs.

Diatomaceous Earth

Diatomaceous earth is not specifically made to kill bed bugs. However, it can kill bed bugs, their eggs, and any bugs that are exposed to it. It kills the bed bugs by drying them. You can sprinkle diatomaceous earth in any corners in the cracks and crevices and any place you suspect bed bugs might be present. Unlike sprays, their effect remains as long as you don’t clean it off. It is inexpensive and effective.

Insecticide Sprays

Numerous sprays are available that claim to kill bed bugs and bed bug eggs. However, insecticides cannot help you get rid of these pests when used alone. As long as you don’t use bed bug killing sprays in conjuncture with any other effective technique, bed bug sprays won’t help you significantly.

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