How To Control Bed Bugs Home Remedies
Do-it-yourself Bed Bug Control
Can you get rid of bed bugs on your own?
Treating bed bugs is complex. Your likelihood of success depends on many factors, including:
- How many bed bugs you have;
- How much clutter is available for hiding places;
- Whether your neighbors have bedbugs; and
- Whether all residents of a house or building will participate.
Getting rid of bed bugs completely can take weeks to months, depending on the nature and extent of the infestation. To be successful, everyone will need to cooperate and do their part.
The following steps will help you begin:
You may have to follow these steps more than once to kill all the bugs and their eggs.
Identify the Problem
- Identify the pest:
- Collect a sample of the pest to show an extension agentExitor other insect expert.
- Extension agents can identify the pest at no cost to you. They are trained in pest control and know your local area.
Develop a Strategy
- Make a schedule for completing the steps below. Be sure to include any personal plans, such as vacations.
- Keep records through the whole process. Note the dates and exact locations where pests are found. This will help you track progress and better know where to target your work.
- Keep checking for at least a year after you’re done to make sure all the bed bugs are gone.
Keep the Infestation from Spreading
- Remove infested items. Place them in a sealed plastic bag and treat them. Learn more about treatment methods in the sections below.
- Items that cannot be treated should be placed in a sealed plastic bag and left there for up to a year to ensure any active bugs are dead.
- Empty the vacuum after each use. Seal the bag as tightly as possible and immediately throw it out in an outdoor trash container.
- Discard furniture responsibly if you can’t safely eliminate the bed bugs. Destroy it so someone else won’t be tempted to bring it into their home. For example:
- Rip covers and remove stuffing from furniture items.
- Use spray paint to mark furniture with "Bed Bugs."
Prepare for Treatment
Preparing for treatment is very important; it will make it easier to monitor for bed bugs that haven’t been eliminated. This preparation should be completed whether you are doing the treatment yourself or hiring a professional.
Kill the Bed Bugs
- Make sure the methods you select are safe, effective and legal. See What’s Legal, What’s Not.
- Considernon-chemical methodsof killing bed bugs. Some will be more useful than others depending on your situation. These and other methods can be helpful, but they might not get rid of the infestation entirely:
- Heat treatment:You can use a clothes dryer on high heat. You can also use black plastic bags in a hot, closed car in the sun, but success depends on your climate and other factors. Do-it-yourself heat treatments might not work. Professionals have access to more intensive and proven methods that can even treat whole houses with heat. You may also purchase a portable heat chamber, which is usually quite effective.
- Cold treatmentcan be successful in the home environment if the freezer is set to 0 o F. You must leave the items in a sealed bag in the freezer at that temperature for four days. Always use a thermometer to check the temperature, since home freezers are not always set to 0 o .
- Steam cleaners(wet or dry) can get into cracks and fabrics to treat carpets, baseboards, bed frames, and other furniture. The steam temperature must be at least 130 o F but should not have a forceful airflow, or it may cause bed bugs to scatter. Use a diffuser to prevent scattering.
Evaluate and Prevent
- Continue to inspect for bed bugs, at least every 7 days, in case any eggs remain. You can use interceptors, traps or other monitoring methods. Interceptors are placed under the legs of furniture to catch bed bugs and keep them from climbing the legs. Commercial and do-it-yourself interceptors are options.
- Continue to protect your home from bed bugs.
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11 Home Remedies To Get Rid Of Bed Bugs Naturally
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Remedies To Get Rid Of Bed Bugs
Bed bugs are a nightmare. While commercially available repellents can take care of them, they will cause some serious damage to our health, too. It is best to try some natural bed bug repellents like essential oils like tea tree oil, lavender oil or citronella. Other bed bug eliminators include kidney bean leaves, thyme, clove and diatomaceous earth.
Bed bugs are parasites that belong to the cimicid family. They are small, oval, brownish insects that feed exclusively on blood. While there are quite a few parasites of the cimicid family that feeds on animal blood, thecimex lectularius, the common bedbug, is the famous one as it prefers feeding on human blood. While an adult bed bug has a flat body, and looks pretty much like an apple seed, after feeding, its body swells and also turns a reddish color. Bed bugs usually feed on their hosts quite unnoticed.
Though bed bugs are believed to be more active during the night, they are not nocturnal creatures. A female bedbug can lay hundreds of eggs in its lifetime. These eggs are usually the size of a speck of dust and can be brought into your house along with adults, via luggage, used furniture, used beds, clothing, etc. Bed bugs cannot fly. However, they can move quite quickly over floors, walls, and ceilings.
While some adverse health conditions may be caused as a result of bed bug bites, like skin rashes, allergic symptoms, and even psychological problems, bed bugs are unknown to transmit any disease pathogens. 1
Is Your House Infested?
One of the most evident signs of bed bug infestation is finding itchy areas on your body when you wake up after a sleep. These itchy areas may also present as small red bumps. Small blood stains on your sheets or pillow cases, bed bug excrement on the bed and bed linen or walls, egg shells or shed skins in areas where bed bugs usually hide, and sometimes even a musty odor from the bugs’ scent glands are some other giveaways to a bed bug infestation.
