How To Determine Where Bed Bugs Come From

Bed Bug Infestation

Bed bugs are flat and small in size, allowing them to hide easily from view during the day when they are not active. They hide in mattresses, bed frames, bedding, furniture, carpets, baseboards and bedroom clutter. They are most commonly found in the seams of mattresses or inside box springs. However, it is not necessary to locate a specimen to identify an infestation. Their excrement leaves brown to black stains on mattresses and linens, and bloodstains may be visible where bed bugs have been accidentally crushed.

Bed bugs are commonly transported within luggage, allowing them to spread anywhere humans settle. Infestations have become a problem in domestic households, hotels, dormitories and other places of residence. Because of their small size and propensity to hide within mattresses and furniture, controlling a bed bug infestation can prove difficult.

The presence of only one fertile female bed bug in a friendly environment such as a single or multiple family dwelling is an infestation that is waiting to happen. Since a healthy, blood-fed female bed bug can produce from 200-500 healthy eggs during her lifetime and may lay from 2-5 eggs each day, the likelihood of an infestation of bed bugs is extremely high unless bed bug control efforts by your pest management professional are employed to eliminate the infestation.


Mattress Infested With Bed Bugs

Bed Bug Control

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Learn what Bed Bugs look like, and how to detect if you have a Bed Bug Infestation.

Find out how Bed Bugs infiltrate your home and where they are attracted to.

Learn about Bed Bug bites. their feces and how they can impact your health.

Learn how Orkin handles Bed Bugs, homeopathic cures and the cost of Bed Bug extermination services.

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Bed Bugs

How to Find Bed Bugs

If you have a bed bug infestation, it is best to find it early, before the infestation becomes established or spreads. Treating a minor infestation, while an inconvenience, is far less costly and easier than treating the same infestation after it becomes more widespread.

However, low-level infestations are also much more challenging to find and correctly identify. Other insects, such as carpet beetles, can be easily mistaken for bed bugs. If you misidentify a bed bug infestation, it gives the bugs more time to spread to other areas of the house or hitchhike a ride to someone else’s house to start a new infestation. Learn about identifying bed bugs.

Bites on the skin are a poor indicator of a bed bug infestation. Bed bug bites can look like bites from other insects (such as mosquitoes or chiggers), rashes (such as eczema or fungal infections), or even hives. Some people do not react to bed bug bites at all.

Looking for Signs of Bed Bugs

A more accurate way to identify a possible infestation is to look for physical signs of bed bugs. When cleaning, changing bedding, or staying away from home, look for:

  • Rusty or reddish stains on bed sheets or mattresses caused by bed bugs being crushed.
  • Dark spots (about this size: •), which are bed bug excrement and may bleed on the fabric like a marker would.
  • Eggs and eggshells, which are tiny (about 1mm) and pale yellow skins that nymphs shed as they grow larger.
  • Live bed bugs.

Where Bed Bugs Hide

When not feeding, bed bugs hide in a variety of places. Around the bed, they can be found near the piping, seams and tags of the mattress and box spring, and in cracks on the bed frame and headboard.

If the room is heavily infested, you may find bed bugs:

  • In the seams of chairs and couches, between cushions, in the folds of curtains.
  • In drawer joints.
  • In electrical receptacles and appliances.
  • Under loose wall paper and wall hangings.
  • At the junction where the wall and the ceiling meet.
  • Even in the head of a screw.

Where Do Bed Bugs Come From and How to Avoid the Pests in Your Home?

When people find the traces of bed bugs in their bedroom they are often puzzled how this could possibly happen with them. The fact is that the bugs will come even to the most clean and cared houses, thus it’s not your lack of cleanness that attracted them. Yes, it’s not correct to consider that only those who fail to follow all the rules of hygiene may have the unwanted intrusion in their homes.

Where do bed bugs come from? There are certain ways the insects come to your house and unsanitary conditions is not among the major reasons at all. People who have stayed in the most luxury and chic world hotels brought bed bugs with their clothes and other personal items, so even if you clean your rooms daily and thoroughly, unfortunately you are still not protected from infestation.

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How Do They Get Into Your Home?

There is a huge row of ways the pests can enter your door and leave for long, turning your life into real nightmare. Here are the most spread of them:

Bedbugs may enter your house from the neighbors.

  • In the majority of cases they will be brought with some items such as household appliances you borrowed from someone, old furniture or clothes.
  • Used book and other items you might find at a flee marketsuch as photo frames can be also a source of bed bugs or their eggs that is pretty enough for full infestation in time.
  • In many cases infestation happens after travellingespecially to countries or areas with low life level and unsatisfying hygienic standards. The bugs can hide in your dirty clothes or crawl inside your luggage: they will easily survive the way back home and happily reside with you in your clean and sanitized premises.
  • Another danger factor is your animals.The parasites will easily migrate indoors with the help of your dog or cat clutching to their hair. That’s a pretty common way in fact, especially if your pets often go outside and you let them sleep in your bed or bedroom.
  • The unwelcomed guests can also het into your house from your neighbors.If you live in block of flats and someone next door is having bed bugs, most probably sooner or later they will «knock» at your door as well.

Where Do Bed Bugs Come From And Where Do the Parasites Live?

Bed bugs love living in mattresses, carpets.

They will occupy all cracks that can be found in furniture around, walls and various items such as frames, electric sockets etc. Keep in mind the tiny sizes of the insects when you will be looking for them: they can penetrate in the smallest holes.

The bugs will also occupy your mattress, linen and covers. If you don’t laundry your bed items regularly, they will make nests in the seams and will have the quickest access to your body at nights.

Bed Bugs and FAQ

Many people, once they have detected the infestation, are puzzled whether the parasites can live in their hair. Sometimes you do can spot an insect crawling in your hair or body, but this happens only when they come to find food. The bugs don’t normally reside in your hair, that’s not typical for them, thus if you suspect somebody’s living in your hair, most probably you have lice, than bed bugs.

Some people consider that because the bugs are tiny, they can’t see them. It’s not true, you can easily see the insects if you know where they can be found. Turn on the lights at night suddenly and you may notice tiny reddish parasites with flat oval bodies of an apple seed side on your skin or linen.

As to their lifespan, it’s pretty long and the pests are uniquely resilient. They can survive without any food source for up to 12-18 months! The fact makes the problem of having them even worse, as getting rid of the bloodsuckers will be a real challenge.

What Can You Do to Avoid Them?

Read: How to Kill Bed Bugs: Natural and Commercial Treatments Review

There’s no doubt that the fact of having pesky bloodsuckers in your bedroom is simply disgusting. It also can be pretty dangerous for your health and physical condition. Thus, you should try your best for preventing them to come to your house.

  • Don’t bring old furniture and other items into your housebefore you check them for infestation;
  • Be careful when you stay at the hotelwhile travelling: check the room for the bugs and don’t bring your luggage into your bedroom after you return home. Dust it off in the garden first;
  • Don’t let your animals come to your bedif they live partly outside;
  • Laundry or dry clean your bed items regularly.
  • Vacuum and scrub your carpets several times a week;
  • Study your mattress and other items in bed and around regularlyto spot the first signs of parasites presence and start fighting them until they spread all over.

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Bedbugs

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Bedbugs are small, oval, brownish insects that live on the blood of animals or humans. Adult bedbugs have flat bodies about the size of an apple seed. After feeding, however, their bodies swell and are a reddish color.

Bedbugs do not fly, but they can move quickly over floors, walls, and ceilings. Female bedbugs may lay hundreds of eggs, each of which is about the size of a speck of dust, over a lifetime.

Immature bedbugs, called nymphs, shed their skins five times before reaching maturity and require a meal of blood before each shedding. Under favorable conditions the bugs can develop fully in as little as a month and produce three or more generations per year.

Although they are a nuisance, they are not thought to transmit diseases.

Where Bed Bugs Hide

Bedbugs may enter your home undetected through luggage, clothing, used beds and couches, and other items. Their flattened bodies make it possible for them to fit into tiny spaces, about the width of a credit card. Bedbugs do not have nests like ants or bees, but tend to live in groups in hiding places. Their initial hiding places are typically in mattresses, box springs, bed frames, and headboards where they have easy access to people to bite in the night.

Over time, however, they may scatter through the bedroom, moving into any crevice or protected location. They may also spread to nearby rooms or apartments.

Because bedbugs live solely on blood, having them in your home is not a sign of dirtiness. You are as likely to find them in immaculate homes and hotel rooms as in filthy ones.

When Bedbugs Bite

Bedbugs are active mainly at night and usually bite people while they are sleeping. They feed by piercing the skin and withdrawing blood through an elongated beak. The bugs feed from three to 10 minutes to become engorged and then crawl away unnoticed.

Most bedbug bites are painless at first, but later turn into itchy welts. Unlike flea bites that are mainly around the ankles, bedbug bites are on any area of skin exposed while sleeping. Also, the bites do not have a red spot in the center like flea bites do.

People who don’t realize they have a bedbug infestation may attribute the itching and welts to other causes, such as mosquitoes. To confirm bedbug bites, you must find and identify the bugs themselves.

Continued

Signs of Infestation

If you wake up with itchy areas you didn’t have when you went to sleep, you may have bedbugs, particularly if you got a used bed or other used furniture around the time the bites started. Other signs that you have bedbugs include:

  • Blood stains on your sheets or pillowcases
  • Dark or rusty spots of bedbug excrement on sheets and mattresses, bed clothes, and walls
  • Bedbug fecal spots, egg shells, or shed skins in areas where bedbugs hide
  • An offensive, musty odor from the bugs’ scent glands

If you suspect an infestation, remove all bedding and check it carefully for signs of the bugs or their excrement. Remove the dust cover over the bottom of the box springs and examine the seams in the wood framing. Peel back the fabric where it is stapled to the wood frame.

Also, check the area around the bed, including inside books, telephones or radios, the edge of the carpet, and even in electrical outlets. Check your closet, because bedbugs can attach to clothing. If you are uncertain about signs of bedbugs, call an exterminator, who will know what to look for.

If you find signs of infestation, begin steps to get rid of the bugs and prevent their return.

Bedbug Treatments

Getting rid of bedbugs begins with cleaning up the places where bedbugs live. This should include the following:

  • Clean bedding, linens, curtains, and clothing in hot water and dry them on the highest dryer setting. Place stuffed animals, shoes, and other items that can’t be washed in the dryer and run on high for 30 minutes.
  • Use a stiff brush to scrub mattress seams to remove bedbugs and their eggs before vacuuming.
  • Vacuum your bed and surrounding area frequently. After vacuuming, immediately place the vacuum cleaner bag in a plastic bag and place in garbage can outdoors.
  • Encase mattress and box springs with a tightly woven, zippered cover to keep bedbugs from entering or escaping. Bedbugs may live up to a year without feeding, so keep the cover on your mattress for at least a year to make sure all bugs in the mattress are dead.
  • Repair cracks in plaster and glue down peeling wallpaper to get rid of places bedbugs can hide.
  • Get rid of clutter around the bed.

If your mattress is infested, you may want to get rid of it and get a new one, but take care to rid the rest of your home of bedbugs or they will infest your new mattress.

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Bedbug Extermination

While cleaning up infested areas will be helpful in controlling bedbugs, getting rid of them usually requires chemical treatments. Because treating your bed and bedroom with insecticides can be harmful, it is important to use products that can be used safely in bedrooms. Do not treat mattresses and bedding unless the label specifically says you can use them on bedding.

Generally it is safest and most effective to hire an experienced pest control professional for bedbug extermination.

Sources

University of Kentucky College of Agriculture: "Bed Bugs."

Ohio State University Extension Fact Sheet: "Bed Bugs."

The New York City Department of Heath and Mental Hygiene: "Stop Bed Bugs Safely."

University of Nebraska–Lincoln Extension Lancaster County: "Managing Bed Bugs."

How Do You Know If You Have Bed Bugs: Major Sign of Infestation and Ways to Avoid It

Having bed bugs in your house can be a great nuisance to all family members. The fact sufficiently decreases life quality, thus it’s extremely important to spot the infestation timely and start fighting with the unwelcomed intruders.

In certain cases it can be quite difficult to tell for 100% sure your house has been infested exactly with bed bugs. The thing is that they are too often mistaken for other small insects, thus only professional experts are able to tell for certain that tiny guests inhabiting your premises are bed bugs.

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How Do You Know If You Have Bed Bugs?

The parasites as a rule are very cautious creatures.

Undoubtedly, if one observes a bed bug in his own bed or some other part of his house, he can be dead sure his relatives are somewhere around and there are a lot of them: thus, the infestation is pretty evident. But the parasites as a rule are very cautious creatures and it’s pretty unlikely to detect them during the day. Still, there are certain factors to consider that can make you quite sure about having bloodsuckers at your place.

How do you know if you have bed bugs? Among the major signs providing evidence of bloodsuckers infestation are the following:

  • Fecal stainson your shits or other areas bugs live in. The stains as a rule present some blackish spots as they are the result of digested blood. If you try to wipe the stains using some wet cloth, the spots will smear. Such spots can be found in abundance on all places that be reached by the insects: walls, linen, mattresses etc.
  • As the insects develop they oftenshed their shells and skin. These tiny particles can be also found on your linen or some other places like floor, mattress, and bed covers etc. As a rule house owner can find insects eggshells close to those places that they use as a shelter in your bedroom or house.

Clear evidence of unwanted bloodsucking guests presence at your place is having bites on your or your family members’

If at least one of the factors provided above is true, one can suspect having bed bugs in his house and now it’s high time to exterminate them as soon as possible!

How Do Bed Bugs Come Into Your House?

Read: Where Do Bed Bugs Come From and How to Avoid the Pests in Your Home?

There are plenty of ways the insects can get into your home and make it their home. They can be brought with old used sofas or couches, luggage or clothing infested with the insects. Quite often bed bugs are brought home after travelling or moving from house to house.

These insects feature really tiny sizes thus they can easily crawl into all the tiniest cracks and corners. After some parasites get into your premises, they will very quickly spread all over the house and rapidly multiply giving you even more trouble.

To avoid this remember these simple pieces of advice that will help you prevent infestation:

    If you are staying in a hotel or some other place for a night, check the bed you are going to sleep in. Turn the mattress upside down and look for the signs of infestation. The same way should be studied bed springs, linen and sheets. If you notice any signs of bed bugs, quickly move away.

They can be brought with old used sofas or couches.

How to Find Bugs in Your House and Kill Them?

So, if you suspect that you are suffering bed bugs, you should know the places they usually hide in order to find and exterminate them forever.

Read: How to Kill Bed Bugs Naturally: Efficient Methods and Valuable Advice

After this it’s time to examine all the items around your bed including walls, books, curtains, radios and phones, carpet and even look into electrical outlets- this might be a perfect home for the intruders.

The parasites can also attach to your clothes, thus it’s necessary to check your closet as well.

In order to exterminate the unwanted guest out of your house you should:

  • Clean all the bedding and clothes in hot water and then dry them on the highest temperature possible;
  • Vacuum your bedroom and everything in it as often as possible. Use brush to scrub your mattress before vacuuming;
  • Get rid of all unnecessary stuff piling around your bed;
  • Try to be careful when you visit unknown places and bring various things to your home. Always keep in mind the high risk of bed bugs infestation and try to avoid it.

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