How Does Bed Bug Insecticide Work

CimeXa Insecticide Dust Review

The most effective bed bug treatments aren’t found in a single product. There is no spray or machine that can kill them all and keep them from coming back. To fight bed bugs, you need a holistic solution involving a combination of products. Combine mattress covers with traps, vacuums with steamers, and sprays with powder.

Choosing the right bed bug powder used to be easy, because there used to only be one on the market: diatomaceous earth. Now that’s changed, with CimeXa rapidly growing in popularity.

What is CimeXa?

CimeXa is a uniquely engineered silica dust that’s similar to diatomaceous earth, but with a few twists and upgrades that make it worth consideration. Like diatomaceous earth, CimeXa is a residual powder that clings to bed bugs that come in contact with it, and absorbs the waxy cuticle on their shells, causing dehydration and death. What sets CimeXa apart is how quickly it works. In testing, CimeXa has been shown to kill bed bugs over three times faster, which helps ensure that bed bugs won’t have a chance to feed and repopulate.

CimeXa can be applied as a dust, like diatomaceous earth, or can be mixed with water and applied through a hand-pumped sprayer. Once applied, CimeXa can remain effective for up to 10 years as long as it’s left undisturbed. There’s no odor or staining, and it won’t absorb water vapor except in very high humidity conditions.

Using CimeXa against bed bugs

For use against bed bugs, we recommend applying CimeXa with a professional powder applicator, which will allow you to reach into deep cracks and crevices throughout your room.

Apply CimeXa into the joints and cracks of your bed frame, behind your headboard, around and behind picture frames or other wall hangings, along moldings and baseboards, and into wall voids and other cracks and crevices. You can also unscrew the baseplates of light switches and electrical outlets to puff powder into the wall.

In addition to puffing with a powder applicator, you could also mix CimeXa with water in a pump sprayer. CimeXa will suspend in the water without absorbing it, and will stay where it’s applied after the water evaporates. You can spray CimeXa into empty drawers, inside cupboards, and in the interior framework of your box spring.

When using CimeXa, be sure to avoid letting the powder touch your eyes or clothing. Clean up any powder that puffs outside of the applied cracks and crevices, and wash your hands after the treatment. Don’t apply any type of insecticide powder, including CimeXa, into open areas. Remember to always follow the product label and MSDS for safe and effective usage.

Wrapping Up

CimeXa has really impressed us. Its claims are bold, yet its lab (and real-world) results back it up. Use it in a puffer and in a sprayer, after you’ve applied your contact and residual sprays, and you have a winning residual solution.

CimeXa is available online now in two different sizes. Homeowners looking to treat just a couple of rooms will do fine with the 4-ounce bottles, but professionals can save some money per ounce by opting for the 5-pound pails.

Bedbug Treatments: Facts and Myths

What works and what doesn’t to get rid of a bedbug infestation?

  • B.A., Political Science, Rutgers University

Bedbugs aren’t easy to get rid of, and in desperation, you might be tempted to try the first remedy you read about online. Unfortunately, many of these methods are ineffective—and some can even be dangerous. If you ever find yourself in a battle with these pesky varmints, make sure to separate fact from fiction before you fight back. Knowing what works and what doesn’t will save you time, money, and aggravation.

Fact: You’ll Need to Call Pest Control

The most effective means of getting rid of bedbugs is to call in a trained professional and have them apply a pesticide. Many pros also recommend giving your home a thorough cleaning because bedbugs can hide anywhere and pesticides can’t be applied to everything you own. You’ll need to get rid of clutter and launder anything washable in hot water. You may also need to steam-clean your carpets and furniture.

Fact: Pesticides Don’t Always Work

Bugs can develop resistance to pesticides over time, especially if they’re overapplied. Chemicals, such as deltamethrin, that were once commonly used to combat certain pests are no longer effective. According to research from 2017, bedbugs may be developing resistance to pyrethrums, the most common chemical used to combat them.

Fact: You May Not Have to Toss Your Furniture

If the infestation is caught early, a professional pest control application and diligent cleaning should remove these critters from your furniture. More severe infestations are another matter. If your mattress is torn or separated at the seams, bedbugs have likely moved inside, making treatment near impossible. In such circumstances, replacement may be your only option.

Fact: Mattress Covers Work

A number of companies make bedbug resistant mattress covers that form an impenetrable barrier around the exterior of your mattress. If you’ve had your home treated for a bedbug infestation, using a mattress cover can prevent any remaining bugs in your mattress from getting out and biting you.

Myth: You Can Kill Bedbugs With Bug Bombs

Bug bombs, or total room foggers, release a pesticide into the air in your home. Most bug bombs contain pyrethrin, one of the chemicals used to combat bedbugs, so you might think this product is an effective way to eliminate an infestation. Not so.

First of all, bedbugs (and other crawling insects) typically flee when pesticide is released, heading for cover in the deepest, most inaccessible crevices of your home. Second, effective treatment requires directed applications in all the places where bedbugs hide: behind moldings and casements, inside electrical boxes, or inside mattresses, for example. Chemicals released by a bomb simply can’t reach such places adequately to kill all the bedbugs in your home.

Myth: Bedbug Sniffing Dogs are Highly Effective

While companies that use bug-sniffing dogs may claim a success rate of over 90%, the truth is, there hasn’t been a lot of testing to see if these claims are true. (And at between $500 and $1,000 for their services, that’s an expensive "maybe it works and maybe it doesn’t.") In 2011, two researchers at Rutgers University did put some bedbug-sniffing dogs through their paces in real apartment buildings, and the results were nowhere near as effective as advertised. The accuracy of the dogs’ detecting abilities averaged just 43%.

Myth: You Can Kill Bedbugs by Turning Up The Heat

Heat treatments do kill bed bugs effectively, but simply turning up your thermostat isnota heat treatment. To roast bedbugs in your home, you’d have to heat the entire house evenly to over 120° F for at least an hour (including the voids between interior and exterior walls and the insides of your furniture). No home heating system is designed to do that. Professional heat treatments usually involve sealing your home and using multiple heat sources throughout the house to raise the temperature.

Myth: You Can Kill Bedbugs by Turing Off The Heat

Temperatures below 32° F can and do kill bed bugs outside of the home—if temperatures remain below freezing for a prolonged period of time. but who wants to live in a freezing house? Moving out for the two to three months that it would take to starve bed bugs of their source of food (you) is equally impractical.

How does bed bug insecticide work

How Insecticides Work

Insecticides usually work like nerve gas agents used in warfare. They are applied at low doses so that – at least in theory – only the insects will be directly affected. Yet there are major concerns within the scientific and environmental communities that some insecticides will become more and more concentrated as they move up the food chain. Bald eagles, for example, can show higher concentrations of an insecticide than the small song birds the eagles eat, and the small song birds show a higher concentration than the insects they eat who were initially treated with the insecticide.

Again, insecticides can be divided into different classes based on how they affect the target insect. Some are "contact" insecticides that kill when they come into direct contact with the insect. Others are "systemic" and will be incorporated into a plant’s cell structure. Systemic insecticides kill insects when they eat the plant and ingest the insecticide chemical.

Insecticides can also be divided into inorganic compounds, organic compounds and naturally occurring chemicals. Inorganic compounds are the oldest insecticides and were manufactured with heavy metals like arsenic, copper, fluorine or sulfur. Organic insecticides were manufactured beginning in the 1940s and 50s and are based carbon molecules (hence "organic"). These are the largest class of insecticides in use today. Natural insecticides are based on chemicals occurring in nature, like nicotine, pyrethrum and neem extracts. Most recently, scientists are trying to isolate natural chemicals from the insects themselves that prevent juvenile organisms from developing into adults.

Insecticides can also be classified by their mechanism of action.

  • Organochlorine compounds work on insects by opening what’s known as the sodium ion channel in the neurons or nerve cells of insects, causing them to fire spontaneously. The insect will go into spasms and eventually die. DDT was the earliest of these chlorinated hydrocarbons, but DDT and many others in this class have been banned from general use in most countries. (See the following story for more about DDT.
  • Organophosphates also work on the nervous system, but they keep the nerve cells from communicating with each other. Normally, nerve cells in the brains or muscles of humans or insects send tiny electrical pulses down tendril to the end ot the cell where the pulse has to jump across a gap – known as a synapse – to another nerve cell. A chemicals known as ACh moves from one cell to the other and binds with the new cell, sending the electrical pulse down the new cell. These insecticides – and nerve gas agents that are closely related – prevent the ACh from coming loose from the new cell, so it can’t receive any more impulses. The insects can’t function and die. Malathion is a common insecticide in this class and was famous for treating infestations of the Mediterranean Fruit Fly and West Nile Virus-carrying mosquitoes.
  • Carbamates have similar properties to the organophosphates, but last in the environment for a much shorter time period. They are thought to be less toxic.
  • Pyrethroids are synthetic compounds that mimic the action of chemicals in the Chrysanthemum flower. They are considered to be among the safest insecticides because they break down when exposed to light. They are used particularly against lice and other household pests.