Since bed bugs have flattened bodies, it makes it easy for them to hide in the tiniest of spaces, like mattresses, box springs, bed frames, and headboards. Though bed bugs do not have nests, they tend to live in groups. Over time, they tend to scatter through the bedroom, moving into any crevice or protected location, and even to adjoining rooms.
If you suspect that you may have a bed bug infestation, remove all bedding and dust covers and blankets, box springs etc. and check it carefully for signs of the bugs or their excrement. You must also check the area around the bed, including inside books, telephones, radios, carpet edges, and even electrical outlets.
Ways To Exterminate Bed Bugs
Once you have identified a bed bug infestation in your house, it is understandable that you want to jump right in and eliminate them. But this will be a long, drawn-out battle, and there is nothing like patience and preparation to win it.
Getting rid of bedbugs begins with cleaning up the places where bedbugs live. Now, this is not an easy task as it includes washing and drying bedding, linens, curtains, clothing, etc. in hot water and then meticulously checking that it is indeed bed-bug free. The cleaning up process also calls for some heavy-duty vacuuming. The entire house, furniture, linens, furnishings etc. need to be regularly vacuumed. After each vacuuming session, ensure you remove the vacuum cleaner bag into another plastic bag and place it in the garbage bin outside the house.
Another way to get rid of these bugs is to freeze them. Although bed bugs can live for up to a year in a cool room, they cannot withstand freezing temperatures. Freezing infested items for at least two hours at -17°C should kill them off.
Like cold, steam too can help get rid of bed bugs. Steam can penetrate mattress linings, crevices and cracks effectively and efficiently. Steam cleaning infested items and rooms at about 140°F (60°C) can destroy bugs as well as their eggs without damaging the surroundings. 2
Home Remedies To Get Rid Of Bed Bugs
You can also try out some natural insecticides to get rid of the bed bugs and their eggs. In this regard, plant essential oils have gained importance as a significant natural source of pesticides. They represent a market estimated at $700 million. The total production of essential oils in the world is estimated to be around 45000 tons. 3 Most essential oils affect the inner cell membranes of insects, causing cytotoxic effects. It is this property that proves beneficial when tackling any kind of bug or insect infestation. 4 And while the essential oils are toxic to the bugs, they are safe for humans. Here we look at some essential oil based natural insecticides as well as some other less harmful repellents to help get rid of bed bugs.
1. Tea Tree Oil Spray
Studies show that tea tree oil is an effective insecticidal. The essential oil of tea tree effectively disrupts the permeability barrier of cell membrane structures, thus resulting in the loss of chemiosmotic control and fatality. It is this membrane-damaging property of tea tree oil that makes it an effective natural insecticide in fighting bed bugs. You can use the homemade spray in hard-to-reach places, like cracks, crevices, and furniture joints. 5
To Use:To make a natural insecticide with tea tree oil, mix two teaspoons of tea tree oil with 50 ml of water. Pour it into a spray bottle and shake well. Spray liberal amounts of the natural insecticide in all areas where you think bed bugs are living. Use this application daily until all the signs of bed bugs have disappeared. Remember to shake well before each application.
2. Lavender Oil
Like tea tree oil, lavender essential oil can also be used as an effective natural insecticide to kill bed bugs. Lavender oil is also believed to destroy bed bug eggs as well. It is also said that it is the smell of lavender that kills the bugs. \However, the oil probably acts as a cytotoxin and thus kills the bed bugs. 6
To Use:To make a spray, mix 10–15 drops of lavender oil with 50 ml water. Shake well, pour into a spray bottle and use in areas where the infestation is seen. You can also use lavender soap or powder as a spray. Another method is to place fresh lavender leaves or flowers in and around the infested areas to get rid of the bed bugs.
A combination of lavender oil and peppermint oil was also found to be highly beneficial in exterminating bed bugs. 7
To Use:Add 10–15 drops of lavender essential oil and 10–15 drops of peppermint oil into a spray bottle. Fill it with water. Then shake well and spray in affected areas.
3. Citronella Spray
Citronella, or lemongrass as it is more commonly known, is another essential oil that can repel and kill bed bugs as well as its eggs. Citronella oil is believed to increase the acidic condition within the bugs, thus effectively eliminating it. Like lavender, the smell of citronella is also believed to help get rid of bed bugs. 8
To Use:Add 10 drops of citronella oil to a small bowl of water. Pour it into a spray bottle, shake thoroughly, and spray in affected areas to get best results.
4. Eucalyptus Oil Spray
The evergreen, mighty trees of the eucalyptus can be seen in most places across the world. The essential oil found in its foliage is widely used in food, pharmaceuticals, perfumes, etc. It is also used extensively as an insect repellent. Eucalyptus is believed to exhibit ovicidal activity, as well as insect repellency against bacteria, fungi, insects, weeds, nematodes, and mites. 9
To Use:To make the spray, take two ounces of water, 1.5 ounces of witch hazel or vodka and 30 drops of eucalyptus essential oil. Pour all this into a spray bottle and shake well to mix it. Then spray the solution on the affected areas. Repeat the spraying every two hours of so.
5. Essential Oils Of Orange
Orange oil contains d-limonene which is classified as an insecticide. This is a nerve toxin which kills the bugs and insects within minutes of contact. 10
To Use:Make a spray solution by mixing 1 cup of compost tea, 1 ounce of blackstrap molasses and 2 ounces of orange essential oil in 4 liters of water. Mix all this together well and spray in the affected areas.
