How To Remove Bed Bugs From Room Permanently
How To Get Rid Of Bed Bugs Permanently
5 Steps To Remove Bed Bugs From Your Home
KnowingHow to Get Rid of Bed bugs Permanentlyis a job most homeowners hope they will never need to learn. However, if you have already discovered Bed bugs you already know bed bugs can be one of the worst infestations to have in your home.
Once they have established themselves, removing bed bugs can become a very challenging and involved process. Fortunately, if you take the right steps early – you can head off the problem and eliminate an infestation quickly.
How To Get Rid Of Bed Bugs Permanently:
Step 1 – Confirm You Have Bed Bugs In Your Home
Step 2 – Learn How to get rid of Bed Bugs In 5 Steps
Confirm Bed Bugs In Your Home:
To properly treat it, It’s essential first to recognize that you have a bed bug infestation and where to look.
So what do bed bugs look like? Bed bugs are wingless, reddish-brown in color, and very small – which gives them their best defense – their hard to find.
Below is a photo of a Bed Bug (magnified 100 times)
Photo of Adult Bed Bug
Adult Bed bugs are only the size of an apple seed, or about the length of the thickness of a quarter – very tiny and hard to spot.
Bed bugs alsochange shapeas they feed as illustrated below, so they may look slightly different when you’re discovering them:
Where To Look For Bed Bugs
The most prevalent place to find Bed Bugs is along the seam of your mattress or box spring. Bed Bugs like to hide in the creases of both, as well as along headboards (If made of Fabric), and or nearby drapes and carpeting. Here is an image below of how bed bugs appear in a mattress seam: I Know – Pretty Gross!
How Long Do Bed Bugs Survive?
So here’s where it gets pretty disgusting. Bed bugs survive by feeding on the blood of humans or animals. So no, this isn’t an insect you would ever want to share your bed.
Also, an adult female lays between 5-10 eggs daily, and up to 500 or more in her lifetime. Bed bugs can live up to 400 days without food and have a lifecycle up to 6 months old.
As you can see, the bed bug is a very resilient and very quickly reproducing insect.
What Do Bed Bug“Bites”Look Like?
Another way to identify a bed bug infestation in your home is by bed bug bites left on your skin Bed bug bites look like red blemishes on the skin, often with raised bumps where the bed bug bite occurred. In cases of severe infestation, these red lesions can cover large sections of the body due to multiple bites the same night.
Bed Bug Bites On LegBed bug Bites On Torso
The 7 Things You Should Know About Bed Bugs FromSci Show Tv:
How to Get Rid of Bed Bugs in Five Steps
Getting rid of bed bugs isn’t a simpleone-stepprocess. It will involve very thorough cleaning and chemical treatment to make sure the pests don’t come back.
To assist you with that process, here are theFive Basic Stepsin how to kill bed bugs yourself – and so you can solve the problem, without hiring a professional exterminator.
Step 1: Kill Bed Bugs In The “Bed”
The first step to getting rid of bed bugs is to kill the bed bugs that are already living in your bed.
- Start by completely stripping the bed of all linens and washing them in hot water, at least 120 degrees, to kill all bugs and their eggs.
- Bag and dispose of your pillows (which are a concealed haven). Be sure to bag up your clothes and other personal possessions so that they can be removed for thorough cleaning and or disposal.
- Vacuum your mattress and box spring thoroughly – every square inch. Follow that step with a high-pressure steamer to penetrate the fabric and kill any bed bugs just below the top layer of your mattress. Pay particular attention to tufts, seams, and creases, which is where they hide. These two steps should eliminate the adult bed bugs that are currently living in your bedding.
- As an additional precaution, and in the case of major bed bug infestation, you may wish to skip this step, and bag and dispose of both your mattress and box spring altogether. This is a worst-case scenario, andprofessional treatmentmay actually cost less than replacing your mattress and box spring completely.
- While the mattress and box spring are drying (24-hour minimum), Use an effective bed bug spray – chemical treatment and spray all hard surfaces including the bed frame, headboard, and the feet of the bed, to kill any remaining bed bugs on those materials.
*Note: Chemical sprays are not for use on mattresses, fabrics, or any other materials that may come in contact with your skin.
Mattress treatment is critical, as even a handful of remaining bed bugs can lay new eggs and reemerge as a full-fledged infestation in a very short period.
Step 2: Vacuum and Steam Clean Your Room
The process of how to get rid of bedbugs doesn’t stop with your mattress and bedding. You’ll need to undertake a thorough cleaning of your entire room, paying particular attention to the carpet.
Vacuum and steam clean every surface you can reach to collect or kill any eggs that may be left.
Contrary to popular belief, bed bugs are not confined only to carpets and mattresses. Bed bugs can hide behind electrical plates, in the crannies of base molding, framing, and even in the interior of your car.
Step 3: Treat Room With Bed Bug Spray
Use a top brand of chemical bed bug spray for your room, trim, baseboards, furniture, and carpeting if you’ve discovered bed bugs.
Again, we recommend using all-natural bed bug spray such as EcoRaider for spraying the room’s hard surfaces.
Don’t forget to spray all the cracks and crevices you can find, and along all the walls – areas that will not come in direct contact with your skin.
After thoroughly cleaning the room, you can also take extra safety precautions, use a bed bug “fogger” to fog an entire room with products such as this one from Hot Shot.
Step 4: Powder the Entire Room
Next, you’ll want to apply an insecticide powder to the entire room, including the mattress.
Consider an organic mineral powder called diatomaceous earth to treat your mattress for bed bugs. This mineral powder is supplemental protection that isn’t chemically harsh.
This powder will eventually kill the bed bugs and their eggs, preventing any of them from escaping and reproducing.
Step 5: Wrap Mattress and Box Spring with Protective Covers.
If you want to stop the feeding and reproduction cycle of bed bugs, you have to prevent them from reaching your skin. If they cannot feed, they will eventually die.
Once you have thoroughly completed step 1, and your mattress and box spring are thoroughly dry, you should install mattress and box springencasement covers.
Encasement covers prevent any bed bugs not killed by the treatments above, from reaching you or your loved ones.
History Lesson: Are Bed Bug Infestations Growing?
Bed bugs had been mostly absent from the United States for the last 50+ years. However, bed bugs have made a strong comeback in recent years, due to increases in foreign travel, immigration, and most significantly – a ban on the use of effective insecticides, namely DDT.
As reported by The University of Minnesota, and based on public outcry in 1972 on potentially harmful effects, the insecticide, DDT, was banned for agricultural use in the United States. With that ban came a significant increase in insect population and with it – bed bug infestation.
Bed bugs are transferred from previously infested locations (hotels, tents, cabins, RV’s), by hitching rides on your luggage, clothing, personal pillows used at hotels. Bed bugs can also arrive by purchasing used clothing or furniture and introducing it to your home without laundering or treating it first.
Once they arrive in your home, bed bugs will seek a hiding location close to their food source. People or pets, with people being their first choice.
Bed Bugs – Tips To Avoid Infestation in Your Home
Make Your Bed – “Bed Bug Proof”
Move the bed away from the wall and any adjacent furniture such as nightstands, to prevent bed bugs from climbing up and reaching your mattress.
Remove and discard or significantly “shorten” – bed skirts that touch the floor.
Install climb upBed bugs Interceptorson the feet of your bed. These ingenious inventions, capture the bed bugs before they can climb up your bed and onto your mattress.
Remember How to “Prevent” Bed Bugs
In addition to how to get rid of bed bugs on your own, you should also know a little about preventing them in the first place.
To prevent bed bugs from getting into your house,Here are the necessary stepsyou can take:
- First and foremost, you should be spraying the cracks, crevices, and joints around your home regularly with a bed bug repellent spray.
