How To Treat Bed Bugs In Your Home

US EPA

Bed Bugs

Do-it-yourself Bed Bug Control

Can you get rid of bed bugs on your own?

Treating bed bugs is complex. Your likelihood of success depends on many factors, including:

  • How many bed bugs you have;
  • How much clutter is available for hiding places;
  • Whether your neighbors have bedbugs; and
  • Whether all residents of a house or building will participate.

Getting rid of bed bugs completely can take weeks to months, depending on the nature and extent of the infestation. To be successful, everyone will need to cooperate and do their part.

The following steps will help you begin:

You may have to follow these steps more than once to kill all the bugs and their eggs.

Identify the Problem

  • Identify the pest:
  • Collect a sample of the pest to show an extension agentExitor other insect expert.
  • Extension agents can identify the pest at no cost to you. They are trained in pest control and know your local area.
  • If an extension agent or other expert says the pest is a bed bug, notify your landlord if you live in an apartment. The units near yours should be inspected.
    • Landlords may have a responsibilityExit to participate in treatment.
    • Check the housing codes and laws in your area.
    • Inspect all areas that may have bed bugs, plus surrounding living spaces, to find out the extent of infestation.
    • Develop a Strategy

      • Make a schedule for completing the steps below. Be sure to include any personal plans, such as vacations.
      • Keep records through the whole process. Note the dates and exact locations where pests are found. This will help you track progress and better know where to target your work.
      • Keep checking for at least a year after you’re done to make sure all the bed bugs are gone.

      Keep the Infestation from Spreading

      • Remove infested items. Place them in a sealed plastic bag and treat them. Learn more about treatment methods in the sections below.
      • Items that cannot be treated should be placed in a sealed plastic bag and left there for up to a year to ensure any active bugs are dead.
      • Empty the vacuum after each use. Seal the bag as tightly as possible and immediately throw it out in an outdoor trash container.
      • Discard furniture responsibly if you can’t safely eliminate the bed bugs. Destroy it so someone else won’t be tempted to bring it into their home. For example:
      • Rip covers and remove stuffing from furniture items.
      • Use spray paint to mark furniture with "Bed Bugs."
    • Have infested items picked up as soon as possible by the trash collection agency.
    • Don’t discard furniture if you can safely eliminate the bed bugs from it.
    • Prepare for Treatment

      Preparing for treatment is very important; it will make it easier to monitor for bed bugs that haven’t been eliminated. This preparation should be completed whether you are doing the treatment yourself or hiring a professional.

      Kill the Bed Bugs

      • Make sure the methods you select are safe, effective and legal. See What’s Legal, What’s Not.
      • Considernon-chemical methodsof killing bed bugs. Some will be more useful than others depending on your situation. These and other methods can be helpful, but they might not get rid of the infestation entirely:
      • Heat treatment:You can use a clothes dryer on high heat. You can also use black plastic bags in a hot, closed car in the sun, but success depends on your climate and other factors. Do-it-yourself heat treatments might not work. Professionals have access to more intensive and proven methods that can even treat whole houses with heat. You may also purchase a portable heat chamber, which is usually quite effective.
      • Cold treatmentcan be successful in the home environment if the freezer is set to 0 o F. You must leave the items in a sealed bag in the freezer at that temperature for four days. Always use a thermometer to check the temperature, since home freezers are not always set to 0 o .
      • Steam cleaners(wet or dry) can get into cracks and fabrics to treat carpets, baseboards, bed frames, and other furniture. The steam temperature must be at least 130 o F but should not have a forceful airflow, or it may cause bed bugs to scatter. Use a diffuser to prevent scattering.
    • If needed,hire a pest management professional or use pesticidescarefully according to the label directions:
      • Look for EPA-registered pesticides that have bed bugs listed on the label.
      • Use foggers (bug bombs) only with extreme care and only if bed bugs are listed on the label. Improper use can harm your health or cause a fire or explosion. Foggers should not be your only method of bed bug control. The spray will not reach the cracks and crevices where bed bugs hide. See Should I Use a Fogger? for more information.
      • Carefully look for any evidence of bed bugsevery few days after you complete your initial cleanup and control processes.If you see bed bugs, either the initial cleanup missed some bugs or eggs have hatched. Retreatment may be needed.
      • Consider using different types of pesticides if repeated treatments are needed.Desiccants (chemicals that dry things out) can be particularly effectivein some situations since they work by drying out the bug (which means the bed bugs can’t develop resistance).
        • If using desiccants, be sure to use only products registered by EPA as a pesticide.
        • Do not use pool- or food-grade diatomaceous earth(made from the fossilized remains of tiny, aquatic organisms called diatoms). This type of diatomaceous earth can harm you when you breathe it in. The pesticide version uses a different size of diatoms, which reduces the hazard.
        • Desiccants can be very effective but may take several months to work.
        • Evaluate and Prevent

          • Continue to inspect for bed bugs, at least every 7 days, in case any eggs remain. You can use interceptors, traps or other monitoring methods. Interceptors are placed under the legs of furniture to catch bed bugs and keep them from climbing the legs. Commercial and do-it-yourself interceptors are options.
          • Continue to protect your home from bed bugs.

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          Bedbugs

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          In this Article

          In this Article

          Bedbugs are small, oval, brownish insects that live on the blood of animals or humans. Adult bedbugs have flat bodies about the size of an apple seed. After feeding, however, their bodies swell and are a reddish color.

          Bedbugs do not fly, but they can move quickly over floors, walls, and ceilings. Female bedbugs may lay hundreds of eggs, each of which is about the size of a speck of dust, over a lifetime.

          Immature bedbugs, called nymphs, shed their skins five times before reaching maturity and require a meal of blood before each shedding. Under favorable conditions the bugs can develop fully in as little as a month and produce three or more generations per year.

          Although they are a nuisance, they are not thought to transmit diseases.

          Where Bed Bugs Hide

          Bedbugs may enter your home undetected through luggage, clothing, used beds and couches, and other items. Their flattened bodies make it possible for them to fit into tiny spaces, about the width of a credit card. Bedbugs do not have nests like ants or bees, but tend to live in groups in hiding places. Their initial hiding places are typically in mattresses, box springs, bed frames, and headboards where they have easy access to people to bite in the night.

          Over time, however, they may scatter through the bedroom, moving into any crevice or protected location. They may also spread to nearby rooms or apartments.

          Because bedbugs live solely on blood, having them in your home is not a sign of dirtiness. You are as likely to find them in immaculate homes and hotel rooms as in filthy ones.

          When Bedbugs Bite

          Bedbugs are active mainly at night and usually bite people while they are sleeping. They feed by piercing the skin and withdrawing blood through an elongated beak. The bugs feed from three to 10 minutes to become engorged and then crawl away unnoticed.

          Most bedbug bites are painless at first, but later turn into itchy welts. Unlike flea bites that are mainly around the ankles, bedbug bites are on any area of skin exposed while sleeping. Also, the bites do not have a red spot in the center like flea bites do.

          People who don’t realize they have a bedbug infestation may attribute the itching and welts to other causes, such as mosquitoes. To confirm bedbug bites, you must find and identify the bugs themselves.

          Continued

          Signs of Infestation

          If you wake up with itchy areas you didn’t have when you went to sleep, you may have bedbugs, particularly if you got a used bed or other used furniture around the time the bites started. Other signs that you have bedbugs include:

          • Blood stains on your sheets or pillowcases
          • Dark or rusty spots of bedbug excrement on sheets and mattresses, bed clothes, and walls
          • Bedbug fecal spots, egg shells, or shed skins in areas where bedbugs hide
          • An offensive, musty odor from the bugs’ scent glands

          If you suspect an infestation, remove all bedding and check it carefully for signs of the bugs or their excrement. Remove the dust cover over the bottom of the box springs and examine the seams in the wood framing. Peel back the fabric where it is stapled to the wood frame.

          Also, check the area around the bed, including inside books, telephones or radios, the edge of the carpet, and even in electrical outlets. Check your closet, because bedbugs can attach to clothing. If you are uncertain about signs of bedbugs, call an exterminator, who will know what to look for.

          If you find signs of infestation, begin steps to get rid of the bugs and prevent their return.

          Bedbug Treatments

          Getting rid of bedbugs begins with cleaning up the places where bedbugs live. This should include the following:

          • Clean bedding, linens, curtains, and clothing in hot water and dry them on the highest dryer setting. Place stuffed animals, shoes, and other items that can’t be washed in the dryer and run on high for 30 minutes.
          • Use a stiff brush to scrub mattress seams to remove bedbugs and their eggs before vacuuming.
          • Vacuum your bed and surrounding area frequently. After vacuuming, immediately place the vacuum cleaner bag in a plastic bag and place in garbage can outdoors.
          • Encase mattress and box springs with a tightly woven, zippered cover to keep bedbugs from entering or escaping. Bedbugs may live up to a year without feeding, so keep the cover on your mattress for at least a year to make sure all bugs in the mattress are dead.
          • Repair cracks in plaster and glue down peeling wallpaper to get rid of places bedbugs can hide.
          • Get rid of clutter around the bed.

          If your mattress is infested, you may want to get rid of it and get a new one, but take care to rid the rest of your home of bedbugs or they will infest your new mattress.

          Continued

          Bedbug Extermination

          While cleaning up infested areas will be helpful in controlling bedbugs, getting rid of them usually requires chemical treatments. Because treating your bed and bedroom with insecticides can be harmful, it is important to use products that can be used safely in bedrooms. Do not treat mattresses and bedding unless the label specifically says you can use them on bedding.

          Generally it is safest and most effective to hire an experienced pest control professional for bedbug extermination.

          Sources

          University of Kentucky College of Agriculture: "Bed Bugs."

          Ohio State University Extension Fact Sheet: "Bed Bugs."

          The New York City Department of Heath and Mental Hygiene: "Stop Bed Bugs Safely."

          University of Nebraska–Lincoln Extension Lancaster County: "Managing Bed Bugs."

          Home Remedies for Bed Bugs

          You take care of your house. You vacuum the rugs, clean the windows, and keep the bathrooms spotless. Guests visit, and they feel like a cleaning service makes daily trips to your house. Now imagine one morning you wake up to find that you have tiny bite marks on your body. Upon further inspection, you realize that there are small bugs in your bed. That’s right. Bed bugs.

          What do you do?

          Your first instinct might be to think that your house isn’t clean enough, but that may not be the case. Rest assured, bed bugs can come from several different places and are rarely a reflection of housekeeping skills. Here are some home remedies for bed bugs.

          How Do People Get Bed Bugs?

          Like most bugs, bed bugs come from outside the house. If you live in an apartment or any other shared living situation and have a bed bug infestation, it could be that they came from an adjoining apartment through cracks in the floors and walls.

          Pesticide foggers like bug bombs don’t get rid of bed bugs, but instead, displace them– they go searching for a new home. For that reason, you want to avoid using bug bombs to deal with the infestation. I

          f it makes you feel any better, if you live in a shared housing situation, it’s possible that your infestation is the result of one of your neighbors bug-bombing an infestation.

          Introducingused furnitureto your house is another way bed bugs find their way inside. Be wary of used furniture, especially upholstery. Check and treat any pieces of furniture carefully before bringing them into the house. Check used clothing and books as well.

          Even if it’s brand new, pay close attention to any furniture that has beenstored or transported in the back of a truck.

          Finally, if you stay somewhere with bed bugs, they can also hitch a ride on you, your family, or your guests, either via your clothing or in your luggage.

          How to Detect Bed Bugs

          Bites on your skinare the first sign of a bed bug infestation. If you have unexplained bug bites, especially first thing in the morning, you might want to start checking around for other signs of an infestation.

          Check your mattress for the visual signs of bed bugs. If you have them, you may see red or rust-colored stains, indicating crushed bed bugs.

          Signs of Bed Bugs

          • Red/RustyStains
          • BlackDots
          • EggShells
          • Tiny,Living Bugs

          You might also see tiny black dots, which are bed bug excrement, and egg shells (around 1mm, a pale yellow color) resulting from the bed bugs reproducing. Finally, you may see the bugs themselves walking around.

          Make sure you check every surface down to the box spring, and anything surrounding the bed as well. Check curtains, baseboards, behind wallpaper and even under the carpet. Bed bugs prefer fabric and wood to plastic and metal, so check any wooden furniture as well.

          If you suspect you have bed bugs, call a professional exterminator to confirm it for you.

          Bed Bugs and Your Health

          Bed bugs bite because they live on blood, either human or animal blood. They feed on your blood for about ten minutes, then swell and turn red. Their bites are painless but can become itchy, but unlike mosquitos, they are harmless and do not transmit diseases.

          However, if you scratch the bites, you can cause an infection. One characteristic of bed bug bites?

          They are numerous, and they have a tendency to appear in straight rows. If you seemultiple bites arranged in a straight line, there’s a good chance you’re looking at bed bug bites.

          How to Get Rid of Bed Bugs

          The best way to get rid of a bed bug infestation is tocall an exterminator. They’ve dealt with bed bugs before and know how to do a thorough enough job to keep them from returning. An exterminator is your best bet, just to make sure you take care of the problem completely.

          However, there are some things you can do at home to get rid of bed bugs and to supplement a professional.

          Treating an Infestation

          Usehot waterto wash all clothes, linens and anything fabric that may have contacted the bugs. Heat will kill anything hiding in your linens. Use a dryer to dry everything as well, because a dryer will hit the bugs with a double dose of heat.

          Just make sure you pay attention to the tags on the fabric, as your linens may be dry clean only. Dry cleaning can also kill bed bugs, but make sure you inform the dry cleaner of the possible infestation.

          Treating an Infestation

          • WashAll Clothes, Fabric and Bedding With Hot Water
          • Vacuum
          • SteamYour Mattress and Box Spring

          Once you’ve given your bedding the heat treatment, follow up by vacuuming all areas of the infested room(s).Vacuuming will remove any bugs from the nooks and cranniesin which they may be hiding.

          Use a brush to loosen all bugs and eggs. Make sure you clean out your vacuum thoroughly afterward and dispose of any vacuum bags outside of the house. Use a steamer on things like your mattress and box spring. Steam will take care of remaining eggs.

          Finally,coveryour mattress, box spring, and pillow in a completely closed bug-proof cover. Sealing up your bedding with a cover ensures that anything left will not be able to escape or feed and will eventually starve. Starvation can take up to a year, however.

          Prevention

          Whether you’re looking to prevent bed bugs from re-infesting a room or looking to avoid one before it happens, there are a couple of things you can do. Start by making sure that your house isspotless.

          Messy rooms and improperly stored items create a lot of places for bed bugs to hide, so the less attractive your home to bed bugs, the less likely you are to experience an infestation.

          Preventing an Infestation

          • Clean Your House
          • Prevent Bed Bugs From Climbing Your Bed
          • Make a Habit of Cleaning
          • Inspect New Items for Bed Bugs

          Remove bridgesfrom the floor to the bed. Keep bed bugs out of bed by keeping blankets from dragging the floor, and don’t use the bed as storage for anything.

          Bed bug interceptors are relatively inexpensive and are placed under the feet of the bed, preventing bed bugs from reaching the legs and climbing to the bedding. Consider using them. Finally,prevention is ongoing. Clean often, checking for signs of a recurrence.

          The earlier you catch bed bugs, the easier they are to clean out. Inspect all used items that you introduce to the house. When staying in a new place, check that bed for bugs. When returning from a trip, clean everything you took, including your luggage.

          Home Remedies for Bed Bugs

          The best ways to get rid of bed bugs are pesticides, heat treatment, and thorough cleaning, but there are a few home remedies that might help.

          • Silica gel(the packets included in various products to ensure dryness) ground up and applied to affected areas will stick to the bugs and dehydrate them. Be very careful to avoid inhaling the silica gel, and it is probably best to avoid using it if you have pets or kids. Baking soda can also work for the same purpose.
          • Tea tree oilin your laundry and sprayed in affected areas will repel bed bugs, as well as lavender oil. Mix lavender oil with eucalyptus and rosemary oils and water to make a repellent spray.
          • Sprayingrubbing alcohol can kill some bugs on contact.
          • Scented dryer sheetstend to deter bed bugs. Placing a layer of them on your bed may keep them from visiting you.
          • Double-sided tape.Much like bed bug interceptors, double-sided tape prevents bed bugs from reaching your bed in the first place. Apply the tape to the underside of your bed near the legs and the bugs will get stuck on it. Just be sure to keep your blankets from touching the ground, or some of the bugs will be able to reach the bedding.

          Bed Bug Removal Recipe

          • Cayenne Pepper– 1 Tsp
          • Ground Ginger– 1 Tsp
          • Oregano Oil– 1 Tsp
          • Water– 1 Tsp

          You might have ingredients for this simple homemade bed bug repellent right in your kitchen. The strong smells of cayenne, ginger, and oregano repel bed bugs and other insects, too. If you know where the bed bugs are entering the room, use a mixture of cayenne pepper, ginger, and oregano oil to keep them away.

          Mix the ingredients in water, strain it, and use a spray bottle to apply the solution at entry points. Make spraying a regular habit, and you’ll prevent the bugs from entering. To keep other insects from getting into your home, spray doorways and windowsills.

          Sleep Well

          If you have bed bugs or are just worried about preventing an infestation, rest easy — there are plenty ofnatural bed bug repellentsand ways to kill bed bugs available.

          Bed bugs can happen to anyone and even if you keep a tidy home, random variables, like your neighbor setting off a bug bomb next door, mean that an infestation can happen anytime.

          In this article, you learned how to detect bed bugs, as well as a few home remedies for bed bugs, including how to repel bed bugs naturally.

          Do you have a friend struggling with a bed bug infestation? Use the buttons below to share to Facebook, Twitter, and Pinterest.

          Home Remedies to Get Rid of Bed Bugs Naturally

          After writing how to get rid of roaches?, how to get rid of fruit flies?, how to get rid of ants?, and how to get rid of fleas?, we are now writing home remedies to get rid of bed bugs naturally. Bed bugs are small, wingless insects that feed on the blood of animals and human. They crawl out at night and bite you, when you sleep and leave behind red, itchy bumps. They can’t fly but they can move quickly over floors, walls, and ceilings. As they are not attracted to dirt, a bed bugs infestation has nothing to do with your personal cleanliness. Getting bed bug bites are every individual’s worst nightmare, especially if it is your own bed at home. It can bite at all possible areas in your body, causing itching, rashes and blisters around the affected area.

          The fear of the thought that the crawling, creepy pests are hiding in your bedroom is good enough to keep you awake throughout the night. With an intention to make your sleep peaceful, we are explaining the best home remedies to get rid of bed bugs naturally to free your bed and rooms from bed bug attacks.You must inspect you whole house, before you start using the home remedies for bed bugs. Inspection will help you to decide that, which remedy you should for which area. So, before explaining the home remedies for bed bugs, the first step is about inspection for bed bugs.

          Home Remedies to Get Rid of Bed Bugs Naturally

          1.) Inspection Before You Start

          Before you choose any home remedies to get rid of bed bugs naturally, it is very important to do the inspection. The first thing before choosing anything or apply anything is to perform an inspection and note it down. You should inspect and see how much is the infestation and accordingly choose the best home remedy for bed bugs. When you are inspecting for these creatures, check for live and dead bugs, rusty stains caused by the bugs being crushed, small spots of reddish black fecal material, cream colored tiny eggs and pale yellow skins that nymphs shed as they grow.

          • The most common places where they hide are in your mattresses, cushion, behind the headboards, in the folds of curtains, along carpet edges, the junction where the wall and ceiling meet, under loose wallpaper, in electrical receptacles, crack in wood molding and other dark cracks.
          • Bed bugs most often seen, where people sleep because you are their source of food. Also, remember that they tend to prefer wood or fabric over plastic and metal.
          • When you will inspect them make a note of inspection and disinfect that infested areas also. Seal up any cracks or hole around baseboards and molding that the bed bugs might be using to hide.

          2.) Silica Gel To Starve Them

          Silica gel is among the best home remedies to get rid of bed bugs easily and naturally. More over silica will not harm anyone in your family, unless otherwise someone eat silica. The fine grind silica gel will get stick with bed bugs skin and can’t be removed easily. This will dehydrate the bed bug and causes them to death. For this, you need to grind some silica gel and apply it all over your bedroom. You can easily get the silica from nearby store or online. You have seen the silica pouches, when you purchased any new electronics or home ware. Silica is kept in that to keep the moisture away from those items. Any this silica property will help to suck everything from bed bugs. You can put some silica gel along the walls, around the bed and on your mattress and under your mattress. Do the inspection after a week and replace the silica gel after 4-5 weeks.

          3.) Make Use of Lemongrass

          Lemongrass power is a successful and powerful home remedy for bed bugs. It works very well against the bed bugs and killing the bed bugs their eggs. You can use the lemongrass oil , instead of powder. Both work in similar manner but power stays for long time then oil. Lemongrass power will release oil and bed bugs comes over them and expands the acidic level inside the bugs to a disturbing degree. Bed bugs are such pesticides, which cannot handle the acidic level in their body and even they can live in acidic environment. This outcome in making the bed bugs dead.

          Their eggs are excessively killed through the utilization of lemongrass. These bugs need ideal conditions with a specific end goal to survive. There is a certain degree of temperature, acidic level, odor and a particular environment, which is suitable for the bed bugs to survive and reproduce as well. They can’t withstand certain smells, acidic levels and inordinate warmth. Therefore, lemongrass is a compelling home solution to get rid of bed bugs.

          4.) Take Help From Baking Soda

          Baking soda is one of the kitchen staple that you can use to get rid of bed bugs. The best part is that it is safe for your pet and children as well. Baking soda has drying properties that helps to absorb the moisture from bed bug body and starve bed bugs to death. In addition to this, it has antimicrobial properties that kills the bed bugs. Once you check for bed bugs, spread baking soda in the crevices, cracks and wherever you identify their symptoms of presence. Leave it for a night and clean the place next day. Spread the baking soda again next day. You can leave the baking soda below and above mattress and whenever bed bugs comes in contact with baking soda, it will stick to their body and suck everything from their body. Repeat the same until you get satisfactory results.

          5.) Use The Hot Steam Treatment

          Even if you remove bed bugs using hot water and washing of the fabrics in your bedroom, you may not be able to kill the eggs laid inside the mattresses. And once, you leave them unattended, they may give life to new bed bugs, which will again create nuisance. Therefore, it is better to get rid of the last trace of infection by cleaning the mattresses to hot steam. The eggs cannot survive hot steams and destroying them will help you to sleep without any nightmare.

          Steam cleaners emit steam at a minimum temperature of 100 degrees Celsius and bed bugs generally die at eh 50 degrees Celsius or about 120 degrees Fahrenheit. Steam clean your infested mattress, upholstery and the items that cannot be washed. You can go for dry steam or a low vapor steamer that leaves behind less moisture.

          6.) Make Use of The Tea Tree Oil

          Tea tree oil is another effective home remedy for bed bugs. It help keep the bed bugs away from your bed due to its strong and pungent smell. So, you can spray the oil all around your bed and any other infected areas to get rid of bed bugs from attacking you while you are in deep sleep. Take all beds components apart, then clean, vacuum and hot steam the infected areas and spray them all down with the tea tree oil. Use the spray bottle to spray around the entire house. To make this spray mix 18 oz of water with 18 drops of tea tree oil and spray this solution to the entire house. The beds, carpets, and furniture.

          You can even use wintergreen alcohol to kill the bed bugs instantly. It is not expensive and easily accessible. You need to pour the wintergreen alcohol into a spray bottle and spray the solution directly on the bedbugs and nests. The wintergreen burns the bugs, when they come in contact. You can also drench your box spring and mattress with this as well to prevent bed bugs.

          7.) Use The Lavender Oil

          It is said that lavender oils are natural and very effective as bed bug repellents. The smell or taste of the herb repels the nasty creature in no time. To apply it most effectively, put dried lavender between two cloth pieces and sew them around the bed perimeter. Lavender oil is also easily available in the health food stores. It’s in concentrated liquid form and its fragrance lasts for a few weeks. So, in order to prevent your body from bed bug attacks, all your bed frame and floor can be rubbed with lavender oil to get rid of bed bugs.

          8.) Spraying Some Isopropyl Alcohol

          Rubbing alcohols are generally used to disinfect the bitten area of your body. You can also use it by spraying the alcohol in the areas, where the bed bugs thrive. It helps to clean the infected areas. Alcohol has a dehydrating effect on the eggs of the bugs and kills them. Sprinkle some alcohol on the bugs to kill them instantly. However, the effect of sprinkling alcohol will remain only for a shorter time. A solution of 70-90% isopropyl is preferred to kill bed bugs. Pour alcohol in a spray bottle to use it on the bed bugs and eggs.

          9.) Sprinkling Diatomaceous Earth

          The main ingredients in the diatomaceous earth are the soil, which is made up of the tiny fossils of algae. The jagged edges of this soil, cut the bugs and they succumb to death due to excessive bleeding. Therefore, you can sprinkle the diatomaceous earth around your bed and protect yourself from its attack. It is harmless to human, its tiny particles cut the waxy shells of bed bugs can cause them to become dehydrated and die. You need to spread a small amount of this chalky substance around your house, including areas, where the wall meets the floors, behind light switch face plates, where carpet meets the walls behind picture frames, on baseboards and into all the cracks and crevices.

          You will also like to dismantle your bed and lightly dust the powder on all the joints and crevices. Make sure to use food grade diatomaceous earth. A light dusting will come, if you will use a lot of diatomaceous earth and it becomes airborne. You also need to wear a dust mask to avoid getting an fine particles in your lungs. As long as it stays dry, diatomaceous earth will continue to work even for after months.

          10.) Use The Vacuum Cleaner

          Once the fabrics are washed properly, try to vacuum out the dreaded creatures from your computers, tables, wardrobes, cots, mattresses, etc. Bed bugs love hiding in corners or cracks which are generally inaccessible and need to be sucked out with the application of vacuum.

          Vacuum the carpet floor and your entire house, mainly the areas that are infested. Also vacuum your entire mattress, box spring, bed frame and joints. As wood and fabric are bed bugs favorite places. Make sure to vacuum items made of these materials, even the ends of your curtains. Try to cover all the cracks and holes before vacuuming so they can’t run there to hide. Try to vacuum your house at least once a week.

          11.) Cayenne Powder Will Help

          Another home remedy that will help you to get rid of bed bugs is cayenne paper. It has antimicrobial properties that kills the bed bugs. So, once you have checked for bed bugs and found them take a tablespoon of the cayenne powder, grated ginger and oregano in a bowl. Add some boiling water into this mixture. Pour this mixture into the spray bottle and shake bottle to mix all the ingredients thoroughly. Spray this solution at all the places that are often visited by the bed bugs. The smell of this mixture will drive the tiny creatures and they won’t be able to breath.

          11.) Use the Indica Leaves

          Indica leaves have been used to treat the infestation of bed bugs and roaches since ages. It has antimicrobial properties that helps to eradicate these small creatures. In addition, the leaves have strong smell that is not liked by the bed bugs. Crush some Indica leaves and spread it around the suspected places. Alternatively, a boiling water add some Indica leaves. Leave it for a few minutes. Later strain the solution and take a bath with this. This will help to treat bed bug bites. In addition to this, you can use Indica oil to get rid of bed bugs.

          12.) Sun Bathing For Items

          As specified above, bed bugs cannot tolerate high temperatures and hot weather. You ought to sun-douse your bedding for the duration of a complete day if steaming your bed does not work to get rid of bed bugs.

          • Sunlight and radioactive waves are very beneficial to avoid bed bugs. More than 90 degrees Fahrenheit temperature is all what is needed for killing these parasites.
          • When you hold your sleeping cushion under the open sun, it warms up to more temperature than 90 degree Fahrenheit. This surely kills all the bed bugs and their eggs too.
          • In the event that you are living in a tropical atmosphere, it is a lucky charm for you to use the sunlight as a natural remedy as the sunlight is very intense in the tropical areas.
          • Wash all your garments and cot related apparel in boiling hot water and dry them in immediate daylight. Bugs can’t resist to the hot temperatures and have a tendency to bite the dust.

          13.) Use The Cloves Oil

          Cloves have pungent smell and acidic pH that rip off the moisture from the bed bugs body. Since bed bugs cannot stand the acidic condition created by cloves therefore, they die. Simply spread clove oil into all the crevices and infested areas. You can also place some cloves in all the nooks and corners to get rid of the bed bugs. However, clean the area later so that it does not come in the contact with pets and children.

          14.) Spread Some Mint Leaves

          Once you have check for bed bugs, you can use mint leaves to get rid of bed bugs. Meant leaves are considered to be repellents thus it is wonderful remedy to get rid of bed bugs. In addition to this, you should always keep mint leaves handy to prevent the infestation of bed bugs. Crush some dried mint leaves and spread them at the areas where you suspect bed bugs or where you have identified their symptoms. The best way is put dry mint leaves in the sashes and place them on the mattresses and closets. This is the safest way to use mint. Or simply spray mint oil on every nook and corner.

          15.) Use The Pyrethrum

          Pyrethrum is combination of dried flower. For this you need heads of C, Coccineous and chrysanthemum. Both the flowers are natural insecticides. It will breakdown their nervous system. Thus, this is one of the wonderful home remedy to get rid of bed bugs. However, if you find difficult to get this concoction then simply use an insecticide that has pyrethrum as a main ingredient or canola oil to cure bed bugs infestation.

          16.) Use Black Walnut Tea

          This is one of the safe herb and natural remedy to get rid of bed bugs. Black walnut tea is believed to be natural insecticide and repellent. Moreover, it has anti-fungal and anti-bacterial properties that destroys bed bugs. Sprinkle some dried black walnut tea on the infested areas or you can also place tea bags at the suspected areas such as creases of the bed, corners of the room, closet area etc. Alternatively, in a bowl mix lavender, mint leaves, sweet flag, thyme and black walnut. Pour this mixture into the sachet and hide this sachet at the conspicuous areas they are visited by bed bugs. The strong aroma of this mixture will definitely work in your favor.

          17.) Use The Scented Sheets

          The smell of scented sheets is appalling to the bed bugs as they cannot tolerate different nature of smells. The bed bugs are fond of surviving in normal environment, which has a certain level of heat and odor. If you put the scented sheets under your mattress, between the pillows and inside your cupboards as well, it may help to get rid of the bed bugs through the unfavorable smell. The smell created by the scented sheets cannot be tolerated by the bed bugs to survive.

          The idea of buying scented sheets is a novel idea, which is not known by many people. Many people hesitate from using some natural home remedies like using garlic or turmeric powder because they may not like the smell of that particular remedial product. But the smell of the scented sheets may not be unfavorable for the human beings to adjust in but it definitely is not appalling for the irritating parasites.

          The scented sheets are available in different scents of flowers and fruits, which can make the environment of your room refreshing, but intolerable for the bed bugs at the same time. So you can easily adopt this simple and a very comforting way to get rid of the bed bugs.

          18.) Use The Lilac Leaves

          Lilac is also one of the great home remedies to get rid of bed bugs easily. To use this method, take few lilac leaves, crush them and place on the prone area. The antimicrobial properties and smell of this plant helps destroy bed bugs excellently. Alternatively, you can also boil some handful of leaves in water for 15 mins. Strain the water and bath with this solution. It will help reduce the infection on the skin. Also, it will keep bed bugs away from you.

          19.) Use The Thyme Sticks

          Thyme also works great in dealing with bed bugs and other sort of insects. To use this method, put some thyme sticks in a cotton cloth and burn it in each of your room and close to the infested area in order to prevent bed bugs. Alternatively, you can also place this cotton cloth, in the mattress, cupboards, corners under the sofa, under the cushions and other places. Make sure you replace these bags after every 3 days.

          20.) Encase Your Mattresses and Pillows

          Once you have cleaned, hot water washed and steam washed your mattresses, you may take help of encasement as a last option. With proper encasing of mattresses, bed bugs may not be able to find escape routes easily. You might as well encase the pillows to prevent bites on your face and neck areas.

          21.) Wash All Your Fabrics

          Any clothes or items coming in contact with the infected bed like linens, shirts, bed sheets, etc. need to be washed properly with hot water. Bed bugs cannot withstand very hot water and the easiest way to kill them is to use extremely hot water while washing infected items.

          Try to wash your infested clothes and bedding from hot water and dry them on a hot cycle is effective way to get rid of bed bugs. A temperature of 50 degrees Celsius or 120 degrees Fahrenheit can help to kill these bed bugs at all stages of their life cycle. Wash all your clothes, sheets and other bedding at the hottest possible setting for about 30 minutes or more. Then place all the clothes in the dryer and run it on high heat for about 10-20 minutes. For items that can only be dry cleaned, use a hot dryer for at least half an hour.

          How to Get Rid of Bed Bugs at Home

          A new study shows bed bugs are very hard to kill. Here’s how to get rid of them—or prevent them from ever moving in.

          Two insecticides commonly used to kill bed bugs are becoming less effective against them, according to a study published today in the Journal of Economic Entomology.

          In the past 15 years, there has been a resurgence of bed bugs throughout the U.S., and people often struggle to rid their homes of the hardy pests, known for causing itchy red welts.

          After the bugs developed resistance against many of the most powerful pesticides, such as DDT, exterminators had been increasingly relying on two chemicals—chlorfenapyr and bifenthrin. But until now, no one had looked at whether bed bugs were developing defenses against these chemicals too, says Ameya D. Gondhalekar, one of the study authors and a research assistant professor at the Center for Urban and Industrial Pest Management at the Department of Entomology at Purdue University.

          Gondhalekar and his team exposed 10 different groups of bed bugs collected from different parts of the country to each of the chemicals in a glass vial. After several days, they examined how effective the chemicals were at killing the bugs.

          While most of the bed bugs were wiped out by the chemicals, three groups continued to thrive after being treated with chlorfenapyr, and five groups were still kicking after being treated with bifenthrin. That means that while some bed bugs will respond to these chemicals, others won’t—and it’s likely that more and more bugs will become resistant over time.

          “This is just more evidence that this pesticide-only approach to controlling bed bugs isn’t really working,” says Consumer Reports’ senior scientist Michael Hansen, Ph.D. “The take-away is that if you want to control these bed bugs, you can’t just spray.”

          How to Prevent a Bed Bug Infestation

          Prevention and vigilance are key to preventing a bed bug problem. “It’s much easier to control them if they are found early, [when there are only a few of them], as opposed to when they grow to number in the hundreds,” says Gondhalekar.

          Monitor your home.Bed bugs like to hide in cracks and crevices like walls, luggage, boxes, and clothing, but since they feed on humans while they sleep, they’re most commonly found in beds. If you suspect an infestation, or if you live in an apartment building with a bed bug problem, regularly inspect your bed sheets, mattress (including underneath), and box-spring seams for bugs. They’re flat and oval-shaped, with red or brown bodies, roughly the size of an apple seed. Watch for adults, nymphs, and eggs, as well as exoskeletons (casings that the bugs leave behind when they molt) and dark, rust-colored spots (feces).

          Encase your mattress.Enclosing your mattress, pillows, and box spring with a protective cover can block bed bugs from reaching their favorite hiding place.

          Be cautious when you travel.Hotel and motel rooms are hotbeds for bed bugs. When checking in, put your luggage in the bathroom, then inspect the bedding. Stow your suitcases on a luggage rack or a hard surface.

          When you return home, quarantine your bags.Decontaminate your luggage and clothing by putting your entire suitcase into a large chest freezer (if you have one) for four days, suggests Gondhalekar, before bringing them back into your home. Extreme hot or cold temperatures kills bed bugs. You can also put your clothes in the dryer on a hot setting for 30 minutes, and try steam cleaning your luggage and clothing.

          How to Treat a Bed Bug Infestation

          Minimize its spread.First, notify your landlord if you rent in a building to control its spread to other units. Thoroughly vacuum any infested areas, including carpets and mattresses, and then empty the vacuum bag into a plastic bag, seal it, and throw it in the trash outside. If you can’t get the bed bugs out of your furniture, discard items in a responsible manner. To avoid someone else from salvaging infested furniture or mattreses, rip, remove stuffing, or spray paint with the words “bed bugs.”

          Bring on the heat.Heating infested furniture or the entire apartment to a very high temperature—more than 100 degrees, in most cases—will kill bed bugs. If you have a hand-held steamer, blast cracks and crevices.

          Use an insecticide alternative.Substances such as diatomaceous earth, boric acid, and silica gel kill bed bugs by damaging their outer coating so they dry out and die. Put these powders into cracks and crevices around your home (being careful not to ingest or inhale them).

          Enlist professional help.Not all bed bugs respond the same way to insecticides, so if you have an infestation that you can’t control yourself, a professional can help you determine the correct treatment or insecticide to use.

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