6. Neem Oil
For generations, neem oil has been used for various medicinal and insecticidal properties. The tree, the leaf, the seeds are all used for medicinal purposes with beneficial results. Studies show that neem oil, especially cold pressed neem oil, has high toxicity, and antifeedancy and can repel a number of pests. 11 It was also shown to have high larval growth inhibition properties. 12
To Use:To make a spray solution, add 1 ounce of concentrated neem essential oil to 4 ounces of water. Add ½ teaspoon of soap in order to emulsify the solution. Mix it well. Then spray and wipe down beds, sheets, walls, crevices and all other potential bed bug hiding places. Do this three times a day for the first three days. Then shift to treating your home every alternate day for a total of 18 days.
7. Sweet Flag
Sweet flag oracorus calamus, is an uncommon, semi-aquatic, perennial plant found in Eurasia and the Americas. Valued for its rhizome and fragrant oils, this plant has been used medicinally as well as for its insecticidal properties, since time immemorial. Recent studies have also revealed that the sweet plant possesses antifungal and antibacterial properties. 13 The antimicrobial property makes the sweet flag effective against bed bugs.
To Use:To make a spray, boil 100 grams of sweet flag and 50 grams of turmeric powder in one liter of water. Boil this for an hour. Then keep the solution in a closed container for 24 hours. The next day, filter and dilute the solution in 10 times the water. Transfer to a spray bottle and spray lavishly in affected areas and its surroundings.
8. Bean Leaves
Did you just think “folk lore” when you read the word kidney beans? Well, push that thought aside. Studies have shown that the leaves have microscopic hairs called trichomes on its surface that entangle the bugs onto it, literally stopping them in their tracks. Unlike a Velcro effect, the trichomes actually get hooked onto bugs’ legs, trapping them. 14
To Use:Scatter kidney bean leaves all over the house, especially in infested areas. You can also place the leaves under mattresses. You can either wait for a couple of days before getting rid of these leaves or opt to use fresh leaves every day for a few days. Since the bugs are stuck on the leaves, getting rid of the leaves will ensure the bugs never return.
Thyme oil or thymol concentrate are effective bed bug repellents. They are also shown to be effective deterrents for egg laying by mites. 15
To Use:You can tie a thyme stick with a cotton cloth and burn it near the infested area, or in the infested room. Alternatively, place thyme leaves in net bags and place them in and around the infested areas. Remember to replace these bags with fresh leaves every third day. Continue the process for up to a month to ensure all bed bugs have been killed.
Like most other essential oils, clove oil too possesses insecticidal and insect repellent properties. It is believed that the acidic pH of cloves, as well as its pungent smell, disturbs the survival of the bugs, thus destroying them. 16
To Use:Mix 1 teaspoon clove essential oil with 1 cup water. Pour into a spray bottle, shake well, and spray in affected areas.
11. Diatomaceous Earth
Diatomaceous earth (DE) is a non-toxic insecticide that is used for the protection of stored products and to control pests in the home and garden. It is a natural product that harms neither the earth nor people. It can be conveniently used in any space, even crevices on walls and other inaccessible regions. DE comes as a fine crystalline powder. Fine for the human eye, but the crystals trap and tear up the bed bugs. 17
To Use:Spray or sprinkle food grade DE on the bed, the floor, the crevices, and other areas where bugs are likely to hide. Let it stay for up to three days. After three days, vacuum or broom up the entire house.
Some other products that work effectively against bed bugs are baking powder and boric powder. While boric powder is toxic, baking powder is harmless for humans.
Also, remember that most essential oils should be effective in getting rid of bed bugs. This is because, as mentioned, the oils function as cytotoxins, destroying the membranes of the bugs. So, go ahead, get started on ridding your home and hearth of those pesky blood suckers.
