How Do I Find A Bed Bug Nest

US EPA

Bed Bugs

How to Find Bed Bugs

If you have a bed bug infestation, it is best to find it early, before the infestation becomes established or spreads. Treating a minor infestation, while an inconvenience, is far less costly and easier than treating the same infestation after it becomes more widespread.

However, low-level infestations are also much more challenging to find and correctly identify. Other insects, such as carpet beetles, can be easily mistaken for bed bugs. If you misidentify a bed bug infestation, it gives the bugs more time to spread to other areas of the house or hitchhike a ride to someone else’s house to start a new infestation. Learn about identifying bed bugs.

Bites on the skin are a poor indicator of a bed bug infestation. Bed bug bites can look like bites from other insects (such as mosquitoes or chiggers), rashes (such as eczema or fungal infections), or even hives. Some people do not react to bed bug bites at all.

Looking for Signs of Bed Bugs

A more accurate way to identify a possible infestation is to look for physical signs of bed bugs. When cleaning, changing bedding, or staying away from home, look for:

  • Rusty or reddish stains on bed sheets or mattresses caused by bed bugs being crushed.
  • Dark spots (about this size: •), which are bed bug excrement and may bleed on the fabric like a marker would.
  • Eggs and eggshells, which are tiny (about 1mm) and pale yellow skins that nymphs shed as they grow larger.
  • Live bed bugs.

Where Bed Bugs Hide

When not feeding, bed bugs hide in a variety of places. Around the bed, they can be found near the piping, seams and tags of the mattress and box spring, and in cracks on the bed frame and headboard.

If the room is heavily infested, you may find bed bugs:

  • In the seams of chairs and couches, between cushions, in the folds of curtains.
  • In drawer joints.
  • In electrical receptacles and appliances.
  • Under loose wall paper and wall hangings.
  • At the junction where the wall and the ceiling meet.
  • Even in the head of a screw.

How To Find Bed Bugs

Need to know how to find bed bugs in your home or hotel room?Let’s walk through the inspection process step-by-step right now. It’s time to find out if you have bedbugs.

Before you can check for bed bugs in your home or hotel, you need to know what bed bugs look like, other signs you have bed bugs and where they hide so you know where to look.

How to Look For Bed Bugs Step-by-Step

If you follow these instructions, step-by-step, you will be just as likely as to find bed bugs (if they are present) as a professional.

Start with the bed.

This is the most likely place you’ll find bed bugs because they like to hide close to where they feed.Here’s how to find bed bugs there:

  1. Carefully pull back the bedding and look for signs that bedbugs have been around like blood spots and fecal stains.
  2. Thoroughly check the mattress, paying particular attention to edges, seams and air-holes. If possible, turn the mattress on its side to inspect the under-side too. Bed bugs are more likely to be closest to the head of the bed, but make sure you take a look at the foot end of the mattress too.
  3. Do the same with the box spring. You may have to cut or remove the gauze “protector” on the underside of the box spring to take a good look inside – but you need to do this (unless it’s not your bed, of course). Box springs are the #1 bed bug hiding place, so spend extra time doing a really thorough inspection here. This is where a flash light and magnifying glass become your greatest allies. Pay special attention to wooden joints, corners, screw holes and staples. The wooden slats make a very attractive place for bedbugs to lay their eggs and the area where the cover is attached to the frame is a favorite hiding spot too.
  4. turn your attention to the head board and bed frame. Remember to really look closely at any grooves in wooden headboards and pay attention to corners and joints. Don’t forget to pull the bed away from the wall and inspect the backside completely too.

Next, try to find bed bugs in any upholstered furniture.

This includes sofas, love seats, recliners, easy chairs, chaise lounges, and ottomans.Here’s how to find bed bugs in these items:

  1. Carefully remove all cushions and pillows and inspect them one by one. Paying attention to seams, tufts and piping. Also examine the zippers closely (this is another common place for bed bugs to hide and lay their eggs).
  2. Look in and around all the seams of the couch or chair itself. Don’t forget to lift up any skirting and check the underside – focus especially on pleats in the fabric and the seam that attaches it to the piece of furniture.
  3. Pull it away from the wall to inspect the back side as well.
  4. If at all possible (with the help of a friend or partner), lay it on its back side to inspect underneath/inside just like you did with the box spring.

Now, turn your attention to the night stands and dresser to see if you find any bed bugs there.

(You can also use the directions below for coffee tables, end tables and desks in other rooms of the house.)

  1. Take everything out and put it in a large garbage bag or plastic tub with a cover to reduce the possibility that they spread if there are bed bugs in those items.
  2. Pull the drawers completely out, one – by one, and thoroughly inspect each one inside and out. Remember to check underneath as well. Like the headboard and frame, pay close attention to the corners, joints, screw heads and any grooves where bedbugs might like to hide or lay their eggs.
  3. Next, check inside, behind and underneath the piece of furniture itself. I think you know what I’m would say here about, corners, joints and crevices. (c’mon, I’m sure you need a chuckle by this point)

If you’ve gotten this far and found nothing.