- Bed bug spray will create a barrier that bed bugs are unlikely to cross. Most bed bug sprays are effective up to 6 months but refer to recommended dosages on the product.
- Next, avoid bringing bed bugs into your house. Always make sure to clean your luggage thoroughly when you stay in a hotel, and avoid bringing home used furniture or other used cloth products before they have been thoroughly cleaned.
- If you travel, it’s strongly advised to use a bed bug spray to treat your luggage in the garage before entering the house.
- If you buy used clothing or bedding, bring it directly to the washer and dryer and run both on the “hottest setting” available.
- Finally, you can prevent bed bug infestations with regular cleaning. Bed bugs need to be able to lay eggs to multiply. If you are washing your bedding, carpet, and clothing regularly, the eggs will be less likely to survive.
How to Get Rid of Bed Bug “Bites” (On Your Skin)
Easily the worst part of a bed bug infestation is the painful biting that takes place while you sleep. Bed bug bites appear as red, inflamed spots around where the insect has punctured the skin. To treat these bites, use soothing calamine lotion and a non-prescription pain reliever like ibuprofen to relieve soreness and itching.
You may also consider using an over the counterantihistamineto reduce itching and swelling in the affected areas.
These methods will bring you considerable relief, and the sores should heal quickly once any new bites have ceased.
Best “Home Remedy Treatment” for Bed Bugs
Bed bugs are challenging to get rid of without chemical sprays, but there are a few home remedies that may work if your infestation is still minor.
Diatomaceous earthand borax have both been known to kill bed bugs, and diluted rubbing alcohol may be useful in neutralizing eggs.
For the most part, however, it’s a good idea to stick to commercial insecticides, as these have the highest “proven” rate of success.
Bed Bugs – Frequently Asked Questions (FAQ)
Where Do Bed Bugs Come From?
Bed bugs are a very small oval-shaped, reddish-brown bug that feeds on the blood of humans and animals. Their sole existence depends on the “opportunities” they can find for their food source. You. Bed bugs are wingless and cannot fly but they can move very quickly across floors and furniture. They typically arrive inside homes from travel (luggage, backpacks, clothing), or from firewood or other materials brought indoors.
How Do I Know I Have Bed Bugs?
If you wake up from sleep and immediately discover multiple bites that itch, you may have bed bugs. Additionally, look for small dark brown or red bloodstains on sheets or pillowcases.
How Long Does it Take to Get Rid of Bed Bugs?
Using our methods described above, it takes 2-3 days to permanently get rid of bed bugs. If you want to know how to get rid of bed bugs fast, it’s important to usechemical sprays, since these will quickly and effectively kill both adult bed bugs and their eggs.
What Is Heat Treatment for Bed Bugs?
If the DIY (Do It Yourself) approach doesn’t work, you’ll have to call in a professional exterminator for heat treatment. Heat treatments involve raising the temperature of a room to 118-122 degrees Fahrenheit, which are temperatures that will kill bed bugs, and ultimately end your infestation.
Where Do Bed Bugs Come From?
Although you now know how to get rid of bed bugs permanently, it’s still important to see a bit more about where they come from so that you can keep them from getting into your home.
Bed bugs can arrive in your home by attaching themselves to luggage, used furniture, or even human clothing or skin. Infestation in your home can quickly occur through travel and exposure to previously infested locations.
Can I Eliminate Bed Bugs Myself?
Yes. Just follow our five steps noted above, and you should be able to eliminate a mild to a moderate infestation of bed bugs. If your infestation has become more severe, though, professional help may be required.
Where Do Bed Bugs Hide?
According to webmd.com Bed bugs can hide in mattresses, linens, carpet, clothing, and other soft materials. Besides that, they can work their way under baseboards, behind electrical plates, and into other hard-to-reach crevices.
Can I Kill Bed Bugs Instantly?
DIY bed bug treatments will take between 1 – 3 days to treat and completely eliminate bed bugs from your home.
How Can I Kill Bed Bugs Fast?
The fastest way to kill bed bugs is with professionalheat treatment. Professionally applied Heat kills bed bugs in 1- 2 hours.
Professional pest control companies such as Orkin, will set up their equipment and provide “heat treatment” – per room to kill bed bugs. The Bed bugs will die in 90 minutes, with a temperature of 118 degrees, and bed bugs will die immediately at 122 degrees heat Fahrenheit.
Heat treatment is also the most costly approach. The least expensive, but still effective way to kill bed bugs is with DIY chemical treatments, although this will require more work, and
Now that you know how to get rid of bed bugs and keep them out of your house, you should be equipped to tackle whatever infestation you get; like ants or gnats.
Keep in mind that bed bugs aren’t the easiest pests to get rid of. The obvious fact is an entire industry (pest control) built around the treatment of insects such as bed bugs.
So when you take on this job as a homeowner, be very thorough and take all necessary steps to kill bed bugs yourself.
Know when to say “when”. If your infestation has gotten out of hand, don’t be afraid to call in a professional exterminator, most will offer a free estimate to fix the problem.
In the end, getting bed bugs eliminated from your home is a far safer and healthier solution than ignoring them, and letting them spread.
Hopefully, you have all the necessary tools on how to get rid of bed bugs permanently – so you can replace your worry – with Sleep!
Please leave us a comment below, as we would be glad to assist with any additional questions you may have.
Don’t forget to check out the rest of our “How-To” guides for homeowners @ BestHomeGear.Com
Photos: Lead photo courtesy of webmd.com
References and Additional Resources:
- Search tool for determining the correct pesticide for bed bugs – EPA.GOV
- Recommendations from the National Pesticide Information Center
- Bed Bug environmental habits in residential applications – University of Kentucky Entomology
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How to remove bed bugs from room permanently
Discover how to kill bed bugs fast. Learn what are the best ways to get rid of bed bugs effectively and permanently.
There are many treatments available that can be use to kill and get rid of bed bugs permanently. They include chemical as well as treatments that kill bed bugs naturally.
To achieve the best results from a bed bug treatment it is important to carry out the following steps first:
Inspection Check List: Identifying Bed Bugs Location
- Remove any unnecessary clutter from the house to make the inspection process easier and limit areas where bugs can hide.
- Any personal items that can be removed such as stuffed animals, soft toys, blankets, pillows and cushions should be vacuumed and sealed in tightly secured plastic bags for two to three days.
Take apart bed frames to expose any possible bed bug hiding spots and inspect areas behind peeling wallpaper and wall hangings.
Take out the drawers from desks and dressers and if possible turn furnitures over to inspect all possible hiding spots.
If you suspect you have a bed bug infestation in the house, thoroughly inspect your mattress first. It is best to do this with a bright flashlight to look for bed bugs or their dark droppings in the seams, folds, tufts and labels of your mattress and box spring.
Methods to Get Rid of Bed Bugs
If you are unfortunate to confirm the presence of bed bugs in the house, apply the following methods to get rid of the bloodsucking critters:
- Use caulk to seal any holes in the walls and floor to eliminate bed bugs harborage sites.
Repair and seal any cracks and crevices between baseboards, bed frames and furniture that are potential bed bugs hiding spots.
Before any vacuuming, use a stiff brush to scrub the mattress and carpets to help dislodge any possible bed bugs and their eggs.
To kill bed bugs, you should also remove and wash bed linen and garments in hot water (minimum 120В°F) and have them dry in a hot dryer for at least 20 minutes.
Similarly, you can also use heat or steam cleaners that are commonly used by most professional exterminators to help control infestations and kill bed bugs naturally.
Vacuum the mattresses, bed frames, carpets and upholstered furniture paying particular attention to any cracks, crevices and open spaces.