  • Neonicotinoids are the synthetic versions of nicotine and make insects jumpy, with leg tremors, rapid wing motion, disoriented movement, paralysis and death. But they are not as toxic in mammals (including humans) because they work on a neural pathway that is more abundant in insects. But some of these chemicals have recently been banned in places because they might be contributing to the collapse of colonies of honey bees that are vital to the pollinating many crops.
  • Bt insecticides are chemicals produced by natural bacteria that kill insects in their larval stage. Because these are natural compounds and because there are several species that kill different species of insects, these Bt insecticides have become very popular with organic farmers. In addition, Bt genes have been isolated and introduced into the DNA of various crops so that the plants themselves produce their own insecticide.
  • IGRs or Insect Growth Regulators are new chemicals that are isolated from the insects themselves, and will interfere with the normal growth or development of the pest. One class of chemicals prevents insects from molting, or shedding their skill as they grow. Another class blocks the chemical signal that tells juvenile insects to move on to an adult stage. These insecticides keep the insects in a larval or nymph stage.
  • Antifeedants are a new class of chemical that will attack the insect’s ability to digest food. It dies of starvation slowly. These chemicals are still being developed to make them cheap enough for commercial use.

Written by Bill Ganzel, the Ganzel Group. First published in 2009. A partial bibliography of sources is here.

What Chemicals do Exterminators Use for Bed Bugs?

In this article, we examine some of the most effective bed bug treatment substances. So if you are the type of people who keep on wondering what chemicals bed bug exterminators use to get rid of bed bugs, this is the article for you!

Currently, in the US, for example, there are over 310 types of chemical substances that one can use to get rid of bedbugs in homes cars and business premises.

While most of the chemicals may be accessed over the counter, some of these chemicals are reserved for expert or professional pest control agencies.

The limitation is usually put in place to minimize cases where maximum risk pesticides fall into the hands of people who are not competent enough to use them because this may result in accidents and casualties.

Regulation of Pesticides that Kill bed bugs

The EPA is responsible for the regulation of the substances used to treat bed bug infestation. As such, it has put in place guidelines to be followed before a given drug is made available to the consumer market.

First, the EPA demands that the manufacturers of the pesticides to register with the organization to ensure all aspects ranging from effectiveness and safety are understood.

The EPA, therefore, ensures that:

  • Proper dissemination of current information to both the public and professional pest control agencies on the use of certain pesticides
  • There is research and development of new effective chemicals to kill bed bugs
  • The public is properly educated about bed bugs and effective safety precautions when using the chemicals

Professional Bed Bug Chemicals – Most Effective Pesticides

The strongest bed bug killers have been categorized into 8 main categories. The classification is generally based on how these chemicals work while exterminating the bed bugs. These classifications are:

#1 Pyrethroids

These are synthetic chemicals that are poisonous to the bed bugs. They are manufactured to get rid of most of the household pests such as mosquitoes, silverfish, and mites.

The only challenge one may face when dealing with these bed bugs is the resistance from some bedbug strains.

Mode of Action:Poisonous and Flushing Out

Advantages:Kills bed bugs fast

Disadvantages:Some bed bugs may develop resistance

#2 Pyrethrins

Pyrethrins are similar to pyrethroids only that they are natural they come from the pyrethrum plant. Pyrethrins are also commonly used in pesticides to get rid of other household pests and parasites such as cockroaches, mosquitoes and mites.

Mode of Action:Flushing out and poisonous to bed bugs

Advantages:Kill bed bugs instantly

Disadvantages:Bed bugs may develop resistance

NB: It should be noted that in cases where bed bugs develop resistance, it may necessitate a combination of both pyrethrins and pyrethroids for a double impact approach

#3 Neonicotinoids

These compounds work in a very unique way. Their mode of operation is movie-like, especially at the cellular level. Anyways, for anyone who understands how the nervous system in living organisms works, the mode of action here is easily understandable.