You’ve checked thetop 92.6% of places where bed bugs are foundin residences with infestations according to a study conducted by the Entomology Department at the University of Kentucky.

You also have all the skills you need to inspect the other places you might find bed bugs. You will find a list of more places to look for bed bugs here.

IMPORTANT NOTE:If at any point you find a live bed bug,STOP.Your inspection is done for now and you need to start working on your bed bug pest control plan.

Don’t jump the gun and grab for a bed bug spray can or fogger!That’ll just make things worse. much worse. Head over to the bed bug pest control section to learn what to do next.

How to Find Bed Bugs When You Travel

Obviously when you’re inspecting for bed bugs in a hotel or friend/relative’s guest room, you have to make some modifications. You really can’t tear the bed apart in a hotel room. And youcertainlydon’t want the folks you’re visiting to come-a-knockin’ asking“everything okay in there?”

Hotel rooms can present some special challengesbecause the bed frame and head board are usually affixed to the floor and wall.

Generally you won’t have access to the the box spring (if there even is one) so your efforts will need to focus on the mattress itself, the head board and anything within about 5 feet of the bed.

Also, don’t forget the luggage rack (never put your stuff there) and make sure to check any upholstered furniture like love seats and chairs.

When you’re staying with folks you know,discretionis the word of the day.You can hit the most common bed bug hiding places without making a ruckus. Focus on the mattress, visible parts of the box spring, and the headboard.

Consider how often/recently the room is likely used.If it’s been closed up since the last time uncle Chuck came through 6 months ago, chances are slim there will be bed bugs present (they would have migrated to where people in the house sleep or lounge). If it’s also used as a reading room, take a look at that big comfy upholstered chair.you get the idea.

Whether you’re on the road or at home, make sure you know how to find bed bugs without helping them spread.

How to Find Bed Bugs without Spreading Them

The last thing you want is for some of these little buggers to hitch a ride on your clothing while you’re looking for them. You’re going to be getting up close and personal with their hideouts, so this is a real possibility. Here are five ways to help you find bed bugs without letting them spread.

You are here:

What’s Next?

Share This!

Get the 10-Minute Bed Bug Crash Course for FREE!

Enter your email address below, and I’ll send you the link to download it for free right away! Want to know more about it first? click here

Check outourFACEBOOKpage!

You can also find the most recent content and news updates on the Bed Bug Answers blog.

Find what you’re looking for fast using one of the search boxes below.

Search this site:

Search the web via Google:

FTC Disclosure:This site contains some advertising and affiliate links. That means if you click and/or buy through those links, the merchant may pay a small commission to support this site– at no extra cost to you.

Thanks!! Your support of this site is really appreciated 🙂 (See more details in the Disclosure Policy )

Shop for Bed Bug Products

Recent Articles

Bed Bugs Pest Control: You Must Plan for Success – Here’s How

To get rid of bed bugs, pest control planning is a must. It’s not a one-shot deal. No worries, making a bed bug pest control action plan is easier than you think! Just follow simple these steps.

Bed Bug Symptoms – 8 Signs of Bed Bugs You Need to Know

The first bed bug symptoms people often notice are bites, but they’re not proof that’s what you have. Learn the tell-tale signs of bed bugs and how to check for them.

Why I Love Bedbugger.com

Let me tell you why I love bedbugger.com so much and how you can get the most out of what it has to offer.

Bed Bug Fogger Alert: Don’t Grab that Can Till You Read This!

A bed bug fogger (bug bomb) seems like a quick-fix for those nasty little suckers, right? WRONG! Here are 3 reasons they don’t work and 5 ways they make things worse and prolong your agony.

FREE!Get the10-MinuteBed Bug Crash Coursee-book.absolutely free.J ust enter your details below and I’ll send the link to your inbox right now.

Found One Bed Bug – What Should You Do?

Need to hire an exterminator? Get a free estimate online from top local home service pros in your area.

Finding even a single bed bug is sufficient cause for alarm. It is possible for a lone bug to hitchhike its way into your home or hide itself on your person. Unfortunately, the presence of one suggests there are more. As a single fertile female may lay four to five eggs every day for up to nine months, your home may quickly become infested. Thus it is important to take immediate action as soon as you discover a bed bug.

Table of Contents

If You Find a Bedbug at Home

Chances are, you have located the bed bug in or near your bed. By performing a few initial steps, you will make it easier for a comprehensive inspection. If found elsewhere in the house, there may be a larger infestation and you should contact a professional to schedule an inspection immediately.