|1.||↑||Bai, Xiaodong, Praveen Mamidala, Swapna P. Rajarapu, Susan C. Jones, and Omprakash Mittapalli. “Transcriptomics of the bed bug (Cimex lectularius).” PloS one 6, no. 1 (2011): e16336.|
|2.||↑||Benoit, J. B., G. Lopez‐Martinez, N. M. Teets, S. A. Phillips, and D. L. Denlinger. “Responses of the bed bug, Cimex lectularius, to temperature extremes and dehydration: levels of tolerance, rapid cold hardening and expression of heat shock proteins.” Medical and veterinary entomology 23, no. 4 (2009): 418-425.|
|3.||↑||Tripathi, Arun K., Shikha Upadhyay, Mantu Bhuiyan, and P. R. Bhattacharya. “A review on prospects of essential oils as biopesticide in insect-pest management.” Journal of Pharmacognosy and Phytotherapy 1, no. 5 (2009): 052-063.|
|4.||↑||Bakkali, Fadil, Simone Averbeck, Dietrich Averbeck, and Mouhamed Idaomar. “Biological effects of essential oils–a review.” Food and chemical toxicology 46, no. 2 (2008): 446-475.|
|5.||↑||Cox, S. D., C. M. Mann, J. L. Markham, H. C. Bell, J. E. Gustafson, J. R. Warmington, and S. G. Wyllie. “The mode of antimicrobial action of the essential oil of Melaleuca alternifolia (tea tree oil).” Journal of applied microbiology 88, no. 1 (2000): 170-175.|
|6, 8.||↑||Watson, Anthony C. “Method of treating bed bug infestation and preventing transmission thereof.” U.S. Patent Application 14/753,825, filed June 29, 2015.|
|7.||↑||Singh, Narinderpal, Changlu Wang, and Richard Cooper. “Potential of essential oil-based pesticides and detergents for bed bug control.” Journal of economic entomology 107, no. 6 (2014): 2163-2170.|
|9.||↑||Batish, Daizy R., Harminder Pal Singh, Ravinder Kumar Kohli, and Shalinder Kaur. “Eucalyptus essential oil as a natural pesticide.” Forest Ecology and Management 256, no. 12 (2008): 2166-2174.|
|10.||↑||Hink, W. F., and B. J. Feel. “Toxicity of D-limonene, the major component of citrus peel oil, to all life stages of the cat flea, Ctenocephalides felis (Siphonaptera: Pulicidae).” Journal of medical entomology 23, no. 4 (1986): 400-404.|
|11.||↑||Benelli, Giovanni, Stefano Bedini, Francesca Cosci, Chiara Toniolo, Barbara Conti, and Marcello Nicoletti. “Larvicidal and ovideterrent properties of neem oil and fractions against the filariasis vector Aedes albopictus (Diptera: Culicidae): a bioactivity survey across production sites.” Parasitology research 114, no. 1 (2015): 227-236.|
|12.||↑||Isman, Murray B., Opender Koul, Anna Luczynski, and Jerzy Kaminski. “Insecticidal and antifeedant bioactivities of neem oils and their relationship to azadirachtin content.” Journal of Agricultural and Food Chemistry 38, no. 6 (1990): 1406-1411.|
|13.||↑||Motley, Timothy J. “The ethnobotany of sweet flag, Acorus calamus (Araceae).” Economic Botany 48, no. 4 (1994): 397-412.|
|14.||↑||Szyndler, Megan W., Kenneth F. Haynes, Michael F. Potter, Robert M. Corn, and Catherine Loudon. “Entrapment of bed bugs by leaf trichomes inspires microfabrication of biomimetic surfaces.” Journal of The Royal Society Interface 10, no. 83 (2013): 20130174.|
|15.||↑||El-Gengaihi, S. E., S. AA Amer, and S. M. Mohamed. “Biological activity of Thyme oil and Thymol againstTetranychus urticae Koch.” Anzeiger für Schädlingskunde 69, no. 7 (1996): 157-159.|
|16.||↑||Chaieb, Kamel, Hafedh Hajlaoui, Tarek Zmantar, Amel Ben Kahla‐Nakbi, Mahmoud Rouabhia, Kacem Mahdouani, and Amina Bakhrouf. “The chemical composition and biological activity of clove essential oil, Eugenia caryophyllata (Syzigium aromaticum L. Myrtaceae): a short review.” Phytotherapy research 21, no. 6 (2007): 501-506.|
|17.||↑||Quarles, William. “Diatomaceous earth for pest control.” IPM practitioner 14, no. 5/6 (1992): 1-11.|
Disclaimer: The content is purely informative and educational in nature and should not be construed as medical advice. Please use the content only in consultation with an appropriate certified medical or healthcare professional.
Bed Bug Bites Home Remedies and Bed Bugs Prevention
Last Updated on March 28, 2020
This is the most common problem and makes people restless all day especially at nights trying to come to terms with bed bug bites. So here we talking about effectiveBed Bug Bites home remedies.
These tiny in size pests suck blood from your body. The peak and active time for these bugs are early mornings hence people get affected more during these hours. Bed bugs get attracted by carbon dioxide and the heat produced by our body.
Bugs bites generally look in a row or in clusters with about five bites. Bed bugs bite any part of the body however mostly on thighs, neck, face, hands or on arms.
People get symptoms like itchy red bumps and sometimes rashes after a bug bite. Interestingly some people do not realize at all when bugs bite them. There are people with very allergic bug bites and may end up with burning sensation and swelling of the skin around the bitten area.
One consolation can think of is with bug bites is it does not transmit any diseases, however, too much of scratching on the area as a result of itching can lead to skin infections.
On-site of bug bites, you should wash affected skin with the mild antiseptic soap and water to control the itching and any skin infection. Scratching the affected area causes longer time skin to heal or get back to normal.
Table of Contents
How To Treat Bed Bug Bites
In general bed bug bites does are not of a serious nature to have medical attention. The point is it can make you restless and keep bothering all the time. You may approach dermatologists treatment in case of blisters, several bites, skin infection, and any allergy reactions. The best is to opt for home remedies that work treating bed bug bites effectively. You could expect to have the bed bug bites healed in a week or two.
Home Remedies for Bed Bug Bites
These are the best bed bug bites treatments at home:
1. Lemon Juice for Bed Bug Bites
Lemon Juice is a natural astringent with anti-inflammatory and antibacterial properties. It dries out the rashes, reduces redness and controls the itching sensation and prevents any skin infection.
Use a cotton ball dipped in lemon juice and dab it on affected areas by bed bug bites. Let it dry for a while like 15 minutes or so and rinsed it off. Repeat for few times a day.
Your skin is vulnerable to sunburn when applied with lemon juice so avoid direct sunlight for a few hours after application.
2. Witch Hazel and Bed Bug Bites
This liquid witch hazel astringent can be purchased from any drug store which is used as a facial cleanser. This liquid reduces the itching sensation caused by bed bug bites as it contains tannin with its aesthetic characteristics.
Use a cotton ball and dip in witch hazel liquid and place it over the bug bites for about 10 to 15 minutes. You will get relief from the itching sensation. You can repeat if needed more times.
3. Effectiveness of Ice Pack on bed bug bites
The Ice pack coldness helps to numb the nerve endings and by which you can get relief from the itching on the skin result of bed bug bites. It will also control the swelling skin in the affected area.
Making Ice Pack is so simple. Just pick few ice cubes in a thin towel and twist and wrap it.
Keep the ice pack over the areas of the bug bites area for about 15 minutes or as long as you can bear the ice. Keep repeating as many times as you need it.
4. Baking Soda
Sodium bicarbonate or Baking Soda is capable of neutralizing acidic chemicals that are caused by bed bug bites. It is an anti-inflammatory agent and controls the swellings and redness caused by bug bites.
Take 1 teaspoon full of baking soda and mix with 3 teaspoons full of water in a cup. Apply on the affected areas as much you like. Let it be for about 10 or 15 minutes and wash with water. Still, the itching continues; repeat it after about 30 minutes.
5. Aloe Vera Gel
Juicy Aloe Vera gel has a soothing effect on the skin and its amino acids and active compounds help reduce the itching and burning feeling due to bed bug bites. Aloe Vera also keeps the skin moisturized.
Get an Aloe Vera leaf, slit open and scoop the gel. Apply the gel in the bites caused by bed bugs. You can store the Aloe Vera gel in the refrigerator for future use. Aloe Vera gel can be applied a few times a day and continue for a few days as necessary.
6. Apple Cider Vinegar for Bed Bug Bites
Apple Cider Vinegar has acetic acid and anti-inflammatory properties that can control itching, redness and burning sensation from bed bug bites. In case not able to get apple cider vinegar, try using white vinegar instead.
Use a cotton bud dip on the apple cider vinegar and apply over the bites and allow it to dry for some time and then rinse it off. You can repeat as many times as necessary depending on the severity of the bites and itching feeling.
Apple Cider Vinegar has tremendous health benefits including treating bed bug bites. Learn more here on apple cider vinegar health benefits.
The cooling menthol property of toothpaste helps cooling skin irritation caused by bed bug bites. Be sure of using only white toothpaste and not the gel type toothpaste.
Apply the white toothpaste over the bites and let it be for 10 to 15 minutes and wash it off. Repeat this as necessary during the day.
Tea Bags one of the best home remedies for bed bug bites. It has tannin with mild anesthetic and astringent properties to help reduce bug bites itching, redness, and skin swelling.
Keep a tea bag in the refrigerator to moisturize for about 30 minutes. Place the tea bag on the affected by bed bug bites. Keep repeating as necessary to ease the skin irritation, redness, and swelling.
Oatmeal also has anti-inflammatory properties and good to ease any skin irritation and for bug bites itching. It is also good for skin conditions such as psoriasis and eczema.
Make a paste by mixing 3 teaspoons of oatmeal with little water. Apply the paste over the bites caused by bed bugs and let it be for about 15 minutes and then wash the skin. Repeat a couple of times for a few days as necessary.
Another interesting way to address this bug bites is to plan an oatmeal bath. Fill the tub with warm water and mix finely ground oatmeal
You can also prepare an oatmeal bath by mixing ½ cup of colloidal oatmeal (finely ground oatmeal) in warm bathwater. You can add a few drops of peppermint essential oil, too. Soak in this bath for 15 minutes. Do this for a couple of days.
10. Cucumber and beg bug bites
Use cucumber slices to get relief from the swelling, itching, and redness caused by bed bug bites. The vitamin C and Caffeic acid in cucumber do the magic of healing from the bed bug bites.
Keep the fresh cucumber slice over the affected area to get relief for a few minutes as you like and repeat as necessary.
Bed Bugs Bites Prevention
Few other home remedies for bed bug bites prevention and treatments:-
- Keep the house and beds clean always. Apply Pest control methods if you find bed bugs infestation in your house furniture or mattresses.
- Control yourself scratching the bites to which can cause skin infection
- Essential oil application on the affected area is also good to soothe itching sensation on the skin. Use essential oils such as tea tree, eucalyptus, peppermint, lavender or basil oil, and carrier oil mix. Additionally, the strong smell from the essential oil keeps bed bugs away from you.
Home Remedies to Get Rid of Bed Bugs Naturally
After writing how to get rid of roaches?, how to get rid of fruit flies?, how to get rid of ants?, and how to get rid of fleas?, we are now writing home remedies to get rid of bed bugs naturally. Bed bugs are small, wingless insects that feed on the blood of animals and human. They crawl out at night and bite you, when you sleep and leave behind red, itchy bumps. They can’t fly but they can move quickly over floors, walls, and ceilings. As they are not attracted to dirt, a bed bugs infestation has nothing to do with your personal cleanliness. Getting bed bug bites are every individual’s worst nightmare, especially if it is your own bed at home. It can bite at all possible areas in your body, causing itching, rashes and blisters around the affected area.
The fear of the thought that the crawling, creepy pests are hiding in your bedroom is good enough to keep you awake throughout the night. With an intention to make your sleep peaceful, we are explaining the best home remedies to get rid of bed bugs naturally to free your bed and rooms from bed bug attacks.You must inspect you whole house, before you start using the home remedies for bed bugs. Inspection will help you to decide that, which remedy you should for which area. So, before explaining the home remedies for bed bugs, the first step is about inspection for bed bugs.
Home Remedies to Get Rid of Bed Bugs Naturally
1.) Inspection Before You Start
Before you choose any home remedies to get rid of bed bugs naturally, it is very important to do the inspection. The first thing before choosing anything or apply anything is to perform an inspection and note it down. You should inspect and see how much is the infestation and accordingly choose the best home remedy for bed bugs. When you are inspecting for these creatures, check for live and dead bugs, rusty stains caused by the bugs being crushed, small spots of reddish black fecal material, cream colored tiny eggs and pale yellow skins that nymphs shed as they grow.
- The most common places where they hide are in your mattresses, cushion, behind the headboards, in the folds of curtains, along carpet edges, the junction where the wall and ceiling meet, under loose wallpaper, in electrical receptacles, crack in wood molding and other dark cracks.
- Bed bugs most often seen, where people sleep because you are their source of food. Also, remember that they tend to prefer wood or fabric over plastic and metal.
- When you will inspect them make a note of inspection and disinfect that infested areas also. Seal up any cracks or hole around baseboards and molding that the bed bugs might be using to hide.
2.) Silica Gel To Starve Them
Silica gel is among the best home remedies to get rid of bed bugs easily and naturally. More over silica will not harm anyone in your family, unless otherwise someone eat silica. The fine grind silica gel will get stick with bed bugs skin and can’t be removed easily. This will dehydrate the bed bug and causes them to death. For this, you need to grind some silica gel and apply it all over your bedroom. You can easily get the silica from nearby store or online. You have seen the silica pouches, when you purchased any new electronics or home ware. Silica is kept in that to keep the moisture away from those items. Any this silica property will help to suck everything from bed bugs. You can put some silica gel along the walls, around the bed and on your mattress and under your mattress. Do the inspection after a week and replace the silica gel after 4-5 weeks.
3.) Make Use of Lemongrass
Lemongrass power is a successful and powerful home remedy for bed bugs. It works very well against the bed bugs and killing the bed bugs their eggs. You can use the lemongrass oil , instead of powder. Both work in similar manner but power stays for long time then oil. Lemongrass power will release oil and bed bugs comes over them and expands the acidic level inside the bugs to a disturbing degree. Bed bugs are such pesticides, which cannot handle the acidic level in their body and even they can live in acidic environment. This outcome in making the bed bugs dead.
Their eggs are excessively killed through the utilization of lemongrass. These bugs need ideal conditions with a specific end goal to survive. There is a certain degree of temperature, acidic level, odor and a particular environment, which is suitable for the bed bugs to survive and reproduce as well. They can’t withstand certain smells, acidic levels and inordinate warmth. Therefore, lemongrass is a compelling home solution to get rid of bed bugs.
4.) Take Help From Baking Soda
Baking soda is one of the kitchen staple that you can use to get rid of bed bugs. The best part is that it is safe for your pet and children as well. Baking soda has drying properties that helps to absorb the moisture from bed bug body and starve bed bugs to death. In addition to this, it has antimicrobial properties that kills the bed bugs. Once you check for bed bugs, spread baking soda in the crevices, cracks and wherever you identify their symptoms of presence. Leave it for a night and clean the place next day. Spread the baking soda again next day. You can leave the baking soda below and above mattress and whenever bed bugs comes in contact with baking soda, it will stick to their body and suck everything from their body. Repeat the same until you get satisfactory results.
5.) Use The Hot Steam Treatment
Even if you remove bed bugs using hot water and washing of the fabrics in your bedroom, you may not be able to kill the eggs laid inside the mattresses. And once, you leave them unattended, they may give life to new bed bugs, which will again create nuisance. Therefore, it is better to get rid of the last trace of infection by cleaning the mattresses to hot steam. The eggs cannot survive hot steams and destroying them will help you to sleep without any nightmare.
Steam cleaners emit steam at a minimum temperature of 100 degrees Celsius and bed bugs generally die at eh 50 degrees Celsius or about 120 degrees Fahrenheit. Steam clean your infested mattress, upholstery and the items that cannot be washed. You can go for dry steam or a low vapor steamer that leaves behind less moisture.
6.) Make Use of The Tea Tree Oil
Tea tree oil is another effective home remedy for bed bugs. It help keep the bed bugs away from your bed due to its strong and pungent smell. So, you can spray the oil all around your bed and any other infected areas to get rid of bed bugs from attacking you while you are in deep sleep. Take all beds components apart, then clean, vacuum and hot steam the infected areas and spray them all down with the tea tree oil. Use the spray bottle to spray around the entire house. To make this spray mix 18 oz of water with 18 drops of tea tree oil and spray this solution to the entire house. The beds, carpets, and furniture.
You can even use wintergreen alcohol to kill the bed bugs instantly. It is not expensive and easily accessible. You need to pour the wintergreen alcohol into a spray bottle and spray the solution directly on the bedbugs and nests. The wintergreen burns the bugs, when they come in contact. You can also drench your box spring and mattress with this as well to prevent bed bugs.
7.) Use The Lavender Oil
It is said that lavender oils are natural and very effective as bed bug repellents. The smell or taste of the herb repels the nasty creature in no time. To apply it most effectively, put dried lavender between two cloth pieces and sew them around the bed perimeter. Lavender oil is also easily available in the health food stores. It’s in concentrated liquid form and its fragrance lasts for a few weeks. So, in order to prevent your body from bed bug attacks, all your bed frame and floor can be rubbed with lavender oil to get rid of bed bugs.
8.) Spraying Some Isopropyl Alcohol
Rubbing alcohols are generally used to disinfect the bitten area of your body. You can also use it by spraying the alcohol in the areas, where the bed bugs thrive. It helps to clean the infected areas. Alcohol has a dehydrating effect on the eggs of the bugs and kills them. Sprinkle some alcohol on the bugs to kill them instantly. However, the effect of sprinkling alcohol will remain only for a shorter time. A solution of 70-90% isopropyl is preferred to kill bed bugs. Pour alcohol in a spray bottle to use it on the bed bugs and eggs.
9.) Sprinkling Diatomaceous Earth
The main ingredients in the diatomaceous earth are the soil, which is made up of the tiny fossils of algae. The jagged edges of this soil, cut the bugs and they succumb to death due to excessive bleeding. Therefore, you can sprinkle the diatomaceous earth around your bed and protect yourself from its attack. It is harmless to human, its tiny particles cut the waxy shells of bed bugs can cause them to become dehydrated and die. You need to spread a small amount of this chalky substance around your house, including areas, where the wall meets the floors, behind light switch face plates, where carpet meets the walls behind picture frames, on baseboards and into all the cracks and crevices.
You will also like to dismantle your bed and lightly dust the powder on all the joints and crevices. Make sure to use food grade diatomaceous earth. A light dusting will come, if you will use a lot of diatomaceous earth and it becomes airborne. You also need to wear a dust mask to avoid getting an fine particles in your lungs. As long as it stays dry, diatomaceous earth will continue to work even for after months.
10.) Use The Vacuum Cleaner
Once the fabrics are washed properly, try to vacuum out the dreaded creatures from your computers, tables, wardrobes, cots, mattresses, etc. Bed bugs love hiding in corners or cracks which are generally inaccessible and need to be sucked out with the application of vacuum.
Vacuum the carpet floor and your entire house, mainly the areas that are infested. Also vacuum your entire mattress, box spring, bed frame and joints. As wood and fabric are bed bugs favorite places. Make sure to vacuum items made of these materials, even the ends of your curtains. Try to cover all the cracks and holes before vacuuming so they can’t run there to hide. Try to vacuum your house at least once a week.
11.) Cayenne Powder Will Help
Another home remedy that will help you to get rid of bed bugs is cayenne paper. It has antimicrobial properties that kills the bed bugs. So, once you have checked for bed bugs and found them take a tablespoon of the cayenne powder, grated ginger and oregano in a bowl. Add some boiling water into this mixture. Pour this mixture into the spray bottle and shake bottle to mix all the ingredients thoroughly. Spray this solution at all the places that are often visited by the bed bugs. The smell of this mixture will drive the tiny creatures and they won’t be able to breath.
11.) Use the Indica Leaves
Indica leaves have been used to treat the infestation of bed bugs and roaches since ages. It has antimicrobial properties that helps to eradicate these small creatures. In addition, the leaves have strong smell that is not liked by the bed bugs. Crush some Indica leaves and spread it around the suspected places. Alternatively, a boiling water add some Indica leaves. Leave it for a few minutes. Later strain the solution and take a bath with this. This will help to treat bed bug bites. In addition to this, you can use Indica oil to get rid of bed bugs.
12.) Sun Bathing For Items
As specified above, bed bugs cannot tolerate high temperatures and hot weather. You ought to sun-douse your bedding for the duration of a complete day if steaming your bed does not work to get rid of bed bugs.
- Sunlight and radioactive waves are very beneficial to avoid bed bugs. More than 90 degrees Fahrenheit temperature is all what is needed for killing these parasites.
- When you hold your sleeping cushion under the open sun, it warms up to more temperature than 90 degree Fahrenheit. This surely kills all the bed bugs and their eggs too.
- In the event that you are living in a tropical atmosphere, it is a lucky charm for you to use the sunlight as a natural remedy as the sunlight is very intense in the tropical areas.
- Wash all your garments and cot related apparel in boiling hot water and dry them in immediate daylight. Bugs can’t resist to the hot temperatures and have a tendency to bite the dust.
13.) Use The Cloves Oil
Cloves have pungent smell and acidic pH that rip off the moisture from the bed bugs body. Since bed bugs cannot stand the acidic condition created by cloves therefore, they die. Simply spread clove oil into all the crevices and infested areas. You can also place some cloves in all the nooks and corners to get rid of the bed bugs. However, clean the area later so that it does not come in the contact with pets and children.
14.) Spread Some Mint Leaves
Once you have check for bed bugs, you can use mint leaves to get rid of bed bugs. Meant leaves are considered to be repellents thus it is wonderful remedy to get rid of bed bugs. In addition to this, you should always keep mint leaves handy to prevent the infestation of bed bugs. Crush some dried mint leaves and spread them at the areas where you suspect bed bugs or where you have identified their symptoms. The best way is put dry mint leaves in the sashes and place them on the mattresses and closets. This is the safest way to use mint. Or simply spray mint oil on every nook and corner.
15.) Use The Pyrethrum
Pyrethrum is combination of dried flower. For this you need heads of C, Coccineous and chrysanthemum. Both the flowers are natural insecticides. It will breakdown their nervous system. Thus, this is one of the wonderful home remedy to get rid of bed bugs. However, if you find difficult to get this concoction then simply use an insecticide that has pyrethrum as a main ingredient or canola oil to cure bed bugs infestation.
16.) Use Black Walnut Tea
This is one of the safe herb and natural remedy to get rid of bed bugs. Black walnut tea is believed to be natural insecticide and repellent. Moreover, it has anti-fungal and anti-bacterial properties that destroys bed bugs. Sprinkle some dried black walnut tea on the infested areas or you can also place tea bags at the suspected areas such as creases of the bed, corners of the room, closet area etc. Alternatively, in a bowl mix lavender, mint leaves, sweet flag, thyme and black walnut. Pour this mixture into the sachet and hide this sachet at the conspicuous areas they are visited by bed bugs. The strong aroma of this mixture will definitely work in your favor.
17.) Use The Scented Sheets
The smell of scented sheets is appalling to the bed bugs as they cannot tolerate different nature of smells. The bed bugs are fond of surviving in normal environment, which has a certain level of heat and odor. If you put the scented sheets under your mattress, between the pillows and inside your cupboards as well, it may help to get rid of the bed bugs through the unfavorable smell. The smell created by the scented sheets cannot be tolerated by the bed bugs to survive.
The idea of buying scented sheets is a novel idea, which is not known by many people. Many people hesitate from using some natural home remedies like using garlic or turmeric powder because they may not like the smell of that particular remedial product. But the smell of the scented sheets may not be unfavorable for the human beings to adjust in but it definitely is not appalling for the irritating parasites.
The scented sheets are available in different scents of flowers and fruits, which can make the environment of your room refreshing, but intolerable for the bed bugs at the same time. So you can easily adopt this simple and a very comforting way to get rid of the bed bugs.
18.) Use The Lilac Leaves
Lilac is also one of the great home remedies to get rid of bed bugs easily. To use this method, take few lilac leaves, crush them and place on the prone area. The antimicrobial properties and smell of this plant helps destroy bed bugs excellently. Alternatively, you can also boil some handful of leaves in water for 15 mins. Strain the water and bath with this solution. It will help reduce the infection on the skin. Also, it will keep bed bugs away from you.
19.) Use The Thyme Sticks
Thyme also works great in dealing with bed bugs and other sort of insects. To use this method, put some thyme sticks in a cotton cloth and burn it in each of your room and close to the infested area in order to prevent bed bugs. Alternatively, you can also place this cotton cloth, in the mattress, cupboards, corners under the sofa, under the cushions and other places. Make sure you replace these bags after every 3 days.
20.) Encase Your Mattresses and Pillows
Once you have cleaned, hot water washed and steam washed your mattresses, you may take help of encasement as a last option. With proper encasing of mattresses, bed bugs may not be able to find escape routes easily. You might as well encase the pillows to prevent bites on your face and neck areas.
21.) Wash All Your Fabrics
Any clothes or items coming in contact with the infected bed like linens, shirts, bed sheets, etc. need to be washed properly with hot water. Bed bugs cannot withstand very hot water and the easiest way to kill them is to use extremely hot water while washing infected items.
Try to wash your infested clothes and bedding from hot water and dry them on a hot cycle is effective way to get rid of bed bugs. A temperature of 50 degrees Celsius or 120 degrees Fahrenheit can help to kill these bed bugs at all stages of their life cycle. Wash all your clothes, sheets and other bedding at the hottest possible setting for about 30 minutes or more. Then place all the clothes in the dryer and run it on high heat for about 10-20 minutes. For items that can only be dry cleaned, use a hot dryer for at least half an hour.
25 Bed Bug Natural Home Remedies and DIY Treatment
When you fall asleep, these critters come out from hiding and viciously attack you. They bite you over and over again. They’re courteous, though. The hollow tubes they use to pierce your skin and suck your blood contain a powerful but temporary painkiller, so you won’t feel their handiwork until the morning.
We’re talking about bedbugs, and these guys don’t discriminate. Fortunately, we’ve got more than two dozen effectivehome remedies for your bed bugsso that you can say goodbye to them (hopefully) forever.
Though they’re known for calling warm climates home, they can settle anywhere. And once they’ve set up shop in your mattress or on your furniture, it’s a battle of wills to get them gone.
You may be interested in taking a natural approach for these reasons:
- It’s low-cost (maybe even free).
- You can act right away instead of having to schedule an appointment with an exterminator.
- You avoid the toxic chemicals that an exterminator uses when they address the problem.
Most of our solutions utilize things you’ve already got in the house, but if you do need to go out and purchase something, it will be relatively inexpensive.