Immediately after vacuuming, seal the vacuum bag in a plastic bag and dispose of it in an outdoor bin. If you use a canister vacuum cleaner wash it with hot water immediately.
Seal all your mattress/pillows with bed bug proof covers and encasements . This will keep bed bugs out of the mattress and eventually kill any bed bugs trapped within.
Make sure all windows have screens and repair damaged ones to keep out birds and other rodents.
It is not unusual to still see bed bugs activity several days after the initial treatment since it is quite a difficult task to fully eradicate all the bed bugs and their eggs in the first round of treatment; it may be necessary that you repeat it weekly for several weeks to fully eliminate the infestations.
Since bed bugs can survive for several months without feeding, treating the house with special formulated bed bug sprays , insecticides and powders are also crucial to eliminating bed bugs permanently. Similarly, repeated treatments may also be necessary.
(Important:Only use sprays and powders clearly labeled for bed bug extermination. Never use any normal household pesticide that does not list bed bugs on the label.)
If you are still unable to take care of it yourself, hire a professional licensed bed bug exterminator and make sure that they have a well established history of getting rid of bed bugs.
Other Frequently Asked Treatment Methods For Killing Bed Bugs
Does Lysol Kill Bed Bugs?
Areas sprayed with Lysol will only keep bed bugs away while it is still wet and Lysol itself will only kill bed bugs if they get sprayed on directly on contact otherwise once it dries, the bed bugs will return again.
Does Alcohol Kill Bed Bugs?
Alcohol will kill bed bugs but not their eggs and will need to be used often to control infestation. It is not an effective way to get rid of bed bugs permanently. If you want to use this bed bug treatment you need to mix nine parts 91 percent isopropyl (rubbing) alcohol with one part water. Place the solution in a chemical sprayer to cover large areas. Use a spray bottle for small areas and to get into crevices. Spray all areas including head/foot boards, hard surfaces, base boards, door jams and any other bed bug hiding spots.
Does Bleach Kill Bed Bugs?
While bleach does kill bed bugs and can be used like alcohol it is not recommended. Bleach will ruin carpet, furniture, mattresses and paint. It can also cause irritation to your skin. It is best to limit its use to killing bed bugs in items you can launder and hard surfaces that are bleach safe.
Does Boric Acid Kill Bed Bugs?
Boric acid is not an effective bed bug treatment and can be very hazardous. Boric acid is especially toxic to small children and animals. It can cause serious kidney damage and burn the skin.
Products to Kill Bed Bugs
There are many products on the market today to kill bed bugs. Three of the most recommended products to get rid of bed bugs permanently are bed bug mattress encasements, BedLam Insecticide and STERI-FAB bed bug spray.
Bed Bug Mattress Encasementsprotect the mattress from infestation. They are also ideal for chronic allergy sufferers by providing a protective barrier against bacteria, dust mites and bed bugs. The encasements seal off the mattress and pillows completely leaving no gap for the bed bugs to enter or escape through.
Protect your mattress and box springs with Bed Bug Proof Bedding Encasements
Bedlam Insecticideis a convenient water-based and non-irritating aerosol spray that is specially made to kill bed bugs on contact and provide lasting residual performance. It should be sprayed in cracks and crevices and around baseboards, floor/head boards, door jams, walls and other hard surfaces. Since it is water based, it is safe to use to use to treat mattresses and bedding. It will also not stain fabrics or materials.
Eliminate bed bugs with Bedlam Professional Bed Bug Insecticide — $16.95
STERI-FAB bed bug spraythat will not leave behind a messy residue. Its dry crystal formula dries with in 20 minutes. It is safe to use on the entire mattress, bedding furniture, carpets and all other areas where bed bugs may hide. It comes in pint or one gallon sizes to help you kill bed bugs in any size area.
STERI-FAB Bed Bug Spray – Control, Get Rid and Kill Bed Bugs — $16.49
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11 Home Remedies To Get Rid Of Bed Bugs Naturally
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Remedies To Get Rid Of Bed Bugs
Bed bugs are a nightmare. While commercially available repellents can take care of them, they will cause some serious damage to our health, too. It is best to try some natural bed bug repellents like essential oils like tea tree oil, lavender oil or citronella. Other bed bug eliminators include kidney bean leaves, thyme, clove and diatomaceous earth.
Bed bugs are parasites that belong to the cimicid family. They are small, oval, brownish insects that feed exclusively on blood. While there are quite a few parasites of the cimicid family that feeds on animal blood, thecimex lectularius, the common bedbug, is the famous one as it prefers feeding on human blood. While an adult bed bug has a flat body, and looks pretty much like an apple seed, after feeding, its body swells and also turns a reddish color. Bed bugs usually feed on their hosts quite unnoticed.
Though bed bugs are believed to be more active during the night, they are not nocturnal creatures. A female bedbug can lay hundreds of eggs in its lifetime. These eggs are usually the size of a speck of dust and can be brought into your house along with adults, via luggage, used furniture, used beds, clothing, etc. Bed bugs cannot fly. However, they can move quite quickly over floors, walls, and ceilings.
While some adverse health conditions may be caused as a result of bed bug bites, like skin rashes, allergic symptoms, and even psychological problems, bed bugs are unknown to transmit any disease pathogens. 1
Is Your House Infested?
One of the most evident signs of bed bug infestation is finding itchy areas on your body when you wake up after a sleep. These itchy areas may also present as small red bumps. Small blood stains on your sheets or pillow cases, bed bug excrement on the bed and bed linen or walls, egg shells or shed skins in areas where bed bugs usually hide, and sometimes even a musty odor from the bugs’ scent glands are some other giveaways to a bed bug infestation.
Since bed bugs have flattened bodies, it makes it easy for them to hide in the tiniest of spaces, like mattresses, box springs, bed frames, and headboards. Though bed bugs do not have nests, they tend to live in groups. Over time, they tend to scatter through the bedroom, moving into any crevice or protected location, and even to adjoining rooms.
If you suspect that you may have a bed bug infestation, remove all bedding and dust covers and blankets, box springs etc. and check it carefully for signs of the bugs or their excrement. You must also check the area around the bed, including inside books, telephones, radios, carpet edges, and even electrical outlets.
Ways To Exterminate Bed Bugs
Once you have identified a bed bug infestation in your house, it is understandable that you want to jump right in and eliminate them. But this will be a long, drawn-out battle, and there is nothing like patience and preparation to win it.
Getting rid of bedbugs begins with cleaning up the places where bedbugs live. Now, this is not an easy task as it includes washing and drying bedding, linens, curtains, clothing, etc. in hot water and then meticulously checking that it is indeed bed-bug free. The cleaning up process also calls for some heavy-duty vacuuming. The entire house, furniture, linens, furnishings etc. need to be regularly vacuumed. After each vacuuming session, ensure you remove the vacuum cleaner bag into another plastic bag and place it in the garbage bin outside the house.
Another way to get rid of these bugs is to freeze them. Although bed bugs can live for up to a year in a cool room, they cannot withstand freezing temperatures. Freezing infested items for at least two hours at -17°C should kill them off.
Like cold, steam too can help get rid of bed bugs. Steam can penetrate mattress linings, crevices and cracks effectively and efficiently. Steam cleaning infested items and rooms at about 140°F (60°C) can destroy bugs as well as their eggs without damaging the surroundings. 2
Home Remedies To Get Rid Of Bed Bugs
You can also try out some natural insecticides to get rid of the bed bugs and their eggs. In this regard, plant essential oils have gained importance as a significant natural source of pesticides. They represent a market estimated at $700 million. The total production of essential oils in the world is estimated to be around 45000 tons. 3 Most essential oils affect the inner cell membranes of insects, causing cytotoxic effects. It is this property that proves beneficial when tackling any kind of bug or insect infestation. 4 And while the essential oils are toxic to the bugs, they are safe for humans. Here we look at some essential oil based natural insecticides as well as some other less harmful repellents to help get rid of bed bugs.
1. Tea Tree Oil Spray
Studies show that tea tree oil is an effective insecticidal. The essential oil of tea tree effectively disrupts the permeability barrier of cell membrane structures, thus resulting in the loss of chemiosmotic control and fatality. It is this membrane-damaging property of tea tree oil that makes it an effective natural insecticide in fighting bed bugs. You can use the homemade spray in hard-to-reach places, like cracks, crevices, and furniture joints. 5
To Use:To make a natural insecticide with tea tree oil, mix two teaspoons of tea tree oil with 50 ml of water. Pour it into a spray bottle and shake well. Spray liberal amounts of the natural insecticide in all areas where you think bed bugs are living. Use this application daily until all the signs of bed bugs have disappeared. Remember to shake well before each application.
2. Lavender Oil
Like tea tree oil, lavender essential oil can also be used as an effective natural insecticide to kill bed bugs. Lavender oil is also believed to destroy bed bug eggs as well. It is also said that it is the smell of lavender that kills the bugs. \However, the oil probably acts as a cytotoxin and thus kills the bed bugs. 6
To Use:To make a spray, mix 10–15 drops of lavender oil with 50 ml water. Shake well, pour into a spray bottle and use in areas where the infestation is seen. You can also use lavender soap or powder as a spray. Another method is to place fresh lavender leaves or flowers in and around the infested areas to get rid of the bed bugs.
A combination of lavender oil and peppermint oil was also found to be highly beneficial in exterminating bed bugs. 7
To Use:Add 10–15 drops of lavender essential oil and 10–15 drops of peppermint oil into a spray bottle. Fill it with water. Then shake well and spray in affected areas.
3. Citronella Spray
Citronella, or lemongrass as it is more commonly known, is another essential oil that can repel and kill bed bugs as well as its eggs. Citronella oil is believed to increase the acidic condition within the bugs, thus effectively eliminating it. Like lavender, the smell of citronella is also believed to help get rid of bed bugs. 8
To Use:Add 10 drops of citronella oil to a small bowl of water. Pour it into a spray bottle, shake thoroughly, and spray in affected areas to get best results.
4. Eucalyptus Oil Spray
The evergreen, mighty trees of the eucalyptus can be seen in most places across the world. The essential oil found in its foliage is widely used in food, pharmaceuticals, perfumes, etc. It is also used extensively as an insect repellent. Eucalyptus is believed to exhibit ovicidal activity, as well as insect repellency against bacteria, fungi, insects, weeds, nematodes, and mites. 9
To Use:To make the spray, take two ounces of water, 1.5 ounces of witch hazel or vodka and 30 drops of eucalyptus essential oil. Pour all this into a spray bottle and shake well to mix it. Then spray the solution on the affected areas. Repeat the spraying every two hours of so.
5. Essential Oils Of Orange
Orange oil contains d-limonene which is classified as an insecticide. This is a nerve toxin which kills the bugs and insects within minutes of contact. 10
To Use:Make a spray solution by mixing 1 cup of compost tea, 1 ounce of blackstrap molasses and 2 ounces of orange essential oil in 4 liters of water. Mix all this together well and spray in the affected areas.
6. Neem Oil
For generations, neem oil has been used for various medicinal and insecticidal properties. The tree, the leaf, the seeds are all used for medicinal purposes with beneficial results. Studies show that neem oil, especially cold pressed neem oil, has high toxicity, and antifeedancy and can repel a number of pests. 11 It was also shown to have high larval growth inhibition properties. 12
To Use:To make a spray solution, add 1 ounce of concentrated neem essential oil to 4 ounces of water. Add ½ teaspoon of soap in order to emulsify the solution. Mix it well. Then spray and wipe down beds, sheets, walls, crevices and all other potential bed bug hiding places. Do this three times a day for the first three days. Then shift to treating your home every alternate day for a total of 18 days.
7. Sweet Flag
Sweet flag oracorus calamus, is an uncommon, semi-aquatic, perennial plant found in Eurasia and the Americas. Valued for its rhizome and fragrant oils, this plant has been used medicinally as well as for its insecticidal properties, since time immemorial. Recent studies have also revealed that the sweet plant possesses antifungal and antibacterial properties. 13 The antimicrobial property makes the sweet flag effective against bed bugs.
To Use:To make a spray, boil 100 grams of sweet flag and 50 grams of turmeric powder in one liter of water. Boil this for an hour. Then keep the solution in a closed container for 24 hours. The next day, filter and dilute the solution in 10 times the water. Transfer to a spray bottle and spray lavishly in affected areas and its surroundings.
8. Bean Leaves
Did you just think “folk lore” when you read the word kidney beans? Well, push that thought aside. Studies have shown that the leaves have microscopic hairs called trichomes on its surface that entangle the bugs onto it, literally stopping them in their tracks. Unlike a Velcro effect, the trichomes actually get hooked onto bugs’ legs, trapping them. 14
To Use:Scatter kidney bean leaves all over the house, especially in infested areas. You can also place the leaves under mattresses. You can either wait for a couple of days before getting rid of these leaves or opt to use fresh leaves every day for a few days. Since the bugs are stuck on the leaves, getting rid of the leaves will ensure the bugs never return.
Thyme oil or thymol concentrate are effective bed bug repellents. They are also shown to be effective deterrents for egg laying by mites. 15
To Use:You can tie a thyme stick with a cotton cloth and burn it near the infested area, or in the infested room. Alternatively, place thyme leaves in net bags and place them in and around the infested areas. Remember to replace these bags with fresh leaves every third day. Continue the process for up to a month to ensure all bed bugs have been killed.
Like most other essential oils, clove oil too possesses insecticidal and insect repellent properties. It is believed that the acidic pH of cloves, as well as its pungent smell, disturbs the survival of the bugs, thus destroying them. 16
To Use:Mix 1 teaspoon clove essential oil with 1 cup water. Pour into a spray bottle, shake well, and spray in affected areas.
11. Diatomaceous Earth
Diatomaceous earth (DE) is a non-toxic insecticide that is used for the protection of stored products and to control pests in the home and garden. It is a natural product that harms neither the earth nor people. It can be conveniently used in any space, even crevices on walls and other inaccessible regions. DE comes as a fine crystalline powder. Fine for the human eye, but the crystals trap and tear up the bed bugs. 17
To Use:Spray or sprinkle food grade DE on the bed, the floor, the crevices, and other areas where bugs are likely to hide. Let it stay for up to three days. After three days, vacuum or broom up the entire house.
Some other products that work effectively against bed bugs are baking powder and boric powder. While boric powder is toxic, baking powder is harmless for humans.
Also, remember that most essential oils should be effective in getting rid of bed bugs. This is because, as mentioned, the oils function as cytotoxins, destroying the membranes of the bugs. So, go ahead, get started on ridding your home and hearth of those pesky blood suckers.
|1.||↑||Bai, Xiaodong, Praveen Mamidala, Swapna P. Rajarapu, Susan C. Jones, and Omprakash Mittapalli. “Transcriptomics of the bed bug (Cimex lectularius).” PloS one 6, no. 1 (2011): e16336.|
|2.||↑||Benoit, J. B., G. Lopez‐Martinez, N. M. Teets, S. A. Phillips, and D. L. Denlinger. “Responses of the bed bug, Cimex lectularius, to temperature extremes and dehydration: levels of tolerance, rapid cold hardening and expression of heat shock proteins.” Medical and veterinary entomology 23, no. 4 (2009): 418-425.|
|3.||↑||Tripathi, Arun K., Shikha Upadhyay, Mantu Bhuiyan, and P. R. Bhattacharya. “A review on prospects of essential oils as biopesticide in insect-pest management.” Journal of Pharmacognosy and Phytotherapy 1, no. 5 (2009): 052-063.|
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|7.||↑||Singh, Narinderpal, Changlu Wang, and Richard Cooper. “Potential of essential oil-based pesticides and detergents for bed bug control.” Journal of economic entomology 107, no. 6 (2014): 2163-2170.|
|9.||↑||Batish, Daizy R., Harminder Pal Singh, Ravinder Kumar Kohli, and Shalinder Kaur. “Eucalyptus essential oil as a natural pesticide.” Forest Ecology and Management 256, no. 12 (2008): 2166-2174.|
|10.||↑||Hink, W. F., and B. J. Feel. “Toxicity of D-limonene, the major component of citrus peel oil, to all life stages of the cat flea, Ctenocephalides felis (Siphonaptera: Pulicidae).” Journal of medical entomology 23, no. 4 (1986): 400-404.|
|11.||↑||Benelli, Giovanni, Stefano Bedini, Francesca Cosci, Chiara Toniolo, Barbara Conti, and Marcello Nicoletti. “Larvicidal and ovideterrent properties of neem oil and fractions against the filariasis vector Aedes albopictus (Diptera: Culicidae): a bioactivity survey across production sites.” Parasitology research 114, no. 1 (2015): 227-236.|
|12.||↑||Isman, Murray B., Opender Koul, Anna Luczynski, and Jerzy Kaminski. “Insecticidal and antifeedant bioactivities of neem oils and their relationship to azadirachtin content.” Journal of Agricultural and Food Chemistry 38, no. 6 (1990): 1406-1411.|
|13.||↑||Motley, Timothy J. “The ethnobotany of sweet flag, Acorus calamus (Araceae).” Economic Botany 48, no. 4 (1994): 397-412.|
|14.||↑||Szyndler, Megan W., Kenneth F. Haynes, Michael F. Potter, Robert M. Corn, and Catherine Loudon. “Entrapment of bed bugs by leaf trichomes inspires microfabrication of biomimetic surfaces.” Journal of The Royal Society Interface 10, no. 83 (2013): 20130174.|
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Disclaimer: The content is purely informative and educational in nature and should not be construed as medical advice. Please use the content only in consultation with an appropriate certified medical or healthcare professional.
Home Remedies to Get Rid of Bed Bugs Naturally
After writing how to get rid of roaches?, how to get rid of fruit flies?, how to get rid of ants?, and how to get rid of fleas?, we are now writing home remedies to get rid of bed bugs naturally. Bed bugs are small, wingless insects that feed on the blood of animals and human. They crawl out at night and bite you, when you sleep and leave behind red, itchy bumps. They can’t fly but they can move quickly over floors, walls, and ceilings. As they are not attracted to dirt, a bed bugs infestation has nothing to do with your personal cleanliness. Getting bed bug bites are every individual’s worst nightmare, especially if it is your own bed at home. It can bite at all possible areas in your body, causing itching, rashes and blisters around the affected area.
The fear of the thought that the crawling, creepy pests are hiding in your bedroom is good enough to keep you awake throughout the night. With an intention to make your sleep peaceful, we are explaining the best home remedies to get rid of bed bugs naturally to free your bed and rooms from bed bug attacks.You must inspect you whole house, before you start using the home remedies for bed bugs. Inspection will help you to decide that, which remedy you should for which area. So, before explaining the home remedies for bed bugs, the first step is about inspection for bed bugs.
Home Remedies to Get Rid of Bed Bugs Naturally
1.) Inspection Before You Start
Before you choose any home remedies to get rid of bed bugs naturally, it is very important to do the inspection. The first thing before choosing anything or apply anything is to perform an inspection and note it down. You should inspect and see how much is the infestation and accordingly choose the best home remedy for bed bugs. When you are inspecting for these creatures, check for live and dead bugs, rusty stains caused by the bugs being crushed, small spots of reddish black fecal material, cream colored tiny eggs and pale yellow skins that nymphs shed as they grow.
- The most common places where they hide are in your mattresses, cushion, behind the headboards, in the folds of curtains, along carpet edges, the junction where the wall and ceiling meet, under loose wallpaper, in electrical receptacles, crack in wood molding and other dark cracks.
- Bed bugs most often seen, where people sleep because you are their source of food. Also, remember that they tend to prefer wood or fabric over plastic and metal.
- When you will inspect them make a note of inspection and disinfect that infested areas also. Seal up any cracks or hole around baseboards and molding that the bed bugs might be using to hide.
2.) Silica Gel To Starve Them
Silica gel is among the best home remedies to get rid of bed bugs easily and naturally. More over silica will not harm anyone in your family, unless otherwise someone eat silica. The fine grind silica gel will get stick with bed bugs skin and can’t be removed easily. This will dehydrate the bed bug and causes them to death. For this, you need to grind some silica gel and apply it all over your bedroom. You can easily get the silica from nearby store or online. You have seen the silica pouches, when you purchased any new electronics or home ware. Silica is kept in that to keep the moisture away from those items. Any this silica property will help to suck everything from bed bugs. You can put some silica gel along the walls, around the bed and on your mattress and under your mattress. Do the inspection after a week and replace the silica gel after 4-5 weeks.
3.) Make Use of Lemongrass
Lemongrass power is a successful and powerful home remedy for bed bugs. It works very well against the bed bugs and killing the bed bugs their eggs. You can use the lemongrass oil , instead of powder. Both work in similar manner but power stays for long time then oil. Lemongrass power will release oil and bed bugs comes over them and expands the acidic level inside the bugs to a disturbing degree. Bed bugs are such pesticides, which cannot handle the acidic level in their body and even they can live in acidic environment. This outcome in making the bed bugs dead.
Their eggs are excessively killed through the utilization of lemongrass. These bugs need ideal conditions with a specific end goal to survive. There is a certain degree of temperature, acidic level, odor and a particular environment, which is suitable for the bed bugs to survive and reproduce as well. They can’t withstand certain smells, acidic levels and inordinate warmth. Therefore, lemongrass is a compelling home solution to get rid of bed bugs.
4.) Take Help From Baking Soda
Baking soda is one of the kitchen staple that you can use to get rid of bed bugs. The best part is that it is safe for your pet and children as well. Baking soda has drying properties that helps to absorb the moisture from bed bug body and starve bed bugs to death. In addition to this, it has antimicrobial properties that kills the bed bugs. Once you check for bed bugs, spread baking soda in the crevices, cracks and wherever you identify their symptoms of presence. Leave it for a night and clean the place next day. Spread the baking soda again next day. You can leave the baking soda below and above mattress and whenever bed bugs comes in contact with baking soda, it will stick to their body and suck everything from their body. Repeat the same until you get satisfactory results.
5.) Use The Hot Steam Treatment
Even if you remove bed bugs using hot water and washing of the fabrics in your bedroom, you may not be able to kill the eggs laid inside the mattresses. And once, you leave them unattended, they may give life to new bed bugs, which will again create nuisance. Therefore, it is better to get rid of the last trace of infection by cleaning the mattresses to hot steam. The eggs cannot survive hot steams and destroying them will help you to sleep without any nightmare.
Steam cleaners emit steam at a minimum temperature of 100 degrees Celsius and bed bugs generally die at eh 50 degrees Celsius or about 120 degrees Fahrenheit. Steam clean your infested mattress, upholstery and the items that cannot be washed. You can go for dry steam or a low vapor steamer that leaves behind less moisture.
6.) Make Use of The Tea Tree Oil
Tea tree oil is another effective home remedy for bed bugs. It help keep the bed bugs away from your bed due to its strong and pungent smell. So, you can spray the oil all around your bed and any other infected areas to get rid of bed bugs from attacking you while you are in deep sleep. Take all beds components apart, then clean, vacuum and hot steam the infected areas and spray them all down with the tea tree oil. Use the spray bottle to spray around the entire house. To make this spray mix 18 oz of water with 18 drops of tea tree oil and spray this solution to the entire house. The beds, carpets, and furniture.
You can even use wintergreen alcohol to kill the bed bugs instantly. It is not expensive and easily accessible. You need to pour the wintergreen alcohol into a spray bottle and spray the solution directly on the bedbugs and nests. The wintergreen burns the bugs, when they come in contact. You can also drench your box spring and mattress with this as well to prevent bed bugs.
7.) Use The Lavender Oil
It is said that lavender oils are natural and very effective as bed bug repellents. The smell or taste of the herb repels the nasty creature in no time. To apply it most effectively, put dried lavender between two cloth pieces and sew them around the bed perimeter. Lavender oil is also easily available in the health food stores. It’s in concentrated liquid form and its fragrance lasts for a few weeks. So, in order to prevent your body from bed bug attacks, all your bed frame and floor can be rubbed with lavender oil to get rid of bed bugs.
8.) Spraying Some Isopropyl Alcohol
Rubbing alcohols are generally used to disinfect the bitten area of your body. You can also use it by spraying the alcohol in the areas, where the bed bugs thrive. It helps to clean the infected areas. Alcohol has a dehydrating effect on the eggs of the bugs and kills them. Sprinkle some alcohol on the bugs to kill them instantly. However, the effect of sprinkling alcohol will remain only for a shorter time. A solution of 70-90% isopropyl is preferred to kill bed bugs. Pour alcohol in a spray bottle to use it on the bed bugs and eggs.
9.) Sprinkling Diatomaceous Earth
The main ingredients in the diatomaceous earth are the soil, which is made up of the tiny fossils of algae. The jagged edges of this soil, cut the bugs and they succumb to death due to excessive bleeding. Therefore, you can sprinkle the diatomaceous earth around your bed and protect yourself from its attack. It is harmless to human, its tiny particles cut the waxy shells of bed bugs can cause them to become dehydrated and die. You need to spread a small amount of this chalky substance around your house, including areas, where the wall meets the floors, behind light switch face plates, where carpet meets the walls behind picture frames, on baseboards and into all the cracks and crevices.
You will also like to dismantle your bed and lightly dust the powder on all the joints and crevices. Make sure to use food grade diatomaceous earth. A light dusting will come, if you will use a lot of diatomaceous earth and it becomes airborne. You also need to wear a dust mask to avoid getting an fine particles in your lungs. As long as it stays dry, diatomaceous earth will continue to work even for after months.
10.) Use The Vacuum Cleaner
Once the fabrics are washed properly, try to vacuum out the dreaded creatures from your computers, tables, wardrobes, cots, mattresses, etc. Bed bugs love hiding in corners or cracks which are generally inaccessible and need to be sucked out with the application of vacuum.
Vacuum the carpet floor and your entire house, mainly the areas that are infested. Also vacuum your entire mattress, box spring, bed frame and joints. As wood and fabric are bed bugs favorite places. Make sure to vacuum items made of these materials, even the ends of your curtains. Try to cover all the cracks and holes before vacuuming so they can’t run there to hide. Try to vacuum your house at least once a week.
11.) Cayenne Powder Will Help
Another home remedy that will help you to get rid of bed bugs is cayenne paper. It has antimicrobial properties that kills the bed bugs. So, once you have checked for bed bugs and found them take a tablespoon of the cayenne powder, grated ginger and oregano in a bowl. Add some boiling water into this mixture. Pour this mixture into the spray bottle and shake bottle to mix all the ingredients thoroughly. Spray this solution at all the places that are often visited by the bed bugs. The smell of this mixture will drive the tiny creatures and they won’t be able to breath.
11.) Use the Indica Leaves
Indica leaves have been used to treat the infestation of bed bugs and roaches since ages. It has antimicrobial properties that helps to eradicate these small creatures. In addition, the leaves have strong smell that is not liked by the bed bugs. Crush some Indica leaves and spread it around the suspected places. Alternatively, a boiling water add some Indica leaves. Leave it for a few minutes. Later strain the solution and take a bath with this. This will help to treat bed bug bites. In addition to this, you can use Indica oil to get rid of bed bugs.
12.) Sun Bathing For Items
As specified above, bed bugs cannot tolerate high temperatures and hot weather. You ought to sun-douse your bedding for the duration of a complete day if steaming your bed does not work to get rid of bed bugs.
- Sunlight and radioactive waves are very beneficial to avoid bed bugs. More than 90 degrees Fahrenheit temperature is all what is needed for killing these parasites.
- When you hold your sleeping cushion under the open sun, it warms up to more temperature than 90 degree Fahrenheit. This surely kills all the bed bugs and their eggs too.
- In the event that you are living in a tropical atmosphere, it is a lucky charm for you to use the sunlight as a natural remedy as the sunlight is very intense in the tropical areas.
- Wash all your garments and cot related apparel in boiling hot water and dry them in immediate daylight. Bugs can’t resist to the hot temperatures and have a tendency to bite the dust.
13.) Use The Cloves Oil
Cloves have pungent smell and acidic pH that rip off the moisture from the bed bugs body. Since bed bugs cannot stand the acidic condition created by cloves therefore, they die. Simply spread clove oil into all the crevices and infested areas. You can also place some cloves in all the nooks and corners to get rid of the bed bugs. However, clean the area later so that it does not come in the contact with pets and children.
14.) Spread Some Mint Leaves
Once you have check for bed bugs, you can use mint leaves to get rid of bed bugs. Meant leaves are considered to be repellents thus it is wonderful remedy to get rid of bed bugs. In addition to this, you should always keep mint leaves handy to prevent the infestation of bed bugs. Crush some dried mint leaves and spread them at the areas where you suspect bed bugs or where you have identified their symptoms. The best way is put dry mint leaves in the sashes and place them on the mattresses and closets. This is the safest way to use mint. Or simply spray mint oil on every nook and corner.
15.) Use The Pyrethrum
Pyrethrum is combination of dried flower. For this you need heads of C, Coccineous and chrysanthemum. Both the flowers are natural insecticides. It will breakdown their nervous system. Thus, this is one of the wonderful home remedy to get rid of bed bugs. However, if you find difficult to get this concoction then simply use an insecticide that has pyrethrum as a main ingredient or canola oil to cure bed bugs infestation.
16.) Use Black Walnut Tea
This is one of the safe herb and natural remedy to get rid of bed bugs. Black walnut tea is believed to be natural insecticide and repellent. Moreover, it has anti-fungal and anti-bacterial properties that destroys bed bugs. Sprinkle some dried black walnut tea on the infested areas or you can also place tea bags at the suspected areas such as creases of the bed, corners of the room, closet area etc. Alternatively, in a bowl mix lavender, mint leaves, sweet flag, thyme and black walnut. Pour this mixture into the sachet and hide this sachet at the conspicuous areas they are visited by bed bugs. The strong aroma of this mixture will definitely work in your favor.
17.) Use The Scented Sheets
The smell of scented sheets is appalling to the bed bugs as they cannot tolerate different nature of smells. The bed bugs are fond of surviving in normal environment, which has a certain level of heat and odor. If you put the scented sheets under your mattress, between the pillows and inside your cupboards as well, it may help to get rid of the bed bugs through the unfavorable smell. The smell created by the scented sheets cannot be tolerated by the bed bugs to survive.