Note that bed bugs closely resemble several other common pests. It is best to err on the side of caution if you are unable to tell the difference.

Making an Initial Examination

The first thing you should do is to examine the bed for signs of an infestation. This is the most likely place for bed bugs to congregate, although they may hide elsewhere. Carefully check the sheets, mattress, pillows, and headboard for the following:

Need to hire an exterminator? Get a free estimate online from top local home service pros in your area.

  • Live bed bugs: As bed bugs grow to the approximate size and shape of an apple seed, they may be difficult to spot and will hide in the cracks between joints in your bed frame, along the edge of the mattress, and anywhere else their bodies will fit.
  • Eggs: The tiny, milky-colored eggs are only about the size of a period and easily overlooked.
  • Feces: Bedbugs tend to defecate where they feed. The feces will resemble tiny dark brown or black spots on your sheets.
  • Empty shells: Nymphs must molt six times before becoming an adult. Clear exoskeletons may be found within a five foot radius of the feeding ground.

Clear the Area

Bed bugs tend to remain within five feet of their food source. Any clothing, linens, or other washable fabric should be placed in the dryer on its highest setting for at least 30 minutes. Vacuum the room, mattress, and any furniture thoroughly. Do not place any items you frequently take from your home within the bedroom. If the bed bug was not found in the bedroom, clear that room and then check all bedrooms.

Contact a Professional

Unlike other common pests, bed bugs cannot be eliminated or controlled by do-it-yourself techniques. They have a high resistance to insecticides and quickly hide in cracks and crevasses. Once you have located one, it is best to call a professional and schedule an inspection. Depending upon the company, the inspection may be performed by exterminators or specially trained dogs.

If You Find a Bed Bug When Not at Home

When away from your home, the discovery of a bed bug requires a different approach. The bed bugs may be a local infestation or have been brought in by someone else. As it is not possible to clean and schedule a professional extermination yourself, the circumstances will dictate how you should proceed.

At Work or School

Finding bugs at a place you spend large amounts of time, such as school, the gym, or an office, is evidence that you may have inadvertently brought bugs home already. Begin by warning a supervisor or instructor of the discovery. It is their responsibility to schedule an inspection.

As a safety precaution, do not bring anything into your home that was at the location you discovered the bed bug. If possible, leave the items in your car or garage to reduce the risk of contamination. Put the clothes you wore into the dryer on its highest setting for half an hour to kill any unwanted passengers. Finally, perform an inspection of your bedrooms to check for any signs of infestation.

Need to hire an exterminator? Get a free estimate online from top local home service pros in your area.

While Traveling

Much like humans, bed bugs use hotels and other common layover stops as a means to hitch a ride from place to place. Notifying a manager or employee of a potential bed bug problem and requesting another room may not prevent bugs from hiding among your possessions. Orkin Pest Control developed the S.L.E.E.P. method to help avoid layover infestations:

  • Surveythe bed and surroundings carefully for signs of an infestation, including the seams and tags on the mattresses.
  • Liftthe mattress, bed frame, headboard, and other furnishings within a five foot radius to further look for signs.
  • Elevateyour luggage to make it more difficult for the bugs to find it. Choose a rack or shelf away from the bed area, as bed bugs are known to hide behind outlets and pictures.
  • Examineyour luggage carefully as you repack. Store the luggage away from your bedroom when at home.
  • Placeall clothing and dryer-safe items from your trip in the dryer on its highest setting for at least 15 minutes immediately upon your return home.

Bedbugs

In this Article

In this Article

In this Article

Bedbugs are small, oval, brownish insects that live on the blood of animals or humans. Adult bedbugs have flat bodies about the size of an apple seed. After feeding, however, their bodies swell and are a reddish color.

Bedbugs do not fly, but they can move quickly over floors, walls, and ceilings. Female bedbugs may lay hundreds of eggs, each of which is about the size of a speck of dust, over a lifetime.

Immature bedbugs, called nymphs, shed their skins five times before reaching maturity and require a meal of blood before each shedding. Under favorable conditions the bugs can develop fully in as little as a month and produce three or more generations per year.

Although they are a nuisance, they are not thought to transmit diseases.

Where Bed Bugs Hide

Bedbugs may enter your home undetected through luggage, clothing, used beds and couches, and other items. Their flattened bodies make it possible for them to fit into tiny spaces, about the width of a credit card. Bedbugs do not have nests like ants or bees, but tend to live in groups in hiding places. Their initial hiding places are typically in mattresses, box springs, bed frames, and headboards where they have easy access to people to bite in the night.

Over time, however, they may scatter through the bedroom, moving into any crevice or protected location. They may also spread to nearby rooms or apartments.