As may be deduced from the name neonicotinoids contain nicotine but in synthetic form. They target the bed bug nerves causing them to fire repeatedly and uncontrollably resulting in nervous failure. The nervous failure guarantees the death of the bed bugs.

Mode of action:Attacks bed bugs nervous system

Advantage:Kills bed bugs resistance to both pyrethrins and pyrethroids

#4 Biochemicals

While there are many chemicals used to kill bed bugs, neem oil is the only biochemical authorized to ill bed bugs and their eggs in the US. This magic oil prevents further reproduction of these bugs. Inability to produce ensures they quickly get extinct.

Mode of Action:Affects the bed bugs reproductive cycle

Advantage:It is generally safe for the users

#5 Pyrroles

Pyrroles are chemicals which get into action after they have been activated by another compound, in this case, the targeted pest. When the bedbugs come into contact with the pyrrole, they release a chemical which reacts with the pyrroles creating a new harmful compound that then kills the bed bugs.

The only acceptable pyrrole in the US currently is Chlorfenapyr (C15H11BrClF3N2O), and it may also be used to get rid of mosquitos.

Mode of Action:Creates a poisonous compound when in contact with the bed bugs

#6 Desiccants

Desiccants such as diatomaceous earth and boric acid work in a unique way. These compounds attack the bed bugs physically by destroying their exoskeleton.

Once the exoskeleton has been destroyed, dehydration due to excessive loss of moisture leads to the dehydration of the bugs and subsequent death.

Care should be taken by using only desiccants authorized by the EPA.

Mode of Action:Attack bed bug’s exoskeleton and cause dehydration

Advantages:Acts long term

Disadvantages: Pose inhalation risk to the users

#7 Insect Growth Regulators

These bed bug extermination chemicals work uniquely. They affect the bed bugs at the growth level by either hastening or slowing down growth.

Slowed or hastened growth means they do not achieve the reproductive age the proper and that make it hard to reproduce. In the long run, the bed bug population is destroyed.

Mode of Action:Attacks the growth rate of bed bugs

Advantage:They do not affect the bed bug lifestyle as they work.

Disadvantage:Slow action process

#8 Narrow Use Chemicals

This refers to specific chemical compounds used for treating bed bug infestations in small spaces/rooms. An example in this category is an organophosphate known as DDVP.

Mode of action:Small-space poisoning

Advantage:Highly effective

Disadvantages:Limited usage and application in homes, offices, and cars

FAQs on Pesticides that kill bed bugs

Below are the commonly asked questions insofar as effective and professional bed bug treatment chemicals are concerned.

What chemical kills bed bugs and their eggs?

In a study involving approved label rates conducted by the EPA, it was determined that neem oil is an effective chemical to kill both bed bug eggs, nymphs and adults

What chemicals does Orkin use to control bed bugs?

Orkin uses conventional chemicals, which include pyrethrins, pyrethroids, and desiccants to get rid of bed bugs in homes.

How Bug Spray Works

Bugs have us outnumbered. By a lot. They swarm through our backyards, scamper through our houses — even crawl across our skin. According to the Smithsonian Institute, there are more than 200 million insects for every human on the planet, and one soil sample study in Pennsylvania found 425 million insects in a single acre. With numbers like those, we can’t hope to eradicate bugs, and with the huge and vital role they play in our ecosystem, we wouldn’t want to. But sometimes we want to keep them away from us. Preferably far, far away. That’s where bug spray comes in.

Bug sprays generally fall into two broad categories:insecticidesandrepellents. The U.S. Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) classifies both insecticides and repellents aspesticides, but while insecticides are designed to kill insects on the spot or reduce their numbers over time by disrupting their ability to reproduce, repellents work by making us less attractive to bugs, keeping them away from us.

Most of the bug sprays we use on our bodies act as repellents, while the products we use to keep six-legged pests out of our homes may be either repellents or insecticides. Some bug sprays are effective against just about anything they come into contact with (unfortunately this also includes birds, fish, and small mammals), while others work only on certain insect species. Farmers, resort communities and even military outfits often use insecticide sprays to control bug populations across large areas, but in this article we’ll focus on the kinds of bug sprays we use around our homes and on our skin.

Whether you need to rid your kitchen floor of ants or keep mosquitoes from ruining your camping trip, you’ll find any number of options on supermarket shelves, but the active ingredients listed on each label are enough to make you wish you paid more attention in chemistry class. So, what are all those ingredients, and what do they do?

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