The idea of buying scented sheets is a novel idea, which is not known by many people. Many people hesitate from using some natural home remedies like using garlic or turmeric powder because they may not like the smell of that particular remedial product. But the smell of the scented sheets may not be unfavorable for the human beings to adjust in but it definitely is not appalling for the irritating parasites.
The scented sheets are available in different scents of flowers and fruits, which can make the environment of your room refreshing, but intolerable for the bed bugs at the same time. So you can easily adopt this simple and a very comforting way to get rid of the bed bugs.
18.) Use The Lilac Leaves
Lilac is also one of the great home remedies to get rid of bed bugs easily. To use this method, take few lilac leaves, crush them and place on the prone area. The antimicrobial properties and smell of this plant helps destroy bed bugs excellently. Alternatively, you can also boil some handful of leaves in water for 15 mins. Strain the water and bath with this solution. It will help reduce the infection on the skin. Also, it will keep bed bugs away from you.
19.) Use The Thyme Sticks
Thyme also works great in dealing with bed bugs and other sort of insects. To use this method, put some thyme sticks in a cotton cloth and burn it in each of your room and close to the infested area in order to prevent bed bugs. Alternatively, you can also place this cotton cloth, in the mattress, cupboards, corners under the sofa, under the cushions and other places. Make sure you replace these bags after every 3 days.
20.) Encase Your Mattresses and Pillows
Once you have cleaned, hot water washed and steam washed your mattresses, you may take help of encasement as a last option. With proper encasing of mattresses, bed bugs may not be able to find escape routes easily. You might as well encase the pillows to prevent bites on your face and neck areas.
21.) Wash All Your Fabrics
Any clothes or items coming in contact with the infected bed like linens, shirts, bed sheets, etc. need to be washed properly with hot water. Bed bugs cannot withstand very hot water and the easiest way to kill them is to use extremely hot water while washing infected items.
Try to wash your infested clothes and bedding from hot water and dry them on a hot cycle is effective way to get rid of bed bugs. A temperature of 50 degrees Celsius or 120 degrees Fahrenheit can help to kill these bed bugs at all stages of their life cycle. Wash all your clothes, sheets and other bedding at the hottest possible setting for about 30 minutes or more. Then place all the clothes in the dryer and run it on high heat for about 10-20 minutes. For items that can only be dry cleaned, use a hot dryer for at least half an hour.
Bed Bug Control – How to Get Rid of Bed Bugs
Bed Bug Pre-treatment Procedures
- Reduce Clutter
- Launder Infested Garments and Linens
- Dismantle Bed Frames
- Remove Dresser Drawers
- Clean the Area
- Caulk and Seal
Remove all personal items (stuffed animals, soft toys, blankets, electronics, etc) and anything that does not stay in the room permanently.Caution:Be mindful that items from the infested area can transfer bed bugs to other areas. It is best to bag them in plastic with Nuvan Strips.
Launder Infested Garments and Linens:
Infested garments and bed linen cannot be treated with insecticide. They need to be laundered in hot water (120 degrees fahrenheit minimum). If washing is not available, heating the garments or bed linens for several minutes in a clothes dryer may work.
Dismantle Bed Frames:
Dismantling bed frames in infested areas typically exposes bed bug hiding sites. Having access to these areas during cleaning is important. Stand up the box spring and shine a flashlight through the gauze fabric and look for bed bugs. If the fabric is torn (possible hiding place), remove fabric to prepare for spraying. If the mattress and or box springs are infested, you may want to consider Encasements by Mattress Safe. Once covered with these encasements, bed bugs can not enter or exit. There is no need to treat the mattress or box spring when using these encasements. Keep them on for a year.
Remove Dresser Drawers:
Remove drawers from desks and dressers since bed bugs like to hide in these areas. Turn furniture over to inspect and clean all hiding spots. All furniture should be pulled away from the walls.
Clean the Area
Scrub infested surfaces with a stiff brush to dislodge eggs. Vacuum the room extensively. Use a vacuum hose attachment to thoroughly vacuum cracks and crevices on furniture and along baseboards on the walls. Vacuum along baseboards, furniture, bed stands, rails, headboards, foot boards, bed seams, tufts, buttons, edges of the bedding, as well as the edges of the carpets (particularly along the tack strips). A good vacuum cleaning job may remove particles from cracks and crevices to encourage greater insecticide penetration. Bed bugs cling tightly to surfaces, so it is best to vacuum by scraping the end of the vacuum attachment over the infested areas to pull out the bed bugs.Caution:It is not good to use a bristle attachment, because you may transfer bed bugs to other areas since they cling to the brush. Dispose of vacuum cleaner bags after you are finished in an outdoor trashcan.
Caulk and Seal
Caulk and seal all holes where pipes and wires penetrate walls and floor, and fill cracks around baseboards and molding to further reduce harboring areas.
Bed Bug Inspection
Bed Bug Appearance
Bedbug Pictures: What does a bed bug look like?
Adult bed bugs are brown to reddish-brown, oval-shaped, flattened, and about 1/4 to 5/8 inch long.Note:Their flat shape enables them to readily hide in most cracks and crevices.
Adult Male Bed Bug
Adult Female Bed Bug
Bed Bug Nymph
Tip:Eggs are not placed on the host’s body (the person sleeping in the bed), but the eggs are found on surfaces near where the host sleeps.
Bed Bug Inspection Tips:
- Look in any place that offers darkness, isolation and protection to the bed bug.
- Inspect adjoining rooms where an infestation is found. Even when the bed bugs themselves cannot be found, their hiding places can be located by looking for the spots of fecal material they often leave.
- Use an Insecticide Aerosol such as CB-80 or PT 565 to flush the bed bugs out of suspected hiding places. These aerosols kill on contact, but the idea is to flush them out for inspection
Bed Bug Inspection Check List
The Mattress and Box Spring
Check the mattress throughly, paying close attention to seams and tufts along the edges. Flip the mattress over and inspect the bottom carefully as well. Pay particular attention to any rips in the fabric. View the fabric on the bottom of the box spring and shine a flash light to verify that bed bugs have not penetrated the interior of the box spring.
Bed Frame and Head and Foot Boards
Remove the mattress and box frame from the bed frame and shine a flash light all along every potential hiding place on the bed frame. Remember bed bugs can slip into an crack a business card can fit into.
Other Furniture: Desks, Chairs, Dressers, etc
Take out all drawers and cushions from surrounding furniture. Check all seams and crevices carefully with a flashlight. Take your time and inspect thoroughly. Bed Bugs are commonly found in these areas in an infested room.
Walls and Carpet
Inspect the surrounding walls by removing electircal switch plates and any wall hangings. Check under tack strips and behind baseboards where ever possible. Shine light into cracks in plaster and seams along wall paper.
Electronics and Other Applicances
Unfortunately electronics and appliances provide a perfect hiding spot for bed bugs. Check them closely with a flashlight and magnifying glass as well. Remove them when possible. Placing smaller ones in a bag with Nuvan Strips is an effective way to save the device.
Additional Bed Bug Inspection Notes
Bed Bug fecal and blood spots (look like rust) are left on sheets and pillowcases when the engorged bed bugs are crushed. These indicators serve as sure signs of infestation. Bed bugs prefer to hide in cracks and crevices during the daytime and come out to feed on the host’s blood at night, usually while the host is sleeping.
Since bed bugs can flatten their bodies, they fit in very small crevices, specially around the bed area. They are found in habitual hiding places, preferably close to a blood meal. Even though their preference is to be close they can travel several feet for a blood meal.
Initial infestations tend to be around beds, but the bugs eventually become scattered throughout a room, occupying any crevice or protected location. They can also spread to adjacent rooms or apartments.
Bed Bug Treatment Procedures (Part A)
Do I Have to Throw Out the Mattress?
This question is answered by the condition of the mattress and the size of infestation. If there are holes or tears in the gauze fabric or fabric of the mattress, bed bugs and eggs may be inside, as well as outside. There are restrictions on how beds can be treated with insecticides. We carry both Mattress Safe Bed Bug Encasements and ActiveGuard Mattress Liners.
1. Mattress Safe Encasements: Mattress Safe Products are bed encasements to place over your mattress or boxspring so you don’t have to throw them away. They are bedbug certified. If using a labeled insecticide on the mattress or boxspring first, apply on mattress or box springs then zip it up. It has a patented hook to keep the bed bugs inside the encasement so they cannot escape. Keep the encasement in place for one year (due to bed bug life cycles).
2. Active Guard Liners:Active Guard Mattress Liners may be placed on beds and are effective as both preventative and active bed bug treatments. They kill bed bugs and dust mites within 72 hours and will prevent bed bugs from infesting mattresses. ActiveGuard Liners act like a fitted sheet; it comes in single, full, queen, and king sizes that fit up to 17" in depth.
If you decide against Mattress Safe Encasements or ActiveGuard Liners, use insecticides labeled for beds such as Steri-Fab, Cimexa Dust, Phantom Aerosol, Bedlam Aerosol, or Temprid FX (See below).
How to treat the mattress with insecticides:
Look carefully at the folds and seams of the mattress, the headboard, foot board (if present), box spring/support platform, frame, etc for bedbugs and treat these area after vacumming.
The following residual insecticides and dusts are labeled to spray and dust mattresses:
Dusts last longer than aerosols, but the crack and crevice tips on the Phantom and Bedlam areosols enable you to get into the smallest cracks. It is a good idea to use a combination of sprays and dusts. Temprid SC may be used on the tufts and seams of mattresses. It works well as a residual insecticide sprayed in other recommended treatment areas such as night stands, chests, dressers, couches and chairs.
Bed Bug Treatment Procedures (Part B)
Treat all baseboards and furniture (Night Stand, Chests, Dressers, Couches and Chairs)
Bed Bug Treatment: Sprays and Dusts
There are several products on the market that work well for bed bugs:
It is best to use a combination of these products for application purposes.
You can get these at discounted rates in be form of kits: Bed Bug Kits
The kits have the residual insecticide with the dust and aerosols.
Spray liquid insecticides or aerosols:
- Spray around and under the bed and along the baseboards near the bed. After removing the drawers from the furniture, the inside of the cabinetry should be sprayed as well as the bottom and sides of the drawers. Do not treat the inside of the drawers. If needed the clothes in the drawers should be removed and laundered.
- Spray around the inside of closets, door frames and doors.
- Spray molding at the top and bottom of the room. Spray around windows.
- Spray seams of drawers, both top and bottom. Spray dressers from below. Spray where dressers touch the floor.
- Spray where the bed touches the floor, spray chairs and underneath chairs.
- Spray all baseboards, loose plaster, behind bed frames and headboards, beneath beds and furniture, and bedsprings and bed frames. Do not apply to furniture surfaces or mattresses where people will be laying or sitting unless using a product labeled for that type of treatment. Infested bedding should not be treated, but should be removed, placed in sealed plastic bags, and taken for laundering and drying at high temperature.
Recommended Liquid Insecticides-Transport Mikron and Temprid FX
Spectre 2 SChas a low odor and is not dectectable by the bed bugs. Adjust the spray pattern to a mist by turning the nozzle. A low fine mist is best for most spraying, but you may need to use a stream to get into some cracks and crevices. If you can’t get into the cracks and crevices use one of the aerosols described below with it’s crack and crevice tips to reach into these areas.
- Mix 3 oz per gallon or 0.75 oz per quart and spray with a low pressure sprayer into the areas where the bed bugs are hiding. Typical areas include bed frames, headboards, under beds, baseboards, moldings, behind pictures,etc. Remember to apply in the joints and crevices of furniture. If the crack and crevice is too small, use an aerosol with a crack and crevice tip (recommendations are below.)
- You may spray mattress seams, zippers and tufts. Wait until it dries before remaking the bed.
- Remember- 95% of the bed bug infestation will be within five feet of your bed.
CrossFire Bed Bug Insecticide
CrossFire Bed Bug Concentrate has two different active ingredients for dual modes of action (both a quick kill and residual activity). Mix 3 oz of CrossFire Insecticide with one gallon of water or 0.75 oz per quart (Remember to use what you mix-within 24 hours.) Adjust the spray pattern to a mist by turning the nozzle. A low fine mist is best for most spraying, but you may need to use a stream to get into some cracks and crevices. If you can’t get into the cracks and crevices use one of the aerosols described below with it’s crack and crevice tips to reach into these areas.
- Apply as a coarse, low-pressure spray to harborage areas including crevices, baseboards, loose plaster, behind bed frames and headboards, beneath beds and furniture, and to bedsprings and bed frames. After removal of bed linens, apply Transport Mikron to mattress and boxsprings. Apply to tufts, edges, seams and folds (do not spray clothes or bed linens). Your may apply it to furniture, but not to areas where there is direct access to seating or arm placements. Infested bed linens should not be treated, but should be removed, placed in sealed plastic bags, and taken for laundering and drying at high temperatures.
- Apply as a crack and crevice treatment to all baseboards, loose plaster, behind pictures and mirrors, moldings, beneath floor coverings and carpets, closets, shelves, curtains, furniture and picture frames that may provide harborage to bed bugs.
- Remember- 95% of the bed bug infestation will be within five feet of your bed.
Temprid FX Insecticide
Mix 8 ml (about 1/3 oz)(measurements on the bottle) or one 8 ml vial of Temprid FX with one gallon of water. Remember to use what you mix-within 24 hours. Adjust the spray pattern to a mist by turning the nozzle. A low fine mist is best for most spraying, but you may need to use a stream to get into some cracks and crevices. If you can’t get into the cracks and crevices use one of the aerosols described below with it’s crack and crevice tips to reach into these areas.
- Temprid FX controls bed bug populations that are resistant to pyrethroid insecticides.
- For infested mattresses, remove linens and wash before reuse. Apply Temprid to tufts, seams, folds, and edges until moist. Allow to dry before remaking bed. Do not spray bed linens
- Apply Temprid FX to bedsprings, box springs, and the interior of bed frames or headboards, including all cracks and joints.
- When bed bugs are found in upholstered furniture, apply only to the infested tufts, seams, folds and edges, but do not apply to flat surfaces where prolonged human contact will occur. If bugs heavily infest furniture (inside cushions and/or batting) apply a labeled insecticide dust or consider fumigation.
- Apply as a crack and crevice treatment to all baseboards, moldings, beneath floor coverings and carpets, closets, shelves, curtains, furniture and picture frames that may provide harborage to bed bugs.
- Remember- 95% of the bed bug infestation will be within five feet of your bed.
Recommended Aerosols-Aerosols are perfect for application where you can not spray liquid mixtures.
Aerosols (D-Fense NXT, Crossfire Aerosol, or Bedlam Plus) Usage:Simply attach the plastic tip to the aerosol can. Apply as a crack and crevice or spot treatment where evidence of bed bugs occurs. This includes bed frames, box springs, inside empty dressers, clothes closets, curtain rods, hollow spaces, carpet edges, high and low wall moldings and wallpaper edges.