Because bedbugs live solely on blood, having them in your home is not a sign of dirtiness. You are as likely to find them in immaculate homes and hotel rooms as in filthy ones.

When Bedbugs Bite

Bedbugs are active mainly at night and usually bite people while they are sleeping. They feed by piercing the skin and withdrawing blood through an elongated beak. The bugs feed from three to 10 minutes to become engorged and then crawl away unnoticed.

Most bedbug bites are painless at first, but later turn into itchy welts. Unlike flea bites that are mainly around the ankles, bedbug bites are on any area of skin exposed while sleeping. Also, the bites do not have a red spot in the center like flea bites do.

People who don’t realize they have a bedbug infestation may attribute the itching and welts to other causes, such as mosquitoes. To confirm bedbug bites, you must find and identify the bugs themselves.

Continued

Signs of Infestation

If you wake up with itchy areas you didn’t have when you went to sleep, you may have bedbugs, particularly if you got a used bed or other used furniture around the time the bites started. Other signs that you have bedbugs include:

  • Blood stains on your sheets or pillowcases
  • Dark or rusty spots of bedbug excrement on sheets and mattresses, bed clothes, and walls
  • Bedbug fecal spots, egg shells, or shed skins in areas where bedbugs hide
  • An offensive, musty odor from the bugs’ scent glands

If you suspect an infestation, remove all bedding and check it carefully for signs of the bugs or their excrement. Remove the dust cover over the bottom of the box springs and examine the seams in the wood framing. Peel back the fabric where it is stapled to the wood frame.

Also, check the area around the bed, including inside books, telephones or radios, the edge of the carpet, and even in electrical outlets. Check your closet, because bedbugs can attach to clothing. If you are uncertain about signs of bedbugs, call an exterminator, who will know what to look for.

If you find signs of infestation, begin steps to get rid of the bugs and prevent their return.

Bedbug Treatments

Getting rid of bedbugs begins with cleaning up the places where bedbugs live. This should include the following:

  • Clean bedding, linens, curtains, and clothing in hot water and dry them on the highest dryer setting. Place stuffed animals, shoes, and other items that can’t be washed in the dryer and run on high for 30 minutes.
  • Use a stiff brush to scrub mattress seams to remove bedbugs and their eggs before vacuuming.
  • Vacuum your bed and surrounding area frequently. After vacuuming, immediately place the vacuum cleaner bag in a plastic bag and place in garbage can outdoors.
  • Encase mattress and box springs with a tightly woven, zippered cover to keep bedbugs from entering or escaping. Bedbugs may live up to a year without feeding, so keep the cover on your mattress for at least a year to make sure all bugs in the mattress are dead.
  • Repair cracks in plaster and glue down peeling wallpaper to get rid of places bedbugs can hide.
  • Get rid of clutter around the bed.

If your mattress is infested, you may want to get rid of it and get a new one, but take care to rid the rest of your home of bedbugs or they will infest your new mattress.

Continued

Bedbug Extermination

While cleaning up infested areas will be helpful in controlling bedbugs, getting rid of them usually requires chemical treatments. Because treating your bed and bedroom with insecticides can be harmful, it is important to use products that can be used safely in bedrooms. Do not treat mattresses and bedding unless the label specifically says you can use them on bedding.

Generally it is safest and most effective to hire an experienced pest control professional for bedbug extermination.

Sources

University of Kentucky College of Agriculture: "Bed Bugs."

Ohio State University Extension Fact Sheet: "Bed Bugs."

The New York City Department of Heath and Mental Hygiene: "Stop Bed Bugs Safely."

University of Nebraska–Lincoln Extension Lancaster County: "Managing Bed Bugs."

Bed Bugs Infestations 1

Real Life Pictures

BEHIND THE HEADBOARD A BED BUG

This bed had many Bed Bugs nesting spots. This is a scene of the rear of a head board of a wooden bed frame. This is near the upper end of the head board.
As this is the side that is almost attached to the wall, light never reaches it. No body would glances at it. It is no surprise that this scene, normally, would be out of the casual sight and detection.

This situation depicted in this image is not a typical one. The infestation has developed to very high levels for various reasons.

CLICK IMAGE FOR FULL RESOLUTION.

Another Shelter!

This is the scene of the ledge on which the box spring rests. This wooden ledge is factory covered with a fabric like material which is pitch black.

Without decent light and more than a glance look this would remain hidden.

The white eggs look almost like glowing in the light. You can see the light reflected in the black extruded feces as well.

Point is even though this picture has great clarity, in normal circumstances, this is very easy to be misses by a casual observer.

This situation depicted in this image is that of a well established infestation but not to the level where it would be in your face. If the residents were not experiencing bites or skin irritation, they may not become aware of bed bug presence. In typical light the significance of this situation can be overlooked.

Add Comments: